|Mission type||ABM radar target|
|Launch mass||325 kilograms (717 lb)|
|Start of mission|
|Launch date||27 May 1971, 11:59:55UTC|
|Launch site||Plesetsk 133/1|
|End of mission|
|Decay date||26 November 1971|
|Perigee||268 kilometres (167 mi)|
|Apogee||462 kilometres (287 mi)|
Kosmos 423 (Russian: Космос 423 meaning Cosmos 423), known before launch as DS-P1-Yu No.47, was a Soviet satellite which was launched in 1971 as part of the Dnepropetrovsk Sputnik programme. It was a 325-kilogram (717 lb) spacecraft, which was built by the Yuzhnoye Design Bureau, and was used as a radar calibration target for anti-ballistic missile tests.
Kosmos 423 was successfully launched into low Earth orbit on 27 May 1971, with the rocket lifting off at 11:59:55 UTC. The launch took place from Site 133/1 at the Plesetsk Cosmodrome, and used a Kosmos-2I 63SM carrier rocket.
Kosmos 423 was the forty-third of seventy nine DS-P1-Yu satellites to be launched, and the thirty-ninth of seventy two to successfully reach orbit. It was operated in an orbit with a perigee of 268 kilometres (167 mi), an apogee of 462 kilometres (287 mi), 71 degrees of inclination, and an orbital period of 91.8 minutes. It remained in orbit until it decayed and reentered the atmosphere on 26 November 1971.
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- Wade, Mark. "Kosmos 2". Encyclopedia Astronautica. Archived from the original on 8 July 2012. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Launch Log". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- "Cosmos 423". NSSDC Master Catalog. US National Space Science Data Center. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- Krebs, Gunter. "DS-P1-Yu (11F618)". Gunter's Space Page. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
- McDowell, Jonathan. "Satellite Catalog". Jonathan's Space Page. Retrieved 27 August 2009.
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