List of countries by natural increase

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The Natural increase in population per 1000 people, from the CIA World Factbook, 2017.

This article contains a list of countries by rate of natural increase.

Methodology[edit]

The rate of natural increase is defined as the crude birth rate minus the crude death rate. It is expressed as a rate per 1,000 population.

Countries / Regions[edit]

The birth rates[1] and death rates[2] in columns one and two are the CIA World Factbook estimates for the year 2017 unless otherwise noted, rounded to the nearest tenth (except for Mayotte with 2010 estimates). The natural increase rate in column three is calculated from the rounded values of columns one and two. Rates are the average annual number of births or deaths during a year per 1,000 persons; these are also known as crude birth or death rates.

Column four is from the UN Population Division and shows a projection for the average natural increase rate for the time period shown using the medium fertility variant. Blank cells in column four indicate lack of data.

Country or region Crude
birth
rate
Crude
death
rate
Natural
increase
rate
Natural
increase
rate
(2015–20)[3]
 Angola 44.2 9.2 35.0 +32.7
 Mali 43.9 9.8 34.1 +32.0
 Malawi 41.0 7.9 33.1 +29.3
 Uganda 42.9 10.2 32.7 +32.9
 Burundi 41.3 8.8 32.5 +31.1
 Niger 44.2 11.8 32.4
 Mayotte (France) 38.76[n 1] 7.05 31.71 +25.8
 Liberia 38.3 7.6 30.7 +26.2
 Burkina Faso 41.2 11.2 30.0 +29.9
 Zambia 41.5 12.2 29.3 +30.1
 Ethiopia 36.5 7.7 28.8 +24.4
 Gaza Strip 31.4 3.1 28.3
 Tanzania 35.6 7.6 28.0 +31.2
 South Sudan 35.5 7.7 27.8
 East Timor 33.4 5.9 27.5 +29.0
 Benin 35.0 7.9 27.1 +27.4
 Iraq 30.4 3.8 26.6 +27.6
 Mozambique 38.1 11.6 26.5 +28.7
 Somalia 39.6 13.1 26.5 +31.9
 Togo 33.3 6.9 26.4 +24.7
 Guinea 35.1 9.0 26.1 +26.0
 Sierra Leone 36.3 10.4 25.9 +21.7
 Cameroon 35.4 9.6 25.8 +25.8
 São Tomé and Príncipe 32.4 6.8 25.6 +26.6
 Senegal 33.4 8.1 25.3 +28.9
 Madagascar 31.6 6.5 25.1 +26.7
 Egypt 29.6 4.6 25.0 +19.2
 Republic of the Congo 34.4 9.5 24.9 +26.6
 Afghanistan 37.9 13.4 24.5 +25.7
 Nigeria 36.9 12.4 24.5 +26.1
 Equatorial Guinea 32.2 7.8 24.4 +23.4
 Rwanda 30.7 6.4 24.3 +24.3
 Zimbabwe 34.2 10.2 24.0 +23.9
 Democratic Republic of the Congo 33.5 9.6 23.9 +26.6
 Ghana 30.5 7.0 23.5 +22.3
 West Bank 26.3 3.5 22.8
 Mauritania 30.4 7.9 22.5 +25.7
 Eritrea 29.6 7.2 22.4 +24.7
 Gambia 29.4 7.0 22.4 +30.8
 Yemen 28.4 6.0 22.4 +24.3
 Chad 35.6 13.8 21.8 +29.9
 Gabon 34.2 13.0 21.2 +21.2
 Western Sahara 29.3 8.1 21.2
 Central African Republic 34.3 13.2 21.1 +22.2
 Solomon Islands 24.9 3.8 21.1 +23.3
 Oman 24.0 3.3 20.7 +14.8
 Sudan 27.9 7.3 20.6
 Jordan 23.9 3.4 20.5 +21.7
 Marshall Islands 24.4 4.2 20.2
 Vanuatu 24.0 4.0 20.0 +20.6
 Guatemala 24.1 4.7 19.4 +20.0
 Namibia 27.3 7.9 19.4 +21.3
 Comoros 26.1 7.2 18.9
 Guinea-Bissau 32.5 13.9 18.6 +25.5
 Côte d'Ivoire 27.7 9.4 18.4 +24.6
 Nauru 24.0 5.9 18.1
 Belize 24.0 6.0 18.0 +16.8
 Algeria 22.2 4.3 17.9 +16.9
 Philippines 23.7 6.1 17.6 +16.3
 Tajikistan 23.3 6.0 17.3 +22.8
 Tonga 22.2 4.9 17.3 +17.5
 Kenya 23.9 6.7 17.2 +25.0
 Syria 21.2 4.0 17.2 +15.2
 Honduras 22.4 5.3 17.1 +16.5
 Papua New Guinea 23.7 6.6 17.1 +20.1
 Kuwait 19.2 2.2 17.0 +13.0
 Laos 23.6 7.4 16.2 +16.6
 Djibouti 23.4 7.5 15.9 +14.1
 Micronesia 20.0 4.2 15.8
 Bolivia 22.0 6.4 15.6 +15.6
 Kyrgyzstan 22.1 6.5 15.6 +17.6
 Pakistan 21.9 6.3 15.6 +20.2
 Cambodia 23.0 7.5 15.5 +16.7
 Haiti 23.0 7.6 15.4 +15.1
 Tuvalu 23.7 8.5 15.2
 Samoa 20.4 5.3 15.1 +19.2
 Saudi Arabia 18.3 3.4 14.9 +15.5
 Kiribati 21.2 7.0 14.2 +20.7
 Cape Verde 20.0 6.0 14.0
 Malaysia 19.1 5.1 14.0 +11.9
 Libya 17.5 3.6 13.9 +13.6
   Nepal 19.5 5.6 13.9 +13.3
 American Samoa 19.6 5.9 13.7
 Dominican Republic 18.4 4.7 13.7 +13.5
 Guam (US) 19.7 6.0 13.7
 Venezuela 18.8 5.3 13.5 +12.9
 Bangladesh 18.8 5.4 13.4 +13.2
 Brunei 17.0 3.6 13.4 +11.7
 United Arab Emirates 15.1 1.9 13.2 +7.5
 Mexico 18.3 5.3 13.0 +12.7
 Panama 17.9 4.9 13.0 +14.0
 Turkmenistan 19.1 6.1 13.0 +16.9
 Israel 18.1 5.2 12.9 +14.3
 Ecuador 17.9 5.1 12.8 +14.6
 Morocco 17.7 4.9 12.8 +14.1
 Iran 17.9 5.3 12.6 +11.1
 Mongolia 18.9 6.3 12.6 +16.0
 Nicaragua 17.7 5.1 12.6 +14.1
 Botswana 22.1 9.6 12.5 +16.6
 Fiji 18.6 6.1 12.5 +11.6
 Maldives 16.1 4.0 12.1 +14.0
 Turks and Caicos Islands (UK) 15.3 3.2 12.1
 Tunisia 18.2 6.3 11.9 +11.2
 Paraguay 16.6 4.8 11.8 +14.9
 India 19.0 7.3 11.7 +11.4
 Peru 17.8 6.1 11.7 +13.1
 Jamaica 17.9 6.8 11.1 +9.3
 Bhutan 17.3 6.5 10.8 +11.8
 Costa Rica 15.5 4.7 10.8 +8.9
 South Africa 20.2 9.4 10.8 +11.0
 Eswatini (Swaziland) 24.0 13.2 10.8 +18.9
 World 18.5[4][n 2] 7.8 10.7 +10.9
 Burma 18.1 7.4 10.7 +9.3
 Colombia 16.1 5.5 10.6 +8.7
 Bahrain 13.3 2.8 10.5 +11.8
 El Salvador 16.2 5.8 10.4 +11.5
 Northern Mariana Islands (US) 15.0 4.8 10.2
 Antigua and Barbuda 15.7 5.7 10.0
 Kazakhstan 18.1 8.1 10.0 +11.3
 Indonesia 16.2 6.5 9.7 +11.2
 Suriname 15.8 6.1 9.7 +10.4
 Turkey 15.7 6.0 9.7 +10.0
 French Polynesia 14.8 5.2 9.6
 Lesotho 24.6 15.0 9.6 +14.9
 Vietnam 15.5 5.9 9.6 +10.4
 Uzbekistan 16.8 5.3 9.5 +14.4
 Lebanon 14.3 5.0 9.3 +10.7
 New Caledonia (France) 15.0 5.7 9.3
 Argentina 16.7 7.5 9.2 +9.3
 Sri Lanka 15.2 6.2 9.0 +7.8
 Azerbaijan 15.8 7.1 8.7 +9.8
 Bahamas 15.3 7.2 8.1
 Qatar 9.6 1.5 8.1 +8.4
 Guyana 15.4 7.4 8.0 +12.0
 Anguilla (UK) 12.5 4.6 7.9
 Sint Maarten (Netherlands) 13.1 5.2 7.9
 Wallis and Futuna (France) 13.2 5.4 7.8
 Ireland 14.1 6.6 7.5 +6.9
 Brazil 14.1 6.7 7.4 +7.5
 Chile 13.6 6.2 7.4 +6.9
 Grenada 15.5 8.2 7.3 +11.1
 Iceland 13.7 6.4 7.3 +6.6
 Dominica 15.1 7.9 7.2
 Seychelles 13.7 7.0 6.7 +7.1
 Albania 13.2 6.8 6.4 +4.0
 Cayman Islands (UK) 12.0 5.8 6.2
 Saint Kitts and Nevis 13.2 7.1 6.1
 British Virgin Islands 11.1 5.1 6.0
 Falkland Islands (UK) 10.9[n 3] 4.9 6.0
 Mauritius 13.0 7.1 5.9 +2.3
 Saint Vincent and the Grenadines 13.2 7.3 5.9
 Greenland (Denmark) 14.4 8.7 5.7
 New Zealand 13.2 7.5 5.7 +6.2
 Cook Islands (New Zealand) 14.0 8.4 5.6
 Saint Lucia 13.3 7.7 5.6 +4.4
 Faroe Islands (Denmark) 14.3 8.8 5.5
 Gibraltar (UK) 14.0 8.5 5.5
 Curaçao (Netherlands) 13.7 8.4  5.3 
 North Korea 14.6 9.3 5.3
 North Macedonia 11.4 9.2 5.2 +1.3
 Singapore 8.6 3.5 5.1
 U.S. Virgin Islands 12.8 7.8 5.0
 Australia 12.1 7.3 4.8 +6.1
 Jersey (UK) 12.4 7.8 4.6
 Montserrat (UK) 10.8 6.2 4.6
 China 12.3 7.8 4.5 +4.1
 Cyprus 11.3 6.8 4.5 +3.6
 United States 12.5 8.2 4.3 +4.3
 Luxembourg 11.5 7.3 4.2 +4.2
 Macau (China) 8.6 4.5 4.1
 Norway 12.2 8.1 4.1 +4.1
 Aruba (Netherlands) 12.4 8.4 4.0 +2.1
 Trinidad and Tobago 12.7 8.8 3.9 +3.2
 Uruguay 13.0 9.4 3.6 +4.5
 Armenia 12.9 9.4 3.5 +3.2
 Palau 11.3 8.1 3.2
 Barbados 11.7 8.6 3.1 +0.9
 Liechtenstein 10.4 7.4 3.0
 Thailand 11.0 8.0 3.0 +1.9
 France 12.2 9.3 2.9 +2.6
 Bermuda (UK) 11.3 8.6 2.7
 Sweden 12.1 9.4 2.7 +3.2
 United Kingdom 12.1 9.4 2.7 +3.1
 South Korea 8.3 6.0 2.3 +2.8
  Switzerland 10.5 8.3 2.2 +2.4
 Cuba 10.7 8.7 2.0 +2.5
 Netherlands 10.9 8.9 2.0 +1.9
 Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha (UK) 9.6 7.8 1.8
 Belgium 11.3 9.7 1.6 +1.6
 Canada 10.3 8.7 1.6 +3.0
 Hong Kong (China) 8.9 7.4 1.5 +4.2
 Georgia 12.3 10.9 1.4 −0.2
 Taiwan 8.3 7.4 0.9 +1.5
 Guernsey (UK) 9.8 9.0 0.8
 Isle of Man (UK) 11.0 10.2 0.8
 Finland 10.7 10 0.7 +1.0
 Montenegro 10.0 9.7 0.3 +1.2
 Andorra 7.5 7.3 0.2
 Denmark 10.5 10.3 0.2 +1.1
 Spain 9.2 9.1 0.1 −0.6
 Austria 9.5 9.6 −0.1 +0.1
 San Marino 8.6 8.7 −0.1
 Slovakia 9.7 9.9 −0.2 +0.3
 Puerto Rico (US) 8.1 8.6 −0.5 +2.6
 Poland 9.5 10.4 −0.9 −1.4
 Moldova 11.5 12.6 −1.1 −1.7
 Bosnia and Herzegovina 8.8 10.0 −1.2 −2.0
 Czech Republic 9.3 10.5 −1.2 −0.6
 Italy 8.6 10.4 −1.8 −2.4
 Japan 7.7 9.8 −2.1 −2.7
 Portugal 9.0 11.1 −2.1 −3.3
 Estonia 10.1 12.6 −2.5 −1.5
 Russia 11.0 13.5 −2.5 −1.3
 Saint Pierre and Miquelon (France) 7.1 9.9 −2.8
 Belarus 10.3 13.2 −2.9 −1.7
 Greece 8.4 11.3 −2.9 −3.0
 Germany 8.6 11.7 −3.1 −2.5
 Romania 8.9 12.0 −3.1 −3.4
 Monaco 6.6 9.8 −3.2
 Croatia 8.9 12.2 −3.3
 Slovenia 8.2 11.6 −3.4 +0.1
 Hungary 9.0 12.8 −3.8 −4.0
 Ukraine 10.3 14.4 −4.1 −4.4
 Serbia 9.0 13.6 −4.6 −2.2
 Lithuania 9.9 14.6 −4.7 −3.8
 Latvia 9.7 14.5 −4.8 −5.1
 Bulgaria 8.7 14.5 −5.8 −6.0

Summary by region[edit]

The table below assembles history and projections for the major regions shown. The numbers show total births minus total deaths per 1,000 population for the region for each time period. The first four columns show actual rate of natural increase. The remaining columns show projections using the medium fertility variant. All numbers are from the UN Population Division.[3]

Region 1950–55 1970–75 1990–95 2010–15 2015–20 2025–30 2035–40 2045–50
World +17.8 +19.5 +15.2 +11.9 +10.9 +8.7 +7.0 +5.6
Africa +21.5 +27.4 +26.1 +26.4 +25.3 +22.8 +20.6 +18.1
Asia +19.3 +22.8 +16.4 +10.7 +9.3 +6.3 +3.8 +1.8
Europe +10.3 +5.5 +0.3 −0.1 −0.7 −2.1 −2.8 −3.2
Latin America & The Caribbean +27.1 +25.8 +19.0 +11.9 +10.4 +7.5 +4.9 +2.8
Northern America +14.9 +6.4 +6.6 +4.2 +4.2 +3.5 +2.0 +1.1
Oceania +15.7 +14.5 +12.2 +10.5 +9.7 +8.0 +6.4 +5.3

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 2010 estimate
  2. ^ 2016 estimate
  3. ^ 2012 estimate

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  2. ^ "The World Factbook — Central Intelligence Agency". www.cia.gov.
  3. ^ a b ""United Nations Population Div, World Population Prospects 2017, File: Rate of Natural Population Growth Rate". Retrieved 23 June 2018.
  4. ^ "The World Factbook - People and Society". Retrieved 29 September 2018.

See also[edit]