List of United States Senate election results by state

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

The following table shows regularly-scheduled United States Senate elections by state by year. The table does not include appointments or special elections, though it does include elections that occurred upon a state delegation's admission or readmission to the Senate. The table also includes elections that filled vacancies to unexpired terms that had never been filled due to legislative deadlock or an elected candidate's failure to qualify. The table does not denote post-election party switching. Note that, particularly prior to the ratification of the 17th Amendment in 1913, many regular elections took place in odd years rather than in the preceding even years.

Legend[edit]

Label Party Label Party Label Party Label Party Label Party
PA Pro-Administration Faction AJ Anti-Jacksonian FS Free Soil Party SR Silver Republican Party No regularly-scheduled election
AA Anti-Administration Faction D Democratic Party A American Party FL Farmer-Labor Party I Independent
F Federalist Party R Republican Party Po Populist Party Sp Split result[1]
DR Democratic-Republican Party Nu Nullifier Party U Unionists[2]
J Jacksonites W Whig Party Ra Readjuster Party

Table[edit]

    First Party System         Second Party System     Third Party System     Fourth Party System     Fifth Party System     Sixth Party System[3]
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1789
1
1st
1789
2
1st
1789
3
1st
1790
1
2nd
1792
2
3rd
1794
3
4th
1796
1
5th
1798
2
6th
1800
3
7th
1802
1
8th
1804
2
9th
1806
3
10th
1808
1
11th
1810
2
12th
1812
3
13th
1814
1
14th
1816
2
15th
1818
3
16th
1820
1
17th
1822
2
18th
1824
3
19th
1826
1
20th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1828
2
21st
1830
3
22nd
1832
1
23rd
1834
2
24th
1836
3
25th
1838
1
26th
1840
2
27th
1842
3
28th
1844
1
29th
1846
2
30th
1848
3
31st
1850
1
32nd
1852
2
33rd
1854
3
34th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1856
1
35th
1858
2
36th
1860
3
37th
1862
1
38th
1864
2
39th
1866
3
40th
1868
1
41st
1870
2
42nd
1872
3
43rd
1874
1
44th
1876
2
45th
1878
3
46th
1880
1
47th
1882
2
48th
1884
3
49th
1886
1
50th
1888
2
51st
1890
3
52nd
1892
1
53rd
1894
2
54th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1896
3
55th
1898
1
56th
1900
2
57th
1902
3
58th
1904
1
59th
1906
2
60th
1908
3
61st
1910
1
62nd
1912
2
63rd
1914
3
64th
1916
1
65th
1918
2
66th
1920
3
67th
1922
1
68th
1924
2
69th
1926
3
70th
1928
1
71st
1930
2
72nd
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1932
3
73rd
1934
1
74th
1936
2
75th
1938
3
76th
1940
1
77th
1942
2
78th
1944
3
79th
1946
1
80th
1948
2
81st
1950
3
82nd
1952
1
83rd
1954
2
84th
1956
3
85th
1958
1
86th
1960
2
87th
1962
3
88th
1964
1
89th
1966
2
90th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1968
3
91st
1970
1
92nd
1972
2
93rd
1974
3
94th
1976
1
95th
1978
2
96th
1980
3
97th
1982
1
98th
1984
2
99th
1986
3
100th
1988
1
101st
1990
2
102nd
1992
3
103rd
1994
1
104th
1996
2
105th
1998
3
106th
2000
1
107th
2002
2
108th
2004
3
109th
2006
1
110th
2008
2
111th
2010
3
112th
2012
1
113th
2014
2
114th
2016
3
115th
2018
1
116th
Alabama     2DR DR J Alabama D D D D D D D D D D Alabama D 2R D R D D D D D D D Alabama D D D D D D D D D D D D Alabama D D D D D D D D D D D D Alabama D D D D R D D D D R R R R R R R R
Alaska       Alaska   Alaska   Alaska   Alaska   2D D D D Alaska D R D R R R R R R R R R R D R R R
Arizona       Arizona   Arizona   Arizona   2D D D R D D D Arizona D D D D D D D R D R D R Arizona R R R D R D R D R R R R R R R R R TBD
Arkansas       Arkansas   2D D D D D D D Arkansas D D 2R R R D D D D D D D Arkansas D D D D D D D D D D D D Arkansas D D D D D D D D D D D D Arkansas D D D D D D D D D R D D D D R R R
California       California   2D D California D D R R D R AM D R R D R D California R R R R R R D R R R R R California D R D R D R R R R D R R California D D D R D R D R D D D D D D D D D TBD
Colorado       Colorado   Colorado   2R R R R R SR R Colorado D D D R D D D R R R R D Colorado D D D D R D R R D R R R Colorado R D D R D R D R R R R R D D D R D
Connecticut PA PA PA F F F F F F F F DR DR AJ AJ Connecticut AJ AJ D W D W W D R Connecticut R R R R R LR D R R R R R R Connecticut R R R R R R R R R R R R Connecticut D D R D D R D R R D D D Connecticut D R D R D R D D D D D D D I D D D TBD
Delaware PA AA PA PA F F F F F F F F F F J Delaware AJ AJ W W W W W D W Delaware D D D D D D D D D D D R D D Delaware R R R R R D D R D R R R Delaware R D D R R D R D R R R R Delaware R D R D R D R D R D D D D D D D TBD
Florida       Florida   2D W D D Florida D 2R R D D D D D D D Florida D D D D D D D D D D D D Florida D D D D D D D D D D D D Florida R D D D R D D R D R D D R D R D R TBD
Georgia AA AA AA F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Georgia D D D D W D W W D D Georgia D R D D D D D D D D D Georgia D D D D D D D D D D D D Georgia D D D D D D D D D D D D Georgia D D D D R D D D R D R R R R R R R
Hawaii       Hawaii   Hawaii   Hawaii   Hawaii   Sp D R Hawaii D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D TBD
Idaho       Idaho   Idaho   2R R Idaho Po SR R R R R R R R R R R Idaho D R D R D D R R D R D R Idaho D R D R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
Illinois     2DR DR J Illinois D D D D D D D D D D Illinois D R R R R R I R R R R D R Illinois R R R R R D R R R R R D Illinois D D D R D D R D R D R R Illinois R R D R D D D D D D R D D D R D D
Indiana     2DR DR DR AJ AJ Indiana AJ D W W D D D D D Indiana D R D R R R D D R D D D D Indiana R R R R D D D R R D R R Indiana D D D R R R R R R D D D Indiana D D D R R R R R R R D R D R R D R TBD
Iowa       Iowa   2D D FS Iowa R R R R R R R R R R R R R Iowa R R R R R R R R R R R R Iowa D D D R R D R R R R R R Iowa D D D R R D R D R D R D R D R R R
Kansas       Kansas   Kansas   2R R R R R R R R R R Po R Kansas Po R R R R D R R R R R R Kansas D R R R R R R R R R R R Kansas R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R
Kentucky   2AA F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Kentucky D AJ W W W W W W W W Kentucky D D D D D D D D D D D D D Kentucky R D D D R D D D R R D D Kentucky D D D D D D D D R R R R Kentucky R D D D D R D R D R R R R R R R R
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1789
1
1st
1789
2
1st
1789
3
1st
1790
1
2nd
1792
2
3rd
1794
3
4th
1796
1
5th
1798
2
6th
1800
3
7th
1802
1
8th
1804
2
9th
1806
3
10th
1808
1
11th
1810
2
12th
1812
3
13th
1814
1
14th
1816
2
15th
1818
3
16th
1820
1
17th
1822
2
18th
1824
3
19th
1826
1
20th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1828
2
21st
1830
3
22nd
1832
1
23rd
1834
2
24th
1836
3
25th
1838
1
26th
1840
2
27th
1842
3
28th
1844
1
29th
1846
2
30th
1848
3
31st
1850
1
32nd
1852
2
33rd
1854
3
34th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1856
1
35th
1858
2
36th
1860
3
37th
1862
1
38th
1864
2
39th
1866
3
40th
1868
1
41st
1870
2
42nd
1872
3
43rd
1874
1
44th
1876
2
45th
1878
3
46th
1880
1
47th
1882
2
48th
1884
3
49th
1886
1
50th
1888
2
51st
1890
3
52nd
1892
1
53rd
1894
2
54th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1896
3
55th
1898
1
56th
1900
2
57th
1902
3
58th
1904
1
59th
1906
2
60th
1908
3
61st
1910
1
62nd
1912
2
63rd
1914
3
64th
1916
1
65th
1918
2
66th
1920
3
67th
1922
1
68th
1924
2
69th
1926
3
70th
1928
1
71st
1930
2
72nd
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1932
3
73rd
1934
1
74th
1936
2
75th
1938
3
76th
1940
1
77th
1942
2
78th
1944
3
79th
1946
1
80th
1948
2
81st
1950
3
82nd
1952
1
83rd
1954
2
84th
1956
3
85th
1958
1
86th
1960
2
87th
1962
3
88th
1964
1
89th
1966
2
90th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1968
3
91st
1970
1
92nd
1972
2
93rd
1974
3
94th
1976
1
95th
1978
2
96th
1980
3
97th
1982
1
98th
1984
2
99th
1986
3
100th
1988
1
101st
1990
2
102nd
1992
3
103rd
1994
1
104th
1996
2
105th
1998
3
106th
2000
1
107th
2002
2
108th
2004
3
109th
2006
1
110th
2008
2
111th
2010
3
112th
2012
1
113th
2014
2
114th
2016
3
115th
2018
1
116th
Louisiana     2DR DR DR DR AJ Louisiana D D D D W W D D W D Louisiana D 2R R D R D D D D D D Louisiana D D D D D D D D D D D D Louisiana D D D D D D D D D D D D Louisiana D D D D D D D D D D D D R D R R R
Maine     2DR DR J Maine AJ D D D W D D D W Maine D R R R R R R R R R R R R R Maine R R R R D R R R R R R R Maine R R R R R R R R D R D R Maine D D D R D R D R R R R R R R I R TBD
Maryland PA PA PA F F DR DR DR DR F F DR DR J J Maryland AJ AJ W W W W W W W Maryland A D U D D D D D D D D D D Maryland R R D D D D D R R D D R Maryland D D D D D D R R R R D D Maryland R R R D R D D D D D D D D D D D D TBD
Massachusetts PA PA PA PA F F F F F DR F F F F AJ Massachusetts AJ AJ W W W W W FS W Massachusetts R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Massachusetts R R R R R R R D R R D D Massachusetts D R D R R R D R D R D R Massachusetts D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D D TBD
Michigan       Michigan   2D W D D D D Michigan R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Michigan R R R R R R R R D R R R Michigan R D R R R R R D D D D R Michigan D R D D D D D D R D D D D D D D TBD
Minnesota       Minnesota   Minnesota   Sp[4] R R R R R R R R R R R R Minnesota R R R R R R R R FL R FL R Minnesota FL FL R R R D R D D D D D Minnesota D D D R R R R D R D D R D D D D TBD
Mississippi     2DR DR DR J Mississippi D AJ D W D D D D D Mississippi D D 2R R D D D D D D D Mississippi D D D D D D D D D D D D Mississippi D D D D D D D D D D D D Mississippi D D D R D R R R R R R R R R R R TBD
Missouri     2DR AJ J Missouri D D D D D D D W D Missouri D D U R R D D D D D D D D Missouri D D D R D D D D R D D R Missouri D D D D R R D D D D D D Missouri D D D R D R R R R R R R R D R D R TBD
Montana       Montana   Montana   2R R R Montana D D R R D D D D D D D D Montana D D D D R D D D D D D D Montana D D D D D D R D R D R D D D D R TBD
Nebraska       Nebraska   Nebraska   2R R R R R R R R R Po R Nebraska R R R R D R D R R R R R Nebraska D I R R R R R R R R R R Nebraska R R D D D D D D D R D R D R R R TBD
Nevada       Nevada   Nevada   2R R R R R R D R R R SR Nevada Si SR D R D R D D R D R D Nevada D D D D D R D R D D D D Nevada D D R D R R D D D D D R D R D R D TBD
New Hampshire AA AA PA DR F F DR DR DR F DR DR DR J New Hampshire AJ D D D D D FS D D R New Hampshire R R R R R R R R R R R R R New Hampshire R R R R R D R R R R R R New Hampshire D R R R R R R R R R R D New Hampshire R D D R R R R R R R R R R D R D D
New Jersey PA PA PA PA F F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR AJ New Jersey AJ AJ D W W W W D D New Jersey D R D D D R D D R D D D D R New Jersey R R R R D D R R D R R R New Jersey D D R R R R R R D R D R New Jersey D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D D TBD
New Mexico       New Mexico   New Mexico   New Mexico   2R D R D D R D New Mexico R D D D D D D D D D D D New Mexico D R R R D R D R D R D R D D D D TBD
New York PA PA AA F F DR DR DR DR F DR F DR AJ J New York D D D D D W W W R New York R R R R R R D R R R R D D New York R R R R R D R R R D D D New York D D D D D R D R R R R D New York R C R D R D R D R D D D D D D D D TBD
North Carolina PA PA AA DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J North Carolina D D D D W D W W D D North Carolina D D 2R D D D D D D D D Po North Carolina R D D D D D D D D D D D North Carolina D D D D D D D D D D D D North Carolina D R D R R R D R R R D R R D R R R
North Dakota       North Dakota   North Dakota   2R R D North Dakota R R R R R R R R R R R R North Dakota R R R R D R R R R R R D North Dakota R D R D R D D D D D D D D D R D R TBD
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1789
1
1st
1789
2
1st
1789
3
1st
1790
1
2nd
1792
2
3rd
1794
3
4th
1796
1
5th
1798
2
6th
1800
3
7th
1802
1
8th
1804
2
9th
1806
3
10th
1808
1
11th
1810
2
12th
1812
3
13th
1814
1
14th
1816
2
15th
1818
3
16th
1820
1
17th
1822
2
18th
1824
3
19th
1826
1
20th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1828
2
21st
1830
3
22nd
1832
1
23rd
1834
2
24th
1836
3
25th
1838
1
26th
1840
2
27th
1842
3
28th
1844
1
29th
1846
2
30th
1848
3
31st
1850
1
32nd
1852
2
33rd
1854
3
34th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1856
1
35th
1858
2
36th
1860
3
37th
1862
1
38th
1864
2
39th
1866
3
40th
1868
1
41st
1870
2
42nd
1872
3
43rd
1874
1
44th
1876
2
45th
1878
3
46th
1880
1
47th
1882
2
48th
1884
3
49th
1886
1
50th
1888
2
51st
1890
3
52nd
1892
1
53rd
1894
2
54th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1896
3
55th
1898
1
56th
1900
2
57th
1902
3
58th
1904
1
59th
1906
2
60th
1908
3
61st
1910
1
62nd
1912
2
63rd
1914
3
64th
1916
1
65th
1918
2
66th
1920
3
67th
1922
1
68th
1924
2
69th
1926
3
70th
1928
1
71st
1930
2
72nd
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1932
3
73rd
1934
1
74th
1936
2
75th
1938
3
76th
1940
1
77th
1942
2
78th
1944
3
79th
1946
1
80th
1948
2
81st
1950
3
82nd
1952
1
83rd
1954
2
84th
1956
3
85th
1958
1
86th
1960
2
87th
1962
3
88th
1964
1
89th
1966
2
90th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1968
3
91st
1970
1
92nd
1972
2
93rd
1974
3
94th
1976
1
95th
1978
2
96th
1980
3
97th
1982
1
98th
1984
2
99th
1986
3
100th
1988
1
101st
1990
2
102nd
1992
3
103rd
1994
1
104th
1996
2
105th
1998
3
106th
2000
1
107th
2002
2
108th
2004
3
109th
2006
1
110th
2008
2
111th
2010
3
112th
2012
1
113th
2014
2
114th
2016
3
115th
2018
1
116th
Ohio     2DR DR DR DR DR DR DR AJ AJ Ohio AJ D D D D W FS W D Ohio R R R R D R D D R D R D R Ohio R R R R R D R D R R R R Ohio D D R R R R R R D D D D Ohio R R D D D D D D D R R R R D R D R TBD
Oklahoma       Oklahoma   Oklahoma       Oklahoma   2D D D D D R R D D Oklahoma D D D R D D D D D D D D Oklahoma R R R D R D R D R R R R R R R R R
Oregon       Oregon   Oregon   2D R R R D R D D R R R R R Oregon R R R R D D D R R R R R Oregon R R R R R R R D D D D R Oregon R R R R R R R R R R D R D D D D D
Pennsylvania AA PA AA F F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR AJ J Pennsylvania D D D D D D W D D Pennsylvania R R D R R R D R R R R R R Pennsylvania R R R R R R R R R R R R Pennsylvania R D R D D R R R D R D R Pennsylvania R R R R R R R R R R R R R D R D R TBD
Rhode Island PA AA PA PA F F DR DR F DR F F DR DR AJ Rhode Island AJ AJ W W W W W D D Rhode Island R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Rhode Island R R R R R R D R D R R R Rhode Island D D D D D D D D D D D D Rhode Island D D R D R D R D R D R D D D D D TBD
South Carolina PA PA AA F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J South Carolina D Nu Nu W D D D D D D South Carolina D 2R R R D D D D D D D South Carolina D D D D D D D D D D D D South Carolina D D D D D D D D D D D R South Carolina D R D R D R D R D R D R R R R R R
South Dakota       South Dakota   South Dakota   2R I R South Dakota Po R R R R R D R R R R D South Dakota R D R R R R R R R R D R South Dakota D D D R R R D R D D D D R D R R R
Tennessee     2DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Tennessee D D W D W D W W W Tennessee D D Sp R D D D D D D D D D Tennessee D D D D D D D D D D D D Tennessee D D D D D D D D D D D R Tennessee R R D R D D D D R R R R R R R R TBD
Texas       Texas   2D D D Texas D D 2R D D D D D D D D Texas D D D D D D D D D D D D Texas D D D D D D D D D D D R Texas D R D R D R D R R R R R R R R R TBD
Utah       Utah   Utah   Utah Sp[5] R R R R R R D R D R D Utah D D D D D R R R R D R D Utah R D R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R TBD
Vermont   2AA F F F DR DR DR DR F DR DR AJ AJ Vermont AJ AJ W W W W W W W Vermont R R R R R R R R R R R R R Vermont R R R R R R R R R R R R Vermont R R R R R R R R R R R R Vermont R R D R D R D R D R D R D I D I D TBD
Virginia AA AA AA AA DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Virginia D AJ W W W D D D D Virginia D D U[6] N[7] Sp D D Ra Ra D D D D Virginia D D D D D D D D D D D D Virginia D D D D D D D D D D D D Virginia I R I R R R D R D R R R D D D D TBD
Washington       Washington   Washington   2R R R Washington R R R R R R R R R D R D Washington D D D D D R D D D D D D Washington D D D D R D D R D R D D D D D D D TBD
West Virginia       West Virginia   West Virginia   2U R R D D D D D D D D R West Virginia R R R R D R R R D R R D West Virginia D D D R D D D D D D D D West Virginia D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D R TBD
Wisconsin       Wisconsin   2D D R Wisconsin R R R R R R R R R R R D D Wisconsin R R R R R R D R R R R R Wisconsin D Pr R R R R R R R D D D Wisconsin D D D D R D R D D D D D D D R D R TBD
Wyoming       Wyoming   Wyoming   2R R R Wyoming R R R R R R D R D R D R Wyoming D D D R D D R D D R D R Wyoming D R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R TBD
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1789
1
1st
1789
2
1st
1789
3
1st
1790
1
2nd
1792
2
3rd
1794
3
4th
1796
1
5th
1798
2
6th
1800
3
7th
1802
1
8th
1804
2
9th
1806
3
10th
1808
1
11th
1810
2
12th
1812
3
13th
1814
1
14th
1816
2
15th
1818
3
16th
1820
1
17th
1822
2
18th
1824
3
19th
1826
1
20th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1828
2
21st
1830
3
22nd
1832
1
23rd
1834
2
24th
1836
3
25th
1838
1
26th
1840
2
27th
1842
3
28th
1844
1
29th
1846
2
30th
1848
3
31st
1850
1
32nd
1852
2
33rd
1854
3
34th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1856
1
35th
1858
2
36th
1860
3
37th
1862
1
38th
1864
2
39th
1866
3
40th
1868
1
41st
1870
2
42nd
1872
3
43rd
1874
1
44th
1876
2
45th
1878
3
46th
1880
1
47th
1882
2
48th
1884
3
49th
1886
1
50th
1888
2
51st
1890
3
52nd
1892
1
53rd
1894
2
54th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1896
3
55th
1898
1
56th
1900
2
57th
1902
3
58th
1904
1
59th
1906
2
60th
1908
3
61st
1910
1
62nd
1912
2
63rd
1914
3
64th
1916
1
65th
1918
2
66th
1920
3
67th
1922
1
68th
1924
2
69th
1926
3
70th
1928
1
71st
1930
2
72nd
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1932
3
73rd
1934
1
74th
1936
2
75th
1938
3
76th
1940
1
77th
1942
2
78th
1944
3
79th
1946
1
80th
1948
2
81st
1950
3
82nd
1952
1
83rd
1954
2
84th
1956
3
85th
1958
1
86th
1960
2
87th
1962
3
88th
1964
1
89th
1966
2
90th
Year →
Class →
Congress →
1968
3
91st
1970
1
92nd
1972
2
93rd
1974
3
94th
1976
1
95th
1978
2
96th
1980
3
97th
1982
1
98th
1984
2
99th
1986
3
100th
1988
1
101st
1990
2
102nd
1992
3
103rd
1994
1
104th
1996
2
105th
1998
3
106th
2000
1
107th
2002
2
108th
2004
3
109th
2006
1
110th
2008
2
111th
2010
3
112th
2012
1
113th
2014
2
114th
2016
3
115th
2018
1
116th
  First Party System     Second Party System   Third Party System   Fourth Party System   Fifth Party System   Sixth Party System

Tables by Census region[edit]

Northeast[edit]

First Party System Second Party System Third Party System Fourth Party System Fifth Party System Sixth Party System[3]
State 1789 1789 1790 1792 1794 1796 1798 1800 1802 1804 1806 1808 1810 1812 1814 1816 1818 1820 1822 1824 1826 State 1828 1830 1832 1834 1836 1838 1840 1842 1844 1846 1848 1850 1852 1854 State 1856 1858 1860 1862 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 State 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 State 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 State 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 State
Connecticut PA PA PA F F F F F F F F DR DR AJ AJ Connecticut AJ AJ D W D W W D R Connecticut R R R R R LR D R R R R R R Connecticut R R R R R R R R R R R R Connecticut D D R D D R D R R D D D Connecticut D R D R D R D D D D D D D I D D D D Connecticut
Maine Part of Massachusetts Part of Massachusetts 2DR DR J Maine AJ D D D W D D D W Maine D R R R R R R R R R R R R R Maine R R R R D R R R R R R R Maine R R R R R R R R D R D R Maine D D D R D R D R R R R R R R I R I Maine
Massachusetts PA PA PA PA F F F F F DR F F F F AJ Massachusetts AJ AJ W W W W W FS W Massachusetts R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Massachusetts R R R R R R R D R R D D Massachusetts D R D R R R D R D R D R Massachusetts D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D Massachusetts
New Hampshire AA AA PA DR F F DR DR DR F DR DR DR J New Hampshire AJ D D D D D FS D D R New Hampshire R R R R R R R R R R R R R New Hampshire R R R R R D R R R R R R New Hampshire D R R R R R R R R R R D New Hampshire R D D R R R R R R R R R R D R D D New Hampshire
New Jersey PA PA F F F F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR AJ New Jersey AJ AJ D W W W W D D New Jersey D R D D D R D D R D D D D R New Jersey R R R R D D R R D R R R New Jersey D D R R R R R R D R D R New Jersey D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D New Jersey
New York PA PA AA F F DR DR DR DR F DR F DR AJ J New York D D D D D W W W R New York R R R R R R D R R R R D D New York R R R R R D R R R D D D New York D D D D D R D R R R R D New York R C R D R D R D R D D D D D D D D D New York
Pennsylvania AA PA AA F F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR AJ J Pennsylvania D D D D D D W D D Pennsylvania R R D R R R D R R R R R R Pennsylvania R R R R R R R R R R R R Pennsylvania R D R D D R R R D R D R Pennsylvania R R R R R R R R R R R R R D R D R D Pennsylvania
Rhode Island PA AA PA PA F F DR DR F DR F F DR DR AJ Rhode Island AJ AJ W W W W W D D Rhode Island R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Rhode Island R R R R R R D R D R R R Rhode Island D D D D D D D D D D D D Rhode Island D D R D R D R D R D R D D D D D D Rhode Island
Vermont 2AA F F F DR DR DR DR F DR DR AJ AJ Vermont AJ AJ W W W W W W W Vermont R R R R R R R R R R R R R Vermont R R R R R R R R R R R R Vermont R R R R R R R R R R R R Vermont R R D R D R D R D R D R D I D I D I Vermont
State 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th State 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th State 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th 46th 47th 48th 49th 50th 51st 52nd 53rd 54th State 55th 56th 57th 58th 59th 60th 61st 62nd 63rd 64th 65th 66th 67th 68th 69th 70th 71st 72nd State 73rd 74th 75th 76th 77th 78th 79th 80th 81st 82nd 83rd 84th 85th 86th 87th 88th 89th 90th State 91st 92nd 93rd 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th 112th 113th 114th 115th 116th 117th State

South[edit]

First Party System Second Party System Third Party System Civil War and Reconstruction Third Party System Fourth Party System Fifth Party System Sixth Party System[3]
State 1789 1789 1790 1792 1794 1796 1798 1800 1802 1804 1806 1808 1810 1812 1814 1816 1818 1820 1822 1824 1826 State 1828 1830 1832 1834 1836 1838 1840 1842 1844 1846 1848 1850 1852 1854 State 1856 1858 1860 1862 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 State 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 State 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 State 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 State
Alabama 2DR DR J Alabama D D D D D D D D D D Alabama D 2R D R D D D D D D D Alabama D D D D D D D D D D D D Alabama D D D D D D D D D D D D Alabama D D D D R D D D D R R R R R R R R Alabama
Arkansas Arkansas 2D D D D D D D Arkansas D D 2R R R D D D D D D D Arkansas D D D D D D D D D D D D Arkansas D D D D D D D D D D D D Arkansas D D D D D D D D D R D D D D R R R Arkansas
Delaware PA AA PA PA F F F F F F F F F F J Delaware AJ AJ W W W W W D W Delaware D D D D D D D D D D D R D D Delaware R R R R R D D R D R R R Delaware R D D R R D R D R R R R Delaware R D R D R D R D R D D D D D D D D Delaware
Florida Florida 2D W D D Florida D 2R R D D D D D D D Florida D D D D D D D D D D D D Florida D D D D D D D D D D D D Florida R D D D R D D R D R D D R D R D R Florida
Georgia AA AA AA F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Georgia D D D D W D W W D D Georgia D R D D D D D D D D D Georgia D D D D D D D D D D D D Georgia D D D D D D D D D D D D Georgia D D D D R D D D R D R R R R R R R Georgia
Kentucky Part of Virginia 2AA F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Kentucky D AJ W W W W W W W W Kentucky D D D D D D D D D D D D D Kentucky R D D D R D D D R R D D Kentucky D D D D D D D D R R R R Kentucky R D D D D R D R D R R R R R R R R Kentucky
Louisiana 2DR DR DR DR AJ Louisiana D D D D W W D D W D Louisiana D 2R R D R D D D D D D Louisiana D D D D D D D D D D D D Louisiana D D D D D D D D D D D D Louisiana D D D D D D D D D D D D R D R R R Louisiana
Maryland PA PA PA F F DR DR DR DR F F DR DR J J Maryland AJ AJ W W W W W W W Maryland A D U D D D D D D D D D D Maryland R R D D D D D R R D D R Maryland D D D D D D R R R R D D Maryland R R R D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D Maryland
Mississippi 2DR DR DR J Mississippi D AJ D W D D D D D Mississippi D D 2R R D D D D D D D Mississippi D D D D D D D D D D D D Mississippi D D D D D D D D D D D D Mississippi D D D R D R R R R R R R R R R R Mississippi
North Carolina PA PA AA DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J North Carolina D D D D W D W W D D North Carolina D D 2R D D D D D D D D Po North Carolina R D D D D D D D D D D D North Carolina D D D D D D D D D D D D North Carolina D R D R R R D R R R D R R D R R R North Carolina
Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma Oklahoma 2D D D D D R R D D Oklahoma D D D R D D D D D D D D Oklahoma R R R D R D R D R R R R R R R R R Oklahoma
South Carolina PA PA AA F DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J South Carolina D Nu Nu W D D D D D D South Carolina D 2R R R D D D D D D D South Carolina D D D D D D D D D D D D South Carolina D D D D D D D D D D D R South Carolina D R D R D R D R D R D R R R R R R South Carolina
Tennessee 2DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Tennessee D D W D W D W W W Tennessee D D Sp R D D D D D D D D D Tennessee D D D D D D D D D D D D Tennessee D D D D D D D D D D D R Tennessee R R D R D D D D R R R R R R R R R Tennessee
Texas Texas 2D D D Texas D D 2R D D D D D D D D Texas D D D D D D D D D D D D Texas D D D D D D D D D D D R Texas D R D R D R D R R R R R R R R R R Texas
Virginia AA AA AA AA DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR DR J Virginia D AJ W W W D D D D Virginia D D U[6] N[7] Sp D D Ra Ra D D D D Virginia D D D D D D D D D D D D Virginia D D D D D D D D D D D D Virginia I R I R R R D R D R R R D D D D D Virginia
West Virginia Part of Virginia Part of Virginia West Virginia Part of Virginia West Virginia 2U R R D D D D D D D D R West Virginia R R R R D R R R D R R D West Virginia D D D R D D D D D D D D West Virginia D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D R D West Virginia
State 1st 1st 2nd 3rd 4th 5th 6th 7th 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th State 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th State 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th 46th 47th 48th 49th 50th 51st 52nd 53rd 54th State 55th 56th 57th 58th 59th 60th 61st 62nd 63rd 64th 65th 66th 67th 68th 69th 70th 71st 72nd State 73rd 74th 75th 76th 77th 78th 79th 80th 81st 82nd 83rd 84th 85th 86th 87th 88th 89th 90th State 91st 92nd 93rd 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th 112th 113th 114th 115th 116th 117th State

Midwest[edit]

First Party System Second Party System Third Party System Fourth Party System Fifth Party System Sixth Party System[3]
State 1802 1804 1806 1808 1810 1812 1814 1816 1818 1820 1822 1824 1826 State 1828 1830 1832 1834 1836 1838 1840 1842 1844 1846 1848 1850 1852 1854 State 1856 1858 1860 1862 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 State 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 State 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 State 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 State
Illinois 2DR DR J Illinois D D D D D D D D D D Illinois D R R R R R I R R R R D R Illinois R R R R R D R R R R R D Illinois D D D R D D R D R D R R Illinois R R D R D D D D D D R D D D R D D Illinois
Indiana 2DR DR DR AJ AJ Indiana AJ D W W D D D D D Indiana D R D R R R D D R D D D D Indiana R R R R D D D R R D R R Indiana D D D R R R R R R D D D Indiana D D D R R R R R R R D R D R R D R R Indiana
Iowa Iowa 2D D FS Iowa R R R R R R R R R R R R R Iowa R R R R R R R R R R R R Iowa D D D R R D R R R R R R Iowa D D D R R D R D R D R D R D R R R Iowa
Kansas Kansas Kansas 2R R R R R R R R R R Po R Kansas Po R R R R D R R R R R R Kansas D R R R R R R R R R R R Kansas R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Kansas
Michigan Michigan 2D W D D D D Michigan R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Michigan R R R R R R R R D R R R Michigan R D R R R R R D D D D R Michigan D R D D D D D D R D D D D D D D D Michigan
Minnesota Minnesota Minnesota Sp[4] R R R R R R R R R R R R Minnesota R R R R R R R R FL R FL R Minnesota FL FL R R R D R D D D D D Minnesota D D D R R R R D R D D R D D D D D Minnesota
Missouri 2DR AJ J Missouri D D D D D D D W D Missouri D D U R R D D D D D D D D Missouri D D D R D D D D R D D R Missouri D D D D R R D D D D D D Missouri D D D R D R R R R R R R R D R D R R Missouri
Nebraska Nebraska Nebraska 2R R R R R R R R R Po R Nebraska R R R R D R D R R R R R Nebraska D I R R R R R R R R R R Nebraska R R D D D D D D D R D R D R R R R Nebraska
North Dakota North Dakota North Dakota 2R R D North Dakota R R R R R R R R R R R R North Dakota R R R R D R R R R R R D North Dakota R D R D R D D D D D D D D D R D R R North Dakota
Ohio 2DR DR DR DR DR DR DR AJ AJ Ohio AJ D D D D W FS W D Ohio R R R R D R D D R D R D R Ohio R R R R R D R D R R R R Ohio D D R R R R R R D D D D Ohio R R D D D D D D D R R R R D R D R D Ohio
South Dakota South Dakota South Dakota 2R I R South Dakota Po R R R R R D R R R R D South Dakota R D R R R R R R R R D R South Dakota D D D R R R D R D D D D R D R R R South Dakota
Wisconsin Wisconsin 2D D R Wisconsin R R R R R R R R R R R D D Wisconsin R R R R R R D R R R R R Wisconsin D Pr R R R R R R R D D D Wisconsin D D D D R D R D D D D D D D R D R D Wisconsin
State 8th 9th 10th 11th 12th 13th 14th 15th 16th 17th 18th 19th 20th State 21st 22nd 23rd 24th 25th 26th 27th 28th 29th 30th 31st 32nd 33rd 34th State 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th 46th 47th 48th 49th 50th 51st 52nd 53rd 54th State 55th 56th 57th 58th 59th 60th 61st 62nd 63rd 64th 65th 66th 67th 68th 69th 70th 71st 72nd State 73rd 74th 75th 76th 77th 78th 79th 80th 81st 82nd 83rd 84th 85th 86th 87th 88th 89th 90th State 91st 92nd 93rd 94th 95th 96th 97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd 103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th 108th 109th 110th 111th 112th 113th 114th 115th 116th 117th State

West[edit]

Second Party System Third Party System Fourth Party System Fifth Party System Sixth Party System[3]
State 1850 1852 1854 1856 1858 1860 1862 1864 1866 1868 1870 1872 1874 1876 1878 1880 1882 1884 1886 1888 1890 1892 1894 State 1896 1898 1900 1902 1904 1906 1908 1910 1912 1914 1916 1918 1920 1922 1924 1926 1928 1930 State 1932 1934 1936 1938 1940 1942 1944 1946 1948 1950 1952 1954 1956 1958 1960 1962 1964 1966 State 1968 1970 1972 1974 1976 1978 1980 1982 1984 1986 1988 1990 1992 1994 1996 1998 2000 2002 2004 2006 2008 2010 2012 2014 2016 2018 2020 State
Alaska Alaska Alaska 2D D D D Alaska D R D R R R R R R R R R R D R R R Alaska
Arizona Arizona 2D D D R D D D Arizona D D D D D D D R D R D R Arizona R R R D R D R D R R R R R R R R R D Arizona
California 2D D D D R R D R AM D R R D R D California R R R R R R D R R R R R California D R D R D R R R R D R R California D D D R D R D R D D D D D D D D D D California
Colorado 2R R R R R SR R Colorado D D D R D D D R R R R D Colorado D D D D R D R R D R R R Colorado R D D R D R D R R R R R D D D R D Colorado
Hawaii Hawaii Hawaii Sp R R Hawaii D R D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D D Hawaii
Idaho 2R R Idaho Po SR R R R R R R R R R R Idaho D R D R D D R R D R D R Idaho D R D R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Idaho
Montana 2R R R Montana D D R R D D D D D D D D Montana D D D D R D D D D D D D Montana D D D D D D R D R D R D D D D R D Montana
Nevada 2R R R R R R D R R R SR Nevada Si SR D R D R D D R D R D Nevada D D D D D R D R D D D D Nevada D D R D R R D D D D D R D R D R D D Nevada
New Mexico New Mexico 2R D R D D R D New Mexico R D D D D D D D D D D D New Mexico D R R R D R D R D R D R D D D D D New Mexico
Oregon 2D R R R D R D D R R R R R Oregon R R R R D D D R R R R R Oregon R R R R R R R D D D D R Oregon R R R R R R R R R R D R D D D D D Oregon
Utah Utah Sp[5] R R R R R R D R D R D Utah D D D D D R R R R D R D Utah R D R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Utah
Washington 2R R R Washington R R R R R R R R R D R D Washington D D D D D R D D D D D D Washington D D D D R D D R D R D D D D D D D D Washington
Wyoming 2R R R Wyoming R R R R R R D R D R D R Wyoming D D D R D D R D D R D R Wyoming D R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R R Wyoming
State 32nd 33rd 34th 35th 36th 37th 38th 39th 40th 41st 42nd 43rd 44th 45th 46th 47th 48th 49th 50th 51st 52nd 53rd 54th State 55th 56th 57th 58th 59th 60th