List of cities in China by population

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China is the world's most populous country. According to the Demographic research group in 2017, there are 102 Chinese cities with over 1 million people in the "urban area", as defined by the group's methodology.[1]

Definition and classification[edit]

According to the administrative divisions of China, there are three levels of cities, namely municipalities (直辖市), prefecture-level cities (地级市), and county-level cities (县级市). The Special Administrative Regions (S.A.R.s) of Hong Kong and Macau are not included in this administrative classification.

Municipalities and prefecture-level cities are not each a "city" in the strictest sense of the term, but instead an administrative unit comprising, typically, both an urban core (a city in the strict sense) and surrounding rural or less-urbanized areas usually many times the size of the central, built-up core.[citation needed]

Prefecture-level cities nearly always contain multiple counties, county-level cities, and other such sub-divisions. To distinguish a prefecture-level city from its actual urban area (city in the strict sense), the term "市区" (shìqū; "urban area") is used. However, even this term often encompasses large suburban regions often greater than 1,000 square miles (3,000 km2), sometimes only the urban core whereas the agglomeration overtake the city limits. Thus, the "urban core" would be roughly comparable to the American term "city limit", the "shìqū or urban area" would be roughly comparable to "metropolitan area", and the municipality is a political designation defining regions under control of a municipal government, which has no comparable designation.[citation needed]

List[edit]

The list contains all cities with the administrative designation "sub-provincial city" (副省级城市), many are "Prefecture level cities" and "Provincial capitals" (省会). "Special Economic Zones" (经济特区城市), "National Central Cities" (国家中心城市) and some Council-Level cities.[2]

According to 2010 Census[edit]

Legend:

⍟ = National capital

* = Provincial capital

† = Special Economic Zone

# = National Central City

Municipality
Prefecture-level City
Top 50 of the Largest Cities of Mainland China by Population of Urban Area[3]
Rank Name Province Urban Population
1 Shanghai# 26,317,104
2 Beijing⍟# 21,542,000
3 Guangzhou*# Guangdong 14,904,400
4 Shenzhen† Guangdong 10,358,381
5 Tianjin# 9,583,277
6 Wuhan*# Hubei 7,541,527
7 Dongguan Guangdong 7,271,322
8 Chengdu*# Sichuan 7,112,045
9 Foshan Guangdong 6,771,895
10 Chongqing# 6,263,790
11 Nanjing* Jiangsu 5,827,888
12 Shenyang* Liaoning 5,718,232
13 Hangzhou* Zhejiang 5,578,288
14 Xi'an*# Shaanxi 5,206,253
15 Harbin* Heilongjiang 4,596,313
16 Suzhou Jiangsu 4,083,923
17 Qingdao Shandong 3,990,942
18 Dalian Liaoning 3,902,467
19 Zhengzhou*# Henan 3,677,032
20 Shantou Guangdong 3,644,017
21 Jinan* Shandong 3,527,566
22 Changchun* Jilin 3,411,209
23 Kunming* Yunnan 3,278,777
24 Changsha* Hunan 3,193,354
25 Taiyuan* Shanxi 3,154,157
26 Xiamen Fujian 3,119,110
27 Hefei* Anhui 3,098,727
28 Shijiazhuang* Hebei 3,095,219
29 Ürümqi* Xinjiang 2,853,398
30 Fuzhou* Fujian 2,824,414
31 Wuxi Jiangsu 2,757,736
32 Zhongshan Guangdong 2,740,994
33 Wenzhou Zhejiang 2,686,825
34 Nanning* Guangxi 2,660,833
35 Nanchang* Jiangxi 2,614,380
36 Ningbo Zhejiang 2,583,073
37 Guiyang* Guizhou 2,520,061
38 Lanzhou* Gansu 2,438,595
39 Zibo Shandong 2,261,717
40 Changzhou Jiangsu 2,257,376
41 Xuzhou Jiangsu 2,214,795
42 Tangshan Hebei 2,128,191
43 Baotou Inner Mongolia 1,900,373
44 Huizhou Guangdong 1,807,858
45 Yantai Shandong 1,797,861
46 Shaoxing Zhejiang 1,725,726
47 Liuzhou Guangxi 1,624,571
48 Nantong Jiangsu 1,612,385
49 Luoyang Henan 1,584,463
50 Yangzhou Jiangsu 1,584,237

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "More than 100 Chinese cities now above 1 million people". Guardian. March 20, 2017.
  2. ^ "China: Provinces, Prefectures, Counties, Cities, Districts, Townships, Urban Areas - Population Statistics in Maps and Charts". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2019-06-18.
  3. ^ "China: Provinces and Major Cities - Population Statistics, Maps, Charts, Weather and Web Information". www.citypopulation.de. Retrieved 2019-06-18.

External links[edit]