List of flags of Montenegro

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The following is a list of flags of Montenegro.

State flag[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro.svg 2004- National flag, civil, state and navy ensign Red with a golden border and the state coat of arms in the middle. Ratio: 1:2. Adopted on 13 July 2004.
Flag of Montenegro (vertical).svg 2004- National flag, Vertical Banner Red with a golden border and the state coat of arms in the middle.

Presidential Standard[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Presidential Standard of Montenegro.svg 2006- Standard of the President on Land Square version of the State Flag, with a border fleury
Presidential Standard of Montenegro (at sea).svg 2006- Standard of the President Afloat Square version of the State Flag, replacing red with blue, a border fleury

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of the Navy of Montenegro.svg 2010—Present Naval ensign of Montenegro. Blue with the national flag in as its canton, occupying 2/5 of its width and 1/2 of its length with a white anchor interlaced with three lines representing the surface of the water in the right side of the flag.
Naval Jack of Montenegro.svg 2010—Present Naval jack of Montenegro.

National flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Montenegro (1994–2004).svg 1993–2004 State Flag of the Republic of Montenegro Red-bluish-white with equal width, with "bluish" (plavetna) meaning light-blue. Ratio 3:1
Flag of Montenegro (1946–1993).svg 1946–1993 Republican Flag of the People's/Socialist Republic of Montenegro Red-blue-white traditional tricolor with the communist red star, same as the Republican Flag of the People's/Socialist Republic Of Serbia
Flag of Montenegro (1905–1918).svg 1905–1918 State flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro
Flag of Montenegro (1852–1905).svg 1852–1905 State flag of the Principality of Montenegro

Court flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
1910–1921 King Nicholas I Petrovic-Njegos' royal standard National tricolor with King Nicholas I's initials and his royal crown
1910–1918 Court flag in the time of the Kingdom of Montenegro National tricolor with the Princely Coat-of-arms. Crown changed from princely to royal.
FlagRoyalMNE.gif 1910–1918 Royal flag of the Kingdom of Montenegro The lion was replaced by Nikola's cypher H.I. The crown was changed from a princely to a royal crown
FlagRoyalMNEcorr.gif 1910–1918 Royal flag Another version, probably more correct one.
until 1910 Court flag in the time of the Princedom of Montenegro National tricolor with the Princely Coat-of-arms.
until 1910 Nicholas' princely standard The national tricolor with Nicholas' Coat-of-arms and the biblical lion beneath.
Flag of Montenegro (1852–1905).svg 1861–1900 Princely standard Nikola I
Alaj-barjak of Prince Danilo I, 1858.svg 1852 Princely standard Danilo I

Civil ensigns[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Principality of Montenegro People Flag.svg early 1881-1916 Civil ensign Tricolor with the Cyrillic cypher НІ (i.e. NI) of Prince Nicholas I topped with a golden crown in the center. Because the owners as well as the crew of Montenegro's Ulcinj cruisers were Muslims, Nikola changed the flag not to offend Islam
Naval Ensign of Montenegro (1881-1918).svg 1881–1916 Civil ensign Version of the Civil Ensign that was predominantly used. Usage extended beyond primary purpose to even of that of the National flag.
Historical merchant fleet flag of Montenegro.svg late 1880-early 1881 Civil ensign Tricolor flag with the cross from the war flag (krstaš-barjak) with Nicholas' initials set in canton; stripes based upon domestic national flag.
Historical merchant fleet flag of MontenegroV2.svg early 1880-late 1880 Civil ensign Horizontally divided red-white-red with the cross from the war flag (krstaš-barjak) with Nicholas' initials set in canton; based on the naval flag of Austro-Hungary according to the Dalmatian marine codelines sanctioned by the 1878 Congress of Berlin.
Montenegro-1878-ensign.svg 1878–1880 Naval ensign (unofficial) White flag with a red St George's Cross. Inspired by the British Naval Ensign back from the 1814 British navy's takeover of the port of Kotor during the war between the Montenegrins and the French.

Military flags[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Krstaš-barjak.svg 1876–78 War flag, civil flag The Montenegrin war flag used in the Battle of Vučji Do (1876) was red with a white cross pattée in the center and a white border. This flag was used in Cetinje in 1878,[1] upon recognition of the independence of Principality of Montenegro by the Ottoman Empire at San Stefano.
after 1871 War Flag of Prince Nicholas I Petrovic Red with a double-headed eagle with Nicholas' initials and the biblical lion below; based upon the Alaj-barjak from Danil I's era. After Nicholas' martial reforms since 1871 he created a war flag for himself signifying the supreme command over the Montenegrin Army. Used by the World War II Axis puppet Montenegrin state.
Nikola I used firstly as a War flag.png after 1861 War Flag of Prince Nikola I Museum kept version
after 1871 Brigade Battle Stag Red with a double-headed eagle with Nicholas' initials and the biblical lion below; based upon Nicholas' War Flag. After Nicholas' martial reforms since 1871 he created a battle stag for a Brigade, the largest Montenegrin military unit in the Montenegrin Army. Better quality materials than the Battalion Stag.
after 1871 Battalion Battle Stag Red with a double-headed eagle with Nicholas' initials and the biblical lion below; based upon Nicholas' war flag. After Nicholas' martial reforms since 1871 he created a war flag for a Battalion, a military unit composed by a corresponding Montenegrin clan.
Vucji Do flag.jpg ca 1876 War stag of Nicholas I Petrovic Red with the krstaš-barjak with Nicholas' initials in it and border. Used at the Battle of Vučji Do.
Alaj barjak.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrovic War Stag of Prince Danilo Petrovic Alaj-barjak of Prince Danilo, signifying the supreme command over the Montenegrin armed forces. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms. Used at the Battle of Grahovac.
DanilGarda.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrovic Guard Battle Stag in Prince Danil's Army Flag signifying a unit of 1,000 men; red field with the double-headed eagle and Prince Danil I's initials in it. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms.
DaniloSto.jpg reign of Prince Danilo Petrovic Centurian Battle Stag in Prince Danil's Army Flag signifying a unit of 100 men; red field with the traditional Montenegrin Cross of Saint George and Danil I's initials in it. Introduced by Prince Danil during his martial reforms. Based upon the old tribal Montenegrin flag.

Archaic[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
1844 do 1848 zastava Crne Gore.svg 1844 - 1848.[citation needed]
Banner of Šćepan Mali.svg second half of the 18th century Banner of the Tsar Šćepan Mali White banner with a red border, worn on a swear with a golden cross on top of it. Different from the Metropolitan flag to represent sacral rather than spiritual power it left out the cross. The cross was removed to symbolize secular rule.[citation needed]
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro2.svg while the Petrovic-Njegos family held the seat of Cetinje Metropolitans Martial Banner of Montenegrin clans Flags signifying a Montenegrin clan, to differ from the authority of the Scander Metropolitan. Where created by ripping and resewing captured Ottoman flags.[citation needed]
Flag of the Prince-Bishopric of Montenegro.svg while the Petrovic-Njegos family held the seat of Cetinje Metropolitans Banner of the Metropolitanate of Cetinje of the House of Petrović-Njegoš Orthodox red cross in a white field with a red border. Represents the highly Christian virtue of subjected peoples and the desire to fight against invading Islam. Adopted in during the Great Turkish War at the end of the 17th century.[citation needed]

Other[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Propose flag of Montenegro.svg 2007 Proposed national flag with tricolour instead of the red background, never adopted.

Flags of municipalities and cities[edit]

Flag Date Use Description
Flag of Bar, Montenegro.svg Bar (municipality) Tricolour
Flag of Budva.svg Budva (municipality) Three six-pointed stars over a blue background.
Flag of Cetinje.svg Cetinje (Old Royal Capital) Historical Montenegrin flag.
Flag of Kotor.jpg 2009-present Kotor (municipality)
Flag of Podgorica.svg 2006—present Podgorica (Capital) Central part of the 2006 Coat of arms of Podgorica
Zastava PV.jpg Pljevlja (municipality)

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nenadović, Ljubomir P. (1929). O Crnogorcima: pisma sa Cetinja 1878. godine, Volume 212 (in Serbian). Štamparija "Sv. Sava,". p. 187.