List of South African flags
Jump to navigation Jump to search
This article lists the flags of the various colonies and states that have existed in South Africa since 1652.
- 1 History
- 1.1 Historical flags (1652–1928)
- 1.2 National flag (1928–1994)
- 1.3 Homeland flags (1966–1994)
- 1.4 National flag (1994–present)
- 1.5 Military flags
- 1.6 Police flags
- 2 See also
- 3 Notes
- 4 References
- 5 External links
|1857–1902||Orange Free State|
|South African Republic||('Vierkleur')|
|1874–1875||South African Republic||('Burgers Flag'). A red saltire outlined in white on a dark blue field.|
|1875–1910||Colony of Natal|
|1876–1910||Cape Colony||A blue ensign defaced with the shield-of-arms of Cape Colony|
|1883–1885||State of Goshen|
|1904–1910||Orange River Colony||A blue ensign defaced with a springbok antelope in a disc|
|1904–1910||Transvaal||A blue ensign defaced with a disc showing a lion lying on an African plain with palm trees.|
|1910–1912||Union of South Africa (Merchant flag)|
|1910–1928||Union of South Africa (State Ensign)|
|1912–1951||Union of South Africa (Merchant flag)|
|1928–1982||Republic/Union of South Africa||The flag using a darker shade of "Union" blue common before the early 1980s.|
|1982–1994||Republic of South Africa||The flag using a lighter shade of "Solway" blue as specified by the South African government in 1982.|
|1994–present||Republic of South Africa|
Historical flags (1652–1928)
- Many flags were used in South Africa prior to political unification in 1910.
- The original Dutch East India Company colony at the Cape of Good Hope (1652–1795) flew the Dutch flag, with the VOC logo in the centre. This flag was also flown during the period of Batavian Republic rule (1803–06).
- The Boer Republics, i.e. the Orange Free State (1854–1902), the South African Republic (1857–1902), Stellaland (1882–85), Goshen (1883–85), the Nieuwe Republiek (1884–88), and the Klein Vrystaat (1886–1891) had their own flags. Several derived from the Dutch flag.
- The British colonies that existed in the 19th century flew the British flags, and from the early 1870s some, i.e. Natal, Cape Colony, and later the Orange River Colony and the Transvaal, added their own colonial flag badges.
- The Union of South Africa, formed in 1910, initially used a red ensign defaced with a badge depicting the Union coat of arms. The first South African national flag, introduced in 1928, superseded it.
National flag (1928–1994)
- The Hertzog administration introduced the flag after several years of political controversy. Approved by Parliament in 1927, it was first hoisted on May 31, 1928.
- The flag reflected the Union's predecessors. The basis was the Prince's Flag (royal tricolour) of the Netherlands, with the addition of a Union Jack to represent the Cape and Natal, the former Orange Free state flag, and the former South African Republic flag.
- Until 1957, the flag was flown subordinate to the British Union Jack.
- The flag remained unchanged when South Africa became a republic on May 31, 1961. However, there was pressure to change the flag, particularly from Afrikaners who resented the fact that the Union Flag was a part of the flag. The then prime minister, Dr Hendrik Verwoerd, had a "clean" flag, comprising three vertical stripes of orange, white, and blue, with a leaping springbok over a wreath of six proteas in the centre, designed, but he was assassinated before he could introduce it, and the project died with him in 1966.
Homeland flags (1966–1994)
- Nine of the ten Black 'homelands' which were created inside South Africa under the apartheid system, had their own flags, i.e. Transkei (1966–94), Bophuthatswana (1973–94), Ciskei (1973–94), Gazankulu (1973–94), Venda (1973–94), Lebowa (1974–94), QwaQwa (1975–94), KwaZulu (1977–94), and KwaNdebele (1982–94).
- All these flags became obsolete when South Africa reincorporated the homelands on April 27, 1994.
National flag (1994–present)
- South Africa was reconstituted as a democratic state, with equal rights for men and women of all races, in 1994. The old flag's long association with the apartheid era made it unacceptable for the new dispensation, and the State Herald, Frederick Brownell therefore designed a new flag. Approved by the Transitional Executive Council (TEC) on March 20, 1994, and officially authorised by state president F. W. de Klerk on April 20, 1994, it was officially hoisted a week later, on April 27, 1994.
- The new flag was intended as an interim measure, but it proved so popular that when the final Constitution was prepared in 1996, it became the permanent flag.
|1910–1912||A British Red Ensign with the shield of the coat of arms of the Union of South Africa.|
|1910–1928||A British Blue Ensign with the shield of the coat of arms of the Union of South Africa.|
|1912–1928||A British Red Ensign with the shield of the coat of arms of the Union of South Africa on a white roundel.|
|1928–1994||Orange, white, and blue horizontal stripes, on the white stripe, a backwards Union Flag towards the hoist, the Orange Free State flag hanging vertically and the Flag of Transvaal, towards the fly. Used for both the Union and later Republic of South Africa|
|1994–present||Two horizontal bands of chilli red (top) and blue with a black triangle at the hoist, over all a green horizontal (pall) (Y-shape), fimbriated white against the red and blue and gold against the black.|
South African Defence Force
South African National Defence Force
National Defence Department
South African Police
South African Police Service
- Flag of South Africa
- National symbols of South Africa
- Coat of arms of South Africa
- Flag of Transvaal
- Flag of the Orange Free State
- Flag of the Cape Colony
- Flag of Stellaland
- Flag of the Natalia Republic
- This replaced the Orange Free State republican flag.
- The flag is the colonial flag which replaced the "Vierkleur" of the South African Republic (horizonally red, white and blue with a vertical green stripe at the hoist).
- Beckett, D. (2002) Flying with Pride.
- Brownell, F.G. (1993) National and Provincial Symbols.
- Burgers, A.P. (1997) Sovereign Flags of South Africa.
- Burgers, A.P. (2008). The South African Flag Book.
- Pama, C. (1965) Lions and Virgins.
- Pama, C. (1984) Die Vlae van Suid-Afrika.
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Flags of South Africa.|