Liberty, Texas

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Liberty, Texas
Location of Liberty, Texas
Location of Liberty, Texas
Coordinates: 30°3′27″N 94°47′48″W / 30.05750°N 94.79667°W / 30.05750; -94.79667Coordinates: 30°3′27″N 94°47′48″W / 30.05750°N 94.79667°W / 30.05750; -94.79667
CountryUnited States
StateTexas
CountyLiberty
Area
 • Total35.4 sq mi (91.7 km2)
 • Land35.1 sq mi (90.8 km2)
 • Water0.4 sq mi (0.9 km2)
Elevation
30 ft (9 m)
Population
(2016)
 • Total9,175
 • Density260/sq mi (100/km2)
Time zoneUTC-6 (Central (CST))
 • Summer (DST)UTC-5 (CDT)
ZIP code
77575
Area code(s)936
FIPS code48-42568[1]
GNIS feature ID1339866[2]
Websitecityofliberty.org

Liberty is a city in the U.S. state of Texas, within Liberty County. The population was 8,397 at the 2010 census. It serves as the seat of Liberty County.

Liberty is the third oldest city in the state—established in 1831 on the banks of the Trinity River. The city also has a twin of the Liberty Bell from Philadelphia, Pennsylvania. Its area code is 936 and its ZIP code is 77575.

Geography[edit]

Liberty is located at 30°3′27″N 94°47′48″W / 30.05750°N 94.79667°W / 30.05750; -94.79667 (30.057546, -94.796662).[3]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 35.4 square miles (92 km2), of which 35.0 square miles (91 km2) is land and 0.4 square miles (1.0 km2) (1.02%) is water.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1860584
1870458−21.6%
18804978.5%
1900865
191098013.3%
19201,11714.0%
19302,18795.8%
19403,08741.2%
19504,16334.9%
19606,12747.2%
19705,591−8.7%
19807,94542.1%
19907,733−2.7%
20008,0333.9%
20108,3974.5%
Est. 20169,175[4]9.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[5]

As of the 2010 census Liberty had a population of 8,397. The racial composition of the population was 70.3% white, 13.3% black or African American, 0.3% Native American, 0.6% Asian, 13.4% from some other race and 2.1% from two or more races. 23.2% of the population was Hispanic or Latino of any race.[6]

As of the census[1] of 2000, there were 8,033 people, 2,860 households, and 2,053 families residing in the city. The population density was 229.2 people per square mile (88.5/km²). There were 3,187 housing units at an average density of 90.9 per square mile (35.1/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 75.54% White, 13.11% African American, 0.40% Native American, 0.68% Asian, 0.01% Pacific Islander, 9.25% from other races, and 1.01% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 14.83% of the population.

There were 2,860 households out of which 35.8% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 54.9% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, and 28.2% were non-families. 25.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.65 and the average family size was 3.16.

In the city, the population was spread out with 27.1% under the age of 18, 9.4% from 18 to 24, 27.8% from 25 to 44, 21.5% from 45 to 64, and 14.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 35 years. For every 100 females, there were 97.3 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 95.4 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $36,325, and the median income for a family was $41,369. Males had a median income of $33,013 versus $24,688 for females. The per capita income for the city was $16,635. About 12.4% of families and 13.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 15.7% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Education[edit]

The city of Liberty is served by the Liberty Independent School District. All residents are zoned to San Jacinto Elementary School, Liberty Elementary School, Liberty Middle School, and Liberty High School.[7]

Cody Abshier, Ed.D is the Superintendent of Schools.[8]

Public libraries[edit]

The 43,000 volume Liberty Municipal Library is located in the Geraldine D. Humphreys Cultural Center in Liberty. The Geraldine D. Humphreys Cultural Center, including the Humphreys-Burson Theatre which is home to the Valley Players theatrical company, was renovated in a major multimillion-dollar remodeling completed in 2010. The project has doubled the size of the municipal library serving Liberty, Texas and southeastern Liberty County.[9]

The Sam Houston Regional Library and Research Center, operated by the Texas State Library and Archives Commission is located 3 miles (4.8 km) north of Liberty in an unincorporated area. Judge and Mrs. Price Daniel donated 114 acres (46 ha) of land for the purpose of establishing a library on September 27, 1973. Construction began in the fall of 1975; by then $700,000 had been raised through private donations. The library opened on May 14, 1977.[10] Archives and displays show development of region, artifacts, furniture, Jean Lafitte's journals, and 1826 census. It also contains the Texana collection of former Governor Price Daniel.[11]

Transportation[edit]

Liberty Municipal Airport, a general aviation airport is located approximately 6 miles east of Liberty, just north of the intersection of FM 160 east with FM 2830. The runway is 3,801 ft. long and is oriented 16 - 34 ( 160 degrees - 340 degrees ). The Liberty Municipal Airport has a pilot courtesy room and fueling facilities with 100LL and Jet-A available. A new set of T-Hangars were completed with room for more in the future. Other major renovations and technology improvements are in progress. A runway extension is planned for the near future. The city provides a courtesy car for transient pilots. Pilots are encourage to check it availability prior to arrival.

Parks and recreation[edit]

The Park Theater was constructed and opened in 1938. This movie house entertained people for years before closing its doors. The theatre sat idle, then in 1993, the John W. Cox family purchased the theater and refurbished the building, reopening it as The Liberty Opry; a live, Branson-style musical entertainment venue. The theater seats 400 and has a building adjoined to the theater with restroom facilities, office, dressing rooms to accommodate the entertainers, and a concession area, which seats 80. The owners have changed over the years. In 2006 John W. Cox sold it to Bruce Boehner, who owned it until he sold it in 2010 to Jay and Nina Cantu who provided weekly shows ranging from Country to Gospel to Rock & Roll every Saturday 4:00 pm. However, the theater and facilities were sold to an unknown buyer in November 2018 and shows no longer performed there as of January 26, 2018.

The Geraldine D. Humphreys Cultural Center, a 23,000 square feet (2,100 m2) municipal facility, houses the Liberty Municipal Library and the 153 seat Humphreys-Burson Theatre. The Geraldine D. Humphreys Cultural Center opened and was dedicated on October 18, 1970. The Geraldine D. Humphrey's Cultural Center has undergone a multimillion-dollar renovation project completed in 2010, including renovation of the Humphreys-Burson Theater adding new seating, expanded storage space and new carpeting.

Media[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Climate[edit]

The climate in this area is characterized by hot, humid summers and generally mild to cool winters. According to the Köppen Climate Classification system, Liberty has a humid subtropical climate, abbreviated "Cfa" on climate maps.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  2. ^ "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved 2008-01-31.
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23.
  4. ^ "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017.
  5. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015.
  6. ^ 2010 general profile of population and housing characteriticis from the US census for Liberty
  7. ^ "Education." City of Liberty. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  8. ^ "Liberty ISD". Liberty ISD. Archived from the original on July 22, 2012. Retrieved July 27, 2012.
  9. ^ "Liberty Municipal Library." City of Liberty. Retrieved on July 29, 2010.
  10. ^ "Sam Houston Center." Texas State Library and Archives Commission. Retrieved on April 5, 2010.
  11. ^ "Texas Attorney-General's Office: An Inventory of Attorney General Price Daniel Records at the Texas State Archives, 1934, 1938-1941, 1944-1962, 1969-1970, 1978, 1986-1987, bulk 1947-1952". legacy.lib.utexas.edu. Texas. Attorney-General's Office. Daniel, Price. Sweatt, Heman Marion. University of Texas at Austin. School of Law. Retrieved 2018-01-31.
  12. ^ Climate Summary for Liberty, Texas

Sources[edit]

  • Henson, Margaret Swett (1982), Juan Davis Bradburn: A Reappraisal of the Mexican Commander of Anahuac, College Station, TX: Texas A&M University Press, ISBN 978-0-89096-135-3

External links[edit]