List of Great Lakes museum and historic ships
This is a list of Great Lakes museum and historic ships, including surviving hulls, museum or historic ships at risk, other surviving historic hulls and notable partial ships.
- 1 Museum ships and boats, surviving hulls
- 1.1 Lakers: bulk carriers
- 1.2 Passenger-freight steamers
- 1.3 Passenger and excursion steamers
- 1.4 Railroad and auto ferries
- 1.5 Tugboats and workboats
- 1.5.1 Steam tug Edna G (Two Harbors, Minnesota)
- 1.5.2 Steam tug Ned Hanlan (Toronto)
- 1.5.3 United States Army tug LT-5 (Oswego, New York)
- 1.5.4 United States Army Corps tug Bayfield (Duluth, Minnesota)
- 1.5.5 United States Army Corps Tug Ludington (Kewaunee, Wisconsin)
- 1.5.6 Tug John Purves (Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin)
- 1.5.7 Steam tug James Whalen (Thunder Bay, Ontario)
- 1.6 Naval ships
- 1.6.1 USS Cobia (Manitowoc, Wisconsin)
- 1.6.2 USS Cod (Cleveland, Ohio)
- 1.6.3 USS Croaker (Buffalo, NY)
- 1.6.4 HMCS Haida (Hamilton, Ontario)
- 1.6.5 USS Little Rock (Buffalo)
- 1.6.6 LST-393 (Muskegon, Michigan)
- 1.6.7 HMCS Ojibwa S72 (Port Burwell, Ontario)
- 1.6.8 USS Silversides (Muskegon)
- 1.6.9 USS The Sullivans (Buffalo)
- 1.6.10 U-boat U-505 (Chicago, Illinois)
- 1.7 Large government vessels
- 2 At-risk vessel
- 3 Surviving partial ships
- 4 Failed museum attempts (ships scrapped)
- 5 Potential museums
- 6 References
- 7 External links
Museum ships and boats, surviving hulls
Lakers: bulk carriers
Lake freighters, or lakers, are bulk carrier vessels which ply the Great Lakes. The best-known variety is the oreboat, depicted in songs from Gordon Lightfoot, Stan Rogers and others. Some classic-design lakers still operate, including a few with steam engines.
SS Col. James M Schoonmaker (Toledo, Ohio)
Col. James M. Schoonmaker sailed from 1911 to 1980. She was first owned by the Shenango Furnace Company under her present name and was sold to the Cleveland-Cliffs Iron Company, which renamed her Willis B Boyer. Col. James M. Schoonmaker was the largest bulk freighter in the world when commissioned. In an ambitious restoration, Col James M. Schoonmaker was re-christened with its original name July 1, 2011, on the 100th anniversary of the ship's launching in Toledo, Ohio. In October 2012, she was moved with great fanfare from her longtime berth at International Park in Toledo downriver to a site next to the new home of the National Museum of the Great Lakes. Ship and museum are scheduled to open to the public in Spring 2014.
SS William G Mather (Cleveland, Ohio)
SS William A Irvin (Duluth, Minnesota)
William A. Irvin was named for the president of U.S. Steel at the time of its launching. It was the first laker with a welded design, and served as the flagship of US Steel's Great Lakes fleet from her launch in 1938 until 1975. It is open for tours at the Great Lakes Floating Maritime Museum in Duluth.
SS Meteor (1896—Superior, Wisconsin)
SS Valley Camp (Sault Ste. Marie, Michigan)
Valley Camp was a typical oreboat, who served the National Steel Corporation, Republic Steel Corporation and Wilson Transit Co. during her 1917–1966 working life. In 1968, she became a museum ship on the waterfront of Sault Ste. Marie, downstream of the Soo Locks. She holds many relics from SS Edmund Fitzgerald (including two of Edmund Fitzgerald's mauled lifeboats).
SS Keewatin (Port McNicoll, Ontario)
SS Keewatin is a former Canadian Pacific passenger liner. Built in Scotland in 1907, the boat steamed between Fort William and Port McNicoll for over 50 years until she was sold for scrap in 1967. Saved from the wrecker's torch, Keewatin was towed to Saugatuck, Michigan for use as a museum in 1968. She is the last unmodified Great Lakes passenger liner in existence, and an example of Edwardian luxury. Keewatin is one of the world's last coal-fired steamships. A June 24, 2007 Toronto Star article documented a Canadian effort to see the steamer returned to Dominion waters as a museum ship at Port McNicoll. The effort to repatriate "The Kee" bore fruit on June 23, 2012 (100 years to the day after she first entered Port McNicoll), when the ship returned to her former berth before a crowd of thousands.
SS Milwaukee Clipper (Muskegon, Michigan)
SS Milwaukee Clipper, another passenger steamer, was built in 1904. She served as a passenger-package freighter for the Pennsylvania Railroad marine division (the Anchor Line) as the steamer Juniata. In 1940, after several years of layup, she was sold and converted to an excursion steamer between Muskegon and Milwaukee. Laid up again in the 1970s, she lingered for 30 years before returning to Muskegon as a museum.
MS Norgoma (Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario)
MS Norgoma, berthed in the Sault Ste. Marie, Ontario, was built as a steamer carrying freight and passengers in 1950. She ran from Owen Sound to Sault Ste. Marie from 1950 to 1963 on the "Turkey Trail". In 1963 Norgoma was converted to a car ferry, her former role taken over by trucks, buses and automobiles, and she ran between Tobermory and Manitoulin Island. At this time, Norgoma was converted to diesel power. She became a museum ship in 1977.
SS Norisle (Manitoulin Island, Ontario)
SS Norisle is a museum ship berthed permanently at the Manitowaning Heritage Complex. It is one of three surviving ships, the others being Norgoma and Normac. It was built in 1946, the first ship built in post-World War II Canada using engines intended for a Royal Canadian destroyer. Norisle ran until 1974, when it was replaced by MS Chi-Cheemaun. Plans call for towing and scuttling Norisle as a tourist dive site. A 200-member group, Friends of The Norisle, has formed to oppose her sinking and supportive articles and letters to the editor have appeared in the Manitoulin Expositor.
Passenger and excursion steamers
SS Columbia (Detroit, Michigan)
SS Columbia is a former Boblo Island excursion boat, built in 1902, which has been in storage since 1991. A New York City group intends to save Columbia and use it on the Hudson River, like the old Hudson day steamers (all of which have been lost).
SS Ste Claire (Detroit)
Ste. Claire, a former Boblo Island excursion boat, was built in 1910. Like her Bob-Lo Amusement Park running mate Columbia, she was designed by Frank Kirby. In July, 2018 an apparently accidental fire destroyed most of her remaining wooden superstructure. Her future afterward was unassuaged.
Railroad and auto ferries
SS City of Milwaukee (Manistee, Michigan)
SS City of Milwaukee was a railroad ferry of the Grand Trunk Milwaukee Car Ferry Company which was built in 1931 to replace a previous ferry (SS Milwaukee, lost in 1929 with all hands). She sailed for the company for 40 years (and another five for the Ann Arbor Railroad) before laying up in Frankfort in 1982, where she remained until being sold as a museum. Later moved to her present berth in Manistee, she is open for tours as the last unmodified, classic railroad ferry.
Trillium (Toronto, Ontario)
The side-wheel steam ferry Trillium (1910), reactivated in 1976, calls Toronto home. Several vintage 1930s screw ferries serve alongside her.
Tugboats and workboats
Their small size and hardy construction make tugboats a favorite as museum ships. Their smaller size means lower maintenance costs (and maintenance can often be performed by volunteer crews). Three steam tugs survive, in addition to three former Army tugs later used for other purposes.
Steam tug Edna G (Two Harbors, Minnesota)
Steam tug Ned Hanlan (Toronto)
The steam tug Ned Hanlan has been preserved ashore as a static display on the grounds of the Canadian National Exhibition. Launched in 1932, the tug is one of three preserved Great Lakes steam tugs (the others are James Whalen and Edna G. It was named for the rower Ned Hanlan.
United States Army tug LT-5 (Oswego, New York)
The former World War II United States Army tugboat Major Elisha K. Henson, built in 1943, participated in the Normandy landings. An operational floating display, it worked as a commercial tug (Nash) for 30 years.
United States Army Corps tug Bayfield (Duluth, Minnesota)
A United States Army Corps of Engineers tugboat, Bayfield, serves as a popular photo shoot at Duluth's Canal Park.
United States Army Corps Tug Ludington (Kewaunee, Wisconsin)
The former United States Army Corps of Engineers tugboat Ludington, built as an Army tug in 1943, also partook in the D-Day invasion at Normandy. A non-operational floating display, it is supervised by ex-Major Wilbur Browder.
Tug John Purves (Sturgeon Bay, Wisconsin)
The 1919 tug Butterfield was built for World War I, but was sold for the Lake Superior pulpwood trade. During World War II, the boat was taken into government service as the USAT Butterfield, LT-145, serving in the Gulf of Alaska and the Bering Sea. The Roen Steamship Company acquired the tug, renaming it John Purves (after the firm's general manager) and using it as a salvage vessel. It was later donated to the Door County Maritime Museum.
Steam tug James Whalen (Thunder Bay, Ontario)
The 1905 icebreaking tugboat James Whalen serves as a popular photo shoot at Kaministiquia Park. She was rescued in 1977, after she was slated for scrapping.
The Great Lakes are home to a large number of naval craft serving as museums (including five submarines, two destroyers and a cruiser). The Great Lakes are not known for submarine activity, but the undersea service fires the imagination of many. Three former army tugs are museums, having come to the lakes in commercial roles.
USS Cobia (Manitowoc, Wisconsin)
USS Cod (Cleveland, Ohio)
The World War II submarine USS Cod was brought to Cleveland in 1976. It is a National Historic Landmark and a memorial to the 3,900 submariners lost in their nation's service during the century of the US Navy's Submarine Force. It was awarded seven battle stars for its wartime service.
USS Croaker (Buffalo, NY)
The World War II submarine USS Croaker was brought to Buffalo in 1988, where it serves alongside USS Sullivans and USS Little Rock. It was modernized in 1953 as a hunter-killer submarine during the Cold War, and resides at the Buffalo Naval and Military Park.
HMCS Haida (Hamilton, Ontario)
The destroyer HMCS Haida is one of two surviving Canadian World War II warships.
USS Little Rock (Buffalo)
A Cold-War-era cruiser, USS Little Rock is one of three cruisers preserved as museum ships in the US. It resides at the Buffalo Naval and Military Park.
LST-393 (Muskegon, Michigan)
LST-393, a World War II tank landing ship launched in 1943, is available for tours at West Michigan Dock and Market in Muskegon. With the camouflage paint she wore at the end of the war, the ship worked as an automobile ferry between 1947 and 1973 as M/V Highway 16 (after US Route 16, which was bridged by the ship between Muskegon and Milwaukee, Wisconsin). It was awarded three battle stars for war service.
HMCS Ojibwa S72 (Port Burwell, Ontario)
S72 HMCS Ojibwa S72 was a Oberon-class submarine, laid down as HMS Onyx at Chatham Dockyard in Chatham, Kent, UK. It was purchased by Canada in 1962 and commissioned into the Canadian navy in 1965, severed primarily in the Maritime Forces Atlantic until i'ts decommissioning in 1998.
USS Silversides (Muskegon)
The World War II submarine USS Silversides was displayed at Chicago's Navy Pier. It moved to Muskegon in 1987.
USS The Sullivans (Buffalo)
The World War II Fletcher-class destroyer USS The Sullivans was named for five brothers killed in the line of duty. It earned nine battle stars in World War II and two for Korean War service. It resides at the Buffalo Naval and Military Park.
U-boat U-505 (Chicago, Illinois)
The German submarine U-505 was captured during World War II, allowing the Allies to capture its code books and the German Enigma code machine. Slated for sinking after the war for gunnery practice, the sub was instead donated to Chicago's Museum of Science and Industry. It was later moved inside to a climate-controlled environment (undergoing an extensive restoration), and was re-opened to the public in 2005.
Large government vessels
USCGC Acacia (Manistee, Michigan)
USCGC Acacia is a retired buoy tender with icebreaking capabilities serving as a museum ship moored near the railroad car ferry, SS City of Milwaukee. The World War II-vintage vessel is a tribute to the black-painted workhorses of the United States Coast Guard. A ribbon-cutting (announcing the ship's new role as a museum ship) was celebrated in Manistee on August 13, 2011.
BFD Edward M Cotter (Buffalo)
MS Georgian Queen (Penetanguishene, Ontario)
CCG Alexander Henry (Kingston, Ontario)
Former Canadian Coast Guard icebreaker CCGS Alexander Henry resides at the Marine Museum of the Great Lakes as a display and a bed-and-breakfast. Launched in 1958, she and the former USCGC Mackinaw serve as the Great Lakes' two surviving large red-hulled icebreakers.
USCGC Mackinaw (Mackinaw City, Michigan)
USCGC Mackinaw (WAGB-83) is a 290-foot (88 m) vessel designed for icebreaking duties on the Great Lakes. Mackinaw was home-ported in Cheboygan, Michigan during its active service. Due to Mackinaw's age and expensive upkeep, the cutter was decommissioned and replaced with a smaller multipurpose cutter (USCGC Mackinaw (WLBB-30), which was commissioned in Cheboygan the same day). The old Mackinaw moved under its own power on June 21, 2006 from the port of its decommissioning to a permanent berth (at the SS Chief Wawatam dock) at the ship's namesake port, Mackinaw City, Michigan, where she now serves as the Icebreaker Mackinaw Maritime Museum.
USCGC McLane (Muskegon, Michigan)
McLane was a "buck and a quarter" cutter designed to chase rum-runners during Prohibition. During World War II it served out of Ketchikan, Alaska and is credited with sinking the Japanese submarine RO-32. A Chicago-based Sea Scout troop acquired McLane after it was decommissioned in 1969, and the Great Lakes Naval Memorial and Museum acquired the cutter in 1993.
Port Huron Lightship
Located ashore at the head of the St Clair River in Port Huron, it is the Great Lakes' one surviving lightvessel.
The following historic museum ship did face an uncertain future:
- USCGC Bramble, a former museum ship, was offered for sale by its owner (the Port Huron Museum). In November 2017, Bramble was moved to Port Huron, MI, where it currently functions as a museum ship.
Surviving partial ships
- SS Ridgetown was partially sunk as a breakwater (with stack and cabins intact) near Toronto, at Port Credit. Built in 1905 as SS William E. Corey, it is one of the oldest surviving hulls on the lake. There are only few ships older, such as the J. B. Ford. Its silhouette is an example of the appearance of early-1900s bulk carriers.
- Benson Ford was named after Henry Ford's grandson, and was the 1924 flagship of the Ford Motor Company. The pilot house is located in Put-in-Bay, Ohio, a private museum residence owned by Bryan Kasper of Sandusky, Ohio. It has been featured in magazines and on television shows, such as HGtv's Extreme Homes, Mtv Cribs and the Travel Channel's Extreme Vacation Homes. The pagoda-style cabin of the Ford provides a glimpse of what one of the largest freighters on the lakes looked like.
- The steamer Lewis G Harriman's bow and bow superstructure are preserved in Detour, Michigan. Lewis G Harriman (launched as the purpose-built cement steamer John W Board) was scrapped, but the bow was saved as a residence. It was restored in the Board's colors.
- The pilot house of William Clay Ford is part of the Dossin Great Lakes Museum on Belle Isle, Detroit. The bulk freighter was built in 1952 and scrapped in 1987.
- The past warship, converted into a Great Lakes freighter, SS Joseph H Thompson's pilot house was removed when being converted to a barge.
- SS Amasa Stone was partially sunk as a breakwater at Charlevoix, Michigan. She was built in 1905, and she is one of the oldest surviving hulls on the Great Lakes. Before sinking everything was removed from the ship including the Superstructure.
- SS William H. Donner was a Great Lakes bulk freighter that was built in 1914. She was decommissioned in 1970 and was turned into a stationary crane ship that functioned until 2015 when the ship was towed to the Menominee river awaiting scraping.
- SS William Edenborn was a 497 ft (151 m) long Great Lakes bulk freighter that was built in 1900 and she was given the title Queen of the Lakes due to her length. She sailed from 1900, to 1962 when she was sunk as a breakwater at Cleveland, Ohio where she was buried under 39 feet of dredgings from the Cuyahoga River.
- SS Howard L. Shaw was a 451 ft (137 m) long Lake freighter that was built in 1900 by the Detroit Shipbuilding Company of Wyandotte, Michigan, for the Eddy-Shaw Transit Company of Bay City, Michigan. She was sunk on July 4, 1960 in Ontario Place where she remains to this day. She is the oldest surviving hull on the Great Lakes.
Failed museum attempts (ships scrapped)
Several other lakers nearly became museums but, due to funding, political opposition or other causes, were scrapped:
- SS Alabama: Goodrich Transit Line steamer later cut down as a barge, scrapped in 2009
- SS Canadiana: Crystal Beach boat scrapped after preservationist opposition
- Three-masted schooner SV Alvin Clark: Built in 1846 for the lumber trade, she sank in Green Bay in 1864. She was raised in 1965 and brought to Menominee, Michigan as a museum. After years of neglect, she was dismantled in 1998.
- SS John Ericsson: The penultimate whaleback freighter, John Ericsson was scrapped in 1969 in Hamilton, Ontario. Politics, as was the case with Canadiana, played a central role in the loss of the ship.
- Wrecking tug Favorite: The Great Lakes' best-known salvage tug, likened to SS Foundation Franklin in the Canadian Maritimes. An attempt to save it at Sault Ste. Marie (next to SS Valley Camp failed when state funding failed to materialize and the riveted hull began to leak. She was scrapped in Detour Township, Michigan.
- Lewis G Harriman: A 1923 purpose-built cement carrier, the first of her kind, which sailed from her launch until 1980. Used as a storage barge until 2003, a group tried to save her; however, poor communications within the company saw the ship sold in 2004 and scrapped in Sault Ste. Marie by Purvis Marine. The majority of the hull was fed to the Algoma Steel Mill but the forecastle was saved as a summer cottage at Detour, Michigan.
- Lansdowne and Huron: The paddlewheel steam railroad ferry Lansdowne, built in 1884, was modified to support a restaurant in antique rail cars; Huron, built in 1875, sank at a pier in Erie, Pennsylvania. The hull was raised, but little other information about the future of the vessel is available. The hull was towed to Buffalo, New York in July 2006; however, in winter 2008 Buffalo Mayor Byron Brown called it an eyesore and demanded its removal. Lansdowne was scrapped in July 2008.
- SS Niagara: Built in 1897, the freighter was later converted into a sand-sucker. Scrapped in 1997 by Liberty Iron & Metal in Erie, Pennsylvania (after a failed attempt to convert her into an Erie museum), she had been saved from the scrapyard 11 years earlier.
- SS Seaway Queen: The Canadian straight decker Seaway Queen, formerly owned by Upper Lakes Shipping, was involved in an attempt to save her as a museum. The company failed to locate an organization capable and willing to preserve her; she was sold and scrapped in Alang, India in 2004.
- SS Chief Wawatam: A historic icebreaker and the last hand-fired coal steamer on the Great Lakes, Chief Wawatam was cut down to a barge and finally scrapped by its owner (Purvis Marine of Sault Ste Marie, Ontario).
- Three-masted schooner J.T. Wing: Last commercial sailing ship on the Great Lakes, she was used briefly in the lumber trade. She served as a training vessel before being grounded on Belle Isle in 1949 as a museum ship, and was burned before a crowd of 6,000 in 1956.
- E M Ford, a cement steamer, was scrapped in November 2008.
- SS Arthur M. Anderson, launched in 1952, is still running. She had the last contact with Edmund Fitzgerald before the latter sank, and was the first would-be rescue vessel to search for Edmund Fitzgerald.
- Cement steamers: The cement fleet of steamers is being supplanted by tug-barge combinations like Integrity and Innovation. Historic cement steamers include J B Ford (1904), St. Mary's Challenger (1906), S T Crapo (1927), J.A.W. Iglehart (1936), Alpena (1942) and Paul H Townsend (1945).
- SS Imperial Sarnia: 1948 steam tanker. Imperial Sarnia is ending her days as the dead oil-burning vessel Provmar Terminal II in Hamilton, Ontario. While some freighters (such as Great Lakes bulk carriers, Liberty and Victory ships) have survived as museum ships, no conventional tankers have. The tanker museum ships that do exist (Falls of Clyde and Meteor) are examples of unique vessel designs: an iron sailing ship and a whaleback, respectively.
- MS Normac: 1902 fire tug converted into a passenger-packet steamer for the Owen Sound Transportation Company. Her larger running mates (Norisle and Norgoma) have been converted into museum ships. After a stint as a floating restaurant in Toronto which ended when she was accidentally rammed by a ferry, Normac was towed to Port Dalhousie, Ontario, where she serves as a floating cocktail lounge.
- Viking I: This car ferry languishes at the K & K Integrated Logistics Dock in Menominee, Michigan. Launched in 1924 as Ann Arbor No. 7, the ship was repowered and was known for its icebreaking capabilities. The original pilothouse and a lifeboat are on display at the Bayfield Maritime Museum in Bayfield, Wisconsin.
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- "H Lee White Marine Museum". H Lee White Marine Museum.
- "Old Tacoma Marine, Inc". Old Tacoma Marine. Archived from the original on 2011-10-03.
- Roberts, J (1922). "The ice-breaker James Whalen". Thunder Bay Public Library.
- "USS COBIA". Wisconsin Maritime Museum. Retrieved 5 October 2017.
- "Ships". Archived from the original on September 12, 2012.
- "USCGC Acacia Dedication Video". Car Ferry Productions. Retrieved Aug 13, 2011.
- "emcotter.com". Buffalo Fire Department.
- BayCruises, Georgian. "MS Georgian Queen". Retrieved Aug 11, 2011.
- "Historic Naval Ships Association". Archived from the original on 2011-05-16.
- Rogers, Dave (November 15, 2008). "Doomed Freighter E.M. Ford Dodged Scrapman's Torch for Half a Century". MyBayCity.com. Bay City, Michigan. Retrieved September 12, 2012.
- "Info on Viking I status". Historical Perspective---Featured Lake Boat. Great Lakes and Seaway Shipping Online.
- Benson Ford Shiphouse
- Boatnerd website
- Willis B Boyer website
- William G. Mather website
- Valley Camp website
- Norisle website
- Great Lakes Naval Memorial & Museum - USS Silversides & USCGC McLane
- SS Keewatin
- Image of exSS Lewis G. Harriman partial converted into a cottage as of 2010 on Shipspotting.com.