List of National Wildlife Refuges of the United States

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

As of 2012, there are 556 National Wildlife Refuges in the United States, with the addition of the Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area.[1] Refuges that have boundaries in multiple states are listed only in the state where the main visitor entrance is located. The newest refuge replaces the Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania.[2][3]

The United States is divided into eight regions for administrative purposes:

  • Alaska Region (Region 7)


AL | AK | AS | AZ | AR | CA | CO | CT | DE | DC | FL | GA | GU | HI | ID | IL | IN | IA | KS | KY | LA | ME | MD | MA | MI | MN | MS | MO | MT | NE | NV | NH | NJ | NM | NY | NC | ND | MP | OH | OK | OR | PA | PR | RI | SC | SD | TN | TX | UM | UT | VT | VI | VA | WA | WV | WI | WY

Alabama[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge[4] Alabama 1980 6,816 acres (27.58 km2)
Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge Alabama September 25, 2002 2,997 acres (12.13 km2)[5]
Choctaw National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1964 4,218 acres (17.07 km2)
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge Alabama
Georgia
1964 11,184 acres (45.26 km2)[6]
Fern Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1981 199 acres (0.81 km2)
Key Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama January 3, 1997 1,060 acres (4.3 km2)[7]
Mountain Longleaf National Wildlife Refuge Alabama May 29, 2003 9,016 acres (36.49 km2)
Sauta Cave National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1978 264 acres (1.07 km2)
Watercress Darter National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1980 24 acres (0.097 km2)
Wheeler National Wildlife Refuge Alabama 1938 35,000 acres (140 km2)[8]

Alaska[edit]

Map of National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska
Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alaska Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[9] 3,421,420 acres (13,846.0 km2)
Alaska Peninsula National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 3,574,259 acres (14,464.51 km2)
Arctic National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 6, 1960[10] 19,287,042 acres (78,051.89 km2)
Becharof National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[11] 1,200,419.52 acres (4,857.9254 km2)
Innoko National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[12] 3,850,800.94 acres (15,583.6385 km2)
Izembek National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[13] 315,000 acres (1,270 km2)
Kanuti National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[14] 1,637,000 acres (6,620 km2)
Kenai National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980[14] 1,912,470.47 acres (7,739.4934 km2)[15]
Kodiak National Wildlife Refuge Alaska August 19, 1941[16] 1,880,891.52 acres (7,611.6979 km2)[15]
Koyukuk National Wildlife Refuge Alaska 1980 3,550,159.96 acres (14,366.9876 km2)[15]
Nowitna National Wildlife Refuge Alaska 1980 1,560,239.99 acres (6,314.0672 km2)[15]
Selawik National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 2,150,561.94 acres (8,703.0154 km2)[15]
Tetlin National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 700,286.95 acres (2,833.9607 km2)[15]
Togiak National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 4,104,246.80 acres (16,609.2975 km2)[15]
Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 19,226,606.25 acres (77,807.3150 km2)[15]
Yukon Flats National Wildlife Refuge Alaska December 2, 1980 8,636,951.06 acres (34,952.5009 km2)[15]

American Samoa[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Rose Atoll National Wildlife Refuge Rose Atoll 1973 39,066 acres (158.09 km2)[17]

Arizona[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge[4] Arizona 1993[18] 6,105 acres (24.71 km2)
Buenos Aires National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1985 117,107 acres (473.92 km2)
Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1939 860,010 acres (3,480.3 km2)
Cibola National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1964 16,627 acres (67.29 km2)
Havasu National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1941 37,515 acres (151.82 km2)
Imperial National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1941 25,768 acres (104.28 km2)[19]
Kofa National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1939 665,400 acres (2,693 km2)
Leslie Canyon National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1988 2,770 acres (11.2 km2)
San Bernardino National Wildlife Refuge Arizona 1982 2,309 acres (9.34 km2)

Arkansas[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bald Knob National Wildlife Refuge White County, Arkansas 1993 15,022 acres (60.79 km2) [20]
Big Lake National Wildlife Refuge Mississippi County, Arkansas 1915 11,038 acres (44.67 km2) [21]
Cache River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1986 67,500 acres (273 km2) [22]
Felsenthal National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1970 64,902 acres (262.65 km2)
Holla Bend National Wildlife Refuge Pope and Yell Counties, Arkansas 1957 7,057 acres (28.56 km2) [23]
Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas March 14, 1989 123 acres (0.50 km2) [24]
Overflow National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1980 13,973 acres (56.55 km2) [25]
Pond Creek National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1994 27,300 acres (110 km2)
Wapanocca National Wildlife Refuge Crittenden County, Arkansas January 1961 5,484 acres (22.19 km2)
White River National Wildlife Refuge Arkansas 1935 160,756 acres (650.56 km2)

California[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Antioch Dunes National Wildlife Refuge Contra Costa County 1980 55 acres (0.22 km2)[26]
Bitter Creek National Wildlife Refuge Kern County 1985 14,097 acres (57.05 km2)[27]
Blue Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Tulare County 1982 897 acres (3.63 km2)[28]
Butte Sink Wildlife Management Area Butte/Colusa/Sutter Counties 1980 11,044 acres (44.69 km2)[29]
Castle Rock National Wildlife Refuge Del Norte County 1979 14 acres (0.057 km2)[30]
Clear Lake National Wildlife Refuge Modoc County 1911 46,460 acres (188.0 km2)[31]
Coachella Valley National Wildlife Refuge Riverside County 1985 3,709 acres (15.01 km2)[32]
Colusa National Wildlife Refuge Colusa County 1945 4,507 acres (18.24 km2)[33]
Delevan National Wildlife Refuge Colusa County 1962 5,797 acres (23.46 km2)[34]
Don Edwards San Francisco Bay National Wildlife Refuge Alameda/Santa Clara/San Mateo Counties 1974 30,000 acres (120 km2)[35]
Ellicott Slough National Wildlife Refuge Santa Cruz County 1975 168 acres (0.68 km2)[36]
Farallon National Wildlife Refuge Farallon Islands, near San Francisco 1969 41.9 acres (0.170 km2)[37]
Grasslands Wildlife Management Area Merced County 1979 70,000 acres (280 km2)[38]
Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes National Wildlife Refuge Santa Barbara/San Luis Obispo Counties 2000 2,553 acres (10.33 km2)[39]
Hopper Mountain National Wildlife Refuge Ventura County 1974 2,471 acres (10.00 km2)[40]
Humboldt Bay National Wildlife Refuge
*Lanphere Dunes
Humboldt County 1971 4,000 acres (16 km2)[41]
Kern National Wildlife Refuge Kern County 1960 1,249 acres (5.05 km2)[42]
Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Siskiyou County
also in Klamath County, Oregon
1908 50,913 acres (206.04 km2)[43]
Marin Islands National Wildlife Refuge Marin County 1992[44] -
Merced National Wildlife Refuge Merced County 1951 10,262 acres (41.53 km2)[45]
Modoc National Wildlife Refuge Modoc County 1961 7,000 acres (28 km2)[46]
North Central Valley Wildlife Management Area Sacramento Valley 1991 46,460 acres (188.0 km2)[47]
Pixley National Wildlife Refuge Tulare County 1959 6,939 acres (28.08 km2)[48]
Sacramento National Wildlife Refuge Colusa/Glenn Counties 1937 10,819 acres (43.78 km2)[49]
Sacramento River National Wildlife Refuge Butte/Glenn/Tehama Counties 1989 10,146 acres (41.06 km2)[50]
Salinas River National Wildlife Refuge Monterey County 1974 316 acres (1.28 km2)[51]
San Diego Bay National Wildlife Refuge San Diego County 1999 2,620 acres (10.6 km2)[52]
San Diego National Wildlife Refuge San Diego County - 11,152 acres (45.13 km2)[53]
San Joaquin River National Wildlife Refuge San Joaquin/Stanislaus Counties 1987 7,000 acres (28 km2)[54]
San Luis National Wildlife Refuge Merced County 1966 26,600 acres (108 km2)[55]
San Pablo Bay National Wildlife Refuge Napa/Solano/Sonoma Counties 1970 13,190 acres (53.4 km2)[56]
Seal Beach National Wildlife Refuge Orange County 1972 911 acres (3.69 km2)[57]
Sonny Bono Salton Sea National Wildlife Refuge Imperial County 1930 2,200 acres (8.9 km2)[58]
Stone Lakes National Wildlife Refuge Sacramento County 1994 17,641 acres (71.39 km2)[59]
Sutter National Wildlife Refuge Sutter County 1945 2,591 acres (10.49 km2)[60]
Tijuana Slough National Wildlife Refuge San Diego County 1980 2,521 acres (10.20 km2)[61]
Tule Lake National Wildlife Refuge Modoc/Siskiyou Counties 1928 39,116 acres (158.30 km2)[62]
Willow Creek-Lurline Wildlife Management Area Colusa/Glenn Counties 1985 5,795 acres (23.45 km2)[63]

Colorado[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alamosa National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa, Conejos and Costilla County, Colorado 1993 11,169 acres (45.20 km2)[64]
Arapaho National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County, Colorado 1967 23,464 acres (94.96 km2)[65]
Baca National Wildlife Refuge Saguache and Alamosa County, Colorado 2003 78,697 acres (318.48 km2)
Browns Park National Wildlife Refuge Moffat County, Colorado 1965 12,150 acres (49.2 km2)[66]
Monte Vista National Wildlife Refuge Alamosa and Rio Grande County, Colorado 1953 14,800 acres (60 km2)[66]
Rocky Flats National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado July 12, 2007 3,953 acres (16.00 km2)
Rocky Mountain Arsenal National Wildlife Refuge Adams County, Colorado 1992 15,988 acres (64.70 km2)
Two Ponds National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County, Colorado 1992 72.2 acres (0.292 km2)

Connecticut[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Stewart B. McKinney National Wildlife Refuge Connecticut 1972 950 acres (3.8 km2)[67]

Delaware[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge Delaware 1937 16,251 acres (65.77 km2)[68]
Prime Hook National Wildlife Refuge Delaware 1963 10,144 acres (41.05 km2)[69]

District of Columbia[edit]

  • None

Florida[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Archie Carr National Wildlife Refuge Brevard County
Indian River County
1991 900 acres (3.6 km2)[70]
Arthur R. Marshall Loxahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Palm Beach County 1951 147,392 acres (596.47 km2)[71]
Caloosahatchee National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 1921 40 acres (0.16 km2)[72]
Cedar Keys National Wildlife Refuge Levy County 1929 891 acres (3.61 km2)[73]
Chassahowitzka National Wildlife Refuge Citrus County
Hernando County
1941 31,000 acres (130 km2)[74]
Crocodile Lake National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 1980 6,686 acres (27.06 km2)[75]
Crystal River National Wildlife Refuge Citrus County 1983 80 acres (0.32 km2)[76]
Egmont Key National Wildlife Refuge Hillsborough County 1974 450 acres (1.8 km2)[77]
Everglades Headwaters National Wildlife Refuge and Conservation Area Hardee County
Highlands County
Polk County
1991 900 acres (3.6 km2)[78]
Florida Panther National Wildlife Refuge Collier County 1989 26,400 acres (107 km2)[79]
Great White Heron National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 1938 130,187 acres (526.85 km2)[80]
Hobe Sound National Wildlife Refuge Martin County 1969 1,035 acres (4.19 km2)[81]
Island Bay National Wildlife Refuge Charlotte County 1908 20 acres (0.081 km2)[82]
J.N. 'Ding' Darling National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 1976 5,200 acres (21 km2)[83]
Key Deer National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 1957 8,542 acres (34.57 km2)[84]
Key West National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 1908 189,497 acres (766.87 km2)[85]
Lake Wales Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Highlands County
Polk County
1990 1,194 acres (4.83 km2)[86]
Lake Woodruff National Wildlife Refuge Lake County
Volusia County
1964 21,574 acres (87.31 km2)[87]
Lower Suwannee National Wildlife Refuge Dixie County
Levy County
1979 53,000 acres (210 km2)[88]
Matlacha Pass National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 1908 538 acres (2.18 km2)[89]
Merritt Island National Wildlife Refuge Brevard County 1963 140,000 acres (570 km2)[90]
Passage Key National Wildlife Refuge Manatee County 1905 64 acres (0.26 km2)[91]
Pelican Island National Wildlife Refuge Indian River County 1903-First National Wildlife Refuge in U.S. 5,376 acres (21.76 km2)[92]
Pine Island National Wildlife Refuge Lee County 1908 601 acres (2.43 km2)[93]
Pinellas National Wildlife Refuge Pinellas County 1951 394 acres (1.59 km2)[94]
St. Johns National Wildlife Refuge Brevard County 1971 6,255 acres (25.31 km2)[95]
St. Marks National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County
Taylor County
Wakulla County
1931 68,000 acres (280 km2)[96]
St. Vincent National Wildlife Refuge Franklin County
Gulf County
1968 12,490 acres (50.5 km2)[97]
Ten Thousand Islands National Wildlife Refuge Collier County
Monroe County
1996 35,000 acres (140 km2)[98]

Georgia[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Banks Lake National Wildlife Refuge Lanier County 1985 4,049 acres (16.39 km2)[99]
Blackbeard Island National Wildlife Refuge* McIntosh County 1924 5,618 acres (22.74 km2)[100]
Bond Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Bibb County
Twiggs County
1989 6,500 acres (26 km2)[101]
Harris Neck National Wildlife Refuge* McIntosh County 1962 2,762 acres (11.18 km2)[102]
Okefenokee National Wildlife Refuge Georgia
Florida
1937 402,000 acres (1,630 km2)[103]
Piedmont National Wildlife Refuge Jasper County
Jones County
1939 35,000 acres (140 km2)[104]
Savannah National Wildlife Refuge* Georgia
South Carolina
1927 29,175 acres (118.07 km2)[105]
Wassaw National Wildlife Refuge* Chatham County 1969 10,053 acres (40.68 km2)[106]
Wolf Island National Wildlife Refuge* McIntosh County 1930 5,126 acres (20.74 km2)[107]

Guam[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Guam National Wildlife Refuge Guam 1993 1,203 acres (4.87 km2)[108]

Hawaiʻi[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Hakalau Forest National Wildlife Refuge Island of Hawaiʻi 1985 38,047 acres (153.97 km2)[109]
Hanalei National Wildlife Refuge Island of Kauaʻi 1972 917 acres (3.71 km2)[110]
Hawaiian Islands National Wildlife Refuge Hawaiʻi 1909 245,000 acres (990 km2)[111]
Hulē‘ia National Wildlife Refuge Island of Kauaʻi 1973 241 acres (0.98 km2)[112]
James Campbell National Wildlife Refuge Island of Oʻahu 1976 1,100 acres (4.5 km2)[113]
Kakahai‘a National Wildlife Refuge Island of Molokaʻi 1977 44 acres (0.18 km2)[114]
Kealia Pond National Wildlife Refuge Island of Maui 1992 700 acres (2.8 km2)[115]
Kilauea Point National Wildlife Refuge Island of Kauaʻi 1985 203 acres (0.82 km2)[116]
Oahu Forest National Wildlife Refuge Island of Oʻahu 2000 4,525 acres (18.31 km2)[117]
Pearl Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Island of Oʻahu 1972 63 acres (0.25 km2)[118]

Idaho[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bear Lake National Wildlife Refuge* Bear Lake County 1968 19,000 acres (77 km2)[119]
Camas National Wildlife Refuge* Jefferson County 1937 10,578 acres (42.81 km2)[120]
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Canyon County
Owyhee County
Payette County
Washington County
Malheur County, Oregon
Baker County, Oregon
1909 10,548 acres (42.69 km2)[121]
Grays Lake National Wildlife Refuge* Bonneville County
Caribou County
1965 19,400 acres (79 km2)[122]
Kootenai National Wildlife Refuge Boundary County 1964 2,774 acres (11.23 km2)[123]
Minidoka National Wildlife Refuge* Blaine County
Cassia County
Minidoka County
Power County
1909 20,751 acres (83.98 km2)[124]
Oxford Slough Waterfowl Production Area Bannock County
Franklin County
1985 1,878 acres (7.60 km2)[125]

Illinois[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Chautauqua National Wildlife Refuge Mason County 1936 4,388 acres (17.76 km2)[126]
Crab Orchard National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County
Union County
Williamson County
1947 43,890 acres (177.6 km2)[127]
Cypress Creek National Wildlife Refuge Alexander County
Johnson County
Pulaski County
Union County
1990 16,000 acres (65 km2)[128]
Emiquon National Wildlife Refuge Fulton County 1993 11,122 acres (45.01 km2)[129]
Hackmatack National Wildlife Refuge McHenry County
Walworth County, Wisconsin
2012 11,200 acres (45 km2)[130]
Meredosia National Wildlife Refuge Cass County
Morgan County
1973 5,255 acres (21.27 km2)[131]
Middle Mississippi River National Wildlife Refuge Illinois
Missouri
2000 7,000 acres (28 km2)[132]
Two Rivers National Wildlife Refuge Illinois
Missouri
1958 8,501 acres (34.40 km2)[133]

Indiana[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Big Oaks National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County
Jennings County
Ripley County
2000 50,000 acres (200 km2)[134]
Muscatatuck National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County
Jennings County
Monroe County
1966 7,880 acres (31.9 km2)[135]
Patoka River National Wildlife Refuge and Management Area Gibson County
Pike County
1994 23,962 acres (96.97 km2)[136]

Iowa[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
DeSoto National Wildlife Refuge Harrison County
Pottawattamie County
Washington County, Nebraska
1958 8,362 acres (33.84 km2)[137]
Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Iowa
Illinois
Wisconsin
1989 911 acres (3.69 km2)[138]
Iowa Wetland Management District
Neal Smith National Wildlife Refuge Jasper County 1990 8,654 acres (35.02 km2)[139]
Port Louisa National Wildlife Refuge Louisa County
Mercer County, Illinois
1958 1,078 acres (4.36 km2)[140]
Union Slough National Wildlife Refuge Kossuth County 1938 3,334 acres (13.49 km2)[141]

Kansas[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Flint Hills National Wildlife Refuge Coffey County
Lyon County
1966 18,463 acres (74.72 km2)[142]
Kirwin National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 1954 10,778 acres (43.62 km2)[143]
Marais des Cygnes National Wildlife Refuge Linn County 1992 7,500 acres (30 km2)[144]
Quivira National Wildlife Refuge Reno County
Rice County
Stafford County
1955 22,135 acres (89.58 km2)[145]

Kentucky[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Clarks River National Wildlife Refuge Graves County
Marshall County
McCracken County
1997 8,040 acres (32.5 km2)[146]

Louisiana[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Atchafalaya National Wildlife Refuge Iberville Parish
St. Martin Parish
1986 15,220 acres (61.6 km2)[147]
Bayou Cocodrie National Wildlife Refuge Concordia Parish 1992 13,200 acres (53 km2)[148]
Bayou Sauvage National Wildlife Refuge New Orleans 1990 22,770 acres (92.1 km2)[149]
Bayou Teche National Wildlife Refuge St. Mary Parish 2001 9,028 acres (36.54 km2)[150]
Big Branch Marsh National Wildlife Refuge St. Tammany Parish 2001 24,000 acres (97 km2)[151]
Black Bayou Lake National Wildlife Refuge Ouachita Parish 1997 4,200 acres (17 km2)[152]
Bogue Chitto National Wildlife Refuge Louisiana
Mississippi
1980 40,000 acres (160 km2)[153]
Breton National Wildlife Refuge St. Bernard Parish
Plaquemines Parish
1904 13,000 acres (53 km2)[154]
Cameron Prairie National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish 1986 9,621 acres (38.93 km2)[155]
Cat Island National Wildlife Refuge West Feliciana Parish 2000 9,623 acres (38.94 km2)[156]
Catahoula National Wildlife Refuge Catahoula Parish
LaSalle Parish
1958 25,162 acres (101.83 km2)[157]
D'Arbonne National Wildlife Refuge Ouachita Parish
Union Parish
1986[158] -
Delta National Wildlife Refuge Plaquemines Parish 1935 49,000 acres (200 km2)[159]
Grand Cote National Wildlife Refuge Avoyelles Parish 1989 6,077 acres (24.59 km2)[160]
East Cove National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish 1937 14,927 acres (60.41 km2)[161]
Handy Brake National Wildlife Refuge Morehouse Parish 1988 501 acres (2.03 km2)[162]
Lacassine National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish
Evangeline Parish
1937 35,000 acres (140 km2)[163]
Lake Ophelia National Wildlife Refuge Avoyelles Parish 1988 17,500 acres (71 km2)[164]
Louisiana Wetland Management District Northern Louisiana 1990 25,710 acres (104.0 km2)[165]
Mandalay National Wildlife Refuge Terrebonne Parish 1996 4,416 acres (17.87 km2)[166]
Red River National Wildlife Refuge Bossier Parish
Caddo Parish
DeSoto Parish
Natchitoches Parish
Red River Parish
2001 50,000 acres (200 km2)[167]
Sabine National Wildlife Refuge Cameron Parish 1937 125,790 acres (509.1 km2)[168]
Shell Keys National Wildlife Refuge Iberia Parish 1907[169] -
Tensas River National Wildlife Refuge Franklin Parish
Madison Parish
Tensas Parish
1998 64,012 acres (259.05 km2)[170]
Upper Ouachita National Wildlife Refuge Morehouse Parish
Union Parish
1978 41,430 acres (167.7 km2)[171]

Maine[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Aroostook National Wildlife Refuge Aroostook County 1998 5,252 acres (21.25 km2)[172]
Carlton Pond Waterfowl Production Area Waldo County 1966 1,055 acres (4.27 km2)[173]
Cross Island National Wildlife Refuge* Washington County 1980 1,700 acres (6.9 km2)[174]
Franklin Island National Wildlife Refuge* Knox County 1973 12 acres (0.049 km2)[175]
Moosehorn National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1937 28,751 acres (116.35 km2)[176]
Petit Manan National Wildlife Refuge* Hancock County
Washington County
1974 6,367 acres (25.77 km2)[177]
Pond Island National Wildlife Refuge* Sagadahoc County 1973 10 acres (0.040 km2)[178]
Rachel Carson National Wildlife Refuge Cumberland County
York County
1966 9,125 acres (36.93 km2)[179]
Seal Island National Wildlife Refuge* Knox County 1972 65 acres (0.26 km2)[180]
Sunkhaze Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Penobscot County 1988 11,435 acres (46.28 km2)[181]

Maryland[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge* Dorchester County 1933 28,894.35 acres (116.9313 km2)[182]
Eastern Neck National Wildlife Refuge* Kent County 1962 2,285 acres (9.25 km2)[183]
Glenn Martin National Wildlife Refuge* Somerset County
Accomack County, Virginia
1954 4,548 acres (18.41 km2)[184]
Patuxent Research Refuge [1] Anne Arundel County
Prince George's County
1936 12,800 acres (52 km2)[185]
Susquehanna River National Wildlife Refuge* Harford County 1944 3.79 acres (0.0153 km2)[186]

Massachusetts[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Assabet River National Wildlife Refuge Sudbury 2005 2,230 acres (9.0 km2)[187]
Great Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Sudbury 1944 250 acres (1.0 km2)[188]
Mashpee National Wildlife Refuge Mashpee 1995 341.65 acres (1.3826 km2)[189]
Massasoit National Wildlife Refuge Plymouth 1983 195 acres (0.79 km2)[190]
Monomoy National Wildlife Refuge Barnstable County 1944 7,604 acres (30.77 km2)[191]
Nantucket National Wildlife Refuge Nantucket 1973 24 acres (0.097 km2)[192]
Nomans Land Island National Wildlife Refuge Nomans Land 1998 640 acres (2.6 km2)[193]
Oxbow National Wildlife Refuge Middlesex County
Worcester County
1974 1,667 acres (6.75 km2)[194]
Parker River National Wildlife Refuge Plum Island 1942 4,662 acres (18.87 km2)[195]
Silvio O. Conte National Fish and Wildlife Refuge Massachusetts
Connecticut
New Hampshire
Vermont
1997 31,216 acres (126.33 km2)[196]
Thacher Island National Wildlife Refuge Thacher Island 1972 22 acres (0.089 km2)[197]

Michigan[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Detroit River International Wildlife Refuge Detroit River
Lake Erie
2001 5,868 acres (23.75 km2)[198]
Harbor Island National Wildlife Refuge Lake Huron 1983 695 acres (2.81 km2)[199]
Huron National Wildlife Refuge Lake Superior 1905 147 acres (0.59 km2)[200]
Kirtlands Warbler Wildlife Management Area Lower Peninsula of Michigan 1980 6,684 acres (27.05 km2)[201]
Michigan Islands National Wildlife Refuge Lake Michigan
Lake Huron
1943 744 acres (3.01 km2)[202]
Michigan Wetland Management District Lower Peninsula of Michigan 1980 664 acres (2.69 km2)[203]
Seney National Wildlife Refuge Schoolcraft County 1935 95,265 acres (385.52 km2)[204]
Shiawassee National Wildlife Refuge Saginaw County 1953 9,870 acres (39.9 km2)[205]

Minnesota[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge Marshall County 1937 61,500 acres (249 km2)[206]
Big Stone National Wildlife Refuge Big Stone County
Lac qui Parle County
1975 11,586 acres (46.89 km2)[207]
Big Stone Wetland Management District Lincoln County
Lyon County
1975 3,000 acres (12 km2)[208]
Crane Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Morrison County 1992 13,540 acres (54.8 km2)[209]
Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District Northwestern Minnesota 1953 53,000 acres (210 km2)[210]
Fergus Falls Wetland Management District West Central Minnesota 1962 72,699 acres (294.20 km2)[211]
Glacial Ridge National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 2004 37,756 acres (152.79 km2)[212]
Hamden Slough National Wildlife Refuge Becker County 1989 5,944 acres (24.05 km2)[213]
Litchfield Wetland Management District Central Minnesota 1978 36,000 acres (150 km2)[214]
Mille Lacs National Wildlife Refuge Mille Lacs County 1915 0.57 acres (0.0023 km2)[215]
Minnesota Valley National Wildlife Refuge Carver County
Dakota County
Hennepin County
Le Sueur County
Scott County
Sibley County
1976 14,000 acres (57 km2)[216]
Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District Southeastern Minnesota 1988 8,000 acres (32 km2)[217]
Morris Wetland Management District West Central Minnesota 50,000 acres (200 km2)[218]
Northern Tallgrass Prairie National Wildlife Refuge Minnesota
Iowa
2000 5,000 acres (20 km2)[219]
Rice Lake National Wildlife Refuge Aitkin County 1935 18,208 acres (73.69 km2)[220]
Rydell National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 1992 2,120 acres (8.6 km2)[221]
Sherburne National Wildlife Refuge Sherburne County 1965 30,700 acres (124 km2)[222]
Tamarac National Wildlife Refuge Becker County 1938 42,724 acres (172.90 km2)[223]
Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge Upper Mississippi River in:
Illinois
Iowa
Minnesota
Wisconsin
1924 240,000 acres (970 km2)[224]
Windom Wetland Management District South Central Minnesota - 14,000 acres (57 km2)[225]

Mississippi[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Coldwater River National Wildlife Refuge Quitman County
Tallahatchie County
2000 2,069 acres (8.37 km2)[226]
Dahomey National Wildlife Refuge Bolivar County 1990 9,691 acres (39.22 km2)[227]
Grand Bay National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County
Mobile County, Alabama
1992 32,000 acres (130 km2)[228]
Hillside National Wildlife Refuge Holmes County 1975 15,572 acres (63.02 km2)[229]
Holt Collier National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 2004 1,400 acres (5.7 km2)[230]
Mathews Brake National Wildlife Refuge Leflore County 1980 2,418 acres (9.79 km2)[231]
Mississippi Sandhill Crane National Wildlife Refuge Jackson County 1975 19,000 acres (77 km2)[232]
Morgan Brake National Wildlife Refuge Holmes County 1977 7,383 acres (29.88 km2)[233]
Panther Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Yazoo County 1978 38,697 acres (156.60 km2)[234]
Sam D. Hamilton Noxubee National Wildlife Refuge Noxubee County
Oktibbeha County
Winston County
1940 48,000 acres (190 km2)[235]
St. Catherine Creek National Wildlife Refuge Adams County 1990 34,256 acres (138.63 km2)[236]
Tallahatchie National Wildlife Refuge Grenada County
Tallahatchie County
1990 4,199 acres (16.99 km2)[237]
Theodore Roosevelt National Wildlife Refuge Holmes County
Humphreys County
Leflore County
Sharkey County
Warren County
Washington County
2004[238] -
Yazoo National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1936 12,941 acres (52.37 km2)[239]

Missouri[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Big Muddy National Fish and Wildlife Refuge Missouri River 1994 16,700 acres (68 km2)[240]
Clarence Cannon National Wildlife Refuge Pike County 1964 3,750 acres (15.2 km2)[241]
Great River National Wildlife Refuge Clark County
Lewis County
Adams County, Illinois
Pike County, Illinois
1958 11,600 acres (47 km2)[242]
Loess Bluffs National Wildlife Refuge Holt County 1935 7,415 acres (30.01 km2)[243]
Mingo National Wildlife Refuge Stoddard County
Wayne County
1944 21,676 acres (87.72 km2)[244]
Ozark Cavefish National Wildlife Refuge Lawrence County 1991 40 acres (0.16 km2)[245]
Pilot Knob National Wildlife Refuge Iron County 1987 90 acres (0.36 km2)[246]
Swan Lake National Wildlife Refuge Chariton County 1937 10,795 acres (43.69 km2)[247]

Montana[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Benton Lake National Wildlife Refuge Cascade County 1929 12,459 acres (50.42 km2)[248]
Benton Lake Wetland Management District Montana 1975 16,000,000 acres (65,000 km2)[249]
Black Coulee National Wildlife Refuge Blaine County 1938 1,308 acres (5.29 km2)[250]
Bowdoin National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 1936 15,551 acres (62.93 km2)[251]
Charles M. Russell National Wildlife Refuge Fergus County
Garfield County
McCone County
Petroleum County
Phillips County
Valley County
1936 915,814 acres (3,706.17 km2)[252]
Creedman Coulee National Wildlife Refuge Hill County 1941 2,728 acres (11.04 km2)[253]
Hailstone National Wildlife Refuge Stillwater County 1942 2,700 acres (11 km2)[254]
Halfbreed Lake National Wildlife Refuge Stillwater County 1987 4,318 acres (17.47 km2)[255]
Hewitt Lake National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 1938 1,360 acres (5.5 km2)[256]
Lake Mason National Wildlife Refuge Musselshell County 1941 16,814 acres (68.04 km2)[257]
Lake Thibadeau National Wildlife Refuge Hill County 1937 3,868 acres (15.65 km2)[258]
Lamesteer National Wildlife Refuge Wibaux County 1942 800 acres (3.2 km2)[259]
Lee Metcalf National Wildlife Refuge Ravalli County 1964 2,800 acres (11 km2)[260]
Lost Trail National Wildlife Refuge Flathead County 1999 8,834 acres (35.75 km2)[261]
Medicine Lake National Wildlife Refuge Sheridan County
Roosevelt County
1935 31,533 acres (127.61 km2)[262]
National Bison Range Lake County
Sanders County
1908 18,800 acres (76 km2)[263]
Ninepipe National Wildlife Refuge Lake County 1921 4,027 acres (16.30 km2)[264]
Northwest Montana Wetland Management District Montana 1970 14,752 acres (59.70 km2)[265]
Pablo National Wildlife Refuge Lake County 1921 2,473 acres (10.01 km2)[266]
Red Rock Lakes National Wildlife Refuge Beaverhead County 1932 65,810 acres (266.3 km2)[267]
Swan River National Wildlife Refuge Lake County 1973 1,568 acres (6.35 km2)[268]
UL Bend National Wildlife Refuge Phillips County 1969 56,048 acres (226.82 km2)[269]
War Horse National Wildlife Refuge Petroleum County 1958 3,392 acres (13.73 km2)[270]

Nebraska[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Boyer Chute National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1992 4,040 acres (16.3 km2)[271]
Crescent Lake National Wildlife Refuge Garden County 1931 45,818 acres (185.42 km2)[272]
Fort Niobrara National Wildlife Refuge Cherry County 1912 19,131 acres (77.42 km2)[273]
John and Louise Seier National Wildlife Refuge Rock County 1999 2,400 acres (9.7 km2)[274]
North Platte National Wildlife Refuge Scotts Bluff County 1916 5,047 acres (20.42 km2)[275]
Rainwater Basin Wetland Management District South Central Nebraska 1963 22,864 acres (92.53 km2)[276]
Valentine National Wildlife Refuge Cherry County 1935 71,516 acres (289.41 km2)[277]

Nevada[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Anaho Island National Wildlife Refuge Washoe County 1913 247 acres (1.00 km2)[278]
Ash Meadows National Wildlife Refuge^ Nye County 1984 23,000 acres (93 km2)[279]
Desert National Wildlife Refuge^ Clark County
Lincoln County
1936 1,615,000 acres (6,540 km2)[280]
Fallon National Wildlife Refuge Churchill County 1931 15,000 acres (61 km2)[281]
Moapa Valley National Wildlife Refuge^ Clark County 1979 106 acres (0.43 km2)[282]
Pahranagat National Wildlife Refuge^ Lincoln County 1963 5,380 acres (21.8 km2)[283]
Ruby Lake National Wildlife Refuge Elko County
White Pine County
1938 37,632 acres (152.29 km2)[284]
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge^^ Humboldt County
Washoe County
Lake County, Oregon
1931 573,504 acres (2,320.89 km2)[285]
Stillwater National Wildlife Refuge Churchill County 1949 79,570 acres (322.0 km2)[286]

New Hampshire[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Great Bay National Wildlife Refuge Rockingham County 1992 1,116 acres (4.52 km2)[287]
John Hay National Wildlife Refuge Merrimack County 1987 164 acres (0.66 km2)[288]
Umbagog National Wildlife Refuge Coös County
Oxford County, Maine
1992 25,650 acres (103.8 km2)[289]
Wapack National Wildlife Refuge Hillsborough County 1972 1,672 acres (6.77 km2)[290]

New Jersey[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Cape May National Wildlife Refuge Cape May County 1989 21,200 acres (86 km2)[291]
Edwin B. Forsythe National Wildlife Refuge Atlantic County
Ocean County
1984 47,437 acres (191.97 km2)[292]
Great Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Morris County 1960 7,800 acres (32 km2)[293]
Supawna Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Salem County 1974 3,230 acres (13.1 km2)[294]
Wallkill River National Wildlife Refuge Sussex County
Orange County, New York
1990 5,100 acres (21 km2)[295]

New Mexico[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bitter Lake National Wildlife Refuge Chaves County 1937 24,563 acres (99.40 km2)[296]
Bosque del Apache National Wildlife Refuge Socorro County 1939 57,331 acres (232.01 km2)[297]
Grulla National Wildlife Refuge Roosevelt County
Bailey County, Texas
1969 3,264 acres (13.21 km2)[298]
Las Vegas National Wildlife Refuge San Miguel County 1965 8,672 acres (35.09 km2)[299]
Maxwell National Wildlife Refuge Colfax County 1965 3,699 acres (14.97 km2)[300]
San Andres National Wildlife Refuge Doña Ana County 1941 57,215 acres (231.54 km2)[301]
Sevilleta National Wildlife Refuge Socorro County 1973 230,000 acres (930 km2)[302]
Valle de Oro National Wildlife Refuge Bernalillo County 2012 570 acres (2.3 km2)[303]

New York[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Amagansett National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1968 36 acres (0.15 km2)[304]
Conscience Point National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1971 60 acres (0.24 km2)[305]
Elizabeth A. Morton National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1954 187 acres (0.76 km2)[306]
Iroquois National Wildlife Refuge Genesee County
Orleans County
1958 10,828 acres (43.82 km2)[307]
Montezuma National Wildlife Refuge Seneca County 1937 10,004 acres (40.48 km2)[308]
Oyster Bay National Wildlife Refuge* Nassau County 1968 3,209 acres (12.99 km2)[309]
Sayville National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1992 127 acres (0.51 km2)[310]
Seatuck National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1968 196 acres (0.79 km2)[311]
Shawangunk Grasslands National Wildlife Refuge Ulster County 1999 597 acres (2.42 km2)[312]
Target Rock National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1967 80 acres (0.32 km2)[313]
Wertheim National Wildlife Refuge* Suffolk County 1947 2,550 acres (10.3 km2)[314]

North Carolina[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Alligator River National Wildlife Refuge^ Dare County
Hyde County
1984 152,000 acres (620 km2)[315]
Cedar Island National Wildlife Refuge^^ Carteret County 1964 14,480 acres (58.6 km2)[316]
Currituck National Wildlife Refuge^ Currituck County 1984 8,316 acres (33.65 km2)[317]
Mackay Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Currituck County
Virginia Beach, Virginia
1960 8,231 acres (33.31 km2)[318]
Mattamuskeet National Wildlife Refuge^^ Hyde County 1934 50,173 acres (203.04 km2)[319]
Mountain Bogs National Wildlife Refuge Ashe County 2015 39 acres (0.16 km2)[320]
Pea Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Dare County 1938 31,534 acres (127.61 km2)[321]
Pee Dee National Wildlife Refuge Anson County
Richmond County
1963 8,443 acres (34.17 km2)[322]
Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge^ Hyde County
Tyrrell County
Washington County
1963 110,106 acres (445.58 km2)[323]
Roanoke River National Wildlife Refuge^ Bertie County 1989 20,978 acres (84.89 km2)[324]
Swanquarter National Wildlife Refuge^^ Hyde County 1932 16,411 acres (66.41 km2)[325]

North Dakota[edit]

Northern Mariana Islands[edit]

  • None

Ohio[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Cedar Point National Wildlife Refuge^ Lucas County 1965 2,449.77 acres (9.9139 km2)[326]
Ottawa National Wildlife Refuge^ Lucas County
Ottawa County
1961 6,857.91 acres (27.7530 km2)[327]
West Sister Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Lucas County 1937 77 acres (0.31 km2)[328]

Oklahoma[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Deep Fork National Wildlife Refuge Okmulgee County 1993 9,748 acres (39.45 km2)[329]
Little River National Wildlife Refuge McCurtain County 1987 13,660 acres (55.3 km2)[330]
Optima National Wildlife Refuge Texas County 1975 4,333 acres (17.54 km2)[331]
Ozark Plateau National Wildlife Refuge Adair County
Cherokee County
Delaware County
Ottawa County
1986 4,200 acres (17 km2)[332]
Salt Plains National Wildlife Refuge Alfalfa County 1930 32,197 acres (130.30 km2)[333]
Sequoyah National Wildlife Refuge Haskell County
Muskogee County
Sequoyah County
1970 20,800 acres (84 km2)[334]
Tishomingo National Wildlife Refuge Johnston County
Marshall County
1946 16,464 acres (66.63 km2)[335]
Washita National Wildlife Refuge Custer County 1961 8,075 acres (32.68 km2)[336]
Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge Comanche County 1901 59,020 acres (238.8 km2)[337]

Oregon[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Ankeny National Wildlife Refuge Marion County 1965 2,796 acres (11.32 km2)[338]
Bandon Marsh National Wildlife Refuge Coos County 1983 864 acres (3.50 km2)[339]
Baskett Slough National Wildlife Refuge Polk County 1965 2,492 acres (10.08 km2)[340]
Bear Valley National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County 1978 4,200 acres (17 km2)[341]
Cape Meares National Wildlife Refuge Tillamook County 1938 138.51 acres (0.5605 km2)[342]
Cold Springs National Wildlife Refuge Umatilla County 1909 3,117 acres (12.61 km2)[343]
Deer Flat National Wildlife Refuge Malheur County
Baker County
Canyon County, Idaho
Owyhee County, Idaho
Payette County, Idaho
Washington County, Idaho
1909 10,548 acres (42.69 km2)[344]
Hart Mountain National Antelope Refuge Lake County 1936 270,608 acres (1,095.11 km2)[345]
Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer Clatsop County
Columbia County
Wahkiakum County, Washington
1972 5,600 acres (23 km2)[346]
Klamath Marsh National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County 1958 40,885 acres (165.46 km2)[347]
Lewis and Clark National Wildlife Refuge Clatsop County 1972 12,167 acres (49.24 km2)[348]
Lower Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County
Siskiyou County, California
1908 187,757 acres (759.83 km2)[349]
Malheur National Wildlife Refuge Harney County 1908 187,757 acres (759.83 km2)[350]
McKay Creek National Wildlife Refuge Umatilla County 1991 1,836.5 acres (7.432 km2)[351]
Nestucca Bay National Wildlife Refuge Tillamook County 1991 1,202 acres (4.86 km2)[352]
Oregon Islands National Wildlife Refuge Oregon Coast 1935 1,083 acres (4.38 km2)[353]
Sheldon National Wildlife Refuge Lake County
Humboldt County, Nevada
Washoe County, Nevada
1931 573,504 acres (2,320.89 km2)[354]
Siletz Bay National Wildlife Refuge Lincoln County 1991 568 acres (2.30 km2)[355]
Three Arch Rocks National Wildlife Refuge Tillamook County 1907 15 acres (0.061 km2)[356]
Tualatin River National Wildlife Refuge Washington County
Yamhill County
1992 1,856 acres (7.51 km2)[357]
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge Morrow County
Benton County, Washington
1969 23,783 acres (96.25 km2)[358]
Upper Klamath National Wildlife Refuge Klamath County 1928 14,400 acres (58 km2)[359]
Wapato Lake National Wildlife Refuge Washington County
Yamhill County
2013 4,310 acres (17.4 km2)[360]
William L. Finley National Wildlife Refuge Benton County 1964 5,706 acres (23.09 km2)[361]

Pennsylvania[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Cherry Valley National Wildlife Refuge Monroe County 2008 185 acres (0.75 km2)[362]
Erie National Wildlife Refuge Crawford County 1959 8,800 acres (36 km2)[363]
John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum Delaware County
Philadelphia County
1972 1,200 acres (4.9 km2)[364]

Puerto Rico[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Cabo Rojo National Wildlife Refuge Cabo Rojo 1974 1,836 acres (7.43 km2)[365]
Culebra National Wildlife Refuge Isla Culebra 1909 1,450 acres (5.9 km2)[366]
Desecheo National Wildlife Refuge Mayagüez 1976 360 acres (1.5 km2)[367]
Laguna Cartagena National Wildlife Refuge Lajas 1989 1,059 acres (4.29 km2)[368]
Vieques National Wildlife Refuge Isla de Vieques 2001 17,771 acres (71.92 km2)[369]

Rhode Island[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Block Island National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1973 127 acres (0.51 km2)[370]
John H. Chafee National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1988 317 acres (1.28 km2)[371]
Ninigret National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1970 900 acres (3.6 km2)[372]
Sachuest Point National Wildlife Refuge Newport County 1970 242 acres (0.98 km2)[373]
Trustom Pond National Wildlife Refuge Washington County 1974 787 acres (3.18 km2)[374]

South Carolina[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Cape Romain National Wildlife Refuge^ Charleston County 1932 66,287 acres (268.25 km2)[375]
Carolina Sandhills National Wildlife Refuge Chesterfield County 1939 45,348 acres (183.52 km2)[376]
Ernest F. Hollings ACE Basin National Wildlife Refuge^ Beaufort County
Charleston County
Colleton County
Hampton County
1990 11,815 acres (47.81 km2)[377]
Pinckney Island National Wildlife Refuge^^ Beaufort County 1975 4,053 acres (16.40 km2)[378]
Santee National Wildlife Refuge^^ Clarendon County 1941 15,000 acres (61 km2)[379]
Tybee National Wildlife Refuge^^ Jasper County 1938 100 acres (0.40 km2)[380]
Waccamaw National Wildlife Refuge^ Georgetown County
Horry County
Marion County
1997 22,931 acres (92.80 km2)[381]

South Dakota[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bear Butte National Wildlife Refuge Meade County 1935 374 acres (1.51 km2)[382]
Huron Wetland Management District Central South Dakota 1992 17,518 acres (70.89 km2)[383]
Karl E. Mundt National Wildlife Refuge Gregory County
Boyd County, Nebraska
1974 1,085 acres (4.39 km2)[384]
Lacreek National Wildlife Refuge Bennett County 1935 16,410 acres (66.4 km2)[385]
Lake Andes National Wildlife Refuge Charles Mix County 1936 5,638 acres (22.82 km2)[386]
Lake Andes Wetland Management District Southeast South Dakota 1961 82,731 acres (334.80 km2)[387]
Madison Wetland Management District East Central South Dakota 1969 129,700 acres (525 km2)[388]
Sand Lake National Wildlife Refuge Brown County 1935 21,498 acres (87.00 km2)[389]
Sand Lake Wetland Management District North Central South Dakota 1961 45,000 acres (180 km2)[390]
Waubay National Wildlife Refuge Day County 1935 4,650 acres (18.8 km2)[391]
Waubay Wetland Management District Northeast South Dakota 1935 40,000 acres (160 km2)[392]

Tennessee[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Chickasaw National Wildlife Refuge^ Lauderdale County 1985 25,006 acres (101.20 km2)[393]
Cross Creeks National Wildlife Refuge Stewart County 1962 8,862 acres (35.86 km2)[394]
Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge Hardeman County
Haywood County
1964 11,556 acres (46.77 km2)[395]
Lake Isom National Wildlife Refuge^ Lake County 1938 1,846 acres (7.47 km2)[396]
Lower Hatchie National Wildlife Refuge^ Lauderdale County
Tipton County
1980 9,451 acres (38.25 km2)[397]
Reelfoot National Wildlife Refuge^ Lake County
Obion County
Fulton County, Kentucky
1941 10,428 acres (42.20 km2)[398]
Tennessee National Wildlife Refuge Benton County
Decatur County
Henry County
Humphreys County
1945 51,359 acres (207.84 km2)[399]

Texas[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Anahuac National Wildlife Refuge Chambers County 1963 37,000 acres (150 km2)[400]
Aransas National Wildlife Refuge Aransas County
Calhoun County
Refugio County
1937 114,657 acres (464.00 km2)[401]
Attwater Prairie Chicken National Wildlife Refuge Colorado County 1972 10,528 acres (42.61 km2)[402]
Balcones Canyonlands National Wildlife Refuge Burnet County
Travis County
Williamson County
1992 46,080 acres (186.5 km2)[403]
Big Boggy National Wildlife Refuge Matagorda County 1983 5,000 acres (20 km2)[404]
Brazoria National Wildlife Refuge Brazoria County 1969 44,414 acres (179.74 km2)[405]
Buffalo Lake National Wildlife Refuge Randall County 1958 7,680 acres (31.1 km2)[406]
Caddo Lake National Wildlife Refuge Harrison County 2000 8,493 acres (34.37 km2)[407]
Hagerman National Wildlife Refuge Grayson County 1946 11,320 acres (45.8 km2)[408]
Laguna Atascosa National Wildlife Refuge Cameron County
Willacy County
1946 65,096 acres (263.43 km2)[409]
Lower Rio Grande Valley National Wildlife Refuge Cameron County
Hidalgo County
Starr County
Zapata County
1979 90,788 acres (367.41 km2)[410]
McFaddin National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County 1980 58,861 acres (238.20 km2)[411]
Muleshoe National Wildlife Refuge Bailey County 1935 6,440 acres (26.1 km2)[412]
Neches River National Wildlife Refuge Anderson County
Cherokee County
2006 4,404 acres (17.82 km2)[413]
San Bernard National Wildlife Refuge Brazoria County
Matagorda County
1969 45,730 acres (185.1 km2)[414]
Santa Ana National Wildlife Refuge Hidalgo County 1943 2,088 acres (8.45 km2)[415]
Texas Point National Wildlife Refuge Jefferson County 1979 8,972 acres (36.31 km2)[416]
Trinity River National Wildlife Refuge Harrison County 1994 30,000 acres (120 km2)[417]

U.S. Minor Outlying Islands[edit]

Map of the Hawaiian and Remote Pacific Islands

Utah[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bear River Migratory Bird Refuge Box Elder County 1928 79,000 acres (320 km2)[418]
Fish Springs National Wildlife Refuge Juab County 1959 17,992 acres (72.81 km2)[419]
Ouray National Wildlife Refuge Uintah County 1960 11,987 acres (48.51 km2)[420]

Vermont[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Missisquoi National Wildlife Refuge Franklin County 1943 6,642 acres (26.88 km2)[421]

Virgin Islands (U.S.)[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Buck Island National Wildlife Refuge St. Thomas 1969 45 acres (0.18 km2)[422]
Green Cay National Wildlife Refuge St. Croix 1977 14 acres (0.057 km2)[423]
Sandy Point National Wildlife Refuge St. Croix 1984 360 acres (1.5 km2)[424]

Virginia[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Back Bay National Wildlife Refuge Virginia Beach 1938 9,062 acres (36.67 km2)[425]
Chincoteague National Wildlife Refuge Accomack County
Worcester County, Maryland
1943 14,000 acres (57 km2)[426]
Eastern Shore of Virginia National Wildlife Refuge Northampton County 1984 1,127 acres (4.56 km2)[427]
Elizabeth Hartwell Mason Neck National Wildlife Refuge^^ Fairfax County 1969 2,277 acres (9.21 km2)[428]
Featherstone National Wildlife Refuge^^ Prince William County 1970 325 acres (1.32 km2)[429]
Fisherman Island National Wildlife Refuge Northampton County 1973 1,850 acres (7.5 km2)[430]
Great Dismal Swamp National Wildlife Refuge Chesapeake
Suffolk
Camden County, North Carolina
Gates County, North Carolina
Pasquotank County, North Carolina
1974 112,000 acres (450 km2)[431]
James River National Wildlife Refuge^ Prince George County 1991 4,200 acres (17 km2)[432]
Nansemond National Wildlife Refuge Suffolk 1973 411 acres (1.66 km2)[433]
Occoquan Bay National Wildlife Refuge^^ Prince William County 1998 644 acres (2.61 km2)[434]
Plum Tree Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Poquoson 1972 3,501 acres (14.17 km2)[435]
Presquile National Wildlife Refuge^ Chesterfield County 1953 1,329 acres (5.38 km2)[436]
Rappahannock River Valley National Wildlife Refuge^ Caroline County
Essex County
King George County
Richmond County
1996 9,030 acres (36.5 km2)[437]
Wallops Island National Wildlife Refuge Wallops Island, Accomack County 1975 373 acres (1.51 km2)[438]

Washington[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Billy Frank Jr. Nisqually National Wildlife Refuge Thurston County
Pierce County
1974 4,529 acres (18.33 km2)[439]
Columbia National Wildlife Refuge Adams County
Grant County
1944 29,596 acres (119.77 km2)[440]
Conboy Lake National Wildlife Refuge Klickitat County 1964 7,072 acres (28.62 km2)[441]
Copalis National Wildlife Refuge^ Grays Harbor County 1907 60.8 acres (0.246 km2)[442]
Dungeness National Wildlife Refuge^ Clallam County 1915 772.52 acres (3.1263 km2)[443]
Flattery Rocks National Wildlife Refuge^ Clallam County 1907 125 acres (0.51 km2)[444]
Franz Lake National Wildlife Refuge Skamania County 1990 551.73 acres (2.2328 km2)[445]
Grays Harbor National Wildlife Refuge Grays Harbor County 1990 1,471.38 acres (5.9545 km2)[446]
Julia Butler Hansen Refuge for the Columbian White-Tailed Deer Wahkiakum County
Clatsop County, Oregon
Columbia County, Oregon
1972 5,600 acres (23 km2)[447]
Little Pend Oreille National Wildlife Refuge Pend Oreille County
Stevens County
1939 42,593.57 acres (172.3701 km2)[448]
McNary National Wildlife Refuge Walla Walla County 1956 14,664.54 acres (59.3453 km2)[449]
Pierce National Wildlife Refuge Skamania County 1983 329.38 acres (1.3330 km2)[450]
Protection Island National Wildlife Refuge^ Jefferson County 1982 659.31 acres (2.6681 km2)[451]
Quillayute Needles National Wildlife Refuge^ Clallam County
Jefferson County
1907 300.2 acres (1.215 km2)[452]
Ridgefield National Wildlife Refuge Clark County 1965 5,228.1 acres (21.157 km2)[453]
Saddle Mountain National Wildlife Refuge/Hanford Reach National Monument Adams County
Benton County
Franklin County
Grant County
2000 194,451 acres (786.92 km2)[454]
San Juan Islands National Wildlife Refuge^ San Juan County 1976 454 acres (1.84 km2)[455]
Steigerwald Lake National Wildlife Refuge Clark County 1987 1,049 acres (4.25 km2)[456]
Toppenish National Wildlife Refuge Yakima County 1964 1,978 acres (8.00 km2)[457]
Turnbull National Wildlife Refuge Spokane County 1937 18,684.98 acres (75.6154 km2)[458]
Umatilla National Wildlife Refuge Benton County
Morrow County, Oregon
1969 23,783 acres (96.25 km2)[459]
Willapa National Wildlife Refuge Pacific County 1937 11,000 acres (45 km2)[460]

West Virginia[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge Tucker County 11 July 1994 16,613.44 acres (67.2322 km2)
Ohio River Islands National Wildlife Refuge Ohio River 1990 2,664.54 acres (10.7830 km2)

Wisconsin[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Driftless Area National Wildlife Refuge Grant County
Richland County
Illinois
Iowa
1989 812 acres (3.29 km2)[461]
Fox River National Wildlife Refuge Marquette County 1979 1,054 acres (4.27 km2)[462]
Gravel Island National Wildlife Refuge Door County 1913 28 acres (0.11 km2)[463]
Green Bay National Wildlife Refuge Door County 1912 330 acres (1.3 km2)[464]
Horicon National Wildlife Refuge Dodge County
Fond du Lac County
1941 21,400 acres (87 km2)[465]
Leopold Wetland Management District Southeastern Wisconsin 1993 13,000 acres (53 km2)[466]
Necedah National Wildlife Refuge Juneau County 1939 43,696 acres (176.83 km2)[467]
St. Croix Wetland Management District West Central Wisconsin 1992 7,500 acres (30 km2)[468]
Trempealeau National Wildlife Refuge Buffalo County
Trempealeau County
1936 6,226 acres (25.20 km2)[469]
Whittlesey Creek National Wildlife Refuge Bayfield County 1999 329 acres (1.33 km2)[470]

Wyoming[edit]

Refuge Name Location Date Established Area
Bamforth National Wildlife Refuge Albany County 1932 1,116 acres (4.52 km2)[471]
Cokeville Meadows National Wildlife Refuge Lincoln County 1993 26,657 acres (107.88 km2)[472]
Hutton Lake National Wildlife Refuge Albany County 1932 1,968 acres (7.96 km2)[473]
Mortenson Lake National Wildlife Refuge Albany County 1993 1,776 acres (7.19 km2)[474]
National Elk Refuge Teton County 1912 25,000 acres (100 km2)[475]
Pathfinder National Wildlife Refuge Carbon County
Natrona County
1909 16,807 acres (68.02 km2)[476]
Seedskadee National Wildlife Refuge Sweetwater County 1965 27,230 acres (110.2 km2)[477]

See also[edit]

List of largest National Wildlife Refuges Washington Maritime National Wildlife Refuge Complex

References[edit]

  1. ^ Live Science: New US Wildlife Refuge Established in Florida- Retrieved 2017-12-25
  2. ^ USFWS, David Eisenhauer,. "U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service to Establish National Wildlife Refuge in Pennsylvania, National Wildlife Refuge System". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  3. ^ "National Wildlife Refuge System". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  4. ^ a b "About the Refuge - Bon Secour National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  5. ^ "Cahaba River National Wildlife Refuge" (PDF). FWS. Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  6. ^ "Eufala National Wildlife Refuge". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  7. ^ "Key Cave". Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  8. ^ "Wheeler Brochure" (PDF). Retrieved 3 September 2016.
  9. ^ "Refuge Establishment". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  10. ^ "Refuge Establishment". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  11. ^ "Refuge History - Becharof - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  12. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 17 September 2016.
  13. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  14. ^ a b "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 12 May 2017.
  15. ^ a b c d e f g h i "Statistical Data Tables for Fish & Wildlife Service Lands (as of 9/30/2017)" (PDF). U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 23 March 2018.
  16. ^ "Refuge History". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 23 Mar 2018.
  17. ^ "About the Refuge - Rose Atoll - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  18. ^ "About the Refuge - Bill Williams River National Wildlife Refuge". U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  19. ^ "About the Refuge". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 4 September 2016.
  20. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/bldcon.pdf
  21. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/bglcon.pdf
  22. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/checon.pdf
  23. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/hlbcon.pdf
  24. ^ 404-679-7292, U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, Debbie Young,. "Logan Cave National Wildlife Refuge". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.CS1 maint: extra punctuation (link)
  25. ^ https://www.fws.gov/southeast/pubs/facts/ovfcon.pdf
  26. ^ "About the Refuge - Antioch Dunes". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  27. ^ "About the Refuge - Bitter Creek". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  28. ^ "About the Refuge - Blue Ridge". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  29. ^ "About the Refuge - Butte Sink". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  30. ^ "About the Refuge - Castle Rock". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  31. ^ "About the Refuge - Clear Lake NWR". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  32. ^ "About the Refuge - Coachella Valley". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  33. ^ "About the Refuge - Colusa". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  34. ^ "About the Refuge - Delevan". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  35. ^ "About the Refuge - Don Edwards San Francisco Bay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  36. ^ "About the Refuge - Ellicott Slough". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  37. ^ "About the Refuge - Farallon". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  38. ^ "About the Refuge - Merced NWR-Grasslands Wildlife Management Area". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  39. ^ "About the Refuge - Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  40. ^ "About the Refuge - Hopper Mountain". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  41. ^ "About the Refuge - Humboldt Bay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  42. ^ "About the Refuge - Kern". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  43. ^ "About the Refuge - Lower Klamath". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  44. ^ "About the Refuge - Marin Islands". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  45. ^ "About the Refuge - Merced". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  46. ^ "About the Refuge - Modoc". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  47. ^ "About the Refuge - North Central Valley". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  48. ^ "About the Refuge - Pixley". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  49. ^ "About the Refuge - Sacramento". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  50. ^ "About the Refuge - Sacramento River". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  51. ^ "About the Refuge - Salinas River". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  52. ^ "About the Refuge - San Diego Bay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  53. ^ "About the Refuge - San Diego". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  54. ^ "About the Refuge - San Joaquin River". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  55. ^ "About the Refuge - Guadalupe-Nipomo Dunes". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  56. ^ "About the Refuge - San Pablo Bay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  57. ^ "About the Refuge - Seal Beach". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  58. ^ "About the Refuge - Sonny Bono Salton Sea". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  59. ^ "About the Refuge - Stone Lakes". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  60. ^ "About the Refuge - Sutter". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  61. ^ "About the Refuge - Tijuana Slough". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  62. ^ "About the Refuge - San Diego Bay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  63. ^ "About the Refuge - San Diego". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  64. ^ "About the Refuge - Alamosa - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  65. ^ "About the Refuge - Arapaho - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  66. ^ a b "About the Refuge - Browns Park - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 15 September 2018.
  67. ^ "About the Refuge - Stewart B. McKinney - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 28 February 2019.
  68. ^ "Bombay Hook National Wildlife Refuge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service" (PDF). www.fws.gov. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  69. ^ "About the Refuge". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 2 March 2019.
  70. ^ "About the Refuge - Archie Carr". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  71. ^ "About the Refuge - Loxahatchee". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  72. ^ "About the Refuge - Caloosahatchee". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  73. ^ "About the Refuge - Cedar Keys". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  74. ^ "About the Refuge - Chassahowitzka". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  75. ^ "About the Refuge - Crocodile Lake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  76. ^ "About the Refuge - Crystal River". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  77. ^ "About the Refuge - Egmont Key". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  78. ^ "About the Refuge - Everglades Headwaters". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  79. ^ "About the Refuge - Florida Panther". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  80. ^ "About the Refuge - Great White Heron". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  81. ^ "About the Refuge - Hobe Sound". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  82. ^ "About the Refuge - Island Bay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  83. ^ "About the Refuge - J.N. 'Ding' Darling". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  84. ^ "About the Refuge - National Key Deer". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  85. ^ "About the Refuge - Key West". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  86. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Wales Ridge". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  87. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Woodruff". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  88. ^ "About the Refuge - Lower Suwannee". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  89. ^ "About the Refuge - Matlacha Pass". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  90. ^ "About the Refuge - Merritt Island". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  91. ^ "About the Refuge - Passage Key". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  92. ^ "About the Refuge - Pelican Island". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  93. ^ "About the Refuge - Pine Island". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  94. ^ "About the Refuge - Pinellas". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  95. ^ "About the Refuge - St. Johns". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  96. ^ "About the Refuge - St. Marks". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  97. ^ "About the Refuge - St. Vincent". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  98. ^ "About the Refuge - Ten Thousand Islands". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  99. ^ "About the Refuge - Banks Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  100. ^ "About the Refuge - Blackbeard Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  101. ^ "About the Refuge - Bond Swamp - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  102. ^ "About the Refuge - Harris Neck - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  103. ^ "About the Refuge - Okefenokee - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  104. ^ "About the Refuge - Piedmont - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  105. ^ "About the Refuge - Savannah - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  106. ^ "About the Refuge - Wassaw Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  107. ^ "About the Refuge - Wolf Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  108. ^ "About the Refuge - Stewart B. McKinney - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  109. ^ "About the Refuge - Hakalau Forest - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  110. ^ "About the Refuge - Hanalei - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  111. ^ "About the Refuge - Hawaiian Islands - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  112. ^ "About the Refuge - Hulē'ia - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  113. ^ "About the Refuge - James Campbell - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  114. ^ "About the Refuge - Kakahaia - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  115. ^ "About the Refuge - Kealia Pond - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  116. ^ "About the Refuge - Kilauea Point - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  117. ^ "About the Refuge - Oahu Forest - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  118. ^ "About the Refuge - Pearl Harbor - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  119. ^ "About the Refuge - Bear Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  120. ^ "About the Refuge - Camas - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  121. ^ "About the Refuge - Deer Flat - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  122. ^ "About the Refuge - Grays Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  123. ^ "About the Refuge - Kootenai - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  124. ^ "About the Refuge - Minidoka - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  125. ^ "About the Refuge - Oxford Slough - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  126. ^ "About the Refuge - Chautauqua - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  127. ^ "About the Refuge - Crab Orchard - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  128. ^ "About the Refuge - Cypress Creek - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  129. ^ "About the Refuge - Emiquon - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  130. ^ "About the Refuge - Hackmatack - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  131. ^ "About the Refuge - Meredosia - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  132. ^ "About the Refuge - Middle Mississippi - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  133. ^ "About the Refuge - Two Rivers - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  134. ^ "About the Refuge - Big Oaks - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  135. ^ "About the Refuge - Muscatatuck - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  136. ^ "About the Refuge - Patoka River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  137. ^ "About the Refuge - DeSoto - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  138. ^ "About the Refuge - Driftless Area - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  139. ^ "Home - Neal Smith - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  140. ^ "Home - Port Louisa - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  141. ^ "Home - Union Slough - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  142. ^ "About the Refuge - Flint Hills - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  143. ^ "About the Refuge - Kirwin - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  144. ^ "About the Refuge - Marais des Cygnes - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  145. ^ "About the Refuge - Quivira - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  146. ^ "About the Refuge - Clarks River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  147. ^ "About the Refuge - Atchafalaya". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  148. ^ "About the Refuge - Bayou Cocodrie". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  149. ^ "About the Refuge - Bayou Sauvage". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  150. ^ "About the Refuge - Bayou Teche". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  151. ^ "About the Refuge - Big Branch Marsh". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  152. ^ "About the Refuge - Black Bayou Lake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  153. ^ "About the Refuge - Bogue Chitto". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  154. ^ "About the Refuge - Breton". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  155. ^ "About the Refuge - Cameron Prairie". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  156. ^ "About the Refuge - Cat Island". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  157. ^ "About the Refuge - Catahoula". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  158. ^ "About the Refuge - D'Arbonne". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  159. ^ "About the Refuge - Delta". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  160. ^ "About the Refuge - Grand Cote". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  161. ^ "About the Refuge - East Cove". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  162. ^ "About the Refuge - Handy Brake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  163. ^ "About the Refuge - Lacassine". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  164. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Ophelia". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  165. ^ "About the District - Louisiana Wetland Management District". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  166. ^ "About the Refuge - Mandalay". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  167. ^ "About the Refuge - Red River". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  168. ^ "About the Refuge - Sabine". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  169. ^ "About the Refuge - Shell Keys". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  170. ^ "About the Refuge - Tensas River". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  171. ^ "About the Refuge - Upper Ouachita". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 7 March 2019.
  172. ^ "About the Refuge - Aroostook - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  173. ^ "About the Refuge - Carlton Pond - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  174. ^ "About the Refuge - Cross Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  175. ^ "About the Refuge - Franklin Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  176. ^ "About the Refuge - Moosehorn - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  177. ^ "About the Refuge - Petit Manan - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  178. ^ "About the Refuge - Pond Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  179. ^ "About the Refuge - Rachel Carson - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  180. ^ "About the Refuge - Seal Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  181. ^ "About the Refuge - Sunkhaze Meadows - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  182. ^ "About the Refuge - Blackwater - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  183. ^ "About the Refuge - Eastern Neck - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  184. ^ "About the Refuge - Martin - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  185. ^ "About the Refuge - Patuxent - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  186. ^ "About the Refuge - Susquehanna River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  187. ^ "About the Refuge - Assabet River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  188. ^ "About the Refuge - Great Meadows - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  189. ^ "About the Refuge - Mashpee - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  190. ^ "About the Refuge - Massasoit - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  191. ^ "About the Refuge - Monomoy - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  192. ^ "About the Refuge - Nantucket - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  193. ^ "About the Refuge - Nomans Land - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  194. ^ "About the Refuge - Oxbow - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  195. ^ "About the Refuge - Parker River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  196. ^ "About the Refuge - Silvio O. Conte - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  197. ^ "About the Refuge - Thatcher Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  198. ^ "About the Refuge - Detroit River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  199. ^ "About the Refuge - Harbor Island - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  200. ^ "About the Refuge - Huron - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  201. ^ "About the Refuge - Kirtlands Warbler Wildlife Management Area - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  202. ^ "About the Refuge - Michigan Islands - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  203. ^ "About the District - Michigan Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  204. ^ "About the Refuge - Seney - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  205. ^ "About the Refuge - Shiawassee - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 25 February 2019.
  206. ^ "Home - Agassiz National Wildlife Refuge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  207. ^ "About the Refuge - Big Stone - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  208. ^ "About the District - Big Stone Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  209. ^ "Home - Crane Meadows - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  210. ^ "About the District - Detroit Lakes Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  211. ^ "About the District - Fergus Falls Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  212. ^ "About the Refuge - Glacial Ridge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  213. ^ "About the Refuge - Hamden Slough - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  214. ^ "About the District - Litchfield Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  215. ^ "About the Refuge - Mille Lacs - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  216. ^ "About the Refuge - Minnesota Valley - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  217. ^ "About the District - Minnesota Valley Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  218. ^ "About the District - Morris Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  219. ^ "About the Refuge - Northern Tallgrass Prairie - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  220. ^ "About the Refuge - Rice Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  221. ^ "About the Refuge - Rydell - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  222. ^ "About the Refuge - Sherburne - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  223. ^ "About the Refuge - Tamarac - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  224. ^ "About the Refuge - Upper Mississippi River National Wildlife and Fish Refuge - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  225. ^ "About the District - Windom Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  226. ^ "About the Refuge - Coldwater River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  227. ^ "About the Refuge - Dahomey - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  228. ^ "About the Refuge - Grand Bay - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  229. ^ "About the Refuge - Hillside - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  230. ^ "About the Refuge - Holt Collier - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  231. ^ "About the District - Matthews Brake Wetland Management District - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  232. ^ "About the Refuge - Mississippi Sandhill Crane - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  233. ^ "About the Refuge - Morgan Brake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  234. ^ "About the Refuge - Panther Swamp - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  235. ^ "About the Refuge - Noxubee - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  236. ^ "About the Refuge - St. Catherine Creek - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  237. ^ "About the Refuge - Tallahatchie - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  238. ^ "About the Refuge - Theodore Roosevelt - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  239. ^ "About the Refuge - Yazoo - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  240. ^ "About the Refuge - Big Muddy - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  241. ^ "About the Refuge - Clarence Cannon - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  242. ^ "About the Refuge - Great River - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  243. ^ "About the Refuge - Loess Bluffs - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  244. ^ "About the Refuge - Mingo - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 9 March 2019.
  245. ^ "About the Refuge - Ozark Cavefish - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  246. ^ "About the Refuge - Pilot Knob - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  247. ^ "About the Refuge - Swan Lake - U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service". www.fws.gov. Retrieved 10 February 2019.
  248. ^ "About the Refuge - Benton Lake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  249. ^ "About the District - Benton lake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  250. ^ "About the Refuge - Black Coulee". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  251. ^ "About the Refuge - Bowdoin". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  252. ^ "About the Refuge - Charles M. Russell". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  253. ^ "About the Refuge - Creedman Coulee". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  254. ^ "About the Refuge - Hailstone". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  255. ^ "About the Refuge - Halfbreed Lake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  256. ^ "About the Refuge - Hewitt Lake". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  257. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Mason". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  258. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Thibadeau". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  259. ^ "About the Refuge - Lake Thibadeau". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  260. ^ "About the Refuge - Lee Metcalf". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  261. ^ "About the Refuge - Lost Trail". US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 8 March 2019.
  262. <