Tibetan name

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Tibetan names typically consist of two juxtaposed elements.

Family names are rare except among those of aristocratic ancestry and then come before the personal name (but diaspora Tibetans living in societies that expect a surname may adopt one). For example, in Ngapoi Ngawang Jigme, Ngapoi was his family name and Nga-Wang Jigmê his personal name.

Tibetan nomads (drokpa) also use clan names; in farming communities, they are now rare and may be replaced by household name.

Tibetan culture is patrilineal; descent is claimed from the four ancient clans that are said to have originally inhabited Ancient Tibet: Se, Rmu, Stong and Ldong. The ancient clan system of Tibet is called rus-ba (རུས་པ), meaning bone or bone lineage.[1] The four clans were further divided into branches which are Dbra, Vgru, Ldong, Lga, Dbas and Brdav. With inter-clan marriages, the subclans were divided into many sub-branches.

While Tibetans from Kham and Amdo use their clan names as surnames, most farming communities in Central Tibet stopped using their clan names centuries ago and instead use household names.

Traditionally, personal names are bestowed upon a child by lamas, who often incorporate an element of their own name. In the Tibetan diaspora, Tibetans often apply to the Dalai Lama for names for their children. As a result, the exile community has an overwhelming population of boys and girls whose first name is "Tenzin", the personal first name of the 14th Dalai Lama.

Personal names are in most cases composed of readily understood Tibetan words. Most personal names may be given to either males or females. Only a few are specifically male or female.

Common Tibetan names include Tenzin, Tashi, Dolma, Dhondup, Sumjo, Thinley, Kalden, Yonden, Choekyi, Yangdol, Dasel, Kunphell, Khendenn, Kyipo, Lhayul, Peldun, Lhakyi, Lhami, Pasang, Pema, Metok, Dhundup, Lhamo, Sangyal, Yangkey, Tsomo, Rabten, Phuntsok, Rabgyal, Rigzin, Jangchup, Tsundue, Namgyal Wangchuk, Khando, Rangdol, Nyima, Pemba, Dawa, Tsering, Bhuti, Kunchok, Gyatso, Tenki, Phurpa, Kelsang, Karma, Gyurmey, Rinchen, Namdol, Choedon, Rigsang, Sonam, Paljor, Namdak, Kunga, Norbu, Chokphel, Dorjee, Jungney, Dema, Damchoe, Dickey, Dolkar, Lhawang, Lekhshey, Lhakpa, Samten, Choenyi, Samdup, Ngonga, Jampa, Woeser, Woeten, Wangyag, Lobsang, Wangmo and Chogden.

Meanings of some of the common names are listed below:

Tibetan Wylie Latin Meaning
བསྟན་འཛིན་ bstan 'dzin Tenzin(g) holder of the teaching[2]
རྒྱ་མཚོ་ rgya mtsho Gyatso ocean[3]
སྐག་བཟང་ skal bzang Kelsang good fortune, good luck, golden age, (a flower)[4]
ཉི་མ་ nyi ma Nyima sun, day[5]
རྡོ་རྗེ་ rdo rdje Dorje indestructable, invincible, Vajra [6]
དབྱངས་མཚོ་ dbyangs mtsho Yangtso harmony[7] + lake/ocean[8]
བསམ་གཏན་ bsam gtan Samten concentration[9]
ལྷ་མོ་ lha mo Lhamo princess, lady, goddess, Tibetan opera, opera [10]
རྒྱལ་མཚན་ rgyal mtshan Gyaltsen, Gyemtsen banner of victory, the victory banner, one of the eight auspicious symbols [11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://eng.tibet.cn/2010ls/xw/201404/t20140410_1987660.html
  2. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: bstan 'dzin". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  3. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: rgya mtsho". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  4. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: skal bzang". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  5. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: nyi ma". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  6. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: rdo rje". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  7. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: dbyangs". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  8. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: mtsho". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  9. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: bsam gtan". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  10. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: lha mo". Retrieved 2013-12-29.
  11. ^ The Tibetan & Himalayan Library. "Dictionary: lha mo". Retrieved 2013-12-29.

External links[edit]