List of current Canadian first ministers

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Canada is a federation that comprises ten provinces and three territories. Its government is structured as a parliamentary democracy, with a Prime Minister as its head of government; and a constitutional monarchy, with Queen Elizabeth II as its sovereign. Each of the country's provinces and territories has a head of government, called premier by anglophones and premier ministre - the same term used for the federal leader - by francophones. Collectively, the federal Prime Minister and provincial and territorial premiers are referred to as first ministers.

Of the fourteen current first ministers, two (Bob McLeod and Joe Savikataaq) are indigenous, none are from a visible minority, and all are men.[note 1][note 2] The longest-serving first minister is Bob McLeod of the Northwest Territories, who has held the position since October 26, 2011; the newest first minister is Dennis King of Prince Edward Island, who assumed office on May 9, 2019. The oldest first minister, Bob McLeod of Northwest Territories, was born in 1952, while the youngest, Scott Moe of Saskatchewan, was born in 1973. Of the current first ministers, four are from a Liberal Party, four are from a Progressive Conservative Party, and one is from a New Democratic Party; three others are from local parties (the Coalition Avenir Québec, the Saskatchewan Party, and the United Conservative Party) and two are non-partisan. Provincial parties are not necessarily affiliated with or politically analogous to their federal counterparts.

Current Canadian first ministers[edit]

Premiers are listed in accordance with the provincial order of precedence: provinces before territories, and by order of joining confederation within those categories; where multiple jurisdictions joined confederation in the same year, they are ordered by population at the time of joining. Incumbency is current as of June 17, 2019.

First minister Jurisdiction Order Party Incumbency First mandate began Current mandate began Parlia-
ment
Refer-
ence
Federation – Prime Minister of Canada
Justin Trudeau in Lima, Peru - 2018 (41507133581) (cropped) (cropped).jpg Justin Trudeau Canada 23rd Liberal Party of Canada 3 years, 225 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 42nd [1]
Provinces – Provincial Premiers
Doug Ford in Toronto - 2018 (41065995960) (cropped).jpg Doug Ford Ontario 26th Progressive Conservative Party of Ontario 353 days 2018 Election 2018 Election 42nd [2]
François Legault2011.jpg François Legault Quebec 32nd Coalition Avenir Québec 242 days 2018 Election 2018 Election 42nd
Stephen McNeil color-balanced.jpg Stephen McNeil Nova Scotia 28th Nova Scotia Liberal Party 5 years, 238 days 2013 Election 2017 Election 63rd [3]
Blaine Higgs 2019.jpg Blaine Higgs New Brunswick 34th Progressive Conservative Party of New Brunswick 220 days 2018 Designation 2018 Designation 59th [4]
Brian Pallister - 2017 (37090344135) (cropped).jpg Brian Pallister Manitoba 22nd Progressive Conservative Party of Manitoba 3 years, 45 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 41st [5]
John Horgan 2015.jpg John Horgan British Columbia 36th British Columbia New Democratic Party 1 year, 334 days 2017 Designation 2017 Designation 41st [6]
Dennis King Prince Edward Island 33rd Progressive Conservative Party of Prince Edward Island 39 days 2019 Election 2019 Election 66th [7]
Scott Moe (cropped).jpg Scott Moe Saskatchewan 15th Saskatchewan Party 1 year, 135 days 2018 Designation 2018 Designation 28th [8]
Jason Kenney in 2019.jpg Jason Kenney Alberta 18th United Conservative Party 48 days 2019 Election 2019 Election 30th [9]
DwightBall (brightened, cropped).jpg Dwight Ball Newfoundland and Labrador 13th Liberal Party of Newfoundland and Labrador 3 years, 185 days 2015 Election 2015 Election 48th [10]
Territories – Territorial Premiers
Bob McLeod.jpg Bob McLeod Northwest Territories 12th N/A (consensus government) 7 years, 233 days 2011 Election 2015 Election 18th [11]
20170607-OSEC-LSC-093 (34351769463) (cropped).jpg Sandy Silver Yukon 9th Yukon Liberal Party 2 years, 196 days 2016 Election 2016 Election 34th [12]
No image.svg Joe Savikataaq Nunavut 5th N/A (consensus government) 1 year, 3 days 2018 Designation 2018 Designation 5th [13]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The most recently-serving first minister from a visible minority was Robert Ghiz of Prince Edward Island, who left office on February 23, 2015.
  2. ^ The most recently-serving female first minister was Rachel Notley of Alberta, who left office on April 30, 2019.

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Prime Minister of Canada". Government of Canada. Retrieved November 14, 2015.
  2. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Ontario. Archived from the original on February 9, 2013. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  3. ^ "Honourable Stephen McNeil". Government of Nova Scotia. Retrieved October 22, 2013.
  4. ^ "Higgs sworn in as 34th premier of New Brunswick". Government of New Brunswick. November 9, 2018. Retrieved November 9, 2018.
  5. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Manitoba. Retrieved May 11, 2016.
  6. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of British Columbia. Retrieved July 18, 2017.
  7. ^ "Office of the Premier of Prince Edward Island". Government of Prince Edward Island. Retrieved February 23, 2015.
  8. ^ "SCOTT MOE SWORN IN AS PREMIER OF SASKATCHEWAN, APPOINTS FIRST CABINET". Government of Saskatchewan. Retrieved February 2, 2018.
  9. ^ "Premier". Government of Alberta. Retrieved May 24, 2015.
  10. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Newfoundland and Labrador. Retrieved December 15, 2015.
  11. ^ "Premier Bob McLeod – Biography". Government of the Northwest Territories. Archived from the original on 2012-07-21. Retrieved February 11, 2013.
  12. ^ "Office of the Premier". Government of Yukon. Retrieved December 14, 2016.
  13. ^ "Longtime politician Paul Quassa chosen new premier of Nunavut". CTV News, November 17, 2017.

External links[edit]