List of British Resident Ministers in Nepal

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

A Resident of the British Empire was a government official required to take up permanent residence in another country. A representative of his government, he officially had diplomatic functions which are often seen as a form of indirect rule. From 1802 to 1923 there were twenty British residents in Nepal[1][2][3] who directly or indirectly played a significant role in the Nepalese politics. The establishment of the British Residency in Nepal is seen as a direct effect of the eighth point of the Sugauli Treaty between the Kingdom of Nepal and the East India Company in 1816. The title of Resident was officially changed to Envoy after the Nepal–Britain Treaty of 1923.

For British representatives in Nepal since 1924, see: List of ambassadors of the United Kingdom to Nepal.

List of Residents[edit]

Name Portrait Tenure
William Hunter Douglas Knox 1802–1803
Vacant 1803–1816
John Peter Boileau (acting) 1816
Edward Gardner 1816–1829
Brian Houghton Hodgson[4] Brian Houghton Hodgson by Louisa Starr-Canziani.jpg 1829–1831
Thomas Herbert Maddock 1831–1833
Brian Houghton Hodgson Brian Houghton Hodgson by Louisa Starr-Canziani.jpg 1833–1843
Henry Montgomery Lawrence Henry Montgomery Lawrence - Project Gutenberg eText 16528.jpg 1843–1845
John Russell Colvin 1845–1847
Charles Thoresby 1847–1850
James Claudius Erskine 1850–1852
George Ramsay 1852–1867
Richard Charles Lawrence 1867–1872
Charles Edward Ridgway Girdlestone 1872–1888
Edward Law Durand 1888–1891
Henry Wylie 1891–1899
Archibald Mungo Muir 1899
William Loch 1899–1901
Thomas Caldwell Pears 1901–1902
Charles Withers Ravenshaw 1902–1905
John Manners Smith 1905–1916
Steuart Farquharson Bayley 1916–1918
William Frederick Travers 1918–1923

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Regmi, Jagdishchandra (2045 B.S.). Nepal ko Itihash. Kathmandu: Sajha Prakashan. p. 135. Check date values in: |year= (help)
  2. ^ Acharya, Baburam (2000). Aba Esto Kailei Nahos. Kathmandu: Sajha Prakashan.
  3. ^ Nepal, Residents. "Residents of Nepal". Nepalese history. World Statesmen.
  4. ^ Yadav, Pitambar Lal (2053 B.S.). Nepal ko rajnaitik itihas. Benaras: Modern Deepak Press. p. 139. Check date values in: |year= (help)

External links[edit]