List of Azerbaijani inventions and discoveries

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Azerbaijani inventions and discoveries are inventions and discoveries by Azerbaijani scientists and researchers, both locally and while working at overseas research institutes.






  • Shabaka (window) - stained glass windows made by national Azerbaijani masters, without glue or nails.

Folk music[edit]

Mugham performers in Baku. From left (tar, daf, kamancha)

Musical Instruments[edit]

  • Balaban - a cylindrical-bore, double-reed wind instrument.[8]
  • Nagara (drum) folk drum with double head that is played on one side with the bare hands.
  • Tar - long-necked, waisted instrument.[9]



  1. ^ "Fuzzy Logic". Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. Stanford University. 2006-07-23. Retrieved 2008-09-30.
  2. ^ Zadeh, L.A. (1965). "Fuzzy sets", Information and Control 8 (3): 338–353.
  3. ^ "Azerbaijan-produced sniper rifles and armors to be demonstrated at an exhibition in Istanbul". Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  4. ^ "International Defense Exhibition Fair (IDEF-2009) was over". Azerbaijani Ministry of Defense. 2009-01-05. Retrieved 2009-07-03.
  5. ^ Bahl, Taru; Syed, M. H. Encyclopaedia of the Muslim World. Anmol Publications PVT. p. 25. ISBN 9788126114191.
  6. ^ Мейхана - это не «хулиганский жанр», а часть азербайджанского фольклора - режиссер Абдуль Махмудов Archived 2013-10-14 at the Wayback Machine (in Russian)
  7. ^ UNESCO - Intangible Heritage Section. "UNESCO Culture Sector - Intangible Heritage - 2003 Convention :".
  8. ^ Музыкальная энциклопедия. Баламан. Под ред. Ю. В. Келдыш. Т 1. А — М.: Советская энциклопедия, 1973.
  9. ^ Four new items inscribed on UNESCO’s Representative List of the Intangible Cultural Heritage of Humanity. Retrieved on 2013-01-01.
  10. ^ "Dushbara".
  11. ^ Milli mətbəximiz, tarixi, səciyyəvi xüsusiyyətləri (in Azerbaijani)
  12. ^ Кутабы (пирожки с зеленью) - азербайджанская кухня (in Russian)
  13. ^ Азербайджанская кухня | Кутабы (in Russian)