LGBT rights in Transnistria

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Location Transnistria Europe.png
Location of LGBT rights in Transnistria (green)

in Europe (dark grey)  –  [Legend]

StatusLegal since 2002
Gender identity-
Discrimination protectionsNone
Family rights
Recognition of relationshipsNone

Lesbian, gay, bisexuals, and transgender (LGBT, Russian: ЛГБТ) persons in Transnistria may face legal challenges not experienced by non-LGBT residents. The Pridnestrovian Moldavian Republic (PMR) is an unrecognised breakaway state with its own judicial system. For the legal situation for LGBT individuals in Moldova, which Transnistria is recognised by most states as belonging to, see LGBT rights in Moldova.

Law regarding same-sex sexual activity[edit]

Consensual same-sex sexual activity is legal in Transnistria, despite many foreign sources saying that it is illegal. Article 131 of the Criminal Code of Transnistria that came into force in June 2002, states that committing sodomy, lesbianism and sexual intercourse with a person under the age of sixteen is illegal. However, the article does not state that committing 'sodomy and lesbianism' above 16 is illegal. All the other articles related to sex crimes, such as sexual assault and coercion to perform sexual acts, have listed '(heterosexual) sexual intercourse, sodomy and lesbianism' in the same category. There are no other articles in the Criminal Code of Transnistria that have laws that are separated in penalizing same-sex sexual activity, or committing 'sodomy and lesbianism.'[1]

Despite this, LGBT individuals are subject to governmental and societal discrimination.[2]

Recognition of same-sex unions[edit]

Transnistria does not recognize same-sex unions. The Code of Marriage and Family that came into force in 2002 states that marriage is voluntary martial union between a man and a woman. The Code does not recognize other types of partnership for both opposite-sex and same-sex couples other than marriage.[3]

Summary table[edit]

Same-sex sexual activity legal Yes check.svg (Since 2002)[4]
Equal age of consent Yes (Since 2002)
Anti-discrimination laws in employment only No
Anti-discrimination laws in the provision of goods and services No
Anti-discrimination laws in all other areas (incl. indirect discrimination, hate speech) No
Same-sex marriage No
Recognition of same-sex couples No
Step-child adoption by same-sex couples No
Joint adoption by same-sex couples No
Gays and lesbians allowed to serve openly in the military Emblem-question.svg
Right to change legal gender Emblem-question.svg
Access to IVF for lesbians No
Commercial surrogacy for gay male couples No
MSMs allowed to donate blood No

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Все Законы Приднестровья (Законодательство ПМР)".
  2. ^ Country Reports on Human Rights Practices for 2009. 2009. p. 1709. Retrieved 1 November 2014.
  3. ^ "Все Законы Приднестровья (Законодательство ПМР)".
  4. ^ "Transnistria". Freedom House.