List of countries and dependencies by population

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A map of world population in 2014
World population percentage by country as of 2017
A cartogram of the world population in 2002

This is a list of countries and dependent territories by population. It includes sovereign states, inhabited dependent territories and, in some cases, constituent countries of sovereign states, with inclusion within the list being primarily based on the ISO standard ISO 3166-1. For instance, the United Kingdom is considered as a single entity, while the constituent countries of the Kingdom of the Netherlands are considered separately. In addition, this list includes certain states with limited recognition not found in ISO 3166-1.

Also given in percent is each country's population compared with the population of the world, which the United Nations estimates at 7.71 billion as of today.

Method[edit]

Figures used in this chart are based on the most up to date estimate or projections[1] by the national census authority where available, and are usually rounded off.

Where updated national data are not available, figures are based on the projections for 2019 by the Population Division of the United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs.[2]

Because the compiled figures are not collected at the same time in every country, or at the same level of accuracy, the resulting numerical comparisons may create misleading conclusions. Furthermore, the addition of figures from all countries may not equal the world total.

Areas that form integral parts of sovereign states, such as the countries of the United Kingdom, are counted as part of the sovereign states concerned. Not included are other entities, such as the European Union,[Note 1] that are not sovereign states, and independent territories that do not have permanent populations, such as various countries' claims to Antarctica.

Sovereign states and dependencies by population[edit]

Note: All dependent territories or constituent countries that are parts of sovereign states are shown in italics and not assigned a numbered rank.

Rank Country
(or dependent territory)
Population Date % of world
population
Source
1 China[Note 2] 1,397,430,000 May 21, 2019 18.1% Official population clock
2 India[Note 3] 1,347,470,000 May 21, 2019 17.5% Official population clock
3 United States[Note 4] 329,238,000 May 21, 2019 4.27% Official population clock
4 Indonesia 268,074,600 July 1, 2019 3.48% Official annual projection
5 Brazil 209,933,000 May 21, 2019 2.72% Official population clock
6 Pakistan 204,732,000 May 21, 2019 2.66% Official population clock
7 Nigeria 200,962,417 July 1, 2019 2.61% UN Projection
8 Bangladesh 166,588,000 May 21, 2019 2.16% Official population clock
9 Russia[Note 5] 146,793,744 January 1, 2019 1.9% Official estimate
10 Mexico 126,577,691 July 1, 2019 1.64% Official annual projection
11 Japan 126,200,000 May 1, 2019 1.64% Monthly provisional estimate
12 Philippines 107,668,000 May 21, 2019 1.4% Official population clock
13 Egypt 98,691,800 May 21, 2019 1.28% Official population clock
14 Ethiopia 98,665,000 July 1, 2019 1.28% Official annual projection
15 Vietnam 95,354,000 July 1, 2019 1.24% Official annual projection
16 Democratic Republic of the Congo 86,727,573 July 1, 2019 1.13% UN Projection
17 Germany 82,979,100 September 30, 2018 1.08% Official estimate
18 Iran 82,466,200 May 21, 2019 1.07% Official population clock
19 Turkey 82,003,882 December 31, 2018 1.06% Official annual estimate
20 France[Note 6] 66,992,000 April 1, 2019 0.87% Monthly official estimate
21 Thailand 66,365,767 May 21, 2019 0.86% Official population clock
22 United Kingdom[Note 7] 66,040,229 June 30, 2017 0.86% Official annual estimate
23 Italy 60,375,749 November 30, 2018 0.78% Monthly official estimate
24 South Africa 57,725,600 July 1, 2018 0.75% Official annual estimate
25 Tanzania[Note 8] 55,890,747 July 1, 2019 0.73% Official annual projection
26 Myanmar 54,339,766 July 1, 2019 0.71% Official annual projection
27 Kenya 52,214,791 July 1, 2019 0.68% UN projection
28 South Korea 51,811,167 July 1, 2019 0.67% Official annual estimate
29 Colombia 49,849,818 July 1, 2019 0.65% UN projection
30 Spain 46,733,038 July 1, 2018 0.61% Official estimate
31 Argentina 44,938,712 July 1, 2019 0.58% Official annual projection
32 Algeria 43,378,027 July 1, 2019 0.56% Official annual projection
33 Ukraine[Note 9] 42,101,650 March 1, 2019 0.55% Monthly official estimate
34 Sudan 41,541,657 May 21, 2019 0.54% Official population clock
35 Uganda 40,006,700 July 1, 2019 0.52% Official annual projection
36 Iraq 39,127,900 July 1, 2019 0.51% Official annual projection
37 Poland 38,413,000 June 30, 2018 0.5% Official estimate
38 Canada 37,484,100 May 21, 2019 0.486% Official population clock
39 Morocco[Note 10] 35,025,300 May 21, 2019 0.454% Official population clock
40 Uzbekistan 33,509,280 May 21, 2019 0.43% Official population clock
41 Saudi Arabia 33,413,660 January 1, 2018 0.43% Official estimate
42 Malaysia 32,733,000 May 21, 2019 0.425% Official population clock
43 Peru 32,495,510 June 30, 2019 0.42% Official annual projection
44 Venezuela 32,219,521 June 30, 2019 0.42% Official annual projection
45 Afghanistan 31,575,018 July 1, 2018 0.41% Official annual estimate
46 Ghana 30,280,811 July 1, 2019 0.39% Official projection
47 Angola 30,175,553 July 1, 2019 0.39% Official projection
48 Nepal 29,609,623 July 1, 2019 0.38% Official annual projection
49 Yemen 29,579,986 July 1, 2019 0.38% UN projection
50 Mozambique 27,909,798 August 1, 2017 0.36% Official census result
51 Ivory Coast 25,823,071 July 1, 2019 0.34% Official projection
52 North Korea 25,450,000 July 1, 2019 0.33% Official annual projection
53 Australia 25,367,100 May 21, 2019 0.329% Official population clock
54 Madagascar 25,263,000 July 1, 2019 0.33% Official annual projection
55 Cameroon 24,348,251 July 1, 2019 0.32% Official annual projection
Taiwan[Note 11] 23,589,192 March 31, 2019 0.31% Monthly official estimate
56 Niger 22,314,743 July 1, 2019 0.29% Official annual projection
57 Sri Lanka 21,670,112 July 1, 2018 0.28% Official estimate
58 Burkina Faso 20,870,060 July 1, 2019 0.27% Official annual projection
59 Mali 19,973,000 July 1, 2019 0.26% Official annual projection
60 Romania 19,523,621 January 1, 2018 0.25% Official annual estimate
61 Chile 19,107,216 July 1, 2019 0.25% Official annual projection
62 Syria 18,499,181 July 1, 2019 0.24% UN projection
63 Kazakhstan 18,479,200 May 21, 2019 0.24% Official population clock
64 Guatemala 17,679,735 June 30, 2019 0.23% Official annual projection
65 Malawi 17,563,749 September 3, 2018 0.23% Preliminary 2018 census result
66 Zambia 17,381,168 July 1, 2019 0.23% Official annual projection
67 Netherlands 17,319,500 May 21, 2019 0.225% Official population clock
68 Ecuador 17,242,400 May 21, 2019 0.224% Official population clock
69 Cambodia 16,289,270 July 1, 2019 0.21% Official annual projection
70 Senegal 16,209,125 July 1, 2019 0.21% Official annual projection
71 Chad 15,692,969 July 1, 2019 0.2% Official annual projection
72 Somalia[Note 12] 15,636,171 July 1, 2019 0.2% UN projection
73 Zimbabwe 15,159,624 July 1, 2019 0.2% Official annual projection
74 South Sudan 12,778,250 July 1, 2019 0.17% Official annual projection
75 Rwanda 12,374,397 July 1, 2019 0.16% Official projection annual
76 Guinea 12,218,357 July 1, 2019 0.16% Official projection
77 Benin 11,733,059 July 1, 2019 0.15% Official projection annual
78 Haiti 11,577,779 July 1, 2019 0.15% Official annual projection
79 Tunisia 11,551,448 July 1, 2018 0.15% Official estimate
80 Bolivia 11,469,896 July 1, 2019 0.15% Official projection annual
81 Belgium 11,463,692 March 1, 2019 0.15% Monthly official estimate
82 Cuba 11,221,060 December 31, 2017 0.15% Official annual estimate
83 Burundi 10,953,317 July 1, 2019 0.14% Official annual projection
84 Greece 10,741,165 January 1, 2018 0.14% Official estimate
85 Czech Republic 10,649,800 December 31, 2018 0.14% Official quarterly estimate
86 Jordan 10,419,900 May 21, 2019 0.135% Official population clock
87 Dominican Republic 10,358,320 July 1, 2019 0.13% Official projection
88 Portugal 10,291,027 December 31, 2017 0.13% Official annual estimate
89 Sweden 10,255,102 March 31, 2019 0.13% Official monthly estimate
90 Azerbaijan 9,981,457 January 1, 2019 0.13% Official estimate
91 Hungary 9,778,371 January 1, 2018 0.13% Official estimate
92 United Arab Emirates 9,682,088 July 1, 2019 0.13% UN projection
93 Belarus 9,465,300 April 1, 2019 0.12% Official quarterly estimate
94 Honduras 9,158,345 July 1, 2019 0.12% Official annual projection
95 Israel 9,031,910 May 21, 2019 0.117% Official population clock
96 Tajikistan 8,931,000 January 1, 2018 0.12% Official estimate
97 Austria 8,859,992 January 1, 2019 0.11% Quarterly provisional figure
98 Papua New Guinea 8,558,800 July 1, 2018 0.11% Official annual estimate
99 Switzerland 8,542,323 December 31, 2018 0.11% Official provisional figure
100 Sierra Leone 7,901,454 July 1, 2019 0.103% Official annual projection
101 Togo 7,538,000 July 1, 2019 0.098% Official annual projection
Hong Kong (China) 7,482,500 December 31, 2018 0.097% Official estimate
102 Paraguay 7,152,703 July 1, 2019 0.093% Official annual projection
103 Laos 7,123,205 July 1, 2019 0.092% Official annual projection
104 Serbia[Note 13] 7,001,444 January 1, 2018 0.091% Official annual estimate
105 Bulgaria 7,000,039 December 31, 2018 0.091% Official estimate
106 El Salvador 6,704,864 July 1, 2019 0.087% Official annual projection
107 Libya 6,569,864 July 1, 2019 0.085% UN projection
108 Nicaragua 6,393,824 June 30, 2017 0.083% Official estimate
109 Kyrgyzstan 6,389,500 January 1, 2019 0.083% Official estimate
110 Lebanon 6,065,922 July 1, 2019 0.079% UN projection
111 Turkmenistan 5,942,561 July 1, 2019 0.077% UN projection
112 Denmark 5,811,413 April 1, 2019 0.075% Official quarterly estimate
113 Singapore 5,638,700 June 30, 2018 0.073% Official estimate
114 Republic of the Congo 5,542,197 July 1, 2019 0.072% UN projection
115 Finland 5,518,393 March 31, 2019 0.072% Official monthly estimate
116 Central African Republic 5,496,011 July 1, 2019 0.071% Official annual projection
117 Slovakia 5,450,421 December 31, 2018 0.071% Official estimate
118 Norway 5,334,762 April 1, 2019 0.069% Official quarterly estimate
119 Eritrea 5,309,659 July 1, 2019 0.069% UN projection
120 Costa Rica 5,058,007 June 30, 2019 0.066% Official annual projection
121 Palestine 4,976,684 July 1, 2019 0.065% Official annual projection
122 New Zealand 4,965,320 May 21, 2019 0.0644% Official population clock
123 Ireland 4,857,000 April 1, 2018 0.063% Official estimate
124 Oman 4,688,454 May 19, 2019 0.061% Official estimate
125 Liberia 4,475,353 July 1, 2019 0.058% Official projection
126 Kuwait 4,420,110 January 1, 2019 0.057% Official annual estimate
127 Panama 4,218,808 July 1, 2019 0.055% Official annual projection
128 Croatia 4,105,493 January 1, 2018 0.053% Official estimate
129 Mauritania 4,077,347 July 1, 2019 0.053% Official annual projection
130 Georgia[Note 14] 3,723,500 January 1, 2019 0.048% Official annual estimate
131 Moldova[Note 15] 3,547,539 January 1, 2018 0.046% Official estimate
132 Uruguay 3,518,552 June 30, 2019 0.046% Official annual projection
133 Bosnia and Herzegovina 3,502,550 January 1, 2018 0.045% Official estimate
134 Mongolia 3,258,634 May 21, 2019 0.042% Official population clock
Puerto Rico (U.S.) 3,195,153 July 1, 2018 0.041% Official estimate
135 Armenia 2,962,100 March 31, 2019 0.038% Official quarterly estimate
136 Albania 2,862,427 January 1, 2019 0.037% Official annual estimate
137 Lithuania 2,790,472 May 1, 2019 0.036% Monthly official estimate
138 Qatar 2,772,294 April 30, 2019 0.036% Monthly official estimate
139 Jamaica 2,726,667 December 31, 2018 0.035% Official estimate
140 Namibia 2,458,936 July 1, 2019 0.032% Official projection
141 Botswana 2,338,851 July 1, 2019 0.03% Official annual projection
142 The Gambia 2,228,075 July 1, 2019 0.029% UN projection
143 Gabon 2,109,099 July 1, 2019 0.027% UN projection
144 Slovenia 2,080,908 January 1, 2019 0.027% Official estimate
145 North Macedonia 2,075,301 December 31, 2017 0.027% Official estimate
146 Lesotho 2,007,201 April 10, 2016 0.026% 2016 census result
147 Latvia 1,915,100 May 1, 2019 0.025% Monthly official estimate
Kosovo[Note 16] 1,798,506 December 31, 2017 0.023% Official annual estimate
148 Guinea-Bissau 1,604,528 July 1, 2019 0.021% Official annual projection
149 Bahrain 1,543,300 July 1, 2019 0.02% Official annual projection
150 East Timor 1,387,149 July 1, 2019 0.018% Official annual projection
151 Trinidad and Tobago 1,359,193 June 30, 2018 0.018% Official estimate
152 Equatorial Guinea 1,358,276 July 1, 2018 0.018% Official estimate
153 Estonia 1,324,820 January 1, 2019 0.017% Official estimate
154 Mauritius 1,265,577 July 1, 2018 0.016% Official estimate
155 Eswatini 1,093,238 May 11, 2017 0.014% Official census result
156 Djibouti 1,078,373 July 1, 2019 0.014% Official annual projection
157 Fiji 884,887 September 17, 2017 0.011% Official census result
158 Comoros 873,724 July 1, 2019 0.011% Official estimate
159 Cyprus 864,200 December 31, 2017 0.011% Official annual estimate
160 Guyana 786,508 July 1, 2019 0.0102% UN projection
161 Bhutan 741,672 July 1, 2019 0.0096% Official annual projection
162 Solomon Islands 680,806 July 1, 2019 0.0088% Official annual projection
Macau (China) 667,400 December 31, 2018 0.0087% Official quarterly estimate
163 Montenegro 622,359 January 1, 2018 0.0081% Official estimate
164 Luxembourg 613,894 January 1, 2019 0.008% Official estimate
Western Sahara[Note 17] 582,478 July 1, 2019 0.0076% UN projection
165 Suriname 573,085 July 1, 2019 0.0074% UN projection
166 Cape Verde 550,483 July 1, 2019 0.0071% Official annual projection
167 Malta 475,701 December 31, 2017 0.0062% Official estimate
Transnistria[Note 18] 469,000 January 1, 2018 0.0061% Official estimate
168 Brunei 421,300 July 1, 2017 0.0055% Official estimate
169 Belize 398,050 July 1, 2018 0.0052% Official estimate
170 Bahamas 385,340 July 1, 2019 0.005% Official annual projection
171 Maldives 378,114 December 31, 2017 0.0049% Official annual estimate
172 Iceland 358,780 March 31, 2019 0.0047% Official quarterly estimate
Northern Cyprus[Note 19] 351,965 December 31, 2017 0.0046% Official estimate
173 Vanuatu 304,500 July 1, 2018 0.004% Official annual estimate
174 Barbados 287,010 July 1, 2019 0.0037% UN projection
New Caledonia (France) 282,200 January 1, 2018 0.0037% Official annual estimate
French Polynesia (France) 275,918 August 17, 2017 0.0036% 2017 census results
Abkhazia[Note 20] 244,832 January 1, 2018 0.0032% Official estimate
175 São Tomé and Príncipe 201,784 July 1, 2018 0.0026% Official estimate
176 Samoa 200,874 July 1, 2019 0.0026% Official projection
177 Saint Lucia 180,454 July 1, 2019 0.0023% UN projection
Guam (U.S.) 172,400 July 1, 2018 0.0022% Official annual estimate
Curaçao (Netherlands) 160,012 January 1, 2018 0.0021% Official annual estimate
Flag of Artsakh.svg Artsakh[Note 21] 148,000 January 1, 2019 0.0019% Official annual estimate
178 Kiribati 120,100 July 1, 2018 0.0016% Official annual estimate
Aruba (Netherlands) 111,849 December 31, 2018 0.0015% Official quarterly estimate
179 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 110,520 July 1, 2018 0.0014% Official estimate
180 Grenada 108,825 July 1, 2019 0.0014% UN projection
Jersey (UK) 105,500 December 31, 2017 0.0014% Official estimate
181 Federated States of Micronesia 105,300 July 1, 2018 0.0014% Official annual estimate
United States Virgin Islands (U.S.) 104,909 July 1, 2019 0.0014% UN projection
182 Antigua and Barbuda 104,084 July 1, 2019 0.0014% UN projection
183 Tonga 100,300 July 1, 2018 0.0013% Official annual estimate
184 Seychelles 96,762 June 30, 2018 0.0013% Official estimate
Isle of Man (UK) 83,314 April 24, 2016 0.0011% 2016 census result
185 Andorra 76,177 December 31, 2018 0.001% Official estimate
186 Dominica 74,679 July 1, 2019 0.001% UN projection
Bermuda (UK) 64,027 July 1, 2019 0.00083% Official annual projection
Cayman Islands (UK) 63,415 December 31, 2017 0.00082% Official estimate
Guernsey (UK) 62,063 December 31, 2017 0.00081% Official estimate
American Samoa (U.S.) 56,700 July 1, 2018 0.00074% Official annual estimate
Northern Mariana Islands (U.S.) 56,200 July 1, 2018 0.00073% Official annual estimate
187 Saint Kitts and Nevis 56,345 July 1, 2019 0.0007% UN projection
Greenland (Denmark) 55,992 January 1, 2019 0.00073% Official estimate
188 Marshall Islands 55,500 July 1, 2018 0.00072% Official annual estimate
South Ossetia[Note 22] 53,532 October 15, 2015 0.00069% Preliminary 2015 census result
Faroe Islands (Denmark) 51,540 March 1, 2019 0.00067% Monthly official estimate
Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 41,369 July 1, 2018 0.00054% Official estimate
Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 40,614 January 1, 2018 0.00053% Official estimate
189 Liechtenstein 38,380 December 31, 2018 0.0005% Official semi annual estimate
190 Monaco 38,300 December 31, 2018 0.0005% Official annual estimate
Flag of France.svg Saint-Martin (France) 35,746 January 1, 2016 0.00046% Official estimate
Gibraltar (UK) 34,879 July 1, 2019 0.00045% UN projection
191 San Marino 33,422 March 31, 2019 0.00043% Official monthly estimate
British Virgin Islands (UK) 32,206 July 1, 2019 0.00042% UN projection
192 Palau 17,900 July 1, 2018 0.00023% Official annual estimate
Cook Islands (NZ) 15,200 July 1, 2018 0.0002% Official annual estimate
Anguilla (UK) 15,174 July 1, 2019 0.0002% UN projection
Wallis and Futuna (France) 11,700 July 1, 2018 0.00015% Official annual estimate
193 Nauru 11,000 July 1, 2018 0.00014% Official annual estimate
194 Tuvalu 10,200 July 1, 2018 0.00013% Official annual estimate
Saint Barthélemy (France) 9,793 January 1, 2016 0.00013% Official estimate
Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 6,008 January 1, 2016 0.000078% Official estimate
Flag of Saint Helena.svg Saint Helena, Ascension
and Tristan da Cunha
(UK)
5,633 February 7, 2016 0.000073% 2016 census result
Montserrat (UK) 5,220 July 1, 2019 0.000068% UN projection
Falkland Islands (UK) 3,198 October 9, 2016 0.000041% 2016 census result
Christmas Island (Australia) 1,928 June 30, 2018 0.000025% Official estimate
Norfolk Island (Australia) 1,756 June 30, 2018 0.000023% Official estimate
Niue (NZ) 1,520 July 1, 2018 0.000020% Official annual estimate
Tokelau (NZ) 1,400 July 1, 2018 0.000018% Official annual estimate
195 Vatican City 800 January 1, 2014 0.000010% Official estimate
Cocos (Keeling) Islands (Australia) 538 June 30, 2018 0.0000070% Official estimate
Pitcairn Islands (UK) 50 January 1, 2019 0.00000065% Official estimate

See also[edit]

Lists of countries by population

Continental

Intercontinental

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The European Union is a sui generis supranational union whose sovereign members delegate to it by treaty certain powers that are often exercised by sovereign states. Its combined population has been estimated at 512,379,225 on January 1, 2018, and it would be ranked 3rd if it were included in the list. It has 6.65% of the world's population — see "Eurostat-Tables, Graphs and Maps Interface(TGM)table". European Commission.
  2. ^ The census figure refers to mainland China, excluding its special administrative regions of Hong Kong and Macau, the former of which returned to Chinese sovereignty on 1 July 1997 and the latter on 20 December 1999.
  3. ^ Does not include the figures of Lakshadweep and Andaman and Nicobar Islands.
  4. ^ Population of the 50 states and the District of Columbia.
  5. ^ Including the Republic of Crimea and Sevastopol, Russia's disputed administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula. The Ukrainian government and many of the world's other states consider the Crimean Peninsula de jure a part of Ukraine's territory.
  6. ^ Population of the 18 regions of France. Excluding Overseas Territories and Collectivities: French Polynesia, New Caledonia, French Southern and Antarctic Lands, Clipperton Island, Saint Barthélemy, Saint Martin, Saint Pierre and Miquelon and Wallis and Futuna.
  7. ^ Excluding the 14 Overseas Territories and 3 Crown dependencies shown separately.
  8. ^ Including Zanzibar.
  9. ^ Excluding the Autonomous Republic of Crimea and City of Sevastopol, Ukraine's administrative areas on the Crimean Peninsula which are disputed with and de facto administered by Russia. However includes all territory in the Donbass region where there are ongoing insurgencies by separatist forces.
  10. ^ Excluding the population of the disputed territory of Western Sahara (Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic).
  11. ^ Taiwan (Republic of China) also includes the minor islands of Kinmen, Matsu, Penghu, etc. The UN does not recognize the Republic of China (Taiwan) as a sovereign state.
  12. ^ Includes Somaliland.
  13. ^ Excludes Kosovo.
  14. ^ Excludes Abkhazia (242,862, census 2011) and South Ossetia (53,559, census 2015).
  15. ^ Excludes Transnistria.
  16. ^ Kosovo is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Kosovo and the Republic of Serbia. The Republic of Kosovo unilaterally declared independence on 17 February 2008, but Serbia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. The two governments began to normalise relations in 2013, as part of the Brussels Agreement. Kosovo has been recognized as an independent state by 112 out of 193 United Nations member states. 10 states have recognized Kosovo only to later withdraw their recognition.
  17. ^ Administration is split between Morocco and the Sahrawi Arab Democratic Republic, both of which claim the entire territory.
  18. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Moldova.
  19. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Cyprus.
  20. ^ Abkhazia is the subject of a territorial dispute between the Republic of Abkhazia and Georgia. The Republic of Abkhazia unilaterally declared independence on 23 July 1992, but Georgia continues to claim it as part of its own sovereign territory. Abkhazia has received formal recognition as an independent state from 7 out of 193 United Nations member states, 2 of which have subsequently withdrawn their recognition.
  21. ^ De facto independent, de jure part of Azerbaijan.
  22. ^ South Ossetia's status is disputed. It considers itself to be an independent state, but this is recognised by only a few other countries. The Georgian government and most of the world's other states consider South Ossetia de jure a part of Georgia's territory.

References[edit]

External links[edit]