LeBaron Bradford Colt

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LeBaron Bradford Colt
LeBaron B Colt.jpg
United States Senator
from Rhode Island
In office
March 4, 1913 – August 18, 1924
Preceded byGeorge P. Wetmore
Succeeded byJesse H. Metcalf
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
In office
June 16, 1891 – February 7, 1913
Appointed byoperation of law
Preceded bySeat established by 26 Stat. 826
Succeeded byGeorge Hutchins Bingham
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the First Circuit
In office
July 5, 1884 – December 31, 1911
Appointed byChester A. Arthur
Preceded byJohn Lowell
Succeeded bySeat abolished
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island
In office
March 21, 1881 – July 23, 1884
Appointed byJames A. Garfield
Preceded byJohn Power Knowles
Succeeded byGeorge Moulton Carpenter Jr.
Member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives
In office
1879-1881
Personal details
Born
LeBaron Bradford Colt

(1846-06-25)June 25, 1846
Dedham, Massachusetts
DiedAugust 18, 1924(1924-08-18) (aged 78)
Bristol, Rhode Island
Resting placeJuniper Hill Cemetery
Bristol, Rhode Island
Political partyRepublican
RelativesSamuel Colt
Samuel P. Colt
EducationYale University (A.B.)
Columbia Law School (LL.B.)

LeBaron Bradford Colt (June 25, 1846 – August 18, 1924) was a United States Senator from Rhode Island and a United States Circuit Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit and of the United States Circuit Courts for the First Circuit and previously was a United States District Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island.

Education and career[edit]

Born on June 25, 1846, in Dedham, Massachusetts,[1] Colt attended the public schools and Williston Seminary.[2] He received an Artium Baccalaureus degree in 1868 from Yale University and a Bachelor of Laws in 1870 from Columbia Law School.[1] At Yale, Colt was a member of Skull and Bones.[3] Following graduation, he devoted a year to European travel.[2] He entered private practice in Chicago, Illinois from 1871 to 1875.[1] He continued private practice in Bristol, Rhode Island from 1875 to 1879.[1] He was a member of the Rhode Island House of Representatives from 1879 to 1881.[1]

Federal judicial service[edit]

Colt was nominated by President James A. Garfield on March 9, 1881, to a seat on the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island vacated by Judge John Power Knowles.[1] He was confirmed by the United States Senate on March 21, 1881, and received his commission the same day.[1] His service terminated on July 23, 1884, due to his elevation to the First Circuit.[1]

Colt was nominated by President Chester A. Arthur on July 2, 1884, to a seat on the United States Circuit Courts for the First Circuit vacated by Judge John Lowell.[1] He was confirmed by the Senate on July 5, 1884, and received his commission the same day.[1] Colt was assigned by operation of law to additional and concurrent service on the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit on June 16, 1891, to a new seat authorized by 26 Stat. 826 (Evarts Act).[1] On December 31, 1911, the Circuit Courts were abolished and he thereafter served only on the Court of Appeals.[1] His service terminated on February 7, 1913, due to his resignation.[1]

Congressional service[edit]

Colt was elected in 1913 as a Republican to the United States Senate.[2] He was reelected in 1919 and served from March 4, 1913, until his death in Bristol on August 18, 1924.[2] He was Chairman of the Committee on Conservation of Natural Resources for the 65th United States Congress and Chairman of the Committee on Immigration for the 66th through 68th United States Congresses.[2] He was interred in Juniper Hill Cemetery in Bristol.[2]

Family[edit]

Colt was the son of Christopher Colt (the brother of arms maker Samuel Colt) and Theodora Goujand DeWolf Colt; his younger brother, Samuel P. Colt, was a prominent Rhode Island businessman and politician.[citation needed]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m LeBaron Bradford Colt at the Biographical Directory of Federal Judges, a public domain publication of the Federal Judicial Center.
  2. ^ a b c d e f United States Congress. "LeBaron Bradford Colt (id: C000651)". Biographical Directory of the United States Congress.
  3. ^ "Yale University Obituary Record" (PDF). Yale University. p. 1302. Retrieved April 22, 2019.

External links[edit]

Legal offices
Preceded by
John Power Knowles
Judge of the United States District Court for the District of Rhode Island
1881–1884
Succeeded by
George Moulton Carpenter Jr.
Preceded by
John Lowell
Judge of the United States Circuit Courts for the First Circuit
1884–1911
Succeeded by
Seat abolished
Preceded by
Seat established by 26 Stat. 826
Judge of the United States Court of Appeals for the First Circuit
1891–1913
Succeeded by
George Hutchins Bingham
U.S. Senate
Preceded by
George P. Wetmore
United States Senator (Class 2) from Rhode Island
1913–1924
Served alongside: Henry F. Lippitt, Peter G. Gerry
Succeeded by
Jesse H. Metcalf
Preceded by
Ellison D. Smith
Chairman of the Senate Conservation Committee
1919–1921
Succeeded by
Office abolished
Preceded by
Thomas W. Hardwick
Chairman of the Senate Immigration Committee
1919–1924
Succeeded by
Hiram Johnson
Party political offices
Preceded by
Direct election established
Republican nominee for United States Senator from Rhode Island
(Class 2)

1918
Succeeded by
Jesse H. Metcalf