Liang Sili

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Liang Sili
梁思礼
Liang Sili and Mai Xiuqiong.jpg
Liang Sili, with his wife Mai Xiuqiong,
in November 1956
Born
Liang Sili

(1924-08-24)24 August 1924
Died14 April 2016(2016-04-14) (aged 91)
NationalityChinese
Alma materPurdue University
University of Cincinnati
Known forDongfeng 2A
Dongfeng 5
Long March 2
Long March 3
Spouse(s)
Mai Xiuqiong (m. 1956)
ChildrenLiang Zuojun
Liang Hong
Liang Xuan
Scientific career
FieldsRocket science
InstitutionsInternational Academy of Astronautics
Chinese Academy of Sciences
International Astronautical Federation

Liang Sili (simplified Chinese: 梁思礼; traditional Chinese: 梁思禮; 24 August 1924 – 14 April 2016) was a Chinese rocket scientist and academician. He was elected an academician of the International Academy of Astronautics in 1987 and the Chinese Academy of Sciences in 1993. He became the vice-president of the International Astronautical Federation in 1994.

Liang was the youngest son of Chinese scholar and reformist Liang Qichao.[1] His elder brothers, Liang Sicheng and Liang Siyong, were also academicians.[2]

Biography[edit]

Liang graduated from Purdue University in 1945, majoring in Electrical Engineering. He earned his doctor's degree in automation control from the University of Cincinnati in 1949.[3] He returned to China in late 1949 when the Chinese Communist Party took control of mainland China. He was appointed jobs at the Institute of Telecommunications Technology (Ministry of Posts & Telecommunications) and later the Institute of Electronic Science (Communication Department of PLA). In 1956, Liang transferred to the Fifth Institute of Ministry of Defense. He became the deputy director of the Research Office of Missile Control Systems, working under Qian Xuesen.[4] Liang played an important role in the design of the Dongfeng 2A missile, the Dongfeng 5 missile, the Long March 2 rocket, and the Long March 3 rocket.[4]

Liang died on 14 April 2016, at the age of 91, in Beijing.[5]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "梁思礼回忆在津度过的17年:人生从饮冰室开始" (in Chinese). Sohu. 22 April 2007. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  2. ^ "梁家有方三院士:梁思成、梁思永、梁思礼" (in Chinese). Chinese Science News. 15 August 2014. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  3. ^ "中国火箭控制系统专家梁思礼逝世 系梁启超之子" (in Chinese). China.com. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  4. ^ a b "梁思礼:苍穹大业赤子心" (in Chinese). Qiushi. 18 December 2015. Retrieved 15 April 2016.
  5. ^ "梁启超之子中国火箭与导弹控制系统专家梁思礼逝世" (in Chinese). Sina. 15 April 2016. Retrieved 15 April 2016.