Lahitolle 95 mm cannon
|Canon Lahitolle de 95 mm|
|Place of origin||France|
|Wars||World War I|
|Designer||Henri Périer de Lahitolle|
|Mass||1,413 kg (3,115 lb)|
|Barrel length||2.28 m (7 ft 6 in) L/24|
|Shell||Separate-loading, bagged charges and projectiles|
|Shell weight||12 kg (26 lb 7 oz)|
|Caliber||95 mm (3.7 in)|
|Breech||Lahittole interrupted screw|
|Elevation||-10° to +24°|
|Rate of fire||1 rpm|
|Muzzle velocity||400 m/s (1,300 ft/s)|
|Effective firing range||6.5 km (4 mi)|
|Maximum firing range||9.8 km (6 mi)|
The Lahitolle 95 mm cannon (Mle 1875) was a French cannon of the 19th century, developed in 1875 by the artillery commander de Lahitolle. The Lahitolle 90 mm was the first French field cannon made of steel, and one of the first to be equipped with a screw breech (issued 16 years after the British and Prussians adopted a similar system). It was adopted by the French Army in 1875 and superseded the Reffye cannon.
The Lahitolle 95 mm was superseded by the de Bange 90 mm cannon in 1877. An improved version, the Lahitolle 95 mm (Mle 1888), was developed in 1888. In 1893 a coastal artillery version mounted on a pedestal with an armored shield and was called the mle 1893. The Lahitolle 95 mm was still in use during World War I, together with the de Bange 90 mm cannon, as French industry could not keep with production requirements for the much newer Canon de 75. The Lahitolle 95 mm was also used in the fortifications of the Maginot line. Mle 1893 guns captured by the Germans were kept in service and given the designation 9.5cm Küstenkanone (f).
A 95mm Lahitolle in 1915 during the First World War.
Canon de 95 sur affut de cote mle 1893. On a Vavasseur mounting.
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