Latin America and the League of Nations
Nine Latin American nations became charter members of the League of Nations when it was founded in 1919. The number grew to fifteen states by the time the first League Assembly met in 1920 and later, several others joined in the decade that followed. Although only Brazil had any participation in World War I (and a minor role at that), these nations supported the idealistic principles of the League and felt it offered some measure of juridical protection from the interventionist policies of the United States in the period between the Spanish–American War (1898) and the proclamation of the non-interventionist Good Neighbor Policy by Franklin D. Roosevelt in 1933. Latin American nations also felt that being members of the League would bring prestige and notoriety to Latin America. All twenty Latin American countries were members of the League at one point, yet they were never all members at the same time.
To guarantee Latin American representatives in the Assembly and Council, an unofficial bloc was established early on. This movement, in turn led to the creation of a special Latin American Liaison Bureau. Latin American delegates emphasized their contributions and hopes for world peace which eventually would anticipate their actions in the United Nations.
The Latin American nations became increasingly disillusioned with the League in the 1920s. This was partly due to the failure of the United States to join the League, and partly because the major powers in the League paid little attention to Latin America’s problems. The League did have some role in two conflicts in South America in the 1930s: the Leticia dispute between Colombia and Peru, and the Chaco War between Bolivia and Paraguay.
- Atkins, G. Pope., Latin America and the Caribbean in the International System. Boulder, Colo: Westview P, 1999.
- Fischer, Thomas., Die Souveränität der Schwachen. Lateinamerika und der Völkerbund, 1920–1936. Stuttgart: Steiner, 2012.
- Tenenbaum, Barbara, ed., Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. New York: Charles Scribner's Sons, 1996, 5 volumes), p. 395.
- Walters, F. P., A History of the League of Nations, Oxford University Press, 833 pages, 1952, freely available on the site of the United Nations Office in Geneva online
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