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List of countries by GDP (nominal) per capita

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Countries by 2015 GDP (nominal) per capita[1]
  > $64,000
  $32,000–64,000
  $16,000–32,000
  $8,000–16,000
  $4,000–8,000
  $2,000–4,000
  $1,000–2,000
  $500–1,000
  < $500
  unavailable

This page lists the countries of the world sorted by their gross domestic product per capita at nominal values. This is the value of all final goods and services produced within a nation in a given year, converted at market exchange rates to current U.S. dollars, divided by the average population for the same year.

The figures presented here do not take into account differences in the cost of living in different countries, and the results vary greatly from one year to another based on fluctuations in the exchange rates of the country's currency. Such fluctuations change a country's ranking from one year to the next, even though they often make little or no difference to the standard of living of its population.

Therefore, these figures should be used with caution. GDP per capita is often considered an indicator of a country's standard of living;[2][3] although this is problematic because GDP per capita is not a measure of personal income.

Comparisons of national income are also frequently made on the basis of purchasing power parity (PPP), to adjust for differences in the cost of living in different countries. (See List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita.) PPP largely removes the exchange rate problem but not others; it does not reflect the value of economic output in international trade, and it also requires more estimation than GDP per capita. On the whole, PPP per capita figures are more narrowly spread than nominal GDP per capita figures.

Non-sovereign entities (the world, continents, and some dependent territories) and states with limited international recognition (such as Kosovo, the State of Palestine and Taiwan) are included in the list in cases in which they appear in the sources. These economies are not ranked in the charts here, but are listed in sequence by GDP for comparison. In addition, non-sovereign entities are marked in italics.

Note that the Irish GDP data below is subject to material distortion by the tax planning activities of foreign multinationals in Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is over 150% of 2015 Irish GNI. To address this, in 2017 the Central Bank of Ireland created "modified GNI" (or GNI*) as a more appropriate statistic, and the OECD and IMF have adopted it for Ireland. 2015 Irish GDP is 143% of 2015 Irish GNI*.

All data are in current United States dollars. Historical data can be found here.

List of per capita nominal GDP for countries and dependencies

International Monetary Fund (2018)[4] World Bank (2017)[5] United Nations (2017)[6]
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg 114,234
2   Switzerland 82,950
 Macau 82,388
3  Norway 81,695
4  Ireland 76,099
5  Iceland 74,278
6  Qatar 70,780
7  Singapore 64,041
8  United States 62,606
9  Denmark 60,692
10  Australia 56,352
11  Sweden 53,873
12  Netherlands 53,106
13  Austria 51,509
14  Finland 49,845
15  San Marino 48,946
 Hong Kong 48,517
16  Germany 48,264
17  Belgium 46,724
18  Canada 46,261
19  France 42,878
20  United Kingdom 42,558
21  Israel 41,644
22  New Zealand 41,267
23  United Arab Emirates 40,711
24  Japan 39,306
25  Italy 34,260
26  Bahamas, The 34,003
27  Brunei 32,414
 Puerto Rico 31,939
28  Korea, South 31,346
29  Malta 31,058
30  Kuwait 30,839
31  Spain 30,697
32  Cyprus 28,340
33  Slovenia 26,243
34  Bahrain 25,851
 Aruba 25,466
 Taiwan 24,971
35  Saudi Arabia 23,566
36  Portugal 23,186
37  Estonia 22,990
38  Czech Republic 22,850
39  Greece 20,408
40  Slovakia 19,582
41  Oman 19,302
42  Lithuania 19,143
43  Saint Kitts and Nevis 18,203
44  Latvia 18,032
45  Barbados 17,961
46  Antigua and Barbuda 17,636
47  Uruguay 17,165
48  Seychelles 16,472
49  Trinidad and Tobago 16,223
50  Palau 16,091
51  Chile 16,079
52  Hungary 15,924
53  Panama 15,679
54  Poland 15,431
55  Croatia 14,816
56  Maldives 14,501
57  Romania 12,285
58  Costa Rica 11,744
59  Argentina 11,627
World 11,355
60  Russia 11,327
61  Mauritius 11,281
62  Grenada 11,042
63  Malaysia 10,942
64  Saint Lucia 10,610
65  Equatorial Guinea 10,453
66  Mexico 9,807
67  China 9,608
68  Turkey 9,346
69  Bulgaria 9,267
70  Lebanon 9,257
71  Kazakhstan 9,237
72  Nauru 9,037
73  Brazil 8,968
74  Montenegro 8,652
75  Gabon 8,297
76  Botswana 8,137
77  Dominican Republic 7,881
78  Turkmenistan 7,646
79  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,491
80  Serbia 7,243
81  Thailand 7,187
82  Peru 7,002
83  Dominica 6,977
84  Libya 6,692
85  Colombia 6,684
86  South Africa 6,377
87  Ecuador 6,316
88  Belarus 6,306
89  North Macedonia 6,100
90  Iraq 5,930
91  Paraguay 5,899
92  Suriname 5,799
93  Fiji 5,752
94  Namibia 5,727
95  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,674
96  Iran 5,491
97  Jamaica 5,392
98  Albania 5,289
99  Belize 4,862
100  Tonga 4,666
101  Guyana 4,649
102  Guatemala 4,575
103  Azerbaijan 4,569
104  Kosovo 4,403
105  Georgia 4,400
106  Samoa 4,318
107  Jordan 4,278
108  Eswatini 4,250
109  Algeria 4,238
110  Armenia 4,169
111  Tuvalu 4,096
112  Sri Lanka 4,068
113  Mongolia 4,026
114  El Salvador 3,924
115  Indonesia 3,871
116  Marshall Islands 3,831
117  Bolivia 3,682
118  Angola 3,669
119  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,656
120  Cape Verde 3,563
121  Tunisia 3,423
122  Venezuela 3,374
123  Morocco 3,359
124  Vanuatu 3,254
125  Moldova 3,218
126  Bhutan 3,215
127  Philippines 3,104
128  Ukraine 2,963
129  Laos 2,720
130  Egypt 2,573
131  Vietnam 2,551
132  Papua New Guinea 2,530
133  Honduras 2,521
134  Congo, Republic of the 2,511
135  East Timor 2,435
136  Solomon Islands 2,271
137  Ghana 2,206
138  Nicaragua 2,108
139  Djibouti 2,085
140  São Tomé and Príncipe 2,063
141  Nigeria 2,049
142  India 2,036
143  Kenya 1,857
144  Bangladesh 1,745
145  Zimbabwe 1,712
146  Côte d'Ivoire 1,680
147  Kiribati 1,641
148  Pakistan 1,555
149  Cameroon 1,548
150  Cambodia 1,509
151  Senegal 1,474
152  Zambia 1,417
153  Lesotho 1,358
154  Myanmar 1,298
155  Kyrgyzstan 1,268
156  Uzbekistan 1,263
157  Mauritania 1,143
158  Tanzania 1,134
159  Eritrea 1,112
160    Nepal 972
161  Mali 927
162  Benin 915
163  Guinea 883
164  Chad 874
165  Comoros 873
166  Yemen 872
167  Haiti 857
168  Ethiopia 853
169  Guinea-Bissau 840
170  Tajikistan 826
171  Sudan 808
172  Rwanda 791
173  Gambia, The 745
174  Burkina Faso 729
175  Liberia 728
176  Uganda 724
177  Togo 670
178  Afghanistan 544
179  Sierra Leone 516
180  Niger 477
181  Mozambique 476
182  Madagascar 459
183  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 449
184  Central African Republic 430
185  Malawi 351
186  Burundi 307
187  South Sudan 303
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Luxembourg 104,103
 Macau 80,893
2   Switzerland 80,190
3  Norway 75,505
4  Iceland 70,057
5  Ireland 69,331
6  Qatar 63,249
7  United States 59,532
8  Singapore 57,714
9  Denmark 56,308
10  Australia 53,800
11  Sweden 53,442
12  San Marino 48,888
13  Netherlands 48,223
14  Austria 47,291
 Hong Kong 46,194
15  Finland 45,703
16  Canada 45,032
17  Germany 44,470
18  Belgium 43,324
19  New Zealand 42,941
20  United Arab Emirates 40,699
21  Israel 40,270
22  United Kingdom 39,720
23  Andorra 39,147
24  France 38,477
25  Japan 38,428
 European Union 33,715
26  Italy 31,953
27  Bahamas, The 30,762
28  Korea, South 29,743
29  Kuwait 29,040
30  Brunei 28,291
31  Spain 28,157
32  Malta 26,904
 Aruba 25,655
33  Cyprus 25,234
34  Bahrain 23,655
35  Slovenia 23,597
36  Portugal 21,136
37  Saudi Arabia 20,849
38  Czech Republic 20,368
39  Estonia 19,705
40  Greece 18,613
41  Saint Kitts and Nevis 17,924
42  Slovakia 17,605
43  Lithuania 16,681
44  Barbados 16,357
45  Uruguay 16,246
46  Trinidad and Tobago 16,126
47  Oman 15,668
48  Seychelles 15,629
49  Latvia 15,594
50  Chile 15,346
51  Panama 15,196
52  Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
53  Argentina 14,398
54  Hungary 14,225
55  Poland 13,863
56  Croatia 13,383
57  Palau 13,338
58  Costa Rica 11,677
59  Maldives 11,151
60  Russia 10,743
61  Romania 10,814
World 10,722
62  Turkey 10,546
63  Mauritius 10,491
64  Grenada 10,451
65  Malaysia 9,952
66  Brazil 9,821
67  Saint Lucia 9,715
68  Equatorial Guinea 9,698
69  Kazakhstan 9,030
70  Mexico 8,910
71  Nauru 8,844
72  China 8,827
73  Lebanon 8,808
74  Cuba 8,433
75  Bulgaria 8,228
76  Montenegro 7,783
77  Botswana 7,596
78  Gabon 7,414
79  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 7,145
80  Dominican Republic 7,052
81  Dominica 6,719
82  Thailand 6,595
83  Turkmenistan 6,587
84  Peru 6,572
85  Colombia 6,409
86  Ecuador 6,274
87  South Africa 6,151
88  Libya 5,978
89  Serbia 5,900
90  Paraguay 5,824
91  Belarus 5,728
92  Iran 5,594
93  Fiji 5,589
94  North Macedonia 5,415
95  Suriname 5,317
96  Namibia 5,231
97  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,148
98  Jamaica 5,114
99  Iraq 5,018
100  Belize 4,971
101  Guyana 4,655
102  Albania 4,538
103  Guatemala 4,471
104  Samoa 4,281
105  Azerbaijan 4,132
106  Jordan 4,130
107  Angola 4,100
108  Sri Lanka 4,074
109  Georgia 4,057
110  Algeria 4,055
111  Tonga 3,959
 Kosovo 3,957
112  Armenia 3,937
113  El Salvador 3,889
114  Indonesia 3,847
115  Marshall Islands 3,843
116  Mongolia 3,718
117  Tuvalu 3,550
118  Tunisia 3,464
119  Bolivia 3,394
120  Cape Verde 3,244
121  Eswatini 3,243
122  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,188
123  Bhutan 3,130
124  Vanuatu 3,124
 Palestine 3,095
125  Morocco 3,007
126  Philippines 2,989
127  Sudan 2,899
128  Ukraine 2,640
129  Papua New Guinea 2,489
130  Honduras 2,480
131  Laos 2,457
132  Egypt 2,413
133  Vietnam 2,343
134  Moldova 2,290
135  East Timor 2,279
136  Nicaragua 2,222
137  Solomon Islands 2,132
138  Ghana 2,046
139  Nigeria 1,969
140  India 1,942
141  Djibouti 1,928
142  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
143  Somalia 1,671
144  Congo, Republic of the 1,654
145  Kenya 1,595
146  Kiribati 1,594
147  Pakistan 1,548
148  Côte d'Ivoire 1,538
149  Uzbekistan 1,534
150  Bangladesh 1,517
151  Zambia 1,513
152  Cameroon 1,452
153  Cambodia 1,384
154  Zimbabwe 1,333
155  Senegal 1,329
156  Comoros 1,312
157  Myanmar 1,257
158  Kyrgyzstan 1,220
159  Lesotho 1,154
160  Mauritania 1,137
161  Tanzania 936
162  Yemen 925
163    Nepal 849
164  Benin 827
165  Mali 827
166  Guinea 824
167  Tajikistan 801
168  Ethiopia 768
169  Haiti 766
170  Rwanda 748
171  Guinea-Bissau 724
172  Gambia, The 709
173  Liberia 694
174  Chad 663
175  Burkina Faso 642
176  Togo 610
177  Uganda 607
178  Afghanistan 550
179  Sierra Leone 500
180  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
181  Madagascar 450
182  Mozambique 426
183  Central African Republic 418
184  Niger 378
185  Malawi 339
186  Burundi 292
Rank Country/Territory US$
1  Liechtenstein 166,022
2  Monaco 165,421
3  Luxembourg 106,806
 Bermuda 102,192
 Macau 80,893
4   Switzerland 80,101
5  Norway 75,295
6  Iceland 73,060
7  Ireland 69,604
 Cayman Islands 65,472
8  Qatar 63,506
9  United States 60,055
10  Australia 57,613
11  Denmark 57,533
12  Singapore 56,737
13  Sweden 54,043
14  San Marino 50,588
 Greenland 49,398
15  Netherlands 48,754
16  Austria 47,718
 Hong Kong 46,390
17  Finland 45,670
18  Germany 44,976
19  Canada 44,974
20  Belgium 43,289
21  New Zealand 42,936
22  Israel 42,452
23  United Arab Emirates 40,699
24  United Kingdom 39,758
25  Andorra 39,153
26  France 38,415
27  Japan 38,220
 New Caledonia 35,815
28  Italy 32,747
 Virgin Islands, British 31,917
29  Korea, South 30,025
30  Bahamas, The 29,825
31  Malta 29,137
32  Kuwait 28,897
 Turks and Caicos Islands 28,689
 Puerto Rico 28,451
33  Spain 28,354
34  Brunei 28,291
 Europe 27,222
Americas 26,748
35  Cyprus 25,790
 Aruba 25,655
36  Bahrain 23,688
37  Slovenia 23,296
38  Saudi Arabia 20,761
39  Czech Republic 20,326
 French Polynesia 19,807
40  Estonia 19,793
 Curaçao 19,586
41  Portugal 18,882
 Anguilla 18,861
42  Greece 18,198
 Cook Islands 17,798
43  Slovakia 17,552
44  Uruguay 17,120
45  Saint Kitts and Nevis 16,818
46  Barbados 16,494
47  Lithuania 16,450
48  Trinidad and Tobago 16,145
49  Seychelles 15,693
50  Latvia 15,625
51  Chile 15,347
52  Oman 15,267
53  Panama 15,088
54  Antigua and Barbuda 14,803
55  Argentina 14,400
56  Hungary 14,376
57  Poland 13,786
58  Palau 13,417
59  Croatia 13,177
60  Costa Rica 11,734
 Montserrat 11,582
61  Maldives 11,151
62  Russia 10,956
63  Romania 10,763
World 10,665
64  Mauritius 10,565
65  Turkey 10,546
66  Grenada 10,451
67  Nauru 10,045
68  Malaysia 9,951
69  Equatorial Guinea 9,850
70  Brazil 9,821
71  Saint Lucia 9,607
 South America 9,393
72  Mexico 8,967
73  Lebanon 8,778
74  Kazakhstan 8,756
75  China 8,682
76  Cuba 8,433
77  Bulgaria 8,218
Central America 7,990
78  Venezuela 7,977
79  Botswana 7,596
80  Gabon 7,221
81  Dominican Republic 7,052
82  Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 6,980
83  Montenegro 6,958
84  Suriname 6,757
85  Dominica 6,719
86  Thailand 6,595
87  Turkmenistan 6,585
88  Peru 6,572
89  Colombia 6,302
90  Ecuador 6,273
91  South Africa 6,151
92  Serbia 5,912
93  Belarus 5,750
94  Iran 5,680
95  North Macedonia 5,415
96  Fiji 5,382
97  Namibia 5,227
98  Bosnia and Herzegovina 5,181
99  Jamaica 5,130
100  Belize 5,077
101  Iraq 4,756
102  Guyana 4,555
103  Guatemala 4,471
104  Albania 4,450
105  Samoa 4,356
106  Paraguay 4,322
Association of Southeast Asian Nations Southeast Asia 4,266
107  Angola 4,247
108  Jordan 4,196
109  Sri Lanka 4,184
110  Azerbaijan 4,146
 Kosovo 4,116
111  Algeria 4,055
112  Tonga 3,950
113  Libya 3,942
114  Armenia 3,937
115  Tuvalu 3,924
116  El Salvador 3,889
117  Georgia 3,875
118  Indonesia 3,847
119  Marshall Islands 3,753
120  Mongolia 3,620
121  Tunisia 3,475
122  Bolivia 3,394
123  Cape Verde 3,245
124  Eswatini 3,224
125  Micronesia, Federated States of 3,188
126  Vanuatu 3,128
127  Bhutan 3,173
128  Morocco 3,070
129  Philippines 2,989
130  Sudan 2,967
 Palestine 2,946
131  Papua New Guinea 2,667
132  Ukraine 2,536
133  Honduras 2,480
134  Laos 2,457
135  Vietnam 2,342
136  East Timor 2,279
137  Nicaragua 2,222
138  Congo, Republic of the 2,147
139  Ghana 2,046
140  Moldova 2,006
141  Egypt 2,000
142  Solomon Islands 1,982
143  Nigeria 1,969
144  Djibouti 1,928
145  India 1,923
146  São Tomé and Príncipe 1,921
Africa 1,766
147  Kiribati 1,694
148  Côte d'Ivoire 1,566
149  Uzbekistan 1,557
150  Pakistan 1,534
151  Zambia 1,513
152  Kenya 1,508
153  Bangladesh 1,492
154  Cameroon 1,452
155  Cambodia 1,382
156  Senegal 1,333
157  Comoros 1,330
158  Myanmar 1,257
159  Kyrgyzstan 1,251
160  Lesotho 1,178
161  Eritrea 1,147
162  Mauritania 1,129
163  Zimbabwe 1,091
164  Yemen 990
165  Tanzania 934
166    Nepal 849
167  Syria 831
168  Benin 826
169  Mali 822
170  Guinea 803
171  Tajikistan 801
172  Haiti 776
173  Rwanda 748
174  Guinea-Bissau 724
175  Ethiopia 720
176  Chad 719
177  Gambia, The 709
178  Korea, North 685
179  Uganda 646
180  Burkina Faso 642
181  Afghanistan 619
182  Togo 614
183  Liberia 584
184  Madagascar 517
185  Sierra Leone 495
186  Congo, Democratic Republic of the 463
187  South Sudan 453
188  Central African Republic 428
189  Mozambique 426
190  Niger 378
191  Malawi 340
192  Burundi 290

Distorted GDP-per-capita for tax havens

Many of leading GDP-per-capita (nominal) jurisdictions are tax havens whose economic data is artificially inflated by tax-driven corporate accounting entries.

A stunning $12 trillion—almost 40 percent of all foreign direct investment positions globally—is completely artificial: it consists of financial investment passing through empty corporate shells with no real activity. These investments in empty corporate shells almost always pass through well-known tax havens. The eight major pass-through economies—the Netherlands, Luxembourg, Hong Kong SAR, the British Virgin Islands, Bermuda, the Cayman Islands, Ireland, and Singapore—host more than 85 percent of the world’s investment in special purpose entities, which are often set up for tax reasons.

— "Piercing the Veil", International Monetary Fund, June 2018[7]

A fuller discussion on this topic is in the List of countries by GDP (PPP) per capita article.

See also

Notes and references

  1. ^ Based on the IMF data. If no data was available for a country from IMF, data from the World Bank is used.
  2. ^ O'Sullivan, Arthur
  3. ^ French President seeks alternatives to GDP, The Guardian 14-09-2009.
    "European Parliament, Policy Department Economic and Scientific Policy: Beyond GDP Study" (PDF). (1.47 MB)
  4. ^ "Report for Selected Countries and Subjects". International Monetary Fund. April 2019. Retrieved 9 April 2019.
  5. ^ Data refer mostly to the year 2017.[1] Selecting all countries, GDP per capita (current US$), World Bank. Accessed on 1st of July 2018.
  6. ^ National Accounts Main Aggregates Database, 2017, (Select all countries, "GDP, Per Capita GDP - US Dollars", and 2016 to generate table), United Nations Statistics Division. Accessed on 17 Jan 2019.
  7. ^ "Piercing the Veil, FINANCE & DEVELOPMENT, JUNE 2018, VOL. 55, NO. 2". IMF Finance & Development. June 2018.

External links