List of Major League Soccer stadiums

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Major League Soccer (MLS) is the premier professional soccer league in the United States and Canada. The league has 24 teams in 24 stadiums as of the 2019 season: 21 in the United States and 3 in Canada. At the time of the league's inauguration in 1996, MLS teams used multi-purpose stadiums, often shared with National Football League (NFL) or college football teams. Because of lower attendance, these stadiums had parts tarped off to artificially reduce capacity. Starting in 1999 with the Columbus Crew's construction of Mapfre Stadium, the league has constructed soccer-specific stadiums which are tailor-made for soccer and which have smaller capacity. Today, the majority of MLS stadiums are soccer-specific stadiums.

Stadiums[edit]

The following is a list of current primary MLS stadiums.

Soccer-specific stadium
Actual capacity
(Reduced capacity)
double-dagger Stadiums with a retractable roof
Image Stadium Franchise Location First MLS year in stadium Capacity Opened Surface Field dimensions Coordinates Roof type Soccer specific Ref(s)
Allianz Field construction c2018.jpg Allianz Field Minnesota United FC Saint Paul, Minnesota 2019 19,400 2019 Grass 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 44°57′10″N 93°9′54″W / 44.95278°N 93.16500°W / 44.95278; -93.16500Coordinates: 44°57′10″N 93°9′54″W / 44.95278°N 93.16500°W / 44.95278; -93.16500 Open Yes [1]
Audi Field June 25th.jpg Audi Field D.C. United Washington, D.C. 2018 20,000[2] 2018 Grass 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 38°52′6″N 77°0′44″W / 38.86833°N 77.01222°W / 38.86833; -77.01222 (Audi Field) Open Yes [3]
Avaya Stadium, 1-7-15.jpg Avaya Stadium San Jose Earthquakes San Jose, California 2015 18,000 2015 Grass 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 37°21′5″N 121°55′30″W / 37.35139°N 121.92500°W / 37.35139; -121.92500 (Avaya Stadium) Open Yes [4]
LAFC East Side Stadium interior.jpg Banc of California Stadium Los Angeles FC Los Angeles 2018 22,000 2018 Grass 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 34°00′47″N 118°17′6″W / 34.01306°N 118.28500°W / 34.01306; -118.28500 (Banc of California Stadium) Open Yes [5]
BBVA Compass Stadium, Skyline View.JPG BBVA Compass Stadium Houston Dynamo Houston 2012 22,039 2012 Grass 115 yd × 73 yd (105 m × 67 m) 29°45.132′N 95°21.144′W / 29.752200°N 95.352400°W / 29.752200; -95.352400 (BBVA Compas Stadium) Open Yes [6][7][8]
BC Place 2011 Whitecaps.jpg BC Place double-dagger Vancouver Whitecaps FC Vancouver 2011 54,500
(22,120)
1983 Polytan 117 yd × 75 yd (107 m × 69 m) 49°16′36″N 123°6′43″W / 49.27667°N 123.11194°W / 49.27667; -123.11194 (BC Place) Retractable No [9][10]
BMO Field in 2016.png BMO Field Toronto FC Toronto 2007 30,991[note 1] 2007 Grass 115 yd × 74 yd (105 m × 68 m) 43°37′58″N 79°25′07″W / 43.63278°N 79.41861°W / 43.63278; -79.41861 (BMO Field) Open No [11]
Soundersfcqwestfield.jpg CenturyLink Field Seattle Sounders FC Seattle 2009 69,000
(39,419)
2002 FieldTurf 114 yd × 74 yd (104 m × 68 m) 47°35′43″N 122°19′54″W / 47.5952°N 122.3316°W / 47.5952; -122.3316 (CenturyLink Field) Open No [12][13]
Sporting KC vs Houston Dynamo - 26 May 2013.JPG Children's Mercy Park Sporting Kansas City Kansas City, Kansas 2011 18,467 2011 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 39°07′18″N 94°49′25″W / 39.1218°N 94.8237°W / 39.1218; -94.8237 (Children's Mercy Park) Open Yes [14]
Dick's Park.jpg Dick's Sporting Goods Park Colorado Rapids Commerce City, Colorado 2007 18,061 2007 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 39°48′20″N 104°53′31″W / 39.80556°N 104.89194°W / 39.80556; -104.89194 (Dick's Sporting Goods Park) Open Yes [15]
LA Galaxy vs Houston Dynamo- Western Conference Finals panorama.jpg Dignity Health Sports Park LA Galaxy Carson, California 2003 27,000[note 2] 2003 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 33°51′52″N 118°15′40″W / 33.86444°N 118.26111°W / 33.86444; -118.26111 (Dignity Health Sports Park) Open No [16]
Gillette Stadium.jpg Gillette Stadium New England Revolution Foxborough, Massachusetts 2002 65,878
(20,000)
2002 FieldTurf 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 42°05′27.40″N 71°15′51.64″W / 42.0909444°N 71.2643444°W / 42.0909444; -71.2643444 (Gillette Stadium) Open No [17]
Columbus crew stadium mls allstars 2005.jpg Mapfre Stadium Columbus Crew SC Columbus, Ohio 1999 19,968 1999 Grass 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 40°0′34″N 82°59′28″W / 40.00944°N 82.99111°W / 40.00944; -82.99111 (Mapfre Stadium) Open Yes [18]
Mercedes Benz Stadium time lapse capture 2017-08-13.jpg Mercedes-Benz Stadium double-dagger Atlanta United FC Atlanta 2017 72,035
(42,500)
2017 FieldTurf 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 33°45′19.30″N 84°24′4.29″W / 33.7553611°N 84.4011917°W / 33.7553611; -84.4011917 (Mercedes-Benz Stadium) Retractable No [19]
Nippert Stadium 2017-06-14 (35019636843).jpg Nippert Stadium FC Cincinnati Cincinnati 2019 40,000
(32,250)
1915 Act Global UBU Sports Speed M6-M 115 yd × 75 yd (105 m × 69 m) 39°7′51.6″N 84°30′57.6″W / 39.131000°N 84.516000°W / 39.131000; -84.516000 (Nippert Stadium) Open No [20]
Open House Event (32264010504).jpg Orlando City Stadium Orlando City SC Orlando, Florida 2017 25,500 2017 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 28°37′27.83″N 81°23′20.53″W / 28.6243972°N 81.3890361°W / 28.6243972; -81.3890361 (Orlando City Stadium) Open Yes [21]
Jeldwenfield2011.png Providence Park Portland Timbers Portland, Oregon 2011 ≈25,000 1926 FieldTurf 110 yd × 75 yd (101 m × 69 m) 45°31′17″N 122°41′30″W / 45.52139°N 122.69167°W / 45.52139; -122.69167 (Providence Park) Open No [22][23]
Red Bull Arena Harrison behind goal.jpg Red Bull Arena New York Red Bulls Harrison, New Jersey 2010 25,000 2010 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 40°44′12″N 74°9′1″W / 40.73667°N 74.15028°W / 40.73667; -74.15028 (Red Bull Arena) Open Yes [24]
Rio Tinto Stadium.jpg Rio Tinto Stadium Real Salt Lake Sandy, Utah 2008 20,213 2008 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 40°34′59″N 111°53′35″W / 40.582923°N 111.893156°W / 40.582923; -111.893156 (Rio TInto Stadium) Open Yes [25]
Stade Saputo.27.06.12.jpg Saputo Stadium Montreal Impact Montreal 2012 20,801 2008 Grass 120 yd × 77 yd (110 m × 70 m) 45°33′47″N 73°33′9″W / 45.56306°N 73.55250°W / 45.56306; -73.55250 (Saputo Stadium) Open Yes [26]
Toyota Park, 9 March 2013.jpg SeatGeek Stadium Chicago Fire Bridgeview, Illinois 2006 20,000 2006 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 41°45′53″N 87°48′22″W / 41.76472°N 87.80611°W / 41.76472; -87.80611 (SeatGeek Stadium) Open Yes [27]
PPL Park Interior from the River End 2010.10.02 (cropped).jpg Talen Energy Stadium Philadelphia Union Chester, Pennsylvania 2010 18,500 2010 Grass 120 yd × 75 yd (110 m × 69 m) 39°49′56″N 75°22′44″W / 39.83222°N 75.37889°W / 39.83222; -75.37889 (Talen Energy Stadium) Open Yes [28]
Toyota Stadium.jpeg Toyota Stadium FC Dallas Frisco, Texas 2005 20,500 2005 Grass 117 yd × 74 yd (107 m × 68 m) 33°9′16″N 96°50′7″W / 33.15444°N 96.83528°W / 33.15444; -96.83528 (Toyota Stadium) Open Yes [29][30]
Soccer at Yankee Stadium, August 2012.jpg Yankee Stadium New York City FC Bronx, New York 2015 47,309
(30,321)
2009 Grass 110 yd × 70 yd (101 m × 64 m) 40°49′45″N 73°55′35″W / 40.82917°N 73.92639°W / 40.82917; -73.92639 (Yankee Stadium) Open No [31]

Other stadiums used[edit]

The following is a list of other current stadiums used by MLS teams for the U.S. Open Cup, CONCACAF Champions League, premier, special, or international friendly matches.

Soccer-specific stadium
Artificially reduced capacity
dagger Domed Stadiums
double-dagger Stadiums with a retractable roof
Image Stadium Franchise Location Year Since Use Capacity Opened Surface Roof Type Soccer specific Ref(s)
Le Citi Field.jpg Citi Field New York City FC Queens, New York 2017– 41,922 2009 Grass Open No
NYC-NYCFC-2016.jpg Coffey Field New York City FC Bronx, New York 2014– 7,000 1930 FieldTurf Open No
Fifth Third Bank Stadium, Kennesaw State University.JPG Fifth Third Bank Stadium Atlanta United FC Kennesaw, Georgia 2017– 8,318 2010 Hybrid surface Open No
Renovated Kezar Stadium.jpg Kezar Stadium San Jose Earthquakes San Francisco 2012– 3,888 1990 Grass Open No
Entering Levi's Stadium.JPG Levi's Stadium San Jose Earthquakes Santa Clara, California 2014– 48,765 2014 Grass Open No [32]
Philly (45).JPG Lincoln Financial Field Philadelphia Union Philadelphia 2010– 37,500 2003 Grass Open No [33]
Maureen Hendricks Field at Maryland Soccerplex.jpeg Maryland SoccerPlex D.C. United Germantown, Maryland 2001– 3,200 2000 Grass Open No
Le Stade Olympique 3.jpg Olympic Stadium dagger Montreal Impact Montreal 2012– 66,308
(61,004)
1976 Xtreme Turf by Act Global Domed (Fixed) No
Rentschler Field.jpg Pratt & Whitney Stadium at Rentschler Field New York City FC East Hartford, Connecticut 2017– 40,642 2003 Grass Open No
Toronto - ON - Rogers Centre (Nacht).jpg Rogers Centre double-dagger Toronto FC Toronto 2012– 49,282
(47,568)
1989 AstroTurf 3D Xtreme Retractable No
Stanford Stadium new.jpg Stanford Stadium San Jose Earthquakes Stanford, California 2011– 50,000 2006 Grass Open No
Starfire Sports Complex - stadium field 01.jpg Starfire Sports Complex Seattle Sounders FC Tukwila, Washington 2009– 4,500 2005 FieldTurf Open No

Future stadiums[edit]

The following is a table of future MLS stadiums that are undergoing construction, or have been approved for construction.

New York City FC[34] have had potential sites rejected by local governments and have yet to identify alternatives. In addition, the New England Revolution have reportedly been in negotiations over a potential site in South Boston.[35]

Soccer-specific stadium
Artificially reduced capacity
double-dagger Stadiums with a retractable roof
Stadium Franchise Location Capacity Construction
begin
Likely
opening
Surface Roof type Soccer specific Ref
West End Stadium FC Cincinnati Cincinnati, Ohio 26,000 2018 2021 Grass Open Yes [36]
Austin FC stadium Austin FC Austin, Texas 20,500 2019 2021 Grass Open Yes [37]
Nashville Fairgrounds Stadium Nashville SC Nashville, Tennessee 30,000 2019 2022 Grass Open Yes [38][39]
Inter Miami CF stadium Inter Miami CF Miami, Florida 25,000 TBD 2021 Grass Open Yes
New Crew Stadium Columbus Crew SC Columbus, Ohio 20,000 2019 2021 Grass Open Yes [40]

Former stadiums[edit]

The following is a list of former MLS stadiums.

Artificially reduced capacity
Image Stadium Franchise(s) Location Used for MLS Capacity Opened Surface Ref(s)
061123Broncos-Chiefs02.jpg Arrowhead Stadium Kansas City Wizards Kansas City, Missouri 1996–2007 79,451
(20,269)[note 3]
1972 Grass
BobbyDoddStadiumGTMiami2008.jpg Bobby Dodd Stadium Atlanta United FC Atlanta 2017 55,000 1913 Grass
Denver Colorado Invesco Field at Mile High.jpg Broncos Stadium at Mile High Colorado Rapids Denver, Colorado 2002–2006 76,125
(17,500)
2001 Grass
BuckShaw5308.jpg Buck Shaw Stadium San Jose Earthquakes Santa Clara, California 2008–2014 10,525 1962 Grass [41]
Citrus Bowl Orlando City.jpg Camping World Stadium Orlando City SC Orlando, Florida 2015–2016 65,438
(19,500)
1936 AstroTurf [42]
Aerial shot Benedetti–Wehrli Stadium.jpg Cardinal Stadium Chicago Fire Naperville, Illinois 2002–2003 15,000 1999 FieldTurf
CommunityAmerica Ballpark2.JPG CommunityAmerica Ballpark Kansas City Wizards Kansas City, Kansas 2008–2010 10,385 2003 Grass
Cotton Bowl.JPG Cotton Bowl Dallas Burn Dallas, Texas 1996–2002, 2004 92,100
(25,425)
1932 Grass
No image.svg Dragon Stadium Dallas Burn Southlake, Texas 2003 11,000 2001
San Jose at Empire Field.jpg Empire Field Vancouver Whitecaps FC Vancouver, British Columbia 2011 20,500 2010 FieldTurf [43]
Foxborostade.png Foxboro Stadium New England Revolution Foxborough, Massachusetts 1996–2001 60,292
(24,871)
1971 Grass
New York Red Bull 1.jpg Giants Stadium New York Red Bulls
NY/NJ MetroStars
East Rutherford, New Jersey 1996–2009 78,148
(25,576)
1976 Grass; AstroTurf; FieldTurf
Mile High Stadium on July 13, 1995.jpg Mile High Stadium Colorado Rapids Denver, Colorado 1996–2001 76,273
(17,500)
1948 Grass
2005 Stanford-Navy Game at Navy-Marine Corps Memorial Stadium.jpg Navy–Marine Corps Memorial Stadium D.C. United Annapolis, Maryland 2018 34,000 1959 FieldTurf [44]
McAfee Coliseum soccer configuration.jpg Oakland–Alameda County Coliseum San Jose Earthquakes Oakland, California 2008–2009 63,132
(47,416)
1966 Grass [41]
Skorry-ohiostadium 6048.jpg Ohio Stadium Columbus Crew Columbus, Ohio 1996–1998 89,841
(25,243)[note 4]
1922 Grass [45][46][47]
Rfkstadium.png RFK Stadium D.C. United Washington, D.C. 1996–2017 45,596
(20,000)
1961 Grass

[48]

RSL at Rice-Eccles.jpg Rice-Eccles Stadium Real Salt Lake Salt Lake City, Utah 2005–2008 45,634
(24,521)
1927 FieldTurf
Robertson Gameday.jpg Robertson Stadium Houston Dynamo Houston, Texas 2005–2011 32,000
(25,462)
1941 Grass
Inter vs Chelsea at the Rose Bowl.jpg Rose Bowl Los Angeles Galaxy Pasadena, California 1996–2002 104,091
(26,000)
1922 Grass
UsavsHonduras.JPG Soldier Field Chicago Fire Chicago 1998–2002, 2004–2005 61,500
(24,955)
1924 Grass
SPStaSJ.jpg Spartan Stadium San Jose Earthquakes San Jose, California 1996–2005 31,218
(19,166)
1933 Grass [41]
MNUFCTCF.jpeg TCF Bank Stadium Minnesota United FC Minneapolis 2017–2018 50,805
(21,895)
2009 FieldTurf

Defunct teams[edit]

Artificially reduced capacity
Image Stadium Team(s) Location Used for MLS Capacity Opened Surface Field Dimensions Ref(s)
Tampa Stadium1.jpg Houlihan's Stadium Tampa Bay Mutiny Tampa, Florida 1996–1998 16,000[note 5] 1967 Grass unknown
2008-0424-FL-LockhartStadium.jpg Lockhart Stadium Miami Fusion Fort Lauderdale, Florida 1998–2002 20,450 1959 Grass 116 by 75 yards (106 m × 69 m)
Raymond James Stadium02.JPG Raymond James Stadium Tampa Bay Mutiny Tampa, Florida 1999–2002 32,000[note 6] 1998 Grass 115 by 72 yards (105 m × 66 m)
LA Galaxy vs Houston Dynamo- Western Conference Finals panorama.jpg StubHub Center Chivas USA Carson, California 2005–2014 (Chivas USA) 18,800[note 7] 2003 Grass 120 by 75 yards (110 m × 69 m) [16]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Full MLS capacity, portion used by CFL: 26,500
  2. ^ MLS capacity, NFL capacity: 30,000
  3. ^ For most of the Wizards' history at Arrowhead, the team did not sell tickets in most of the stadium. At different times, either one side of the stadium or the upper seating bowl was tarped off.
  4. ^ Ohio Stadium has a capacity for 104,944, but this was artificially reduced to 25,243 for regular games. The Crew's attendance record is however 31,000
  5. ^ Portion used by MLS, full NFL capacity: 65,857
  6. ^ Portion used by MLS, full NFL capacity: 65,857
  7. ^ Portion used by Chivas USA, full capacity: 27,000

References[edit]

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