Kurdish Democratic Party (Lebanon)

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Kurdish Democratic Party in Lebanon
Founded1960; 59 years ago (1960)
IdeologyKurdish nationalism
International affiliationKurdistan Democratic Party
Seats in the Parliament of Lebanon
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The Kurdish Democratic Party in Lebanon (Kurdish: Parti a Demoqrat a Kurdi e Lubnan; Arabic: Hizb al-Dimuqrati al-Kurdi fi Lubnan) or Parti Democratique Kurde – Liban (PDK-L) in French, is the Lebanese branch of a namesake Iraqi-based Kurdish nationalist party, established by Jamil Mihhu in 1960, and based in Lebanon.[1] However, it was not licensed until 24 September 1970.[2]

Mihhu supported the Iraqi government against Kurdish rebels fighting for an independent Iraqi Kurdistan and he was captured and imprisoned by the Kurdish resistance in Iraq.

Consequently, the leadership of the party passed to Jamil's son, Riyad. Another son, Muhammad, disagreed with his family's position on several issues and therefore in 1977 started his own movement, the Kurdish Democratic Party-Temporary Leadership.

The KDP-L in the Lebanese Civil War 1975–1990[edit]

When the War of the Camps broke out at Beirut in May 1985, the KDP-L joined an alliance of pro-Arafat Palestinian refugee camp militias, the Al-Mourabitoun, the Communist Action Organization in Lebanon (OCAL), and the Sixth of February Movement ('6th FM') militias against a powerful coalition that gathered their Druze allies of the Progressive Socialist Party (PSP), the Lebanese Communist Party (LCP), and the Shia Muslim Amal movement militia forces backed by Syria,[3] the Lebanese Army, and anti-Arafat dissident Palestinian guerrilla factions.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Kurdish Parties". Country Studies. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  2. ^ Lokman I. Meho; Kelly L. Maglaughlin (1 January 2001). Kurdish Culture and Society: An Annotated Bibliography. Greenwood Publishing Group. p. 41. ISBN 978-0-313-31543-5. Retrieved 29 September 2014.
  3. ^ Stork, Joe. "The War of the Camps, The War of the Hostages" in MERIP Reports, No. 133. (June 1985), pp. 3–7, 22.

External links[edit]