Lahitolle 95 mm cannon

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Canon Lahitolle de 95 mm
Matériel de l'artillerie-p29-canon de 95.jpg
TypeField gun
Place of originFrance
Service history
In service1875–1945
Used byFrance
WarsWorld War I
Production history
DesignerHenri Périer de Lahitolle
Specifications
Mass1,413 kg (3,115 lb)
Barrel length2.28 m (7 ft 6 in) L/24[1]

ShellSeparate-loading, bagged charges and projectiles
Shell weight12 kg (26 lb 7 oz)
Caliber95 mm (3.7 in)
BreechLahittole interrupted screw
RecoilNone[1]
CarriageBox trail
Elevation-10° to +24°
TraverseNone
Rate of fire1 rpm
Muzzle velocity400 m/s (1,300 ft/s)
Effective firing range6.5 km (4 mi)
Maximum firing range9.8 km (6 mi)[1]

The Lahitolle 95 mm cannon (Mle 1875) was a French cannon of the 19th century, developed in 1875 by the artillery commander de Lahitolle. The Lahitolle 90 mm was the first French field cannon made of steel, and one of the first to be equipped with a screw breech (issued 16 years after the British and Prussians adopted a similar system). It was adopted by the French Army in 1875 and superseded the Reffye cannon.

The Lahitolle 95 mm was superseded by the de Bange 90 mm cannon in 1877. An improved version, the Lahitolle 95 mm (Mle 1888), was developed in 1888. In 1893 a coastal artillery version mounted on a pedestal with an armored shield and was called the mle 1893. The Lahitolle 95 mm was still in use during World War I, together with the de Bange 90 mm cannon, as French industry could not keep with production requirements for the much newer Canon de 75.[2] The Lahitolle 95 mm was also used in the fortifications of the Maginot line.[3] Mle 1893 guns captured by the Germans were kept in service and given the designation 9.5cm Küstenkanone (f).

Gallery[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "95 Mle 1888 sur affût de campagne". www.passioncompassion1418.com. Retrieved 2019-05-07.
  2. ^ Pyrrhic Victory: French Strategy and Operations in the Great War by Robert A. Doughty p.117 [1]
  3. ^ The Maginot Line

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