List of Justices of the Supreme Court of Canada

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The Supreme Court of Canada is the highest court of Canada. It was established by the Parliament of Canada through the Supreme and Exchequer Court Act of 1875.[1] Since 1949, the Court has been the final court of appeal in the Canadian justice system. Originally composed of six justices (the Chief Justice of Canada and five puisne justices), the Court was expanded to seven justices by the creation of an additional puisne justice position in 1927,[2] and then to nine justices by the creation of two more puisne justice positions in 1949.[3]

The justices are appointed by the governor general on the advice of the prime minister. When a chief justice leaves office, the vacancy is traditionally filled by elevating an incumbent puisne justice to the position, which requires a separate appointment process. The first six justices of the Court were all appointed in 1875 by Governor General the Earl of Dufferin, on the advice of Prime Minister Alexander Mackenzie.

Of the nine justices, three positions are required by law to be held by judges who are either judges of the superior courts of Quebec, or members of the Bar of Quebec, at the time of their appointment.[4][5] Traditionally, three of the remaining judges are appointed from Ontario, two from the four western provinces, and one from the Atlantic provinces. The judges from these provinces, other than Quebec, must have been a judge of a superior court, or a member of the bar of one of those provinces for ten or more years prior to the appointment.[6]

Since the Supreme Court was created in 1875, 88 persons have served on the Court. The length of overall service on the Court for the 79 non-incumbent justices ranges from Sir Lyman Duff's 37 years, 101 days, to the 232-day tenure of John Douglas Armour. The length of service for the nine incumbent justices ranges from Rosalie Abella's 14 years, 321 days[A] to Sheilah Martin's 1 year, 211 days.[A] Justices hold office during good behaviour (which formerly meant life tenure), but are removable by the Governor General on address of the Canadian Senate and House of Commons. Since 1927, justices may sit on the bench until they reach the mandatory retirement age of 75.[7][8] Because the legislation did not contain a grandfather clause it immediately applied to any judge who was already over age 75 at the time it came into force. As a result, Justice John Idington, aged 86, was forced to retire from the Court.

Justices[edit]

Richard Wagner, the current chief justice (since 2017)
Beverley McLachlin, the first woman to serve as chief justice (2000–2017)

In the table below, the index numbers in the far left column denote the order in which the justices were appointed as a Supreme Court puisne justice (or, as chief justice where the individual was appointed directly as chief justice). Also, a shaded row—    —denotes a current justice. Additionally, while many of the justices' positions prior to appointment are simply listed as "lawyer", many had part-time positions, such as teaching, or acted as counsel to various levels of government. The justices of the Supreme Court are:

Justice Service dates[9][10] Service length Appointed on
advice of
Legal education Prior position
No. Name
(lived)
Province Overall tenure Chief justice tenure Overall tenure Chief justice tenure
1 Sir William Buell Richards
(1815–1889)
Ontario Sep 30, 1875 –
Jan 10, 1879
Sep 30, 1875 –
Jan 10, 1879
3 years, 102 days 3 years, 102 days Mackenzie (directly as chief justice) Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1837)
Chief Justice of the Court of Common Pleas for Canada West
2 William Johnstone Ritchie
(1813–1892)
New Brunswick Sep 30, 1875 –
Sep 25, 1892
Jan 11, 1879 –
Sep 25, 1892
16 years, 361 days 13 years, 258 days Mackenzie (as puisne justice);
Macdonald (as chief justice)
Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1837)
Chief Justice of New Brunswick
3 Samuel Henry Strong
(1825–1909)
Ontario Sep 30, 1875 –
Nov 17, 1902
Dec 13, 1892 –
Nov 17, 1902
27 years, 48 days 9 years, 339 days Mackenzie (as puisne justice);
Thompson (as chief justice)
Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1849)
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
4 Jean-Thomas Taschereau
(1814–1893)
Quebec Sep 30, 1875 –
Oct 6, 1878
3 years, 6 days 0 days
Mackenzie Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer; École de droit de Paris
(1837)
Court of Queen's Bench of Quebec
5 Télesphore Fournier
(1823–1896)
Quebec Sep 30, 1875 –
Sep 11, 1895
19 years, 346 days 0 days
Mackenzie Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1846)
Postmaster General
6 William Alexander Henry
(1816–1888)
Nova Scotia Sep 30, 1875 –
May 3, 1888
12 years, 216 days 0 days
Mackenzie Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1841)
Lawyer
7 Sir Henri-Elzéar Taschereau
(1836–1911)
Quebec Oct 7, 1878 –
May 1, 1906
Nov 21, 1902 –
May 1, 1906
27 years, 206 days 3 years, 161 days Mackenzie (as puisne justice);
Laurier (as chief justice)
Quebec Superior Court
8 John Wellington Gwynne
(1814–1902)
Ontario Jan 14, 1879 –
Jan 7, 1902
22 years, 358 days 0 days
Macdonald Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1837)
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
9 Christopher Salmon Patterson
(1823–1893)
Ontario Oct 27, 1888 –
Jul 24, 1893
4 years, 270 days 0 days
Macdonald
Ontario Court of Error & Appeal
10 Robert Sedgewick
(1848–1906)
Nova Scotia Feb 18, 1893 –
Aug 4, 1906
13 years, 167 days 0 days
Thompson Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1872)
Deputy Minister of Justice (Federal)
11 George Edwin King
(1839–1901)
New Brunswick Sep 21, 1893 –
May 8, 1901
7 years, 229 days 0 days
Thompson Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1865)
Supreme Court of New Brunswick
12 Désiré Girouard
(1836–1911)
Quebec Sep 28, 1895 –
Mar 22, 1911
15 years, 175 days 0 days
Bowell McGill Law School
(1860)
Member of Parliament for Jacques Cartier
13 Sir Louis Henry Davies
(1845–1924)
Prince Edward Island Sep 25, 1901 –
May 1, 1924
Oct 23, 1918 –
May 1, 1924
22 years, 219 days 5 years, 191 days Laurier (as puisne justice);
Borden (as chief justice)
Inner Temple, London
(1866)
Member of Parliament for West Queen's
14 David Mills
(1831–1903)
Ontario Feb 8, 1902 –
May 8, 1903
1 year, 89 days 0 days
Laurier University of Michigan
(1867)
Minister of Justice (Canada)
and Leader of the Government in the Senate
15 John Douglas Armour
(1830–1903)
Ontario Nov 21, 1902 –
Jul 11, 1903
232 days 0 days
Laurier Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1853)
Chief Justice of Ontario
16 Wallace Nesbitt
(1858–1930)
Ontario May 16, 1903 –
Oct 3, 1905
2 years, 140 days 0 days
Laurier Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1881)
Lawyer
17 Albert Clements Killam
(1849–1908)
Manitoba Aug 8, 1903 –
Feb 5, 1905
1 year, 181 days 0 days
Laurier Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1877)
Chief Justice of Manitoba
18 John Idington
(1840–1928)
Ontario Feb 10, 1905 –
Mar 30, 1927
22 years, 48 days 0 days
Laurier University of Toronto
(1864)
High Court of Justice of Ontario
19 James Maclennan
(1833–1915)
Ontario Oct 5, 1905 –
Feb 12, 1909
3 years, 130 days 0 days
Laurier Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1857)
Court of Appeal for Ontario
20 Sir Charles Fitzpatrick
(1853–1942)
Quebec Jun 4, 1906 –
Oct 20, 1918
Jun 4, 1906 –
Oct 20, 1918
12 years, 139 days 12 years, 139 days Laurier (directly as chief justice) Université Laval, Faculté de droit
(1876)
Minister of Justice (Canada)
21 Sir Lyman Duff
(1865–1955)
British Columbia Sep 27, 1906 –
Jan 6, 1944
Mar 17, 1933 –
Jan 6, 1944
37 years, 101 days 10 years, 295 days Laurier (as puisne justice);
Bennett (as chief justice)
Osgoode Hall Law School
Supreme Court of British Columbia
22 Francis Alexander Anglin
(1865–1933)
Ontario Feb 23, 1909 –
Feb 27, 1933
Sep 16, 1924 –
Feb 27, 1933
24 years, 4 days 8 years, 164 days Laurier (as puisne justice);
King (as chief justice)
The Law Society of Upper Canada
(1888)
High Court of Justice of Ontario (Exchequer Division)
23 Louis-Philippe Brodeur
(1862–1924)
Quebec Aug 11, 1911 –
Oct 9, 1923
12 years, 59 days 0 days
Laurier Université Laval à Montréal, Faculté de droit
(1884)
Minister of the Naval Service
24 Pierre-Basile Mignault
(1854–1945)
Quebec Oct 25, 1918 –
Sep 30, 1929
10 years, 339 days −1 day
Borden McGill Law School
(1878)
Member of the International Joint Commission
25 Arthur Cyrille Albert Malouin
(1857–1936)
Quebec Jan 30, 1924 –
Sep 30, 1924
244 days 0 days
King Université Laval, Faculté de droit
(1882)
Quebec Superior Court
26 Edmund Leslie Newcombe
(1859–1931)
Nova Scotia Sep 16, 1924 –
Dec 9, 1931
7 years, 84 days 0 days
King University of Halifax
(1881)
Deputy Minister of Justice (federal)
27 Thibaudeau Rinfret
(1879–1962)
Quebec Oct 1, 1924 –
Jun 21, 1954
Jan 8, 1944 –
Jun 21, 1954
29 years, 263 days 10 years, 164 days King (as puisne justice and later as chief justice) Université Laval à Montréal and McGill Law School
(1900)
Quebec Superior Court
28 John Henderson Lamont
(1865–1936)
Saskatchewan Apr 2, 1927 –
Mar 10, 1936
8 years, 343 days 0 days
King University of Toronto Faculty of Law
(1893)
Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
29 Robert Smith
(1858–1942)
Ontario May 18, 1927 –
Dec 6, 1933
6 years, 202 days 0 days
King Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1885)
Supreme Court of Ontario (Appellate Division)
30 Lawrence Arthur Dumoulin Cannon
(1877–1939)
Quebec Jan 14, 1930 –
Dec 25, 1939
9 years, 345 days 0 days
King Université Laval, Faculté de droit
(1899)
Court of King's Bench for Quebec
31 Oswald Smith Crocket
(1868–1945)
New Brunswick Sep 21, 1932 –
Apr 12, 1943
10 years, 203 days 0 days
Bennett Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1892)
Supreme Court of New Brunswick
32 Frank Joseph Hughes
(1883–1967)
Ontario Mar 17, 1933 –
Feb 12, 1935
1 year, 332 days 0 days
Bennett Osgoode Hall Law School (Law Society of Upper Canada)
(1911)
Lawyer
33 Henry Hague Davis
(1885–1944)
Ontario Jan 31, 1935 –
Jun 30, 1944
9 years, 151 days 0 days
Bennett University of Toronto Faculty of Law
(1911)
Court of Appeal for Ontario
34 Patrick Kerwin
(1889–1963)
Ontario Jul 20, 1935 –
Feb 2, 1963
Jul 1, 1954 –
Feb 2, 1963
27 years, 197 days 8 years, 216 days Bennett (as puisne justice);
St. Laurent (as chief justice)
Osgoode Hall Law School (Law Society of Upper Canada)
(1911)
High Court of Justice of Ontario
35 Albert Blellock Hudson
(1875–1947)
Manitoba Mar 24, 1936 –
Jan 6, 1947
10 years, 288 days 0 days
King University of Manitoba, Faculty of Law
(1898)
Lawyer
36 Robert Taschereau
(1896–1970)
Quebec Feb 9, 1940 –
Aug 31, 1967
Apr 22, 1963 –
Aug 31, 1967
27 years, 203 days 4 years, 131 days King (as puisne justice);
Diefenbaker (as chief justice)
Université Laval, Faculté de droit)
(1920)
Lawyer
37 Ivan Cleveland Rand
(1884–1969)
New Brunswick Apr 22, 1943 –
Apr 26, 1959
16 years, 4 days 0 days
King Harvard Law School
(1912)
Lawyer
38 Roy Lindsay Kellock
(1893–1975)
Ontario Oct 3, 1944 –
Jan 14, 1958
13 years, 103 days 0 days
King
Court of Appeal for Ontario
39 James Wilfred Estey
(1889–1956)
Saskatchewan Oct 6, 1944 –
Jan 22, 1956
11 years, 108 days 0 days
King Harvard Law School
(1915)
Attorney General of Saskatchewan
40 Charles Holland Locke
(1887–1980)
British Columbia Jun 3, 1947 –
Sep 15, 1962
15 years, 104 days 0 days
King Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(1910)
Lawyer
41 John Robert Cartwright
(1895–1979)
Ontario Dec 22, 1949 –
Mar 22, 1970
Sep 1, 1967 –
Mar 22, 1970
20 years, 90 days 2 years, 202 days St. Laurent (as puisne justice);
Pearson (as chief justice)
Osgoode Hall Law School (Law Society of Upper Canada)
(1920)
Lawyer
42 Joseph Honoré Gérald Fauteux
(1900–1980)
Quebec Dec 22, 1949 –
Dec 22, 1973
Mar 23, 1970 –
Dec 22, 1973
24 years, 0 days 3 years, 274 days St. Laurent (as puisne justice);
P. Trudeau (as chief justice)
Université de Montréal Faculty of Law
(1925)
Quebec Superior Court
43 Douglas Charles Abbott
(1899–1987)
Quebec Jul 1, 1954 –
Dec 22, 1973
19 years, 174 days 0 days
St. Laurent McGill Law School Minister of Finance (federal)
44 Henry Grattan Nolan
(1893–1957)
Alberta Mar 1, 1956 –
Jul 8, 1957
1 year, 129 days 0 days
St. Laurent Articles of clerkship with a senior lawyer
(English and Alberta bars)
Lawyer
45 Ronald Martland
(1909–1997)
Alberta Jan 15, 1958 –
Feb 9, 1982
24 years, 25 days 0 days
Diefenbaker University of Alberta, University of Oxford
(1928, 1931)
Lawyer
46 Wilfred Judson
(1902–1980)
Ontario Feb 5, 1958 –
Jul 19, 1977
19 years, 164 days 0 days
Diefenbaker Osgoode Hall Law School (Law Society of Upper Canada)
(1932)
High Court of Justice of Ontario
47 Roland Almon Ritchie
(1910–1988)
Nova Scotia May 5, 1959 –
Oct 30, 1984
25 years, 178 days 0 days
Diefenbaker University of Oxford
(1932)
Lawyer
48 Emmett Matthew Hall
(1898–1995)
Saskatchewan Nov 23, 1962 –
Feb 28, 1973
10 years, 97 days 0 days
Diefenbaker University of Saskatchewan College of Law
(1919)
Chief Justice of Saskatchewan, Court of Appeal for Saskatchewan
49 Wishart Flett Spence
(1904–1998)
Ontario May 30, 1963 –
Dec 28, 1978
15 years, 212 days 0 days
Pearson Osgoode Hall Law School (Law Society of Upper Canada)
(1928)
High Court of Justice of Ontario
50 Louis-Philippe Pigeon
(1905–1986)
Quebec Sep 21, 1967 –
Feb 7, 1980
12 years, 139 days 0 days
Pearson Université Laval, Faculté de droit
(1928)
Lawyer
51 Bora Laskin
(1912–1984)
Ontario Mar 19, 1970 –
Mar 26, 1984
Dec 27, 1973 –
Mar 26, 1984
14 years, 7 days 10 years, 90 days P. Trudeau (as puisne justice and later as chief justice) University of Toronto
(1936)
Harvard Law School
(1937)
Osgoode Hall Law School (Law Society of Upper Canada)
(1937)
Court of Appeal for Ontario
52 Robert George Brian Dickson
(1916–1998)
Manitoba Mar 26, 1973 –
Jun 29, 1990
Apr 18, 1984 –
Jun 29, 1990
17 years, 95 days 6 years, 72 days P. Trudeau (as puisne justice and later as Chief Justice) University of Manitoba Faculty of Law
(1938)
Manitoba Court of Appeal
53 Jean Beetz
(1927–1991)
Quebec Jan 1, 1974 –
Nov 9, 1988
14 years, 313 days 0 days
P. Trudeau Université de Montréal Faculty of Law
(1950)
Pembroke College, Oxford
(1953)
Quebec Court of Appeal
54 Louis-Philippe de Grandpré
(1917–2008)
Quebec Jan 1, 1974 –
Sep 30, 1977
3 years, 272 days 0 days
P. Trudeau McGill University Faculty of Law President of the Canadian Bar Association
55 Willard Zebedee Estey
(1919–2002)
Ontario Sep 29, 1977 –
Apr 21, 1988
10 years, 205 days 0 days
P. Trudeau University of Saskatchewan College of Law Chief Justice of Ontario
56 Yves Pratte
(1925–1988)
Quebec Oct 1, 1977 –
Jun 29, 1979
1 year, 271 days 0 days
P. Trudeau Université Laval (Faculté de droit (Université Laval)) and University of Toronto Chairman of Air Canada
57 William Rogers McIntyre
(1918–2009)
British Columbia Jan 1, 1979 –
Feb 14, 1989
10 years, 44 days 0 days
P. Trudeau University of Saskatchewan British Columbia Court of Appeal
58 Julien Chouinard
(1929–1987)
Quebec Sep 24, 1979 –
Feb 6, 1987
7 years, 135 days 0 days
Clark Université Laval Quebec Court of Appeal
59 Antonio Lamer
(1933–2007)
Quebec Mar 28, 1980 –
Jan 6, 2000
Jul 1, 1990 –
Jan 6, 2000
19 years, 284 days 9 years, 189 days P. Trudeau (as puisne justice);
Mulroney (as chief justice)
Université de Montréal Quebec Court of Appeal
60 Bertha Wilson
(1923–2007)
Ontario Mar 4, 1982 –
Jan 3, 1991
8 years, 305 days 0 days
P. Trudeau Dalhousie Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
61 Gerald Eric Le Dain
(1924–2007)
Ontario May 29, 1984 –
Nov 29, 1988
4 years, 184 days 0 days
P. Trudeau McGill University Faculty of Law Federal Court of Appeal
62 Gérard La Forest
(b. 1926)
New Brunswick Jan 16, 1985 –
Sep 29, 1997
12 years, 256 days 0 days
Mulroney University of New Brunswick Faculty of Law and Yale Law School New Brunswick Court of Appeal
63 Claire L'Heureux-Dubé
(b. 1927)
Quebec Apr 15, 1987 –
Jun 30, 2002
15 years, 76 days 0 days
Mulroney Université Laval (Faculté de droit (Université Laval)) Quebec Court of Appeal
64 John Sopinka
(1933–1997)
Ontario May 24, 1988 –
Nov 24, 1997
9 years, 184 days 0 days
Mulroney University of Toronto Lawyer
65 Charles Gonthier
(1928–2009)
Quebec Feb 1, 1989 –
Jul 31, 2003
14 years, 180 days 0 days
Mulroney McGill University Faculty of Law Quebec Court of Appeal
66 Peter Cory
(b. 1925)
Ontario Feb 1, 1989 –
May 31, 1999
10 years, 119 days 0 days
Mulroney Osgoode Hall Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
67 Beverley McLachlin
(b. 1943)
British Columbia Mar 30, 1989 –
Dec 14, 2017
Jan 7, 2000 –
Dec 14, 2017
28 years, 259 days 17 years, 341 days Mulroney (as puisne justice);
Chrétien (as chief justice)
University of Alberta Faculty of Law Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of British Columbia
68 William Stevenson
(b. 1934)
Alberta Sep 17, 1990 –
Jun 4, 1992
1 year, 261 days 0 days
Mulroney University of Alberta Faculty of Law Court of Appeal of Alberta
Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories
69 Frank Iacobucci
(b. 1937)
Ontario Jan 7, 1991 –
Jun 30, 2004
13 years, 175 days 0 days
Mulroney University of British Columbia and Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge Chief Justice of the Federal Court
70 John C. Major
(b. 1931)
Alberta Nov 13, 1992 –
Dec 24, 2005
13 years, 41 days 0 days
Mulroney University of Toronto Court of Appeal of Alberta
71 Michel Bastarache
(b. 1947)
New Brunswick Sep 30, 1997 –
Jun 30, 2008
10 years, 274 days 0 days
Chrétien University of Ottawa Faculty of Law New Brunswick Court of Appeal
72 William Ian Corneil Binnie
(b. 1939)
Ontario Jan 8, 1998 –
Oct 20, 2011
13 years, 285 days 0 days
Chrétien Faculty of Law, University of Cambridge University of Toronto Lawyer
73 Louise Arbour
(b. 1947)
Ontario Sep 15, 1999 –
Jun 30, 2004
4 years, 289 days 0 days
Chrétien Université de Montréal Faculty of Law
University of Ottawa Faculty of Law
Chief Prosecutor for the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia and for Rwanda
74 Louis LeBel
(b. 1939)
Quebec Jan 7, 2000 –
Nov 29, 2014
14 years, 326 days 0 days
Chrétien Université Laval
University of Toronto
Quebec Court of Appeal
75 Marie Deschamps
(b. 1952)
Quebec Aug 7, 2002 –
Aug 6, 2012
9 years, 365 days 0 days
Chrétien Université de Montréal McGill University Faculty of Law Quebec Court of Appeal
76 Morris J. Fish
(b. 1938)
Quebec Aug 5, 2003 –
Aug 30, 2013
10 years, 25 days 0 days
Chrétien McGill University Faculty of Law Quebec Court of Appeal
77 Rosalie Abella
(b. 1946)[B]
Ontario Aug 30, 2004 –
present
14 years, 321 days[A] 0 days
Martin University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
78 Louise Charron
(b. 1951)
Ontario Aug 30, 2004 –
Aug 29, 2011
6 years, 364 days 0 days
Martin University of Ottawa Faculty of Law Court of Appeal for Ontario
79 Marshall Rothstein
(b. 1940)
Manitoba Mar 1, 2006 –
Aug 30, 2015
9 years, 182 days 0 days
Harper University of Manitoba Federal Court of Appeal
80 Thomas Cromwell
(b. 1952)
Nova Scotia Dec 22, 2008 –
Aug 31, 2016
7 years, 253 days 0 days
Harper Queen's University Faculty of Law
University of Oxford
Nova Scotia Court of Appeal
81 Michael J. Moldaver
(b. 1948)[C]
Ontario Oct 21, 2011 –
present
7 years, 269 days[A] 0 days
Harper University of Toronto Court of Appeal for Ontario
82 Andromache Karakatsanis
(b. 1955)[D]
Ontario Oct 21, 2011 –
present
7 years, 269 days[A] 0 days
Harper Osgoode Hall Law School Court of Appeal for Ontario
83 Richard Wagner
(b. 1957)[E]
Quebec Oct 5, 2012 –
present
Dec 18, 2017 –
present
6 years, 285 days[A] 1 year, 211 days[A] Harper (as puisne justice);
J. Trudeau (as chief justice)
University of Ottawa Faculty of Law Quebec Court of Appeal
84 Clément Gascon[F]
(b. 1960)[G]
Quebec Jun 9, 2014 –
present
5 years, 38 days[A] 0 days
Harper McGill University Faculty of Law Quebec Court of Appeal
85 Suzanne Côté
(b. 1958)[H]
Quebec Dec 1, 2014 –
present
4 years, 228 days[A] 0 days
Harper Laval University Lawyer
86 Russell Brown
(b. 1965)[I]
Alberta Aug 31, 2015 –
present
3 years, 320 days[A] 0 days
Harper University of Victoria
University of Toronto
Court of Appeal of Alberta
87 Malcolm Rowe
(b. 1953)[J]
Newfoundland and Labrador Oct 28, 2016 –
present
2 years, 262 days[A] 0 days
J. Trudeau Osgoode Hall Law School Supreme Court of Newfoundland and Labrador (Court of Appeal)
88 Sheilah Martin
(b. 1956)[K]
Alberta Dec 18, 2017 –
present
1 year, 211 days[A] 0 days
J. Trudeau McGill University Faculty of Law
University of Alberta Faculty of Law
Court of Appeal of Alberta
Court of Appeal for the Northwest Territories
Court of Appeal of Nunavut

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l As of July 17, 2019
  2. ^ Age 73, mandatory retirement date: July 1, 2021
  3. ^ Age 71, mandatory retirement date: December 23, 2022
  4. ^ Age 63, mandatory retirement date: October 3, 2030
  5. ^ Age 62, mandatory retirement date: April 2, 2032
  6. ^ Justice Gascon has announced that he will retire effective September 15, 2019.[11]
  7. ^ Age 58, mandatory retirement date: September 5, 2035
  8. ^ Age 60, mandatory retirement date: September 21, 2033
  9. ^ Age 53, mandatory retirement date: September 15, 2040
  10. ^ Age 64 or 65, mandatory retirement date: during 2028
  11. ^ Age 63, mandatory retirement date: May 31, 2031

Timeline of justices[edit]

This graphical timeline depicts the progression of the justices on the Supreme Court. Information regarding each justice's predecessors, successors and fellow justices, as well as their tenure on the court can be gleaned (and comparisons between justices drawn) from it. There are no formal names or numbers for the individual seats of the puisne justices, which are listed in the table below simply by number.

Sheilah MartinMalcolm RoweRussell Brown (judge)Suzanne CôtéClément GasconRichard Wagner (judge)Andromache KarakatsanisMichael MoldaverThomas Cromwell (jurist)Marshall RothsteinLouise CharronRosalie AbellaMorris J. FishMarie DeschampsLouis LeBelLouise ArbourIan BinnieMichel BastaracheJohn C. MajorFrank IacobucciWilliam Stevenson (judge)Beverley McLachlinPeter CoryCharles GonthierJohn SopinkaClaire L'Heureux-DubéGérard La ForestGerald Le DainBertha WilsonAntonio LamerJulien ChouinardWilliam McIntyre (judge)Yves PratteWillard EsteyLouis-Philippe de GrandpréJean BeetzBrian DicksonBora LaskinLouis-Philippe PigeonWishart SpenceEmmett Matthew HallRoland RitchieWilfred JudsonRonald MartlandHenry Grattan NolanDouglas AbbottGérald FauteuxJohn Robert CartwrightCharles Holland LockeJames Wilfred EsteyRoy KellockIvan RandRobert TaschereauAlbert HudsonPatrick KerwinHenry Hague DavisFrank Joseph HughesOswald Smith CrocketLawrence Arthur Dumoulin CannonRobert Smith (judge)John Henderson LamontThibaudeau RinfretEdmund Leslie NewcombeArthur Cyrille Albert MalouinPierre-Basile MignaultLouis-Philippe BrodeurFrancis Alexander AnglinLyman DuffCharles FitzpatrickJames MaclennanJohn IdingtonAlbert Clements KillamWallace NesbittJohn Douglas ArmourDavid Mills (Canadian politician)Louis Henry DaviesDésiré GirouardGeorge Edwin KingRobert Sedgewick (judge)Christopher Salmon PattersonJohn Wellington GwynneHenri Elzéar TaschereauWilliam Alexander HenryTélesphore FournierJean-Thomas Taschereau (judge)Samuel Henry StrongWilliam Johnstone RitchieWilliam Buell Richards
Color key:
          Chief justice •        Puisne justice 1 •        Puisne justice 2 •        Puisne justice 3 •        Puisne justice 4 •        Puisne justice 5 •        Puisne justice 6 •        Puisne justice 7 •        Puisne justice 8

Justices' birthplaces[edit]

Place No. Justices
Canada (79):[a]
Alberta[b]
3
McLachlin; Nolan; Stevenson
British Columbia
2
Brown; Iacobucci
Manitoba
2
Locke; Rothstein
New Brunswick
6
Anglin; Crocket; J. W. Estey; King; La Forest; Rand
Newfoundland and Labrador
1
Rowe
Nova Scotia
5
Henry; Killam; Newcombe; R. A. Richie; W. J. Ritchie
Ontario[c]
23
Armour; Cartwright; Charron; Cory; Cromwell; Davis; Duff; Hudson; Hughes; Idington; Karakatsanis; Kellock; Kerwin; Lamont; Laskin; Maclennan; Major; Mills; Moldaver; Nesbitt; Richards; Smith; Spence
Prince Edward Island
1
Davies
Quebec[d]
33
Abbott; Arbour; Bastarache; Beetz; Binnie; Brodeur; Cannon; Chouinard; Côté; de Grandpré; Deschamps; Fauteux; Fish; Fitzpatrick; Fournier; Gascon; Girouard; Gonthier; Hall; Lamer; Le Dain; LeBel; L'Heureux-Dubé; Malouin; Martin; McIntyre; Pigeon; Pratte; Rinfret; H.-E. Taschereau; J.-T. Taschereau; R. Taschereau; Wagner
Saskatchewan
3
Dickson; W. Z. Estey; Sopinka
United Kingdom (7):
England
4
Judson; Martland; Patterson; Strong
Scotland
2
Sedgewick; Wilson
Ireland[e]
1
Gwynne
United States (1):
Massachusetts
1
Mignault
Germany (1):
Baden-Württemberg
1
Abella
Total: 88

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ At least one Supreme Court justice has been born in each of Canada's current 10 provinces; none however, have been born in its current territories (the Northwest Territories, Nunavut, and Yukon).
  2. ^ Includes territory previously in the Northwest Territories prior to 1905
  3. ^ Includes the former colony of Upper Canada, and Canada West in the former Province of Canada
  4. ^ Includes the former colony of Lower Canada, and Canada East in the former Province of Canada
  5. ^ Includes all of Ireland as part of the United Kingdom, prior to 1922

References[edit]

  1. ^ Supreme and Exchequer Court Act, S.C. 1875, c. 11.
  2. ^ An Act to amend the Supreme Court Act, S.C. 1927, c. 38, s. 1
  3. ^ An Act to amend the Supreme Court Act, S.C. 1949, c. 37, s.1
  4. ^ Supreme Court Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S‑26, s. 6.
  5. ^ Reference re Supreme Court Act, ss. 5 and 6, 2014 SCC 21.
  6. ^ Supreme Court Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-26, s. 5.
  7. ^ An Act to amend the Supreme Court Act, S.C. 1927, c. 38, s. 2.
  8. ^ Supreme Court Act, R.S.C. 1985, c. S-26, s. 9.
  9. ^ "Current and Former Chief Justices". Ottawa, Ontario: Supreme Court of Canada. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  10. ^ "Current and Former Judges". Ottawa, Ontario: Supreme Court of Canada. Retrieved November 13, 2018.
  11. ^ Zimonjic, Peter (April 15, 2019). "Supreme Court Justice Clement Gascon announces retirement". CBC News. Canada. Retrieved April 15, 2019.

Bibliography[edit]

  • James G. Snell; Frederick Vaughan (1985). The Supreme Court of Canada: History of the Institution. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802034179.
  • Peter McCormick (2000). Supreme at Last: The Evolution of the Supreme Court of Canada. James Lorimer & Company. ISBN 1550286927.
  • Donald R. Songer (2008). The Transformation of the Supreme Court of Canada: An Empirical Examination. University of Toronto Press. ISBN 0802096891.

External links[edit]