List of contemporary ethnic groups

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The following is a list of contemporary ethnic groups. There has been constant debate over the classification of ethnic groups. Membership of an ethnic group tends to be associated with shared cultural heritage, ancestry, history, homeland, language or dialect; where the term "culture" specifically includes aspects such as religion, mythology and ritual, cuisine, dressing (clothing) style, and other factors.

By the nature of the concept, ethnic groups tend to be divided into ethnic subgroups, which may themselves be or not be identified as independent ethnic groups depending on the source consulted.

Ethnic groups[edit]

The groups commonly identified as "ethnic groups" (as opposed to ethno-linguistic phyla, national groups, racial groups or similar). Smaller groups (i.e. less than 100,000) are often indigenous peoples and are not listed.

Name Native language (primary language) Primary homeland Population (estimate) Subgroups Majority (plurality) religion and sect
Abkhazians Northwest CaucasianAbazgiAbkhaz Abkhazia[note 1] 0.2 million[1] ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Acehnese AustronesianChamicAcehnese Aceh (Indonesia) 4.1 million[2] Aneuk Jamee IslamSunni Islam
Acoli Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAcoli Acoliland (Uganda, South Sudan) 1 million[3] Christianity
Afemai Niger–CongoEdoidAfenmai Edo State (Nigeria) 0.5 million[4] Christianity
Afar AfroasiaticCushiticAfar Afaria (Ethiopia, Djibouti, Eritrea) 2.1 million[5] Islam
African Americans Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish American South (United States) 44.7 million[6] Gullah (including Black Seminoles, Bahamians and Cocolo), Samaná Americans ChristianityProtestantism
Afrikaners Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchAfrikaans South Africa (Northern and Western Cape), Namibia 3.5 million[7] Boers, White Namibians, White Botswanans ChristianityProtestantism
Afro-Brazilians Indo-EuropeanRomancePortuguese Brazil (Northern and Southern Regions) 14.5 million[8] ChristianityCatholicism
Afro-Dominicans Indo-EuropeanRomanceSpanish Dominican Republic 1.6–8.9 million[9] ChristianityCatholicism
Afro-Haitians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchHaitian Creole Haiti 10.2 million[10] Haitians in the Dominican Republic Haitian Vodou[note 2]
Afro-Saint Lucians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrenchSaint Lucian Creole Saint Lucia 0.1 million[11] Christianity
Agaw AfroasiaticCushiticAgaw[note 3] Horn of Africa (Ethiopia, Eritrea)[note 4] 1.5 million[12] Bilen, Ximre, Awi, Qemant ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Ahom Kra–DaiTaiAhom[note 5] Assam (India) 1.3[13]–8 million[14] Hinduism
Aimaq Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianAimaq Afghanistan 0.7 million[15] Aimaq Hazara, Firozkohi, Jamshidi, Kipchak, Timuri, Taymani IslamSunni Islam
Aja Niger–CongoKwaGbeAdja Benin, Togo 1.1 million[16] Traditional African religions
Akan Niger–CongoKwaAkan[note 6] Gold Coast (Ghana)[note 7] 20.9 million[17] Twi (including Ashanti and Akuapem), Fante, Abbé, Abidji, Adjoukrou, Ahafo, Ahanta, Akwamu, Akyem, Anyi, Aowin, Assin, Attie, Avatime, Avikam, Baoulé, Brong, Chakosi, Evalue, M'Bato, Nzema, Sefwi, Tchaman, Wassa, Abure, Alladian, Ghanaians, along with numerous slave descendants such as Antiguans and Barbudans and Curaçaoans Christianity
Akha Sino-TibetanLoloishHaniAkha Yunnan (China)[note 8] 0.6 million[18] Akeu Animism
Akhdam AfroasiaticSemiticArabicTaʽizzi-Adeni Arabic Yemen 0.2–3.5 million[19] Islam
Albanians Indo-EuropeanAlbanian Albania, Kosovo, North Macedonia 4.2 million[20] Ghegs, Tosks (including Arbëreshë and Arvanites), Kosovars, Cham Albanians, Macedonian Albanians, along with significant populations in Turkey, Germany, Switzerland and the United States Islam
Alur Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAlur West Nile sub-region (Uganda), Ituri (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 1.7 million[21] Christianity
Ambonese AustronesianMalayicMalayAmbonese Malay Ambon Island (Indonesia) 0.3 million[22] ChristianityProtestantism
Ambundu Niger–CongoBantuKimbundu Angola 2.4 million[23] numerous slave descendants such as Angolares and Curaçaoans Christianity
Americo-Liberians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish Liberia 0.2 milliom[24] ChristianityProtestantism
Amhara AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicAmharic Amharia (Ethiopia) 19.9 million[25] ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Amis AustronesianFormosanAmis Taiwan (Taitung and Hualien Counties) 0.2 million[26] Christianity
Anaang Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikAnaang Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) 2.6 million[27] Christianity
Anglo-Indians Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish India[note 9] 0.3[28]–1 million[29] Christianity
Antaifasy AustronesianBorneanBaritoMalagasy Farafangana (Madagascar) 0.2 million[30] Traditional African religions
Antaisaka AustronesianBorneanBaritoTesaka Farafangana (Madagascar) 0.6 million[30] Traditional African religions
Antambahoaka AustronesianBorneanBaritoMalagasy Vatovavy-Fitovinany (Madagascar) 0.1 million[31] Traditional African religions
Antankarana AustronesianBorneanBaritoAntankarana Diana (Madagascar) 0.2 million[32] Traditional African religions
Antanosy AustronesianBorneanBaritoTanosy Anosy (Madagascar) 0.4 million[30] Christianity
Antemoro AustronesianBorneanBaritoMalagasy Vatovavy-Fitovinany (Madagascar) 0.5 million[30] Traditional African religions
Anuak Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoAnuak Anuakia (Ethiopia), Boma (South Sudan) 0.1 million[33] Christianity
Apache Dené–YeniseianNa-DeneApachean[note 10] Apacheria (United States) 0.1 million[34] Chiricahua, Jicarilla, Lipan, Mescalero, Salinero, Plains Apache, Western Apache Native American religionNative American Church
Arabs AfroasiaticSemiticArabic Arabia (Yemen, Oman, Qatar, Bahrain, Kuwait, Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates)[note 11] 450 million[35] Bedouins, Druze, Shirazis (including Zanzibaris, Comorians and Maores), Baggara), Arab-Berbers (including Algerians, Libyans, Moroccans, and Tunisians), Bahrainis, Sudanese, Iraqis (including Marsh Arabs), Jordanians, Kuwaitis, Omanis (including Dhofaris), Qataris, Saudis (including Rashaida, Hejazis, and Najdis), Syrians (including Alawites), Emiratis, Yemenis (including Hadhrami, Ta'izzis-Adenis, Sanʽani, and Tihami), along with significant populations in Brazil, Indonesia, Iran, Turkey, Pakistan (including Mugheri), Venezuela, Afghanistan, and the United States Islam
Argobba AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicArgobba[note 12] Ethiopia (Afar, Harari, Amhara, and Oromia Regions)[note 4] 0.1 million[25] IslamSunni Islam
Armenians Indo-EuropeanArmenian Greater Armenia (Armenia, Republic of Artsakh, Turkey)[note 13] 6[36]–8 million[37] Turkish Armenians (including Armenians in Istanbul, Hemshin and Hidden Armenians), Cherkesogai, Armeno-Tats, Hayhurum Karabakhis, along with significant populations in Russia, the United States, France, Georgia (including the Javakheti Armenians), Lebanon, and Germany ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Aromanians Indo-EuropeanRomanceAromanian Balkans (Greece, Albania, North Macedonia)[note 4] 0.3 million[38] significant populations in Greece, Albania, and Macedonia ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Assyrians AfroasiaticSemiticNeo-Aramaic[note 14] Assyria (Iraq, Iran, Syria, Turkey)[note 15] 2[39]–4 million[40] Chaldeans, Tyari, Mandaeans, Iraqis (including and Marsh Arabs), Syrians (including Alawites), Rûm, along with significant populations in the United States, Sweden, and Israel Christianity
Atoni AustronesianTimoricUab Meto West Timor (Indonesia), Oecusse (East Timor) 0.5 million[41] Amarasi Christianity
Atyap Niger–CongoPlateauAtyap Kaduna State (South Sudan) 0.2 million[42] Christianity
Austrians Indo-EuropeanGermanicGermanBavarian Austria 8.1 million[43] South Tyroleans, along with significant populations in United States, Canada, and Australia ChristianityCatholicism
Avars Northeast CaucasianAvar Avaristan (Russia) 9 million[44] IslamSunni Islam
Awadhis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustaniAwadhi Awadh (India) 3.9 million[28] Barhai Hinduism
Aymara AymaranAymara Bolivia, Peru, Chile 3 million[45] Mestizos such as Bolivians ChristianityCatholicism
Azerbaijanis TurkicOghuzAzerbaijani Azerbaijan, Iranian Azerbaijan (Iran) 30–35 million[46] Ayrums, Bayat, Karadaghis, Qajars, Küresünni, Qarapapaqs, Shahsevan, Terekeme, Yeraz, Afshar, Iranian Azerbaijanis, along with significant populations in Georgia and Russia IslamShia Islam
Bahnar AustroasiaticBahnar Central Highlands (Vietnam) 0.2 million[47] Animism
Bai Sino-TibetanBai Dali Bai Autonomous Prefecture (China) 1.9 million[48] Buddhism
Balanta Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianBalanta Guinea-Bissau, Senegal, The Gambia 0.5 million[49] Traditional African religions
Balinese AustronesianBalinese Bali (Indonesia) 3.9 million[2] Bali Aga Hinduism
Balkars TurkicKipchakBalkar Kabardino-Balkaria (Russia) 0.1 million[44] IslamSunni Islam
Balochis Indo-EuropeanIranianBalochi Balochistan (Pakistan, Iran, Afghanistan) 5 million[50] Askani, Bajkani, Bangulzai, Barazani, Bhurgari, Bugti, Buledi, Chandio, Darzada, Dehwar, Dodai, Dombki, Gabol, Ghazini, Jamali, Jatoi, Kalmati, Khetran, Kunara, Langhani, Lango, Lashkrani, Loharani, Lund, Marri, Mazari, Mengal, Mirali, Mugheri, Muhammad Shahi, Mullazai, Nothazai, Pitafi, Qaisrani, Rind, Sadozai, Sethwi, Shaikhzadah, Talpur, Tauki, Umrani, Yarahmadzai, Zardari, Makrani, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates (including Al Balushi) and Turkmenistan IslamSunni Islam
Balti Sino-TibetanTibeticBalti Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) 0.3 million[51] IslamShia Islam
Bamars Sino-TibetanBurmese Myanmar 32.9 million[52] Taungyo, Yaw, Intha, Danu, Anglo-Burmese BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Bambara Niger–CongoMandeMandingBambara Mali 4.1 million[53] Haratin Islam
Bamileke Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamileke[note 3] Cameroon (West and Northwest Regions) 2.1 million[54] Mengaka, Ngiemboon, Ngombale, Ngomba, Ngwe, Yemba, Fe'fe', Ghomala', Kwa’, Nda’nda’, Medumba Christianity
Bamum Niger–CongoGrassfieldsBamum West Region (Cameroon) 0.4 million[55] Islam
Banda Niger–CongoUbangianBanda[note 3] Central African Republic, South Sudan, Democratic Republic of the Congo 1.3 million[56] Central Banda, South Banda Christianity
Banjarese AustronesianMalayicMalayBanjarese South Kalimantan (Indonesia) 4.1 million[2] IslamSunni Islam
Bara AustronesianBorneanBaritoBara Ibara (Madagascar) 0.5 million[57] Christianity
Bari Nilo-SaharanNiloticBari Central Equatoria (South Sudan), Uganda 0.8 million[58] Pojulu, Kakwa, Nyangwara, Mandari, Kuku Christianity
Bariba Niger–CongoGurBariba Borgu (Benin, Nigeria) 1.1 million[59] Islam
Bassa Niger–CongoKruBassa Bassaland (Liberia) 0.6 million[60] ChristianityProtestantism
Bashkirs TurkicKipchakBashkir Bashkortostan (Russia) 1.6 million[44] Islam
Basques Basque[note 16] Basque Country (Spain, France) 1.2 million[61] Significant populations in Argentina, Chile, Colombia, Mexico, Venezuela, and Uruguay ChristianityCatholicism
Batak AustronesianNorthwest SumatranBatak[note 3] North Sumatra (Indonesia) 8.5 million[2] Angkola, Karo, Mandailing, Pakpak, Simalungun, Toba, Alas, Kluet, Singkil ChristianityProtestantism
Beja AfroasiaticCushiticBeja Sudan, Egypt, Eritrea 1.9 million[62] Bishari, Ababda, Hadendoa, Hedareb, Amarar, Beni-Amer IslamSunni Islam
Belarusians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBelarusian[note 17] Belarus 10 million[63] Significant populations in the United States, Ukraine, and Russia ChristianityEastern Orthodox
Belizean Creoles Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglishBelizean Creole Belize 0.1 million[64] ChristianityProtestantism
Bemba Niger–CongoBantuBemba Zambia (Northern, Luapula, and Copperbelt Provinces), Katanga Province (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 5.3 million[65] ChristianityProtestantism
Bembe Niger–CongoBantuBembe Democratic Republic of the Congo, Tanzania 0.3 million[66] Christianity
Bengalis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBengali Bengal (Bangladesh, India) 242.7 million[67] Bangal, Bhadralok, Ghoti, Aguri, Bagdi, Baidya, Baishya Kapali, Baishya Saha, Barujibi, Bauris, Bengali Brahmins, Chunaru, Doms, Gandhabanik, Suvarna Banik, Haris, Jalia Kaibarta, Kansabanik, Karmakar, Mahishya, Mal, Bengali Kayastha, Namasudra, Sadgop, Shunri, Yogi Nath, Bangladeshis, along with significant populations in Saudi Arabia, United Arab Emirates, Malaysia, the United Kingdom, and the United States IslamSunni Islam
Berbers AfroasiaticBerber[note 3] Maghreb (Algeria, Morocco, Tunisia, Libya) 25[68]–50 million[69] Brabers, Chaouis, Chenouas, Ghomaras, Houara, Jerbis, Kabyle, Matmatas, Mozabite, Nafusis, Rifian, Sanhaja de Srair, Shilha, Siwi, Tuaregs, Awjila, Arab-Berbers (including Algerians, Libyans, Moroccans, and Tunisians), along with significant populations in France, Belgium, and the Netherlands IslamSunni Islam
Berom Niger–CongoPlateauBerom Plateau State (Nigeria) 1 million[70] Christianity
Berta Nilo-SaharanBerta Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia), South Sudan 0.4 million[71] Islam
Betawis AustronesianMalayicMalayBetawian Jakarta (Indonesia) 6.8 million[2] IslamSunni Islam
Beti Niger–CongoBantuBeti[note 18] Cameroon 1 million[57] Ewondo, Eton Christianity
Betsimisaraka AustronesianBorneanBaritoBetsimisaraka Madagascar (Sava, Analanjirofo, Atsinanana) 3.3 million[72] Traditional African religions
Bhils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhil[note 3] India (Madhya Pradesh, Gujarat, Rajasthan, Maharastra) 17.1 million[73] Barda, Bhagalia, Bhilala, Bhil Gametia, Bhil Garasia, Bhil Kataria, Bhil Mama, Bhil Mavchi, Dholi Bhil, Dungri Bhil, Damor, Dungri Garasia, Mewasi Bhil, Nirdhi Bhil, Rawal Bhil, Tadvi Bhil, Vasava, Bhil Meena, Chaudhri Hinduism
Bhojpuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariBhojpuri Bhojpur (India, Nepal) 50.6 million[28] Paswan Hinduism
Bhumij AustroasiaticMundaBhumij[note 19] India (West Bengal, Odisha, Jharkhand) 0.9 million[73] Sarnaism
Bicolanos AustronesianPhilippineBikol[note 3] Bicolandia (Philippines) 4.1 million[74] Central Bikol, Sorsoganons, Catandunganons, Rinconada, Albayanon ChristianityCatholicism
Bidayuh AustronesianBorneanLand Dayak[note 3] Sarawak (Malaysia) 0.2 million[75] Kendayan, Selako, Bakati’, Sara Bakati', Laraʼ, Bukar Sadong, Biatah, Tringgus, Jagoi, Jangkang, Kembayan, Semandang, Ribun, Nyadu’, Sanggau Christianity
Bilala Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicNaba Lake Fitri (Chad) 0.1 million[76] Islam
Bishnupriya Manipuris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBishnupriya Manipuri Manipur (India), Bangladesh 0.1 million[77] Hinduism
Bissa Niger–CongoMandeBissa Burkina Faso 0.6 million[78] Islam
Blaan AustronesianPhilippineBlaan Soccsksargen (Philippines) 0.2 million[79] Anitism
Boa Niger–CongoBantuBoa Bas-Uele (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 0.2 million[80] Christianity
Bodo Sino-TibetanSalBodo Bodoland (India) 1.5 million[28] Mech Bathouism
Bosniaks Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianBosnian Bosnia and Herzegovina, Sandžak (Serbia, Montenegro) 2.5 million[81] Significant populations in Serbia, Turkey, Austria, Germany and the United States IslamSunni Islam
Bouyei Kra–DaiTaiBouyei Guizhou (China) 3 million[82] Giáy Moism
Bozo Niger–CongoMandeBozo Mali 0.2 million[83] Islam
Brahuis DravidianBrahui Balochistan (Pakistan) 1.6 million[84] Raisani, Jhalawan, Sarawan, Mengal (including Zagar and Zakria Zae), Sasoli IslamSunni Islam
Bretons Indo-EuropeanCelticBreton[note 20] Brittany (France) 4.6 million[85] ChristianityCatholicism
Bru AustroasiaticKatuicBru Savannakhet Province (Laos), Vietnam (Quảng Bình and Quảng Trị Provinces) 0.3 million[86] Animism
Budu Niger–CongoBantuBudu Wamba Territory (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 0.4 million[87] Christianity
Buduma AfroasiaticChadicYedina Lake Chad (Chad, Nigeria, Cameroon) 0.1 million[88] Islam
Buginese AustronesianSouth SulawesiBuginese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) 6.4 million[2] Islam
Bulgarians Indo-EuropeanSlavicBulgarian Bulgaria 9–10 million[89] Pomaks, along with significant populations in Turkey, Ukraine and Moldova, Romania and Serbia, Germany, Spain and the United States ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Burusho Burushaski Gilgit-Baltistan (Pakistan) 0.1 million[90] IslamShia Islam
Butonese AustronesianCelebicButonese[note 3] Buton (Indonesia) 0.3 million[citation needed] Islam
Bwa Niger–CongoGurBwa[note 3] Burkina Faso, Mali 0.3 million[91] Traditional African religions
Catalans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCatalan Catalan Countries (Spain, France) 8.4 million[citation needed] Valencians, Balearics, Andorrans ChristianityCatholicism
Chamorro AustronesianChamorro Mariana Islands (United States) 0.2 million[92] ChristianityCatholicism
Chams AustronesianChamicCham Champa (Cambodia, Vietnam) 0.6–0.7 million[93] IslamSunni Islam
Chechens Northeast CaucasianNakhChechen Chechnya (Russia) 2 million[94] Kists IslamSunni Islam
Cherokee IroquoianCherokee[note 21] United States (North Carolina, Tennessee)[note 22] 0.8 million[34] Cherokee Nation, Eastern Band, United Keetoowah Band Christianity
Chin Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–Naga[note 23] Chin State (Myanmar) 10 million[95] Thadou, Paite, Simte, Zou, Lamkang, Kom, Lushai, Hmar, Koireng, Mizo, Aimol, Mru, Mrucha (including Anu-Hkongso), Bawm, Biate, Asho Christianity
Choctaw MuskogeanChoctaw[note 21] United States (Alabama, Florida, Mississippi, Louisiana)[note 22] 0.2 million[34] Native American religion
Chokwe Niger–CongoBantuChokwe Angola, Democratic Republic of the Congo, Zambia 1.3 million[96] Christianity
Chuanqing Sino-TibetanChineseMandarin Chinese Guizhou (China) 0.7 million[97] Tunbao Buddhism
Chutiya Sino-TibetanSalDeori[note 5] Assam (India) 2.5 million[98] Deori Hinduism
Chuukese AustronesianMicronesianChuukese Chuuk Lagoon (Federated States of Micronesia) 0.1 million[99] ChristianityCatholicism
Chuvash TurkicOghurChuvash Chuvashia (Russia) 1.4 million[44] Virjal, Anatri ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Circassians Northwest CaucasianCircassian[note 3] Circassia (Russia)[note 1] 0.7 million[100] Adygeans, Kabardians, Cherkess, Shapsugs IslamSunni Islam
Chakmas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanChakma Chittagong Hill Tracts (Bangladesh) 0.3 million[101] BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Chewa Niger–CongoBantuChewa Malawi, Zambia, Zimbabwe, Mozambique 9.7 million[102] Christianity
Coloureds Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutchAfrikaans South Africa (Northern and Western Cape), Namibia 5.5 million[103] Cape Coloureds, Griqua, Basters, Oorlam, Goffal Christianity
Cornish Indo-EuropeanCelticCornish[note 24] Cornwall (United Kingdom) 11 million[104] Significant populations in the United States and Australia Christianity
Corsicans Indo-EuropeanRomanceCorsican[note 20] Corsica (France) 0.3 million[105] ChristianityCatholicism
Cree AlgicAlgonquianCree[note 25] Canada (Alberta, Saskatchewan, Manitoba, Ontario, Quebec, Newfoundland and Labrador) 0.4 million[106] Innu, Naskapi, Atikamekw, James Bay Cree, Moose Cree, Swampy Cree, Woods Cree, Plains Cree, Métis (including Métis in Canada), Oji-Cree Christianity
Croats Indo-EuropeanSlavicSerbo-CroatianCroatian Croatia, Federation of Bosnia and Herzegovina (Bosnia and Herzegovina) 5.5 million[107] Bunjevci, Krashovani, Janjevci, Sokci, Bosnian Croats, along with significant populations in Italy (including Molise Croats), Austria, United States, Chile, Argentina, Germany, Australia and Canada ChristianityCatholicism
Cuyunon AustronesianPhilippineVisayanCuyonon Cuyo Archipelago (Philippines) 0.2 million[108] ChristianityCatholicism
Czechs Indo-EuropeanSlavicCzech Czech Republic 6.7 million[109] Bohemians, Moravians, Silesians, along with significant populations in United States and Canada ChristianityCatholicism[note 26]
Dagaaba Niger–CongoGurDagaare Ghana, Burkina Faso 1.1 million[110] Christianity
Dagombas Niger–CongoGurDagbani Kingdom of Dagbon (Ghana) 1.2 million[111] IslamSunni Islam
Damara KhoeKhoekhoe Damaraland (Namibia) 0.2 million[112] Christianity
Danes Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicDanish Denmark 5.6 million[113] Significant populations in the United States, Canada, Greenland, and Germany. ChristianityProtestantism
Dargins Northeast CaucasianDargwa Dagestan (Russia) 0.6 million[44] Kajtak, Kubachi, Itsari, Chirag Islam
Dinka Nilo-SaharanNiloticDinka South Sudan 4.5 million[114] Christianity
Dogon Niger–CongoDogon[note 3] Bandiagara Escarpment (Mali) 0.8 million[115] Ampari Dogon Traditional African religions
Dogra Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDogri Jammu Division (India) 2.5 million[28] Hinduism
Dongxiangs MongolicSanta Hezhou (China) 0.6 million[116] IslamSunni Islam
Dubla Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBhilDubli[note 27] Gujarat (India) 0.7 million[73] Hinduism
Dutch Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch Netherlands 29 million[117] Gronings, Arubans, Bonairians, Curaçaoans, Sabans, St. Maarteners, St. Eustatians, Surinamese, Mennonites (including Russian Mennonites), Indos, Dutch Burghers, along with significant populations in the United States, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand Christianity[note 26]
Dyula Niger–CongoMandeMandingDyula Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Mali 2.2 million[118] IslamSunni Islam
Ebira Niger–CongoNupoidEbira Kogi State (Nigeria) 1.8 million[119] Islam
Edo Niger–CongoEdoidEdo Edo State (Nigeria) 1.6 million[120] Ika, Emai Christianity
Efik Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikEfik Cross River State (Nigeria) 0.7 million[121] Christianity
Egyptians AfroasiaticCoptic[note 28] Egypt 104.2 million[122] Sa'idis, Copts, Waḥātī IslamSunni Islam
Ekoi Niger–CongoEkoi Nigeria, Cameroon 0.2 million[123] Christianity
Emberá ChocoEmbera Chocó Department (Colombia), Panama (Darién, Emberá) 0.1 million[124] Shamanism
English Indo-EuropeanGermanicEnglish England (United Kingdom)[note 29] 137.4 million[125] numerous colonial descendants such as Americans, Canadians, Australians, New Zealanders, White Bahamians, White Barbadians, Cayman Islanders, White Dominiquais, White Jamaicans, White Botswanans, White Kenyans, White Saint Helenians, White Zambians, White Zimbabweans, Anglo-Burmese, British Hongkongers, and White Pakistanis ChristianityProtestantism
Esan Niger–CongoEdoidEsan Esanland (Nigeria) 0.7 million[126] Christianity
Estonians UralicFinnicEstonian Estonia 1.2 million[127] Võros, Setos ChristianityProtestantism[note 26]
Ewe Niger–CongoKwaGbeEwe Togo, Ghana 6.7 million[128] Anlo Ewe, Waci Christianity
Fang Niger–CongoBantuBetiFang Río Muni (Equatorial Guinea), Gabon 1 million[57] Christianity
Fijians AustronesianFijian Fiji 0.5 million[129] ChristianityProtestantism
Finns UralicFinnicFinnish Finland 5.5 million[130] Kvens, Forest Finns, Tornedalians, Ingrian Finns, along with significant populations in Sweden, United States, and Canada. ChristianityProtestantism
Flemings Indo-EuropeanGermanicDutch Flanders (Belgium) 6.2 million[131] ChristianityCatholicism
Fon Niger–CongoKwaGbeFon Dahomey (Benin) 1.7 million[132] Egun ChristianityCatholicism
French Indo-EuropeanRomanceFrench France, Romandy (Switzerland), Aosta Valley (Italy) 76.8 million[133] Arpitans, Waldensians, Saint-Pierrais, Burgundians, Champenois, Free Countians, Gallo, Lorrainers, Normans (including Channel Islanders), Picards, Poitevins (including Saintongeais), Barthélemoise, Saint-Martinois, French Guianese, Caldoche, Réunionese (including Zoreilles), along with numerous colonial descendants such as Pieds-Noirs, French Canadians (including Quebecers, Acadians, and Métis), Louisianians (including Creoles of color and Cajuns), French Haitians, French Malagasy, Franco-Mauritians, and Franco-Seychellois ChristianityCatholicism
Frisians Indo-EuropeanGermanicFrisian[note 3] Frisia (Netherlands, Germany) 0.9 million[134] West Frisians, East Frisians, North Frisians ChristianityProtestantism
Friulians Indo-EuropeanRomanceFriulian Friuli (Italy) 0.6 million[135] ChristianityCatholicism
Fula Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianFula West Africa (Guinea, Senegal, Mali, Nigeria, Cameroon, Niger, Burkina Faso, Benin)[note 30] 20[136]–25 million[89] Wodaabe, Haratin, Fula Jalon, Fulakunda, Maasina Fulfulde Islam
Fur Nilo-SaharanFur Darfur (Sudan) 0.7 million[137] IslamSunni Islam
Ga-Adangbe Niger–CongoKwaGa–Dangme[note 3] Greater Accra (Ghana) 2.1 million[138] Ga, Adangbe Christianity
Gagauz TurkicOghuzGagauz Gagauzia (Moldova), Budjak (Ukraine) 0.2 million[citation needed] ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Galicians Indo-EuropeanRomanceGalician Galicia (Spain) 3.2 million[citation needed] ChristianityCatholicism
Ganda Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesLuganda Buganda (Uganda) 6.7 million[139] Abayudaya Christianity
Garifuna ArawakanTa-ArawakanGarifuna[note 31] Saint Vincent and the Grenadines[note 32] 0.1 million[140] Black Caribs ChristianityCatholicism
Garos Sino-TibetanSalGaro Garo Hills (India) 1.1 million[28] Christianity
Gayonese AustronesianNorthwest SumatranGayo Indonesia (Bener Meriah, Central Aceh, and Gayo Lues Regencies) 0.3 million[141] Islam
Gbagyi Niger–CongoNupoidGwari Nigeria 1.2 million[142] Traditional African religions
Gbaya Niger–CongoUbangianGbaya[note 3] Central African Republic, Cameroon 1.2 million[143] Bokoto, Kàrà, Buli (including Toongo), Ali, Mandja, Gbaya-Bossangoa, Bozom, Mbodomo, Gbanu, Bangandu Islam
Gedeo AfroasiaticCushiticGedeo Gedeo Zone (Ethiopia) 1 million[25] ChristianityProtestantism
Gelao Kra–DaiKraGelao[note 33] Guizhou (China) 0.6 million[144] Taoism
Georgians KartvelianGeorgian Georgia 4.1 million[145] Adjarians, Mingrelians, Svans, Tushetians (including Bats), Meskhetians ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Germans Indo-EuropeanGermanicGerman Germany, Switzerland, Liechtenstein 100–150 million[146] Bavarians, Franconians, Hessians, Hunsriks, Upper Saxons, Lower Saxons, Swabians (including Danube Swabians), Rhinelanders (including Colognians), Alsatians, German Swiss, Liechtensteiners, Pomeranians, Volga Germans, Baltic Germans, Silesian Germans, Carpathian Germans, North Schleswig Germans, Eastern Belgians, Transylvanian Saxons, Amish (including Pennsylvania Dutch), Hutterites, Mennonites (including Russian Mennonites), along with significant populations in the United States (including German Texans), Brazil, Mexico, Argentina, Canada, Chile, Kazakhstan, Australia, and New Zealand. Christianity
Gola Niger–CongoGola Liberia, Sierra Leone 0.2 million[147] Islam
Gonds DravidianGondi[note 34] Gondwana (India) 13.3 million[73] Godha, Madia Gonds, Muria, Koya Hinduism
Gorontaloans AustronesianPhilippineGorontaloan Gorontalo (Indonesia) 1.8 million[2] IslamSunni Islam
Greeks Indo-EuropeanGreek Greece, Cyprus 17 million[148] Greek Cypriots, Pontic Greeks, Cappadocian Greeks, Sarakatsani, Urums, Griko, along with significant populations in Albania (including Northern Epirotes), Ukraine, Georgia, the United States, the United Kingdom, Germany, Australia, and Canada ChristianityEastern Orthodoxy
Guan Niger–CongoKwaGuang[note 3] Ghana (Brong-Ahafo and Volta Regions) 1 million[149] Gonja, Kyode, Cherepon, Efutu, Anyanga, Larteh, Chumburung, Krache, Anum-Boso Christianity
Guaraní TupianGuarani Paraguay, Misiones (Argentina), Bolivia 5 million[150] Chiriguanos, along with Mestizos such as Paraguayans ChristianityCatholicism
Gujarati Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanGujarati Gujarat (India) 60 million[28] Koli, Bharwad, Khoja, Patidar, Sunni Bohra, Lohana, Vagri, Kharva, Charan, Baria, Momna, Ghanchi, Shenva, Bhambi Khalpa, Zarabes, Bhoi, Luso-Indians, Gujarati Americans Hinduism
Gumuz Nilo-SaharanGumuz Benishangul-Gumuz Region (Ethiopia) 0.2 million[25] Traditional African religion
Gurage AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicGurage[note 3] Guragia (Ethiopia) 1.9 million[25] Kistane, Zay, Inor, Mesqan, Sebat Bet (including Chaha and Muher) Christianity
Gurma Niger–CongoGurGourmanché Gurmaland (Burkina Faso, Ghana) 1.1 million[151] Ntcham, Bimoba Islam
Gurunsi Niger–CongoGurGurunsi[note 3] Burkina Faso, Ghana, Togo 1.6 million[152] Lukpa, Kabye, Tem, Lamba, Delo, Bago-Kusuntu, Chala, Lyélé, Nuna, Kalamsé, Pana, Kassena, Winye, Deg, Puguli, Paasaal, Sisaala, Chakali, Siti, Tamprusi, Vagla Traditional African religions
Hadiya AfroasiaticCushiticHadiyya Hadiya (Ethiopia) 1.3 million[25] Islam
Han Sino-TibetanChinese China 1,300 million[153] Subei, Cantonese (including Taishanese, Hongkongers, and Macanese), Fujianese (including Fuzhounese, Hainanese, Hoklo, Hui'an maidens, Putianese, and Teochew), Gaoshan Han, Gan, Hakka (including Ngái), Hebei, Hunanese, Jianghuai, Shandong, Sichuanese, Wu (including Shanghainese, Ningbonese, and Wenzhou), Han Taiwanese, along with significant populations in the United States, Malaysia (including Peranakan), Singapore, Thailand, Indonesia, Myanmar, Canada, the Philippines (including Sangleys), Peru, Australia, Vietnam, Japan, Russia, France (including Chinois), the United Kingdom, South Africa, Italy, Germany, Korea, Spain, India, Laos, Brazil, the Netherlands, Panama, and New Zealand Chinese folk religion
Hani Sino-TibetanLoloishHani Yunnan (China) 1.4 million[154] Animism
Harari AfroasiaticSemiticEthiopicHarari Hararia (Ethiopia) 0.2 million[155] IslamSunni Islam
Hausa AfroasiaticChadicHausa Hausaland (Niger, Nigeria) 43.7 million[156] IslamSunni Islam
Hawaiians AustronesianPolynesianHawaiian[note 35] Hawaii (United States) 0.5 million[92] Christianity
Hazaras Indo-EuropeanIranianPersianHazaragi Hazarajat (Afghanistan) 5–8 million[153] Aimaq Hazara, Hazara Australians IslamShia Islam
Herero Niger–CongoBantuHerero Hereroland (Namibia), Angola 0.3 million[citation needed] OvaHimba, Ovambanderu Christianity
Hindustanis Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanHindustani India 322.2 million[28] Darzi, Chamar, Kurmi, Momin Ansari, Lohar, Kayastha, Koeri, Kahar, Sunar, Pasi, Lodhi, Gadaria, Barhai, Kachhi, Yadav Hinduism
Hmong Hmong–MienHmongic[note 3] Guizhou (China)[note 36] 14–15 million[157] A-Hmao, Gha-Mu, Xong, Hmong Americans Hmong folk religion
Hui Sino-TibetanChineseMandarin Chinese Northwest China (China) 9.8 million[158] Dungan, Panthays IslamSunni Islam
Huli Trans–New GuineaEnganHuli Southern Highlands Province (Papua New Guinea) 0.3 million[159] Christianity
Hungarians UralicUgricHungarian Hungary, Székely Land (Romania), Felvidék (Slovakia) 12.6 million[160] Jasz, Palóc, along with significant populations in Romania (including Székelys and Csangos), Slovakia, Serbia, Ukraine, Croatia, Slovenia, Germany, the United States, and Canada ChristianityCatholicism
Hutu Niger–CongoBantuGreat LakesRwanda-Rundi[note 37] Rwanda, Burundi, Kivu (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 9.5 million[161] Christianity
Iban AustronesianMalayicIban Sarawak (Malaysia) 0.8 million[162] Mualang Christianity
Ibanag AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIbanag Philippines (Isabela, Cagayan) 0.3 million[163] ChristianityCatholicism
Ibibio Niger–CongoCross RiverIbibio-EfikIbibio Akwa Ibom State (Nigeria) 4.5 million[164] Eket, Aro Christianity
Icelanders Indo-EuropeanGermanicNordicIcelandic Iceland 0.4 million[165] ChristianityProtestantism
Idoma Niger–CongoIdomoidIdoma Benue State (Nigeria) 1.1 million[166] Agatu, Alago, Yala Christianity
Igbo Niger–CongoIgbo Igboland (Nigeria) 20 million[167] Anioma, Aro, Edda, Ekpeye, Etche, Ezaa, Ika, Ikwerre, Ikwo, Isu, Izzi, Mbaise, Mgbo, Ngwa, Nri-Igbo, Ogba, Ohafia, Ohuhu, Onitsha-Ado, Ukwuani, Waawa, along with numerous slave descendants such as Antiguans and Barbudans Christianity
Igede Niger–CongoIdomoidIgede Benue State (Nigeria) 0.4 million[168] Christianity
Igorot AustronesianPhilippineCordilleran[note 3] Cordillera Administrative Region (Philippines) 1.5 million[169] Bontoc, Ibaloi, Ifugao (including Kalanguya), Isnag, Kalinga, Kankanaey Anitism
Ijaw Niger–CongoIjaw[note 3] Nigeria (Rivers, Bayelsa, and Delta States) 14 million[115] Bille, Engenni, Ibani, Kalabari, Kula, Nkoro, Nkoroo, Obolo Christianity
Ilocano AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranIlocano Ilocos Region (Philippines) 10 million[170] ChristianityCatholicism
Ingush Northeast CaucasianNakhIngush Ingushetia (Russia) 0.4 million[44] IslamSunni Islam
Inuit Eskimo–AleutInuit[note 3] Greenland (Denmark), Canada (Nunavut, Nunatsiavut, Nunavik, NunatuKavut), Alaska (United States) 0.2 million[171] Greenlandics (including Kalaallit, Tunumiit, Inughuit and Greenlandic Danes), Iñupiat, Inuktitut, Inuvialuit Christianity
Iranun AustronesianPhilippineIranun Mindanao (Philippines) 0.3 million[172] IslamSunni Islam
Irish Indo-EuropeanCelticIrish[note 24] Ireland (Republic of Ireland, United Kingdom)[note 38] 80 million[173] Irish Travellers, Ulster Irish, along with significant populations in the United States, Australia, Canada, Argentina, Mexico and New Zealand ChristianityCatholicism
Iroquois Iroquoian[note 39] United States, Canada 0.1 million[174] Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, Tuscarora Longhouse Religion
Isan Kra–DaiTaiLaoIsan Isan (Thailand) 22 million[175] BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Isoko Niger–CongoEdoidIsoko Isoko region (Nigeria) 0.6 million[176] Christianity
Italians Indo-EuropeanRomanceItalian Italy, Ticino (Switzerland) 69[177]–140 million[178] Sicilians, Waldensians, Lazians, Marchigianos, Tuscans, Umbrians, Emilian, Romagnol (including Sanmarinese), Trentinis, Ligurians (including Monégasque), Lombards, Piedmontese, Apulians, Calabrians, Neapolitans (including Abruzzans, Molisans, Basilicatans, and Campanians), Venetians along with significant populations in Argentina, Brazil, the United States, Venezuela, Canada, France, Peru, Uruguay, Australia, Germany, Chile and the United Kingdom ChristianityCatholicism
Itawes AustronesianPhilippineCordilleranItawis Cagayan Valley (Philippines) 0.2 million[179] ChristianityCatholicism
Japanese JaponicJapanese Japan 128.2 million[180] Kantō, Kansai, Hokkaido, Tōhoku, Hōnichi, Satsugū, Chūgoku, Echigo, Tōkai, Shinshuu, Hokuriku, Hachijō, along with significant populations in Brazil, the United States and the Philippines. Shinto[note 40]
Jarai AustronesianChamicJarai Central Highlands (Vietnam) 0.4 million[47] Animism
Javanese AustronesianJavanese Java (Indonesia) 95.2 million[2] Cirebonese, Osing, Tenggerese, Boyanese, Samin, Banyumasan, along with significant populations in Malaysia, Suriname, China, and Saudi Arabia IslamSunni Islam
Jews AfroasiaticSemiticHebrew[note 41] Israel[note 42] 17.6 million[181] Ashkenazim, Sephardim (including Moroccan Jews, Tunisian Jews, and Toshavim), Mizrahim (including Syrian and Bukharan Jews), Teimanim, Beta Israel, Italkim, Romaniotes, Juhurim, Krymchaks, Bene Israel, Cochin, Lishanid Noshan, Israelis, along with significant populations in the United States, France, Canada, the United Kingdom, Argentina, Russia, Germany, and Australia Judaism
Jingpo Sino-TibetanSalJingpho Kachin State (Myanmar), Yunnan (China) 1 million[182] Animism
Jola Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianJola[note 3] Jolaland (Senegal) 0.5 million[183] Banjaal, Bayot, Fogni, Gusilay, Karon, Kasa, Kuwaataay, Mlomp Traditional African religions
Jukun Niger–CongoJukun Takum[note 43] Wukari (Nigeria) 0.1 million[184] Wannu Traditional African religions
Kadazan-Dusun AustronesianBorneanDusunic[note 3] Sabah (Malaysia) 0.6 million[185] Kadazan, Dusun, Dumpas, Ida'an, Kwijau, Lotud, Mangka'ak, Maragang, Minokok, Orang Sungai, Rumanau, Rungus, Tambanuo Christianity
Kalanga Niger–CongoBantuShonaKalanga Zimbabwe, Botswana 0.7 million[186] Nambya Christianity
Kalenjin Nilo-SaharanNiloticKalenjin[note 3] Rift Valley Province (Kenya) 5 million[187] Keiyo, Tugen, Marakwet, Nandi, Kipsigis, Sabaot, Pökoot, Okiek, Terik Christianity
Kamba Niger–CongoBantuKamba Ukambani (Kenya) 3.9 million[187] Afro-Paraguayans Christianity
Kanaks AustronesianKanak[note 3] Kanakia (France) 0.1 million[188] Haveke, Ajië, Arhâ, Xârâgurè, Haeke ChristianityCatholicism
Kannadigas DravidianKannada Karnataka (India) 43.7 million[28] Vokkaliga Hinduism
Kanuri Nilo-SaharanSaharanKanuri Kanuriland (Nigeria, Niger, Chad, Cameroon) 8.6 million[189] Kanembu, Yerwa Kanuri Islam
Kapampangans AustronesianPhilippineKapampangan Pampanga (Philippines) 2 million[190] ChristianityCatholicism
Kapsiki AfroasiaticChadicKapsiki Mandara Mountains (Nigeria, Cameroon) 0.1 million[191] Islam
Karachays TurkicKipchakKarachay Karachay-Cherkessia (Russia) 0.2 million[44] IslamSunni Islam
Karakalpaks TurkicKipchakKarakalpak Karakalpakstan (Uzbekistan) 0.7 million[192] IslamSunni Islam
Karbi Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaKarbi Karbi Anglong district (India) 0.5 million[28] Amri Hinduism
Karen Sino-TibetanKarenic[note 3] Karen State (Myanmar), Thailand 9 million[193] S'gaw Karen, Pwo Karen, Karenni (including Kayan) BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Kashmiris Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanDardicKashmiri Kashmir (India, Pakistan) 6.8 million[28] Kashmiri Pandits, Kashmiris of Punjab IslamSunni Islam
Kashubians Indo-EuropeanSlavicKashubian Kashubia (Poland) 0.5[194]–0.6 million[195] ChristianityCatholicism
Kazakhs TurkicKipchakKazakh Kazakhstan 18 million[196] Significant populations in China, and Russia IslamSunni Islam
Khas Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanNepali Nepal, Uttarakhand (India) 20 million[197] Chhetri, Bahun, Kami, Damai, Sarki, Gandarbha, Thakuri, Badi Hinduism
Khmer AustroasiaticKhmer Cambodia 17 million[175] Significant populations in the United States and Vietnam BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Khonds DravidianKui Kandhamal (India) 1.6 million[73] Hinduism
Khorasani Turks TurkicOghuzKhorasani Turkic Khorasan (Iran) 1 million[198] IslamShia Islam
Kikuyu Niger–CongoBantuKikuyu Kenya 6.6 million[187] Christianity
Kilba AfroasiaticChadicHuba Hong (Nigeria) 0.3 million[199] Christianity
Kirati Sino-TibetanKiranti[note 3] Eastern Development Region (Nepal) 1.4 million[200] Limbu, Sunuwar, Yakkha (including Athpare), Rai (including Kulung, Bantawa, and Bahing) Kirat Mundhum
Kissi Niger–CongoAtlanticMelKissi Guinea, Sierra Leone 0.1 million[201] Christianity
Kofyar AfroasiaticChadicKofyar Plateau State (Nigeria) 0.2 million[202] Traditional African religions
Komi UralicPermicKomi Russia (Komi Republic, Permyakia) 0.6 million[128] Komi-Zyrians, Komi-Permyaks, Izhma Komi ChristianityEastern Orthodox
Konkani Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanKonkani Goa (India) 2.3 million[28] Luso-Indians Hinduism
Kongo Niger–CongoBantuKongo Kongoland (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Republic of the Congo, Angola) 10.2 million[203] Lari, Vili, Mayombe, Suundi, along with numerous slave descendants such as Dominicans Christianity
Konjo Niger–CongoBantuKonjo Rwenzori Mountains (Democratic Republic of the Congo, Uganda) 1.5 million[citation needed] Nande Christianity
Konso AfroasiaticCushiticKonso Konso (Ethiopia) 0.4 million[25] Traditional African religions
Koreans Korean Korea (North Korea, South Korea) 77.2 million[204] Jeju Islanders, along with significant populations in the United States, China, Russia, Japan, Canada, Australia, Vietnam, and the Philippines Shamanism[note 26]
Kpelle Niger–CongoMandeKpelle Liberia, Guinea 1.2 million[205] Traditional African religions
Kposo Niger–CongoKwaGhana–Togo MountainKposo Plateaux (Togo), Ghana 0.2 million[206] ChristianityCatholicism
Kru Niger–CongoKru[note 3] Liberia (Grand Kru and Maryland Counties) 3.3 million[207] Aizi, Bété, Bakwé, Grebo, Krahn (including Sapo), Kuwaa Christianity
Kumyks TurkicKipchakKumyk Dagestan (Russia) 0.5 million[44] IslamSunni Islam
Kunama Nilo-SaharanKunama Eritrea, Ethiopia 0.3 million[citation needed] ChristianityOriental Orthodoxy
Kurds Indo-EuropeanIranianKurdish[note 3] Kurdistan (Turkey, Iran, Iraq, Syria) 45.6 million[208] Bajalan, Kurmanjis, Sorans, Zazas, Feylis, Iranian Laks, Yazidis, Shabak, along with significant populations in France and Germany IslamSunni Islam
Kurukh DravidianKurukh Chota Nagpur Plateau (India) 3.7 million[73] Kisan Hinduism
Kuteb Niger–CongoJukunoidKuteb Taraba State (Nigeria) 0.6 million[209] Christianity
Kyrgyz TurkicKipchakKyrgyz Kyrgyzstan 4.1 million[210] IslamSunni Islam
Laks Northeast CaucasianLak Lakia (Russia) 0.2 million[44] IslamSunni Islam
Lamaholot AustronesianFlores–LembataLamaholot Solor (Indonesia) 0.2 million[211] ChristianityCatholicism
Lampungs AustronesianLampung Lampung (Indonesia) 1.4 million[2] Islam
Lao Kra–DaiTaiLao Laos 4 million[175] BuddhismTheravada Buddhism
Latvians Indo-EuropeanBalticLatvian Latvia 1.8 million[212] Latgalians, Kursenieki, Selonians ChristianityProtestantism
Laz KartvelianLaz[note 44] Lazistan (Turkey, Georgia) 1.6 million[213] Turkish Laz, Georgian Laz IslamSunni Islam
Lebanese AfroasiaticSemiticArabicNorth Levantine Arabic[note 45] Lebanon[note 46] 11.6 million[214] Maronites, along with significant populations in Brazil, Argentina, Colombia, the United States, and France ChristianityCatholicism
Lega Niger–CongoBantuLega Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.3 million[215] Traditional African religions
Lezgins Northeast CaucasianLezgicLezgian Lezgistan (Russia, Azerbaijan) 0.8 million[216] IslamSunni Islam
Li Kra–DaiHlai[note 3] Hainan (China) 1.2 million[217] Animism
Limba Niger–CongoLimba Sierra Leone (Bombali and Koinadugu Districts) 0.4 million[218] Christianity
Lisu Sino-TibetanLoloishLisu China, Myanmar 0.6 million[219] Lipo ChristianityProtestantism
Lithuanians Indo-EuropeanBalticLithuanian Lithuania 3.7[220]–4.1 million[221] Samogitians, Aukstaitians, Lietuvninkai ChristianityCatholicism
Luba Niger–CongoBantuLuban[note 3] Lubaland (Democratic Republic of the Congo) 7 million[57] Luba-Kasai, Luba-Katanga, Hemba, Songe, Lulua Christianity
Luhya Niger–CongoBantuLuhya Western Province (Kenya) 5.3 million[187] Bukusu, Idakho, Isukha, Kabras, Khayo, Kisa, Marachi, Maragoli, Marama, Nyole, Samia, Tachoni, Tiriki, Tsotso, Wanga, Christianity
Luo Nilo-SaharanNiloticLuoDholuo Kenya 4 million[187] Christianity
Lurs Indo-EuropeanIranianLuri Iran 5 million[222] Bakhtiari, Iranian Laks IslamShia Islam
Luxembourgers Indo-EuropeanGermanicGermanLuxembourgish Luxembourg, Arelerland (Belgium) 0.4 million[223] Significant populations in Brazil and the United States ChristianityCatholicism
Maasai Nilo-SaharanNiloticMaasai Maasailand (Tanzania, Kenya) 1.5 million[224] Samburu, Arusha Traditional African religions
Macedonians Indo-EuropeanSlavicMacedonian North Macedonia 2 million[225] Torbesh, Mijaks, along with significant populations in Australia and Greece ChristianityEastern Orthodox
Madi Nilo-SaharanCentral SudanicMa'di Democratic Republic of the Congo, South Sudan, Uganda 0.4 million[citation needed] Christianity
Madurese AustronesianMadurese Madura (Indonesia)[note 47] 7.2 million[2] Boyanese IslamSunni Islam
Mafa AfroasiaticChadicMafa Cameroon 0.2 million[226] Christianity
Magahi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMagahi Magadha (India) 12.7 million[28] Hinduism
Magars Sino-TibetanMagar[note 48] Nepal 1.6 million[227] Hinduism
Maguindanao AustronesianPhilippineMaguindanao Maguindanao (Philippines) 1.4 million[228] Islam
Maithils Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanBihariMaithili Mithila (India, Nepal) 40 million[229] Karan Kayastha Hinduism
Makassarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMakassarese South Sulawesi (Indonesia) 2.7 million[2] IslamSunni Islam
Makonde Niger–CongoBantuMakonde Tanzania, Mueda Plateau (Mozambique) 1.4 million[230] Machinga Islam
Makua Niger–CongoBantuMakhuwa Mozambique 3.5 million[231] Lomwe, Chuwabu, Moniga, Koti, Nathembo Traditional African religions
Malays AustronesianMalayicMalay Malay world (Malaysia, Singapore, Indonesia) 60.7 million[232] Bruneians, Kedahans, Pattani, Pahang, Terengganuarians, Kelantanese, Perakians, Berau, Proto-Malay (including Orang Kuala, Jakun, Orang Rimba, Orang Seletar, and Temuan), Lubu, Palembangnese, Cape Malays, Cocos Malays IslamSunni Islam
Malayali DravidianMalayalam Kerala (India) 34.8 million[28] Ambalavasi, Dheevara, Nair, Paravar, Saint Thomas Christians (including Knanayas), Mappilas, Ezhava, along with significant populations in the United Arab Emirates, Saudi Arabia, Oman, Qatar, Kuwait and Bahrain Hinduism
Maldivians Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMaldivian Maldives 0.3 million[233] Mahls IslamSunni Islam
Maltese AfroasiaticSemiticArabicMaltese Malta 0.5 million[234] Gozitans ChristianityCatholicism
Mambila Niger–CongoMambila Mambilla Plateau (Nigeria, Cameroon) 0.1 million[235] Somyev Traditional African religions
Manchu TungusicManchu[note 49] Manchuria (China) 10.4 million[236] Shamanism
Mandarese AustronesianSouth SulawesiMandar West Sulawesi (Indonesia) 0.5 million[237] Islam
Mandinka Niger–CongoMandeManding[note 3] Mali, The Gambia, Guinea, Senegal 13[143]–20 million[238] Bolon, along with numerous slave descendants such as Montserratians, Cape Verdeans, and Martinicans Islam
Manggarai AustronesianSumba–FloresManggarai Manggarai (Indonesia) 0.8 million[239] Christianity
Manjak Niger–CongoAtlanticSenegambianManjak Guinea-Bissau, Senegal 0.4 million[240] Traditional African religions
Māori AustronesianPolynesianMāori[note 50] New Zealand 0.9 million[citation needed] Cook Islanders Christianity
Mapuche Mapudungun[note 51] Araucanía (Chile, Argentina) 1.4 million[241] Huilliche, along with Mestizos such as Chileans Christianity
Maranao AustronesianPhilippineMaranao Lanao (Philippines) 0.8 million[242] Islam
Marathi Indo-EuropeanIndo-AryanMarathi Maharashtra (India) 83 million[28] Mahar, Maratha, Kunbi, Dhangar, Bhoi Hinduism
Mari UralicMari Mari El (Russia) 0.5 million[44] Meadow Mari, Hill Mari ChristianityEastern Orthodox
Masa AfroasiaticChadicMasana Cameroon, Chad 0.5 million[243] Islam
Masalit Nilo-SaharanMasalit Sudan, Chad 0.4 million[244] IslamSunni Islam
Maya Mayan[note 3] Guatemala, Belize, Mexico (Yucatán, Campeche, Quintana Roo, Tabasco, Chiapas) 6 million[245] Maya, Achi, Chuj, Ch'orti', Itza, K'iche', Q'eqchi', Xinca, Tektitek, Huastecan, Mopan, Lacandon, Chontal, Akatek, Jakaltek, Q'anjob'al, Tzeltal, Mocho', Tojolab'al, Mam, Ixil, Tzotzil, Poqomam, Yucatecan Maya, Motozintlecos, Awakatek, Kaqchikel, Sakapultek, Sipakapense, Uspantek, Ch'ol, Tz'utujil, along with Mestizos such as Guatemalans (including Hispanic Belizeans) and Mexicans ChristianityCatholicism
Mazahua Oto-MangueanOto-PameanMazahua State of Mexico (Mexico) 0.1 million[246] ChristianityCatholicism
Mazatec Oto-MangueanPopolocanMazatecan[note 3] Oaxaca (Mexico) 0.2 million[246] Ayautla ChristianityCatholicism
Mbaka Niger–CongoUbangianMbaka Central African Republic, Democratic Republic of the Congo 0.3 million[57] ChristianityCatholicism
Mehri AfroasiaticSemiticMehri Mahra (Yemen, Oman) 0.2 million[247] Soqotri Islam
Meitei Sino-TibetanKuki-Chin–NagaMeitei Manipur (India) 1.8 million[28] Loi HinduismVaishnavism
Melanau AustronesianBorneanMelanau Sarawak (Malaysia) 0.1 million[75] Islam
Mende Niger–CongoMandeMende Sierra Leone (Southern and Eastern Provinces) 1.9 million[citation needed] Islam
Merina AustronesianBorneanBaritoMalagasy Antananarivo Province (Madagascar) 5 million[248] Christianity
Miꞌkmaq AlgicAlgonquianMiꞌkmaq[note 25] Mi'kma'ki (Canada) 0.2 million[106] ChristianityCatholicism
Mien Hmong–MienMienic China (Hunan, Guizhou), Vietnam 2.6 million[249] Iu Mien, Kim Mun, Dzao Min, Biao Min, Bunu,