Legislature of Iran

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politics and government of
Government of Islamic Republic of Iran

The legislature (Persian: قوه مقننه‎) of Islamic Republic of Iran consists of two components, a unicameral[1] parliamentary chamber called Islamic Consultative Assembly and a reviewing power, the Guardian Council of the Constitution.[2]

According to the article 93 of Constitution of the Islamic Republic of Iran, the Parliament generally has no legal status without the simultaneous existence of the Council. As a consequence, existence of the Council is a precondition for the efficiency of the legislative power as all bills passed by the Parliament have to be summitted to the Council in order to enact.[2] The council has the authority to veto the bill if it finds it incompatible with sharia and the constitution.[2]

In case that the Parliament and the Council dispute over a blocked bill and refuse to accept positions by each other, the bill is submitted to the Expediency Discernment Council of the System, set up to resolve the conflicts.[1]


  1. ^ a b Barrington, Lowell (2012). "Iran". Comparative Politics: Structures and Choices. Cengage Learning. p. 189. ISBN 1111341931.
  2. ^ a b c Grote, Rainer; Röder, Tilmann (2012). Constitutionalism in Islamic Countries: Between Upheaval and Continuity. Oxford University Press. pp. 281–4. ISBN 019975988X.