LGBT rights in Tajikistan
|Status||Legal since 1998|
|Gender identity||Transgender people can change legal gender following surgery|
|Recognition of relationships||No|
Lesbian, gay, bisexual, and transgender (LGBT) persons in Tajikistan face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. Both male and female same-sex sexual activity are legal in Tajikistan, but same-sex couples and households headed by same-sex couples are not eligible for the same legal protections available to heterosexual married couples.
LGBT people tend to face frequent discrimination, harassment and violence from the authorities and the Muslim-majority public.
Legality of same-sex sexual activity
Recognition of same-sex relationships
Tajikistan does not recognize same-sex unions.
Gender identity and expression
Transgender people "face a lot of stigma and discrimination" in Tajikistan.
Under Tajik law, transgender people may change their legal gender on their passport if they provide a medical statement that they have undergone sex reassignment surgery. In practice, however, the lack of awareness, coupled with corruption and bureaucracy, means the process can be far more difficult. As of 2014, they have only been two gender change operations in Tajikistan; the first in 2001 and the second in January 2014.
Even though the law does not prohibit same-sex sexual activity, the actual situation in the country is not favourable for LGBT people. This is mostly due to local religion and beliefs, as well as outside influence. Harassment from police and the public is common. In 2017, the authorities drew up an "official list" of LGBT citizens following two state operations named "Morality" and "Purge".
Islamic religious leaders have significant influence on the position of Tajik society on LGBT topics. The Supreme Mufti of Tajikistan Saidmukarram Abdulkodirzoda has publicly condemned same-sex relations, calling them a "disaster". In addition, he condemned countries that have legalized same-sex marriages, and spoke out against human rights activists and laws to protect LGBT people from discrimination.
A number of Tajik psychologists and doctors consider homosexuality to be a form of addiction comparable to drug addiction and alcoholism, and provide "cure methods". These are considered pseudoscience by the World Health Organisation, however. There are several reported cases of disrespectful treatment to LGBT-patients by medical staff.
|Same-sex sexual activity legal||(Since 1998)|
|Equal age of consent||(Since 1998)|
|Anti-discrimination laws in employment only|
|Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services|
|Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech)|
|Recognition of same-sex couples|
|Stepchild adoption by same-sex couples|
|Joint adoption by same-sex couples|
|LGBT people allowed to serve openly in the military|
|Right to change legal gender||(Requires surgery)|
|Access to IVF for lesbians|
|Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples|
|MSM allowed to donate blood|
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- National Laws – Legislation of Interpol member states on sexual offences against children – Tajikistan
- Transgender in Tajikistan
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- "A Closeted Life For Tajik Sexual Minorities". RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty. Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- "Eid Hr – A blog about all sorts of discrimination towards minorities". Retrieved 22 May 2019.
- Masci, David (11 February 2014). "Gay rights in Russia and the former Soviet republics". Pew Research Center. Retrieved 11 December 2016.
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