Lebbo' people

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Lebbo' people
Lebu / Leppo / Lepo'
Regions with significant populations
 Indonesia (East Kalimantan)n/a
 Malaysia (Sarawak)n/a
Mainstream Kenyah language, Indonesian language, Sarawakian Malay
Christianity, Kaharingan
Related ethnic groups
Kenyah people (Uma Baka' people)

The Lebbo' people (also known as the Lebu') are part of the indigenous Dayak people of East Kalimantan province (east central Borneo), Indonesia. They generally regard themselves as a subgroup of the Kenyah people.[1]

Before the modern era, the Lebbo' people were often hunter-gatherers or horticulturalists.

Most members of the Lebbo' live in the Sangkulirang-Mangkalihat Karst range and speak the Lebu’ Kulit (or Lepu' Kulit) language, also known as Wahau Kenyah (or Waha Kenya).

Population genetics[edit]

The Lebbo' have been of great interest to geneticists, due to their distinctive population genetics; these most strongly link them to the Ma'anyan people of Central Kalimantan, as well as other minorities in South East Asia and more distantly link them to some South Asian tribal peoples and indigenous Australians. In a small sample of Lebbo' males (15 individuals) the following Y-DNA haplogroups were found: C* (M130) 13.33%, K* (M9) 6.67%, K2 (M526) 13.33%, O1b1a1a1a1a (M88) 33.33%, O1a2 (M50) 26.67%, and O2a1b~ (M164) 6.67%.[2] A previous study found a small percentage of Lebbo' males (two individuals) to be the only known members of the rare C1b1a2a, also known as C-B67.[3] (The less rare sibling clade C1b1a2b/C-F725 has been found in members of the Murut people in Brunei, Malay people in Singapore, Aeta people in the Philippines, and Han Chinese in China.[3])

The most common Mitochondrial DNA haplogroups found amongst a small sample of 19 Lebbo' individuals were: B4a 21.05%, B5a 15.79%, M20 15.79%, M71a2 15.79%, R9b1a1a 10.53% and E1a 21.05% out of a sample size of 19 Lebbo' people.[2]


  1. ^ "Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia". Linguistik Indonesia, Volumes 24-25. Masyarakat Linguistik Indonesia. 2006. p. 75.
  2. ^ a b Kusuma, P. et al. Contrasting Linguistic and Genetic Origins of the Asian Source Populations of Malagasy. Sci. Rep. 6, 26066; doi: 10.1038/srep26066 (2016).
  3. ^ a b Karmin M, Saag L, Vicente M, Wilson Sayres MA, Järve M, Talas UG, et al. (April 2015). "A recent bottleneck of Y chromosome diversity coincides with a global change in culture". Genome Research. 25 (4): 459–66. doi:10.1101/gr.186684.114. PMC 4381518. PMID 25770088.