List of European countries by minimum wage

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The following list provides information relating to the minimum wages (gross) of countries in Europe.[1][2]

The calculations are based on the assumption of a 40-hour working week and a 52-week year, with the exceptions of France (35 hours),[3] San Marino (37.5 hours),[4] Belgium (38 hours),[5] United Kingdom (38.1 hours),[3] Ireland (39 hours),[3] Monaco (39 hours),[6] and Germany (39.1 hours).[3] Most of minimum wages are fixed at a monthly rate, but there are countries where minimum wage is fixed at an hourly rate or weekly rate.

Minimum wages by country (European countries)[edit]

Net income[edit]

The maps below show monthly adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under 25 year olds.

dark blue above €1,000
light blue €500 to €1,000
Yellow €250 to €500
Red below €250

Countries marked on the map in purple do not have a minimum wage.

Gross income[edit]

The maps below show monthly adult income; some countries have a lower rate for under 25 year olds.

dark blue above €1,400
light blue €700 to €1,400
Yellow €400 to €700
Red below €400

Countries marked on the map in purple do not have a minimum wage.

European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018 (in PPP, Purchasing Power)
European countries by minimum hourly gross wage in 2018

The difference between the gross income and the net income ratio is given by the percentage of income taxes. For example, even if a Slovakian citizen has a gross minimum income higher than a Czech, in reality the first will receive less money than the second because of higher income taxes.

Minimum wages by country (European countries)[edit]

Country Monthly minimum wage Period Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR)[7] (EUR) Local currency (Local) (USD) (USD, PPP)[8]
 Albania 211 211 26,000.00 lekë (salary less than 30,000 lekë per month is not subject to income tax)[9] Month 149.00 lekë[9] 1.38 3.09 124 1 January 2019
 Andorra 991 991 €991.47 [10] Month €5.72[10] 6.56 7.03 1 1 January 2017
Belarus Belarus 115[11] 136 330.00 rubles[12] Month 1.53 rubles 0.72 2.62 2.47 1 January 2019
Belgium Belgium 1216 1563 [2][1] €1,562.59 Month €9.49 10.87 11.46 1 1 June 2017
 Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina
( Bosnia and Herzegovina)
208 [13] 311 605.48 mark[14] Month 3.44 mark 2.01 4.90 1.95583 1 January 2017
 Republika Srpska
( Bosnia and Herzegovina)
230[15] 337 656.72 (net 450)[16] Month 3.73 mark 2.18 5.31 1.9558 1 January 2019
Bulgaria Bulgaria 222 286[1][2] 560 lev Month 3.37 lev[17] 1.87 5.00 1.95583 1 January 2019
Croatia Croatia 406 505[1][2] 3,750.00 kuna Month 18.90 kuna 2.92 5.31 7.43 1 January 2019
Czech Republic Czech Republic 432 514[1][2] 13,350.00 koruna[18][19] Month 83.43 koruna[18][19] 3.63 5.92 25.995 1 January 2019
Estonia Estonia 516 540[1][2] €540.00 [1] Month €3.20[20] 3.40 5.37 1 1 January 2019
France France 1386 1521[1][2] €1,521.22 Month €10.03 11.40 12.23 1 1 January 2019
Germany Germany 1155 1599[21] €1,599.00 Hour €9.19[22] 10.47 11.33 1 1 January 2019
Greece Greece 546 / (634)
[23][24][25][26]
650 / (758)
[24][25][26]
€758.3[24][25][26] Month €3.94 4.51 6.51 1 1 February 2019
Hungary Hungary 309 / 404* [1][2] 464 / 607* 149,000 / 195,000* forint
*(for skilled employees)
Month 736.44 forint 2.61 5.66 321.00 1 January 2019
Republic of Ireland Ireland 1509 1563 [1][2] €1,563.25 Hour €9.80[27] 10.94 11.40 1 1 January 2019
Latvia Latvia 352 430 [1][2] €430 Month €2.48 2.84 4.96 1 1 January 2018
Lithuania Lithuania 396 555 [28] €555 Month €3.39 3.90 7.42 1 1 January 2019
Luxembourg Luxembourg 1738[29] 2071[30] €2,071.00 [1] Month €11.84[30] 13.74 13.32 1 1 January 2019
Malta Malta 571 747 [1][2] €747.5 Week €4.24 4.86 7.37 1 1 January 2018
 Moldova 110[31][32] 139[33] 2,775 lei[31][32][34][35][36] Month 16.42[31][32] 0.86 1.87 19.2 1 May 2019
 Monaco 1695[37][38][39][40][41] (Monaco has no income tax)[42][43][44][45][46][47] 1695[37][38][39][40][41] €1695,07[37][38][39][40][41] Hour €10.03[37][38][39][40][41] 11.75 12.61 1 1 January 2019
 Montenegro 193 193 €193 Month €1.11 1.27 3.03 1 1 May 2013
Netherlands Netherlands 1476[1][3][48] 1615.80[1][2][49][50][51] €1615.80[49][50][52][53] Month €9.33[54][55][56] 10.35 11.28 1 1 January 2019
 North Macedonia 203 291 12,507 denars (net)[57][58][59] Month 69.22 denars 1.29 3.45 61.50 1 April 2019
Poland Poland 379 524 [1][2] 2,250 złoty Month 14.70 zł 3.66 7.78 4.16 1 January 2019
Portugal Portugal 623 [60][61][62] 700 [60][1][2][63] €700.00 Month €4.37 4.99 7.00 1 1 January 2019
Romania Romania 273 / 305* [1][2] 449 / 507* [64][1] 2,080 / 2,350* RON [65]
*(employees proving a graduate diploma)
Month 12.40 RON 3.05 6.64 4.64 1 January 2019
Russia Russia 124 144 11,280 rubles[66] Month 53.00 rubles 0.66 2.30 80.30 1 January 2019
 San Marino 1583 €1,582.57[67] Month €9.74 11.17 11.98 1 1 January 2014
 Serbia 231[68] 311 27,332 dinars [68] Month 155 dinars[68] 1.50 3.68 118.3 1 January 2019
Slovakia Slovakia 454 520 [1][2] €520 [69][1] Month €2.989[69] 3.39 5.30 1 1 January 2019
Slovenia Slovenia 625 886 [1][2] €886 Month €4.84 5.55 8.00 1 1 January 2019
Spain Spain 884[70] 1050[1][2] €1050.00 Month €7.04[71] 8.03 10.71 1 1 January 2019
Switzerland Switzerland (Cantons of Jura and Neuchâtel) 2709 3258[72] 3,680.00 Fr. [73][74] Hour 20.00 Fr.[73][74] 20.54 15.50 1.13 1 January 2015
 Ukraine 134 141[75] 4,173 hryvnias [76] Month 25.13 hryvnias[76] 0.83 2.90 29.55 1 January 2019
United Kingdom United Kingdom 1300[77][78][79] 1530 [1][2][77][78][79] 1,315 pound [80][1][77][78][79] Hour 8.21 pound[80][77][78][79] 10.00 11.25 0.9 1 April 2019

Minimum wages by country (other countries)[edit]

Countries that have main territories in Asia with small or no territories in Europe

Country Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Exchange
rate to
EUR
Effective at
Net (EUR) (EUR) (Local) Local (USD)
Armenia Armenia 96 55,000.00 dram[81] 317.31 dram 0.66 569.14 1 July 2015
 Azerbaijan 93 91 180.00 manat[82] 0.93 manat 0.55 1.98 1 February 2019
 Georgia 7 20.00 lari[83] 0.12 lari 0.05 2.90 1 January 1999
Kazakhstan Kazakhstan 90 100 42,500 tenge[84] 141.11 tenge 0.40 402.84 1 January 2019
 Turkey 301 385 2.558 lira[85] 10.15 lira 1.45 6.55 1 January 2019

Minimum wages by country (other territories)[edit]

The following list includes states with limited recognition.

Country Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate Hourly rate (USD) Exchange rate to EUR Effective at
 Kosovo 170 €170.00[86] €0.98 1.20 1 17 August 2011
 TRNC 454 €522.00[87] €1.56 1.79 8 1 January 2019

Countries with no minimum wage[edit]

In some countries it was replaced with other systems that provide a minimum income.

See Guaranteed minimum income and Basic income.

For comparison[edit]

Country Net monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage (EUR) Monthly minimum wage Hourly rate (USD) Hourly rate (EUR) Exchange rate Effective at
 USA 1000[90] 1120 $1256(40-hour workweek)[91] 7.25 6.45 1.12 24 July 2009

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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External links[edit]