List of buildings with 100 floors or more

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This is a list of buildings with 100 floors or more above ground. Among the cities Dubai tops the list with 3 buildings above 100 floors including the iconic Burj Khalifa which is by far the tallest in world. Chicago, New York, Shanghai, Shenzhen and Guangzhou have 2 each.

Completed buildings[edit]

This list includes buildings whose construction is complete, or are topped-out.

Rank Structure City Country Floors Status Year Height to architectural top Height to roof Height to pinnacle
1 Burj Khalifa Dubai  United Arab Emirates 163[1][2] Complete 2010 828 m (2,717 ft) 828 m (2,717 ft) 829.8 m (2,722 ft)
2 Shanghai Tower Shanghai  China 128 Complete 2015 632 m (2,073 ft) 556.7 m (1,826 ft) 632 m (2,073 ft)
3 Lotte World Tower Seoul  South Korea 123[3] Complete 2016 555.65 m (1,823.0 ft) 554.57 m (1,819.5 ft)
4 Abraj Al Bait Mecca  Saudi Arabia 120[4] Complete 2011 601 m (1,972 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft) 601 m (1,972 ft)
5 International Commerce Centre Hong Kong  Hong Kong 118 Complete 2010 484 m (1,588 ft) 484 m (1,588 ft) 484 m (1,588 ft)
6 Goldin Finance 117 Tianjin  China 117 Topped-out 2018 597 m (1,959 ft)
7 Ping An Finance Center Shenzhen  China 115 Complete 2017 599 m (1,965 ft) 555 m (1,821 ft) 599 m (1,965 ft)
8 Guangzhou CTF Finance Centre Guangzhou  China 111 Complete 2015 530 m (1,740 ft) 495 m (1,624 ft) 530 m (1,740 ft)
9 Willis Tower (formerly the Sears Tower) Chicago  United States 110[5] Complete 1974 442 m (1,450 ft) 442 m (1,450 ft) 527 m (1,729 ft)
10 China Zun Beijing  China 108 Complete 2018 528 m (1,732 ft) 528 m (1,732 ft) 528 m (1,732 ft)
11 The Exchange 106 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 106 Topped-out 2018 452 m (1,483 ft)
12 Ryugyong Hotel Pyongyang  North Korea 105 Topped-out 1992 330 m (1,080 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft) 330 m (1,080 ft)
13 One World Trade Center New York City  United States 104 Complete 2013 541.3 m (1,776 ft) 417 m (1,368 ft) 546.2 m (1,792 ft)
14 Guangzhou International Finance Center Guangzhou  China 103 Complete 2010 440 m (1,440 ft) 438 m (1,437 ft) 440 m (1,440 ft)
15 Empire State Building New York City  United States 102 Complete 1931 381 m (1,250 ft) 381 m (1,250 ft) 449 m (1,473 ft)
16 Marina 101 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 101 Complete 2017 426.5 m (1,399 ft) 375.4 m (1,232 ft) 426.5 m (1,399 ft)
17 Shanghai World Financial Center Shanghai  China 101 Complete 2008 492 m (1,614 ft) 492 m (1,614 ft) 492 m (1,614 ft)
18 Taipei 101 Taipei  Taiwan 101 Complete 2004 509 m (1,670 ft) 449 m (1,473 ft) 509 m (1,670 ft)
19 Princess Tower Dubai  United Arab Emirates 101 Complete 2012 414 m (1,358 ft) 392 m (1,286 ft) 414 m (1,358 ft)
20 LCT Landmark Tower Busan  South Korea 101 Topped-out 2019 411 m (1,348 ft)
21 30 Hudson Yards New York City  United States 101 Complete 2019

386 m (1,266 ft)

22 Vista Tower Chicago  United States 101 Topped-out 2019 365 m (1,198 ft)
23 875 North Michigan Avenue Chicago  United States 100 Complete 1969 344 m (1,129 ft) 344 m (1,129 ft) 457 m (1,499 ft)
24 Kingkey 100 Shenzhen  China 100 Complete[6] 2011 441.8 m (1,449 ft) 441.8 m (1,449 ft) 441.8 m (1,449 ft)

Buildings under construction[edit]

This is a list of buildings under construction that are planned to have 100 floors or more. It does not include proposed, approved and topped-out buildings.[7]

Structure City Country Floors completed
[citation needed]
Floors Year Height to architectural top Remarks
Jeddah Tower Jeddah  Saudi Arabia 66 167 2021 1,007 m (3,304 ft) The exact final height is being kept secret, but it is expected to be at least 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
Dubai One Dubai  United Arab Emirates 0 161 2023 711 m (2,333 ft)
Shimao Shenzhen–Hong Kong International Centre Shenzhen  China 0 140 2024 700 m (2,300 ft)
Suzhou Zhongnan Center Suzhou  China 0 138 2022 729 m (2,392 ft) Construction halted 2015
Central Park Tower New York City  United States 110 131 2019 472 m (1,549 ft) Under construction
Rama IX Super Tower Bangkok  Thailand 0 125 2022 615 m (2,018 ft) Construction began in 2017, will finish in 2020.
Wuhan Greenland Center Wuhan  China 96 126 2019 636 m (2,087 ft)
Pentominium Dubai  United Arab Emirates 28 122 2024 516 m (1,693 ft) Construction halted in 2011, to resume in 2019
Wuhan CTF Centre Wuhan  China 0 121 2022 648 m (2,126 ft) Construction began in early 2017
Merdeka PNB 118 Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 55 118 2021[8] 644 m (2,113 ft) Construction began in 2014.[8]

Will finish in 2021.[8]

World One Mumbai  India 83 117 2018/2020[9] 442 m (1,450 ft) Construction began in 2011.[9]
The Imperial 3 Mumbai  India 0 116 2021 400 m (1,300 ft) Construction began in 2016, will finish in 2021.
Doha Tower and Convention Center Doha  Qatar 0 115 2021 570 m (1,870 ft) Construction began in 2017, will finish in 2020.
Burj Jumeirah Dubai  United Arab Emirates 0 121 2023 550 m (1,800 ft) Construction began in early 2019, will finish in 2023.
Entisar Tower Dubai  United Arab Emirates 0 111 2020 570 m (1,870 ft) Construction began in 2016,[10] will finish in 2020. Construction halted in 2017.
Busan Lotte Town Tower Busan  South Korea 0 107 510 m (1,670 ft) On hold since 2013, to resume in 2018.
Marina 106 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 46 104 2019 445 m (1,460 ft) Construction halted in 2009, restarted in 2013, but was halted again in 2017.
Akhmat Tower Grozny  Russia 0 102 2020 435 m (1,427 ft) Under construction
Chengdu Greenland Tower Chengdu  China 53 101 2019 468 m (1,535 ft) Under Construction
Eye of Spring Trade Center Kunming  China 0 100 2021 407 m (1,335 ft) Construction began in 2017
Australia 108 Melbourne  Australia 82 100 2020 317 m (1,040 ft) Under construction

Buildings cancelled[edit]

The following list is of those buildings that were planned to have 100 floors or more, for which the project did start but is now officially cancelled.[7]

Structure City Country Floors Height to architectural top Remarks
Nakheel Tower Dubai  United Arab Emirates +200 Over 1 km The Tower was announced in 2008. The project was halted in 2009 due to financial problems, and it was cancelled in December 2009.
Chicago World Trade Center Chicago  United States 210 762 m (2,500 ft)

Proposed in 1982 and cancelled in the 1990s.

Sky City Changsha  China 202 838 m (2,749 ft) The building was set to break ground in June 2013, aiming to be the world's tallest building. However, on July 25, 2013 the project was halted due to insufficient permission. In February 2015 it was reported that the construction would continue in 2016, but needed to be approved by the national level (for buildings over 350 meters only). Later, in July 2015, no work had been done there for two years. Some of the material they planned to use to build were now used by local villagers, probably removing them to make a fishing pond.[citation needed]
Incheon Tower Incheon  South Korea 151 613 m (2,011 ft) Foundation work started at 2008. Construction halted 2009.
Chicago Spire Chicago  United States 150 610 m (2,000 ft) Foundation work started on what would have been the world's tallest residential building. The project was cancelled in 2008 after a troubled financial history. In March 2014, new funding required to restart the project was announced. However, on October 31, 2014, the developer failed to make a required payment to Related Midwest and Related filed suit to compel Shelbourne to turn over the deed to the property.[11][12][13]
Miglin-Beitler Skyneedle Chicago  United States 125 610 m (2,000 ft) The project was cancelled in 1993 because of the Persian Gulf War.
Crown Las Vegas Las Vegas  United States 142 575 m (1,886 ft) The tower was announced in 2006. After two major redesigns, the project was officially cancelled in March 2008.
Kowloon MTR Tower Hong Kong  China 102 574 m (1,883 ft) Now built as the International Commerce Center.
Seoul Light Tower Seoul  South Korea 133 643 m (2,110 ft) This building was the proposed landmark building of Digital Media City. Its construction started in 2008, but it was cancelled at 2011 because of conflict between the City of Seoul and the developer company.
India Tower Mumbai  India 126 718 m (2,356 ft) Foundation work began in 2010, but construction halted in 2011, and was cancelled as of 2015.
Old Chicago Main Post Office Twin Towers Chicago  United States 120 610 m (2,000 ft) The project was approved on July 18, 2013 and it was cancelled in December 2014.
New York Stock Exchange Tower New York City  United States 140 546 m (1,791 ft) The tower was cancelled in 2001 because of 9/11.
Peachtree Financial Tower Atlanta  United States 119 448 m (1,470 ft) This building was announced in 2008 but the project was cancelled in 2012.
Russia Tower Moscow  Russia 118 612 m (2,008 ft) Construction started and a cornerstone was laid. The project was cancelled in 2009.
Grollo Tower Melbourne  Australia 113 560 m (1,840 ft) The tower was proposed in 1997. After a major redesign, the project was officially cancelled in 2004.
Meraas Tower Dubai  United Arab Emirates 112 550 m (1,800 ft) The tower was proposed in 2008, the project was cancelled in 2009 due to financial crisis.
Nina Tower Hong Kong  China 110 520 m (1,710 ft) Redesigned and built as 2 buildings.
Television City Tower New York City  United States 150 510 m (1,670 ft) Proposed by Donald Trump as the tallest building in the world at the time, the project was cancelled in 1988 due to fierce local opposition.
10 Columbus Circle New York City  United States 137 500 m (1,600 ft) Now built as the Time Warner Center.
7 South Dearborn Chicago  United States 112 478 m (1,568 ft) Intended to be the tallest building in the world at the time, 7 South Dearborn was approved in 1999 but it was cancelled in 2001 because of a lack of funding.
Transbay Terminal and Tower San Francisco  United States 112 419 m (1,375 ft) It was approved in 2010 but it was cancelled in 2013 because of development on the project called the Salesforce Tower.
Tower Triple One Seoul  South Korea 111 621 m (2,037 ft) This building was the proposed landmark building of the Yongsan International Business District. Its construction started in 2011, but it was cancelled in 2013 because of conflict between Korail and Dream Hub, the developer. It will be replaced by the 665 meter Dream Tower.
Waldorf-Astoria Hotel and Residence Tower Chicago  United States 111 414 m (1,358 ft) The project was proposed in 2009. The project was cancelled in 2012.
Burj Al Alam Dubai  United Arab Emirates 108 510 m (1,670 ft) Foundation work started. Construction halted in 2009 and finally cancelled in 2013.
Millennium Tower Frankfurt  Germany 104 369 m (1,211 ft) This building was proposed in 2000 by Donald Trump. But it was cancelled in 2008 due to financial crisis.
Qatar National Bank Tower Doha  Qatar 101 510 m (1,670 ft) Foundation work started. Construction halted in 2010.
Al Quds Endowment Tower Doha  Qatar 100 495 m (1,624 ft) Foundation work started. Construction halted in 2010.
London Millennium Tower London  United Kingdom 108 366 m (1,201 ft) Now built as the Gherkin.
Palace of the Soviets Moscow  Soviet Union 100 415 m (1,362 ft) Construction started in 1937 on the site of the Cathedral of Christ the Saviour, which had been demolished in 1931. Construction was halted by the German invasion of 1941 but the project never resumed after the war. The cathedral was finally rebuilt on the same site in the 1990s.
Metropolitan Life North Building New York City  United States 100 375 m (1,230 ft) Designed in the 1920s as a 100-story skyscraper that would have been the tallest building in the world. Due to the Stock Market Crash of 1929 and onset of the Great Depression, construction was halted at floor 29 in 1933. There is some speculation as to whether Metropolitan Life really intended to finish the 100-story building.

Proposed buildings[edit]

The list includes buildings that were proposed or envisioned to have 100 floors or more but never advanced to the construction stage. It does not include never built, under construction buildings.

Structure City Country Floors Status Year proposed Height Notes
Tokyo Tower of Babel Tokyo  Japan 1000 Vision 1992 10,000 m (33,000 ft) Tokyo Tower of Babel is a tallest proposed building in Japan envisioned.
The Arconic Tower San Francisco  United States 900 Vision 1962 4,800 m (15,700 ft) The Arconic Tower is tallest proposed buildings in outside Asia.
X-Seed 4000 Tokyo  Japan 800 Vision 1995 4,000 m (13,000 ft) X-Seed 4000 is tallest buildings ever proposed.
Ultima Tower San Francisco  United States 500 Vision 1991 3,218.7 m (10,560 ft)
Venus Tower Chicago  United States 241 Proposed 2018 2,460 m (8,070 ft)
Dubai City Tower Dubai  United Arab Emirates 400 Vision 2008 2,400 m (7,900 ft) A proposed megatall skyscraper announced in 2008.
Pearl of the World Manama  Bahrain 350 Vision 2018 2,200 m (7,200 ft)
Shimizu TRY-2004 Mega-City Pyramid Tokyo  Japan --- Vision 1996 2,004 m (6,575 ft) A proposed arcology project for the construction of a massive pyramid over Tokyo Bay in Japan.
Aeropolis 2001 Tokyo  Japan 500 Vision 1989 2,001 m (6,565 ft)
Millennium Challenge Tower Kuwait  Kuwait 300 Proposed 2005 1,852 m (6,076 ft)
Sky Mile Tower Tokyo  Japan 400 Proposed 2015 1,700 m (5,600 ft)
The Illinois Chicago  United States 528 Vision 1956 1,609.3 m (5,280 ft)
New City Tower London  United Kingdom 500 Vision 2007 1,500 m (4,900 ft)
Edison Tower New York City  United States 296 Proposed 2015 1,310 m (4,300 ft)
Bionic Tower Shanghai or Hong Kong,
as both locations have the interest.
 China 300 Vision 1997 1,228.2 m (4,030 ft) A visionary proposal for a vertical city housing at least 100,000 people.
The Bride Tower Basra  Iraq 241 Proposed 2015 1,152 m (3,780 ft)
Azerbaijan Tower Baku  Azerbaijan 189 Proposed 2012 1,050 m (3,440 ft)
Weightless Skyscraper Dubai  United Arab Emirates 145 Proposed 2017 1,035 m (3,396 ft)
Murjan Tower Manama  Bahrain 200 Proposed 2006 1,022 m (3,353 ft)
Wadala Tower Mumbai  India 200 Vision 2016 1,011 m (3,317 ft)
One Dubai Dubai  United Arab Emirates 201 Vision 2008 1,008 m (3,307 ft)
Mubarak al-Kabir Tower Madinat al-Hareer  Kuwait 234 Proposed 2006 1,001 m (3,284 ft) A Megatall proposal will be taller than Al Hamra Tower, it will be part of the future city called Madinat al-Hareer.
Oblisco Capitale Tower Cairo  Egypt 165 Proposed 2018 1,000 m (3,300 ft) A Megatall proposed will The Capital Cairo.
Hyper Building Tokyo  Japan 271 Vision 1996 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
Sky City 1000 Tokyo  Japan 196 Vision 1989 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
Europa Tower Brussels  Belgium 200 Proposed 1993 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
Buenos Aires Forum Buenos Aires  Argentina 200 Proposed 2009 999 m (3,278 ft)
Tour Financial Hub Center Seoul  South Korea 220 Visionary 2006 960 m (3,150 ft) A Proposed Megatall will be taller than the Lotte World Tower in Seoul, South Korea. However, due to the height restrictions, construction wasn't allowed and it seems unsure in 2016.
Sepet Gokdelen Istanbul  Turkey 140 Proposed 2001 900 m (3,000 ft)
Nansha Tower Guangzhou  China 200 Proposed 2015 900 m (3,000 ft)
Millennium Tower Tokyo  Japan 170 Proposed 1989 840 m (2,760 ft)
China Resources Hubei Landmark Tower Shenzhen  China 150 Proposed 2013 800 m (2,600 ft)
DIB-200 Tokyo  Japan 200 Visionary 1993 800 m (2,600 ft)
Tradewinds Square Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 150 Proposed 2011 775 m (2,543 ft)
Caiwuwei Center Shenzhen  China 169 Visionary 2017 760 m (2,490 ft)
The Pinnacle by Nakheel Dubai  United Arab Emirates 128 Vision 2001 750 m (2,460 ft)
Iconic Tower Grand Dhaka  Bangladesh 142 Approved 2016 734 m (2,408 ft)
KLCC East Gate Tower Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia 142 Proposed 2014 700 m (2,300 ft)
Kingvision Plaza Guangzhou  China 157 Proposed 2017 688 m (2,257 ft)
Tianfu Center Chengdu  China 157 Proposed 2017 677 m (2,221 ft)
Eaton's / John Maryon Tower Toronto  Canada 140 Vision 1971 686 m (2,251 ft)
Dream Tower Seoul  South Korea 136 Proposed 2009 665 m (2,182 ft)
Burj 2020 Dubai  United Arab Emirates 115 Approved 2013 660 m (2,170 ft) Uptown Dubai
Bengaluru Turf Tower Bangalore  India 156 Approved 2014 660 m (2,170 ft)
Royal Tower Phnom Penh Phnom Penh  Cambodia 144 Proposed 2018 648 m (2,126 ft)
Shenzhen Tower Shenzhen  China 128 Proposed 2016 642 m (2,106 ft)
Signature Tower Jakarta Jakarta  Indonesia 113 Approved 2013 638 m (2,093 ft)
Changchun World Trade Center Changchun  China 126 Proposed 2016 631 m (2,070 ft)
Al-Aman World Capital Center Colombo  Sri Lanka 117 Proposed 2015 625 m (2,051 ft)
The Blade Tower Riyadh  Saudi Arabia 128 Proposed 2016 610 m (2,000 ft)
Kostabi World Trade Center New York City  United States 160 Vision late 1990s 610 m (2,000 ft)

Port Tower Complex

Gateway Tower Chicago  United States 127 Approved 2016 610 m (2,000 ft)
Alpha Towers Dubai  United Arab Emirates 110 Proposed 2018 548 m (1,798 ft)
Lanco Hills Signature Tower Hyderabad  India 101 Approved 2014 604 m (1,982 ft)
Greenland Jinmao International Financial Center Nanjing  China 107 Proposed 2017 600 m (2,000 ft)
The Big Bend New York City  United States 130 Proposed 2015 610 m (2,000 ft)
Port Tower Complex Karachi  Pakistan 130 Visionary 2009 593 m (1,946 ft)
Thai Boon Roong Twin Trade Center Phnom Penh  Cambodia 133 Approved 2016 587 m (1,926 ft)
Baoneng Binhu Center T1 Hefei  China 119 Approved 2014 588 m (1,929 ft)
Hexia Yuzui Tower A Nanjing  China 110 Proposed 2013 580 m (1,900 ft)
Hyundai Global Business Center Seoul  South Korea 105 Approved 2014 569 m (1,867 ft)
Hudson Spire New York City  United States 110 Proposed 2014 550 m (1,800 ft)
Lodha Project Wadala Mumbai  India 101 Proposed 2014 530 m (1,740 ft)
Phuong Teach Financial Tower Hanoi  Vietnam 108 Proposed 2011 509 m (1,670 ft)
Parkhaven Tower Rotterdam  Netherlands 107 Vision 1998 501 m (1,644 ft)
Joyus Housing Mumbai  India 125 Proposed 2016 486 m (1,594 ft)
One World Trade Center New York City  United States 115 Visionary 2004 566 m (1,857 ft)
Al Noor Tower Casablanca  Morocco 114 Proposed 2014 540 m (1,770 ft)
Thompson Center Redevelopment Chicago  United States 115 Proposed 2016 518 m (1,699 ft)
Grollo Tower Melbourne  Australia 113 Visionary 1995 560 m (1,840 ft)
SRG Tower Dubai  United Arab Emirates 111 Approved 2018 471 m (1,545 ft)
Hyundai Global Business Center Seoul  South Korea 105 Approved 2014 569 m (1,867 ft)
Hudson Spire New York City  United States 110 Proposed 2014 550 m (1,800 ft)
Lodha Project Wadala Mumbai  India 101 Proposed 2014 530 m (1,740 ft)
Parkhaven Tower Rotterdam  Netherlands 107 Vision 1998 501 m (1,644 ft)
Sharjah Tower Sharjah  United Arab Emirates 101 Proposed 2017 500 m (1,600 ft)
Joyus Housing Mumbai  India 125 Proposed 2016 486 m (1,594 ft)
One Galleon Place Pasig  Philippines 117 Vision 2007 470 m (1,540 ft)
FORZA Tower Bogotá  Colombia 116 Proposed 2018 460 m (1,510 ft)
Two World Trade Center New York City  United States 115 Visionary 2004 450 m (1,480 ft)
Circle 36 Bangkok  Thailand 110 Proposed 2014 447 m (1,467 ft)
80 South Street New York City  United States 113 Proposed 2003 438 m (1,437 ft)
Tribune East Tower Chicago  United States 113 Approved 2018 433 m (1,421 ft)
Asia Plaza Kaohsiung  Taiwan 103 Vision 1997 431 m (1,414 ft)
Tour Sans Fins Paris  France 103 Vision 1990 426 m (1,398 ft)
MIBC Plot 1 Moscow  Russia 108 Proposed 2018 405 m (1,329 ft)
Bein Arim Tower Tel Aviv  Israel 100 Approved 2013 400 m (1,300 ft)
Orion Tower 1 Gold Coast  Australia 103 Approved 2017 328 m (1,076 ft)

Destroyed/demolished buildings[edit]

This list comprises the two buildings that used to have over 100 floors but are no longer in existence.

Structure City Country Floors Year completed Year destroyed Reason for destruction Height to top floor Height to roof Height to pinnacle
One World Trade Center New York City  United States 110 1972 2001 Terrorist attack 411 m (1,348 ft) 417 m (1,368 ft) 527.3 m (1,730 ft)
Two World Trade Center New York City  United States 110 1973 2001 Terrorist attack 409 m (1,342 ft) 415 m (1,362 ft)

Timeline[edit]

This is a timeline of the building with the most floors out of buildings with 100 floors or more.

From To Building City Country Floors Built
1931 1972 Empire State Building New York City  United States 102 1931
1972 2001 Twin Towers of the World Trade Center New York City  United States 110 1972
2001 2010 Sears Tower/Willis Tower Chicago  United States 108 1974
2010 Present Burj Khalifa Dubai  United Arab Emirates 163 2010

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Burj Khalifa, Dubai, United Arab Emirates. Emporis.com. Retrieved on 2011-01-07.
  2. ^ "Burj Dubai Official Website". Retrieved 5 October 2014.
  3. ^ https://www.yonhapnews.co.kr/bulletin/2016/03/17/0200000000AKR20160317092800030.HTML?input=1195m. Missing or empty |title= (help)
  4. ^ CTBUH - Makkah Royal Clock Tower Hotel
  5. ^ http://www.willistower.com/history-and-facts
  6. ^ Fulcher, Merlin. "TFP Farrells completes Kingkey Tower in Shenzhen". The Architects' Journal. Retrieved 21 September 2011.
  7. ^ a b "CTBUH Tall Building Database - List of buildings with status 'construction' or 'constr stopped'". CTBUH. 14 January 2012. Retrieved 14 January 2012.
  8. ^ a b c http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=97417
  9. ^ a b http://skyscraperpage.com/cities/?buildingID=86483
  10. ^ "Entisar Tower". Council on Tall Buildings and Urban Habitat. Retrieved 16 July 2016.
  11. ^ "Related to Spire developer: Where's the deed?". 2014-11-03. Retrieved November 3, 2014.
  12. ^ "Condo Site Lives Again". The Wall Street Journal. May 14, 2013. Retrieved May 16, 2014.
  13. ^ "Spire developer resolves debts, looks to start again". Chicago Tribune. March 11, 2014. Retrieved May 16, 2014.