Lacrosse at the 1904 Summer Olympics

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Men's lacrosse
at the Games of the III Olympiad
1904 Winnipeg Shamrocks Lacrosse.jpg
1904 Olympics champions Shamrock Lacrosse Team
VenueFrancis Field
DatesJuly 5–7
Competitors39 from 2 nations
1st, gold medalist(s) Shamrock Lacrosse Team
2nd, silver medalist(s) St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
 United States
3rd, bronze medalist(s) Mohawk Indians
1908 →

The sport of field lacrosse was played at the 1904 Summer Olympics, which marked the first time that lacrosse had been featured at the Olympic Games. Only three teams competed — two from Canada and one from the United States. One of the Canadian teams consisted entirely of Mohawk nation players.[1]

The Shamrock Lacrosse Team is more commonly known as the Winnipeg Shamrocks, and is unrelated to the then Canadian champions Montreal Shamrocks.

A second American team, the Brooklyn Crescents, was originally slated to round out the field but did not participate. In June, they were ruled to have used professional players that spring; however, they were still scheduled to play a semi-final against the Shamrocks, but did not show for the match. [2][3]

Recent scholarship has indicated that the lacrosse tournament at the 1904 Games is nowhere near as orderly as presented above--among other things, the "game" between Triple A and Mohawk Indians was actually a four-game series, tied at two games apiece, and the Mohawks may not have been an Olympic team at all, but a participant in an "indigenous games" competition with other tribes.[3]

Medal table[edit]

Position Country Gold Silver Bronze Total
1 Canada Canada 1 0 1 2
2 United States United States 0 1 0 1

Medal summary[edit]

Gold Silver Bronze
 Canada (CAN)
Shamrock Lacrosse Team
Élie Blanchard
William Brennaugh
George Bretz
William Burns
George Cattanach
George Cloutier
Sandy Cowan
Jack Flett
Benjamin Jamieson
Hilliard Laidlaw
Hilliard Lyle
William F. L. Orris
Lawrence Pentland
 United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
J. W. Dowling
W. R. Gibson
Patrick Grogan
Philip Hess
Tom Hunter
Albert Lehman
William Murphy
William Partridge
George Passmore
William T. Passmore
W. J. Ross
Jack Sullivan
Albert Venn
A. M. Woods
 Canada (CAN)
Mohawk Indians
Black Hawk
Black Eagle
Almighty Voice
Flat Iron
Spotted Tail
Half Moon
Snake Eater
Red Jacket
Night Hawk
Man Afraid Soap
Rain in Face


  Semifinal     Final
     Canada (CAN)
Shamrock Lacrosse Team
   United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
2      United States (USA)
St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association
   Canada (CAN)
Mohawk Indians


Shamrock Lacrosse Team[edit]

Shamrock Lacrosse Club, 1904 Olympic champions


St. Louis Amateur Athletic Association[edit]


Mohawk Indians[edit]

“Man Afraid of Soap” was also known as Freeman Joseph Isaacs, the father of Canadian Lacrosse Hall of Fame inductee, Bill Isaacs.[7] Canadians likely knew these players through their registered English names: Joe Crawford, Philip Jackson, Eli Warner, Amos Obediah, Thomas Will. Berman L. Snow, L. Bumbary, J. B. Eaver, Eli Martin, Sandy Turkey, Austin Bill, W. E. Martin, Jacob Jamieson, Eli Henry, Joe Clark, Frank Seneca, Charlie Johnon and Robert Lottridge.[8]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ a b c d Mallon, Bill (2009). The 1904 Olympic Games: Results for All Competitors in All Events, with Commentary. McFarland & Co. pp. 165–167. ISBN 9781476621609.
  2. ^ "Lacrosse at the 1904 St. Louis Summer Games". Sports Reference Olympics.
  3. ^ a b "Lacrosse At The 1904 Summer Olympics: Correcting The Record". RetroLax.
  4. ^ "1904 Winnipeg Shamrocks". Manitoba Sports Hall of Fame.
  5. ^ Paul Yogi Mayer (October 8, 2008). Jews and the Olympic Games: sport …. Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  6. ^ "Lehman, Albert". Retrieved October 18, 2011.
  7. ^ "Freeman Joseph Isaacs". Find a Grave. Retrieved 22 July 2019.
  8. ^ Evans, Hilary (May 7, 2018). "The truth behind "Man Afraid of Soap"". Up until now it was impossible to link these names to those recorded in Canadian records but a finding by the Swedish athletics historian Tomas Magnusson has changed all that.

External links[edit]