List of artificial objects on Venus

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The following table is a partial list of artificial objects on the surface of the planet Venus. They have been abandoned after having served their purpose. The list does not include smaller objects such as parachutes or heatshields.

List of artificial objects on Venus[edit]

Artificial object Image Country Landing date Landing mass Coordinates
Venera 3 Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
March 1, 1966 377 kg (831 lb)[a] 20°N 80°E / 20°N 80°E / 20; 80[1]
Venera 4
Venera-4 capsule in museum.JPG
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
October 18, 1967 377 kg (831 lb) 19°N 38°E / 19°N 38°E / 19; 38
Venera 5 Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
May 16, 1969 410 kg (900 lb) 3°S 18°E / 3°S 18°E / -3; 18
Venera 6 Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
May 17, 1969 410 kg (900 lb) 5°S 23°E / 5°S 23°E / -5; 23
Venera 7
Venera-7.jpg
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
December 15, 1970 500 kg (1,100 lb) 5°S 351°E / 5°S 351°E / -5; 351
Venera 8
Lander
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
July 22, 1972 495 kg (1,091 lb) 10°42′S 335°15′E / 10.700°S 335.250°E / -10.700; 335.250
Venera 9
Lander
Venera9superficie.png
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
October 22, 1975 1,560 kg (3,440 lb) 31°00′36″N 291°38′24″E / 31.01000°N 291.64000°E / 31.01000; 291.64000
Venera 10
Lander
"Венера-10".jpg
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
October 25, 1975 1,560 kg (3,440 lb) 15°25′12″N 291°30′36″E / 15.42000°N 291.51000°E / 15.42000; 291.51000
Pioneer Venus Multiprobe
Bus[2]
Pioneer Venus 2 inspection.jpg
NASA
 United States
December 9, 1978 290 kg (640 lb) 37°09′S 290°09′E / 37.150°S 290.150°E / -37.150; 290.150
Pioneer Venus Large Probe[2]
Pioneer venus saunder probe.png
NASA
 United States
December 9, 1978 316 kg (697 lb) 04°04′N 304°00′E / 4.067°N 304.000°E / 4.067; 304.000
Pioneer Venus Small Probe North[2]
Pioneer-Venus-small-probe.png
NASA
 United States
December 9, 1978 90 kg (200 lb) 59°03′N 04°08′E / 59.050°N 4.133°E / 59.050; 4.133
Pioneer Venus Small Probe Day[2]
Pioneer-Venus-small-probe.png
NASA
 United States
December 9, 1978 90 kg (200 lb) 31°03′S 317°00′E / 31.050°S 317.000°E / -31.050; 317.000
Pioneer Venus Small Probe Night[2]
Pioneer-Venus-small-probe.png
NASA
 United States
December 9, 1978 90 kg (200 lb) 28°07′S 56°07′E / 28.117°S 56.117°E / -28.117; 56.117
Venera 11
Lander
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
December 25, 1978 760 kg (1,680 lb) 14°S 299°E / 14°S 299°E / -14; 299
Venera 12
Lander
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
December 21, 1978 1,600 kg (3,500 lb) 07°S 294°E / 7°S 294°E / -7; 294
Venera 13
Lander
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
March 1, 1982 760 kg (1,680 lb) 07°05′S 303°00′E / 7.083°S 303.000°E / -7.083; 303.000
Venera 14
Lander
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
March 5, 1982 760 kg (1,680 lb) 13°25′S 310°00′E / 13.417°S 310.000°E / -13.417; 310.000
Vega 1
Descent unit
Vega-mission.jpg
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
June 11, 1985 1,520 kg (3,350 lb) 07°05′N 177°07′E / 7.083°N 177.117°E / 7.083; 177.117[b]
Vega 1
Balloon gondola
Russian "Vega" balloon mission to Venus on display at the Udvar-Hazy museum.jpg
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
June 12, 1985 6.9 kg (15 lb) 08°01′N 68°08′E / 8.017°N 68.133°E / 8.017; 68.133
Vega 2
Descent unit
Vega-mission.jpg
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
June 15, 1985 1,520 kg (3,350 lb) 08°05′S 177°07′E / 8.083°S 177.117°E / -8.083; 177.117
Vega 2
Balloon gondola
Russian "Vega" balloon mission to Venus on display at the Udvar-Hazy museum.jpg
Soviet Academy of Sciences
 Soviet Union
June 17, 1985 6.9 kg (15 lb) 07°05′S 76°03′E / 7.083°S 76.050°E / -7.083; 76.050
Total estimated mass 13,499 kg (29,760 lb)

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The exact location of fall is unknown.
  2. ^ It isn't known how much farther the balloon traveled after the final communication.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "NASA NSSDC Master Catalog - Venera 3". Retrieved 2010-12-24.
  2. ^ a b c d e NASA, Goddard Space Flight Center (February 12, 2015). "Pioneer Venus Project Information". Retrieved August 21, 2018.

External links[edit]