Lake Francis (Murphy Dam)

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Lake Francis
Lake Francis in Pittsburg, New Hampshire, August 2019.jpg
Lake Francis as seen from U.S. Route 3 along its northern shore
LocationCoos County, New Hampshire
Coordinates45°2′24″N 71°19′48″W / 45.04000°N 71.33000°W / 45.04000; -71.33000Coordinates: 45°2′24″N 71°19′48″W / 45.04000°N 71.33000°W / 45.04000; -71.33000
TypeReservoir
EtymologyFrancis P. Murphy
Primary inflowsConnecticut River
Primary outflowsConnecticut River
Basin countriesUnited States
Max. length5.4 mi (8.7 km)
Max. width1.3 mi (2.1 km)
Surface area1,934 acres (783 ha)
Average depth40 feet (12 m)
Max. depth82 feet (25 m)
Surface elevation1,379 ft (420 m)
SettlementsPittsburg; Clarksville

Lake Francis is a reservoir on the Connecticut River in northern New Hampshire, United States. The lake is located in Coos County, east of the village of Pittsburg and along the boundary between the towns of Pittsburg and Clarksville. The lake is impounded by Murphy Dam, built in 1940 as a flood control project.[1] The 117-foot (36 m) earthen dam is owned by the Water Division of the state's Department of Environmental Services, and is operated by TC Energy (formerly TransCanada Corporation).[2][3]

Lake Francis and Murphy Dam are named after Francis P. Murphy,[4] who served as the Governor of New Hampshire from 1937 to 1941. The lake covers nearly 2,000 acres (8 km2), has a capacity of 131,375 acre feet (162,049,000 m3),[1] and has average and maximum depths of 40 feet (12 m) and 82 feet (25 m), respectively.[5]

The lake is classified as a coldwater fishery, with observed species including rainbow trout, brown trout, landlocked salmon, lake trout, and chain pickerel.[5] There are two public boat launch locations,[1] and ice fishing is permitted from January through March.[1]

Lake Francis State Park is located on the northeast side of the lake, where the Connecticut River flows in. North of Lake Francis is Back Lake, while First Connecticut Lake (one of a series of four Connecticut Lakes that serve as the headwaters of the Connecticut River) lies to the northeast.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d "Lake Francis". New Hampshire's Connecticut Lakes Region. Retrieved August 13, 2019.
  2. ^ Where the Great River Rises: An Atlas of the Connecticut River Watershed in ... by Rebecca A. Brown, page 65
  3. ^ http://findlakes.com/murphy_dam_(francis_lake)_new-hampshire~nh00185.htm
  4. ^ Ackerley, Carl (February 14, 1970). "Tracks 'n Trails (column)". The Portsmouth Herald. Portsmouth, New Hampshire. p. 8. Retrieved August 14, 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  5. ^ a b "Lake Francis, Pittsburg, Clarksville" (PDF). NH Fish & Game. Retrieved August 15, 2014.

External links[edit]