List of U.S. states and territories by poverty rate

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Map of poverty rate in the United States in 2014. Note that this map does not show more recent 2017 data.
Legend:
Map of estimated poverty rates in the United States by county, 2008. Legend:

This article is a list of U.S. states, federal district, and territories, ordered by poverty rate. 2014 statistics are not identical to official poverty rates because they include children not counted in the official numbers (see Revised Tables link below). Supplemental Poverty Measure takes into account differences in cost of living between states (i.e. housing costs appreciably higher/lower than the national average) as well as taxes and the value of government assistance programs. All data are from the United States Census Bureau.

In 2017, the lowest poverty rate was in New Hampshire, and the highest poverty rate was in American Samoa (the highest poverty rate among the states was in Mississippi).

Data for four of the territories is from American FactFinder (the U.S. Census Bureau) and from the U.S. Census Bureau's "QuickFacts" for Puerto Rico.[1][2][3][4][5]

States, federal district and territories[edit]

The states and territories are ranked by 2017 data (2017 American Community Survey 1-year estimates) of the percent of people in poverty in each state and territory.[6][note 1]

Rank State
federal district
or territory
2017 Poverty rate
(percent of
persons in poverty)[note 2][6]
People in Poverty
by Household Income
(in thousands)
2014 Poverty Rates
(includes unrelated children)
Supplemental Poverty Measure (2010-2014 average)
(Geographically Adjusted)
- United States 12.3%[7] 45,950 16.0%[8][9]
1  New Hampshire 7.7% 117 9.5% 15.5%
2  Maryland 9.3% 604 9.6% 10.1%
3  Hawaii 9.5% 158 12.6% 17.3%
4  Minnesota 9.5% 607 12.1% 9.7%
5  Connecticut 9.6% 376 10.6% 12.5%[10][11][12]
6  Utah 9.7% 341 9.8% 11.6%
7  New Jersey 10.0% 972 13.7% 13.9%[13][14]
8   North Dakota 10.3% 79 11.0% 9.2%
9  Colorado 10.3% 632 12.4% 13.7%
10  Massachusetts 10.5% 760 10.9% 13.8%
11  Virginia 10.6% 955 10.8% 13.3%
12  Iowa 10.7% 368 10.9% 8.6%
13  Nebraska 10.8% 167 10.0% 9.8%[15][16]
14  Washington 11.0% 913 11.9% 12.2%
15  Alaska 11.1% 81 12.1% 12.5%
16  Maine 11.1% 181 11.6% 11.2%
17  Wyoming 11.3% 54 9.3% 9.3%
18  Vermont 11.3% 72 9.7% 13.4%[17]
19  Wisconsin 11.3% 737 11.1% 10.8%
20  Rhode Island 11.6% 149 13.2% 13.6%
21  Kansas 11.9% 381 13.9% 11.5%
22  Pennsylvania 12.5% 1,679 11.2% 12.6%
23  Montana 12.5% 151 13.5% 12.1%
24  Illinois 12.6% 1,802 13.3% 15.2%
25  Idaho 12.8% 237 13.9% 11.8%
26  South Dakota 13.0% 115 14.3% 10.6%
27  Nevada 13.0% 430 13.1% 19.8%
28  Oregon 13.2% 637 7.11% 10.3%
29  California 13.3% 6,253 15.5% 23.8%
30  Missouri 13.4% 908 15.6% 12.4%
31  Indiana 13.5% 968 16.4% 14.2%
32  Delaware 13.6% 118 12.4% 13.9%
33  Ohio 14.0% 1,778 13.5% 13.2%
34  Florida 14.0% 3,231 14.6% 19.5%[18]
35  New York 14.1% 2,760 15.9% 18.1%[19]
36  Michigan 14.2% 1,567 27.6% 13.5%
37  Texas 14.7% 4,519 17.4% 16.4%
38  North Carolina 14.7% 1,663 17.0% 14.2%
39  Arizona 14.9% 1,195 21.3% 18.8%
40 Georgia (U.S. state) Georgia 14.9% 1,298 18.5% 18.2%
41  Tennessee 15.0% 1,165 16.7% 15.5%
42  South Carolina 15.4% 838 13.8% 15.8%
43  Oklahoma 15.8% 623 13.0% 13.4%
44  Arkansas 16.4% 539 19.1% 16.5%
45  District of Columbia 16.6% 114 18.0% 22.7%[20]
46  Alabama 16.9% 905 16.8% 13.5%
47  Kentucky 17.2% 812 17.1% 13.6%
48  West Virginia 19.1% 328 16.0% 12.9%
49  Louisiana 19.7% 898 14.3% 18.5%[21]
50  New Mexico 19.7% 347 19.6% 16.1%
51  Mississippi 19.8% 634 23.2% 16.1%[22]
52  U.S. Virgin Islands 22.4% 23.6
53  Guam 22.9% 35.8
54  Puerto Rico 44.4% 1,451.6
55  Northern Mariana Islands 52.3% 27.9
56  American Samoa [23][note 3] 65.0% 31.8

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ In the table below, data for the 50 states, the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico is from 2017 (American Community Survey estimates). Data for Guam, the Northern Mariana Islands and the U.S. Virgin Islands is from 2010. Data for American Samoa is from a 2017 statement by the governor of American Samoa.
  2. ^ 2017 data for the 50 states, D.C. and Puerto Rico (2017 American Community Survey estimates); 2017 data for American Samoa; 2010 data for the U.S. Virgin Islands, Guam and the Northern Mariana Islands.
  3. ^ In 2009, the poverty rate in American Samoa was 57.8%.[5] In 2017 the governor of American Samoa said that the poverty rate in American Samoa was 65%.[23]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ http://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_VISF_PBG76&prodType=table Census.gov. American Factfinder. U.S. Virgin Islands. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  2. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_GUSF_PBG82&prodType=table Census.gov. American Factfinder. Guam. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  3. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/PR Census.gov. Quick Facts. Puerto Rico. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  4. ^ https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_MPSF_PBG82&prodType=table Census.gov. American Factfinder. Northern Mariana Islands. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  5. ^ a b https://factfinder.census.gov/faces/tableservices/jsf/pages/productview.xhtml?pid=DEC_10_ASSF_PBG82&prodType=table Census.gov. American Factfinder. American Samoa. Poverty Status in 2009 by Age. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  6. ^ a b https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/US U.S. Census. QuickFacts. (Substitute “US” in URL for the state abbreviation, such as AL for Alabama, to see each state’s data.) Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  7. ^ https://www.census.gov/quickfacts/fact/table/US/PST045218 U.S. Census. Quick Facts — United States. Retrieved July 2, 2019.
  8. ^ "Income, Poverty and Health Insurance Coverage in the U.S.: 2014". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  9. ^ "Small Area Income and Poverty Estimates - Interactive Data and Mapping - U.S. Census Bureau". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  10. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  11. ^ "Connecticut 2015 Report". Talkpoverty.org. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  12. ^ [1][dead link]
  13. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  14. ^ [2][dead link]
  15. ^ [3][dead link]
  16. ^ "The Supplemental Poverty Measure : 2013" (PDF). Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  17. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  18. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  19. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  20. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  21. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  22. ^ "Population Estimates : July 1, 2016". Census.gov. Retrieved 18 October 2017.
  23. ^ a b http://www.pireport.org/articles/2017/03/02/american-samoa-governor-says-small-economies-cannot-afford-any-reduction Pireport.org. American Samoa Governor Says Small Economies 'Cannot Afford Any Reduction In Medicaid. Fili Sagapolutele. 03/02/2017. Retrieved 8 January 2018.

External links[edit]