List of New Zealand flags
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This is a list of flags used in New Zealand.
|1902[nb 1]– present||Flag of New Zealand||A defaced Blue Ensign with four red stars with white borders to the right, representing the constellation of Crux, the Southern Cross.|
|1867–1869||The first flag of New Zealand based on the Blue Ensign||Blue Ensign with the red letters "NZ" outlined in white|
|1840–1867[nb 2]||British Union Flag||Adopted following the signing of the Treaty of Waitangi in 1840.|
|1834–1840[nb 3]||Flag of the United Tribes of New Zealand||Based on the White Ensign. Two crosses of St George and four eight-point stars in the canton on a blue background. (See also variant design under "Maori flags" below)|
Royal and Viceregal
|1962–present||Personal Flag of Queen Elizabeth II in New Zealand||A banner of the Coat of Arms of New Zealand, defaced with a blue disc bearing the crowned letter 'E' in gold|
|2008–present||Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand||The shield of the New Zealand Coat of Arms surmounted by the Royal Crown.|
|1953–2008||Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand||A lion standing atop a crown, over a scroll inscribed "New Zealand"|
|1936–1953||Flag of the Governor-General of New Zealand||A lion standing atop a crown, over a scroll inscribed "Dominion of New Zealand"|
|1908–1936||Flag of the Governor of New Zealand||A Union Flag defaced with a white circle, with four red stars and the initial 'NZ' at the center, surrounded by a wreath of ferns.|
|1874–1908||Flag of the Governor of New Zealand||A Union Flag defaced with a white circle, with four red stars and the initial 'NZ' at the center, surrounded by a green wreath.|
|1869–1874||Governor of New Zealand||A Union Flag defaced with four five-pointed stars. This design was due to a misinterpretation of design instructions.|
|?||Flag of the Queen's Representative in the Cook Islands||Flag of the Cook Islands with a crown in the centre of the ring of stars|
|1901–||New Zealand Red Ensign||A red ensign with four white stars representing Crux, the Southern Cross|
|1968–||Ensign of the Royal New Zealand Navy||A white ensign with four red stars|
|Ensign of the Royal New Zealand Air Force||A light blue field with the roundel of the Royal Air Force defaced with the letters, "NZ".|
|16 November 1938 –||New Zealand Civil Air Ensign||A blue cross with a wide border on a light blue field. The Union Flag is in the canton, with the Southern Cross in the fly.|
|New Zealand Police Ensign||A blue flag with the New Zealand Flag in the canton, with the NZP emblem in the fly.|
|New Zealand Fire Service Ensign||A blue flag with the New Zealand Flag in the canton, with the Fire Service emblem in the fly.|
|1996–||New Zealand Customs Flag||A New Zealand Blue Ensign, with the letters "HMC" (for "Her Majesty's Customs" in the lower hoist was in use from 1966 to 1996. This flag superseded it in 1996.|
|1968–1998||New Zealand Ministry of Transport Ensign||A sky blue flag with the New Zealand Ensign in the canton, with the NZMOT coat of arms within a blue disc in the fly.|
Associated states and territories
|1979–||Flag of the Cook Islands||A Blue Ensign defaced with 15 stars in a ring|
|1975–||Flag of Niue||A yellow ensign, the Union Flag has a star in the middle and four stars forming a diamond around it|
|2008–||Flag of Tokelau||A blue flag with a stylized Polynesian canoe (vaka) in gold and a representation of the Southern Cross in the fly|
|1993–||Unofficial flag of the Chatham Islands||A blue flag with a depiction of the island superimposed on a rising sun.|
Regions and cities
|1976–||Flag of the City of Christchurch||Chevron Gules a Mitre between a Fleece and a Garbe of the first in base two Bars wavy Azure on a Chief of the last four Lymphads sails furled, also of the first And for the Crest on a Wreath Or and Azure a Kiwi proper|
|?–||Flag of the City of Dunedin||Argent a fess dancetty vert on which a sheep's head caboshed between two wheat sheafs all proper. In chief a three-towered castle sable, mortared of the first and flagged gules on a rock proper. In base a lymphad sable sailed and flagged azure.|
|1987–||Flag of the City of Nelson||Blue top third with bishop's mitre. Blue and white waves beneath with black cross flory.|
|2004–||Flag of Otago||Blue and gold, horizontally divided by a zigzag line ("dancetty", in vexillological terms), with counterchanged eight-pointed stars. Used by the Otago Regional Council, and widely by the general public in the Otago region.|
|?–||Flag of the City of Palmerston North||Plain white background with central coat of arms. 'City of Palmerston North, New Zealand' in black text above and below the coat of arms.|
|1911–||Flag of the City of Wellington||Black symmetric cross on a yellow background with a central circular design of a ship with a fish on its sail.|
|1834-||Original design of the United Tribes of New Zealand flag, widely used by Maori groups||Similar to the amended design used as the de facto national flag 1835–1840, but with eight-pointed stars and black fimbriation in the canton|
|1990–||Flag of Tino rangatiratanga – Official National Māori Flag, approved by the NZ Cabinet in 2010||A white curling stripe on a red and black field|
|Kotahitanga flag – unofficial Māori flag, widely used by Māori groups||Three horizontal stripes of red, white and black, defaced with a circular emblem featuring a mere crossed with a scroll representing the Treaty of Waitangi within a border of koru containing the word "Kotahitanga" (unity)|
|Example of a Maori Flag||Some Maori tribes use the Red Ensign defaced with their tribal name|
|1864||Hung as part of the memorial in the Auckland War Memorial Museum for those who died, both European and Māori, in the New Zealand Wars.||A white Greek cross on its left upper canton, a four pointed white star (ascending Star of Bethlehem) on its right lower canton, and downward white crescent (new moon) in the centre on a field of red.|
|1908–1912||Flag of the Australasian team at the 1908 and 1912 Olympic Games||A Blue Ensign defaced by a white circle containing the British Crown plus a shield containing the Southern Cross|
|1994–||Flag of the New Zealand Olympic Committee||A white flag with a depiction of the silver fern superimposed on the five ringed emblem of the International Olympic Committee|
|1979–1994||Flag of the New Zealand Olympic and Commonwealth Games Association||A black flag with a depiction (in white) of a silver fern on the Olympic rings.|
|1987||Flag of the All Blacks, New Zealand's national rugby team.||A black flag with a white silver fern.|
Other New Zealand flags
|Flag of the New Zealand Navy Board||A fouled anchor with a red-blue background|
|1987–||New Zealand Post flag||An orange-red flag with the NZ Post logo in white. Vertical white and blue strip in the fly.|
Proposed alternative flags
- Mulholland 2016, p. 66.
- Mulholland 2016, p. 55.
- Mulholland 2016, p. 48.
- Mulholland 2016, p. 128.
- The drawing of the United Tribes Ensign sent by Governor Bourke to King William IV, retrieved 2009-07-15. This design was amended when the flag was officially gazetted, with the eight-pointed stars replaced with five-pointed stars, and the black fimbriation replaced with white.
- "National Māori flag". Ministry for Culture & Heritage. 28 June 2012. Retrieved 18 May 2015.
- New Zealand Naval Flags
- Malcolm Mulholland (2016). "New Zealand Flag Facts" (PDF). New Zealand Flag Consideration Panel.
- Media related to Flags of New Zealand at Wikimedia Commons