List of commanders-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Haiti

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Commander-in-Chief of the
Armed Forces of Haiti
Commandant en chef des
Forces armées d'Haïti
Coat of arms of Haiti.svg
Incumbent
Lieutenant general Jodel Lesage

since 17 November 2017
Armed Forces of Haiti
SeatPort-au-Prince, Haiti
AppointerJovenel Moïse
President of Haiti
Formation1 August 1934[a]
First holderColonel Démosthènes P. Calixte[a]

This article lists the commanders-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Haiti (French: Forces Armées d'Haïti—FAd'H), from the end of the US occupation in 1934 through the disbandment of the FAd'H in 1995, during the Operation Uphold Democracy, until the reinstatement of the FAd'H in 2017.

Officeholders[edit]

Commanders of the Guard of Haiti[edit]

Commander of the Guard Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
1
Démosthènes P. Calixte
Calixte, Démosthènes P.Colonel
Démosthènes P. Calixte
1 August 19349 January 19383 years, 161 daysGuard of Haiti
2
Jules André
André, JulesColonel
Jules André
9 January 193828 August 19446 years, 232 daysGuard of Haiti
3
Franck Lavaud
Lavaud, FranckColonel
Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
28 August 19445 September 19462 years, 8 daysGuard of Haiti

Chiefs of the General Staff of the Army[edit]

Chief of the General Staff Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
(3)
Franck Lavaud
Lavaud, FranckBrigadier general
Franck Lavaud
(1903–1986)
5 September 19466 December 19504 years, 92 daysArmy of Haiti
4
Antoine Levelt [fr]
Levelt, AntoineBrigadier general
Antoine Levelt [fr]
(1910–?)
6 December 195013 December 19566 years, 7 daysArmy of Haiti
5
Léon Cantave [fr]
Cantave, LéonBrigadier general
Léon Cantave [fr]
(1910–1967)
13 December 195626 May 1957164 daysArmy of Haiti
6
Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau
Kébreau, Antonio ThrasybuleBrigadier general
Antonio Thrasybule Kébreau
(1909–1963)
26 May 195712 March 1958290 daysArmy of Haiti
7
Maurice P. Flambert
Flambert, Maurice P.Major general
Maurice P. Flambert
12 March 19587 December 1958269 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
8
Pierre Merceron
Merceron, PierreMajor general
Pierre Merceron
7 December 19586 September 19612 years, 273 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
9
Jean-René Boucicault
Boucicault, Jean-RenéBrigadier general
Jean-René Boucicault
7 September 19619 August 1962336 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
10
Gérard Constant
Constant, GérardBrigadier general
Gérard Constant
9 August 19628 December 19708 years, 121 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
11
Claude Raymond
Raymond, ClaudeLieutenant general
Claude Raymond
8 December 197011 August 19732 years, 246 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
12
Jean-Baptiste Hilaire
Hilaire, Jean-BaptisteLieutenant general
Jean-Baptiste Hilaire
11 August 19736 September 19785 years, 26 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
13
Roger Saint-Albin
Saint-Albin, RogerLieutenant general
Roger Saint-Albin
7 September 197823 March 19845 years, 198 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
14
Henri Namphy
Namphy, HenriLieutenant general
Henri Namphy
(born 1932)
23 March 19844 November 19873 years, 226 daysArmed Forces of Haiti

Commanders-in-chief of the Armed Forces of Haiti[edit]

Commander-in-chief Took office Left office Time in office Defence branch
(14)
Henri Namphy
Namphy, HenriLieutenant general
Henri Namphy
(born 1932)
4 November 198717 June 1988226 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
Morton Gousse
Gousse, MortonBrigadier general
Morton Gousse
Acting
[b]
17 June 198819 June 19882 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
15
Carl-Michel Nicolas
Nicolas, Carl-MichelMajor general
Carl-Michel Nicolas
[c]
19 June 198817 September 198890 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
16
Prosper Avril
Avril, ProsperLieutenant general
Prosper Avril
(born 1937)
17 September 198810 March 19901 year, 174 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
17
Hérard Abraham
Abraham, HérardLieutenant general
Hérard Abraham
(born 1940)
10 March 19902 July 19911 year, 114 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
18
Raoul Cédras
Cédras, RaoulLieutenant general
Raoul Cédras
(born 1949)
[d]
2 July 199110 October 19943 years, 100 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
Jean-Claude Duperval
Duperval, Jean-ClaudeMajor general
Jean-Claude Duperval
Acting
10 October 199417 November 199438 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
19
Bernadin Poisson
Poisson, BernardinBrigadier general
Bernadin Poisson
17 November 199420 February 199595 daysArmed Forces of Haiti
Armed Forces disbanded
(20 February 1995 – 17 November 2017)
20
Jodel Lesage
Lesage, JodelLieutenant general
Jodel Lesage
17 November 2017Incumbent1 year, 211 daysArmed Forces of Haiti

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ a b Commander of the Guard of Haiti.
  2. ^ Dismissed following the June 1988 coup d'état.
  3. ^ Dismissed following the September 1988 coup d'état.
  4. ^ Staged the 1991 coup d'état. Afterwards served as de facto leader of Haiti from 1991 to 1994.

See also[edit]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Daniel Supplice, Bibliographic dictionary of political personalities of the Republic of Haiti 1804-2001. Lanno Imprimerie, Belgium 2001, ISBN 9993562300