Kz 8 cm GrW 42

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search
kurzer 8 cm Granatwerfer 42
Kz-8cm-gr-w-42-short-mortar.jpg
TypeMortar
Place of originNazi Germany
Service history
Used by Germany
WarsWorld War II
Production history
DesignerRheinmetall
Designed1940–41
Produced1941–45
Specifications
Mass26.5 kg (58.4 lb)
Barrel length74 cm (2 ft 5 in)[1]

Shell weight3.5 kg (7 lb 11 oz)
Caliber81.4 mm (3.20 in)
Elevation40° to 90°
Traverse14° to 34°[1]
Rate of fire15–25 rpm
Maximum firing range1.1 km (0.68 mi)[1]

The kurzer 8 cm Granatwerfer 42 (kz 8 cm GrW 42) was a mortar used by Germany during World War II. It was developed as a lightened version of the standard German 8 cm GrW 34 medium mortar with a shorter barrel for use by paratroopers, but replaced the ineffective 5 cm leGrW 36 as that weapon's shortcomings became apparent. The kz 8 cm GrW 42 fired a bomb over 3 and a half times heavier twice as far as the smaller mortar, but was less than twice as heavy. It broke down into the standard three loads for transport.

Some weapons were provided with a lanyard-operated loading/firing mechanism for remote-controlled use. It was generally known as the "Stummelwerfer" or "Stump-Thrower".

External links[edit]

References[edit]

  • Gander, Terry and Chamberlain, Peter. Weapons of the Third Reich: An Encyclopedic Survey of All Small Arms, Artillery and Special Weapons of the German Land Forces 1939-1945. New York: Doubleday, 1979 ISBN 0-385-15090-3
  1. ^ a b c Chamberlain, Peter (1975). Mortars and rockets. Gander, Terry. New York: Arco Pub. Co. ISBN 0668038179. OCLC 2067459.