List of fortifications in Serbia

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This is a list of fortifications in Serbia. The list includes remains (ruins) of military constructions; fortresses (tvrđave), castles (zamci), towers (kule), etc. There are over 30 preserved forts in Serbia, and more than hundreds of sites with remains of old fortifications. Forts in Serbia are preserved from the Roman, Byzantine, medieval Serbian and post-Ottoman eras. The majority of forts have been renovated throughout history with changing rule and adaptations to war technology development. Many forts are foundations of modern towns and cities, such as the Belgrade Fortress. Later, Western, Habsburg and Austro-Hungarian architecture exists in Vojvodina; Bač castle, Vršac. The fortified monasteries of Mileševa, Manasija and Ravanica served as protection to locals during harsh times.


Fortifications located within Kosovo are indicated in grey.[a]

Image Name Location Construction date Current state Type
Symbool fort.svg Anište Kolubara Remains
Symbool fort.svg Atanas Pirot 6th Century Remains
Bač, view of the fortress and the town.jpg Bač Fortress Bač 14th century Ruins Fortress
Boracki krs.jpg Borač Fortress Borač 14th century
Diana kapija.jpg Diana Fortress Kladovo 101 AD Preserved ruins
Kladovski Grad1.jpg Fetislam Kladovo 1524 Ruins
Felix romuliana.jpg Gamzigrad Zaječar 298 AD Preserved ruins (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Golubac.JPG Golubac Fortress Golubac 14th century Restored
Kalaja e Pogragjës.JPG Gradište Podgrađe 14th century Ruins
Jelec-2.jpg Jeleč Novi Pazar 13th century Ruins
Symbool fort.svg Jerinin Grad, Grabovac Trstenik 6th Century Remains
Jerinin Grad, Brangović Valjevo 4th Century Remains
Kaljaja4.jpg Prizren Fortress Prizren 5th century (1019 AD) partial Ruins
Dizd ops.jpg Belgrade Fortress Belgrade 3rd century (rebuilt 535) Under restoration
Srednjovekovni grad Kovin.jpg Kovin Prijepolje 14th century Ruins
Koznik3.jpg Koznik Aleksandrovac 1371–89 Preserved ruins
Don Zon kula.jpg Kruševac Fortress Kruševac 1381 Preserved ruins
Kurvingrad iz daljine1.jpg Kurvingrad
(or Koprijan)
11 km from Niš 14th Century Remains
Manastir-manasija-despotovac-serbia-atipiks.jpg Manasija Despotovac 1407 AD Restored
Maglic-7k.jpg Maglič Kraljevo fl. 1196–1228 Partial ruin
Markovo Kale interior view.JPG Markovo Kale Vranje 13th century Ruins
Milesevac.jpg Mileševac Fortress 7 km from Prijepolje 13th century Ruins
Nenadović Tower.jpg Nenadović Tower Valjevo 1813 Restored
Pogled na glavnu ulaz u Nišku tvrđavu sa keja Nišave.JPG Niš Fortress Niš 1719-1723 Restored
Novo Brdo Serbia1.jpg Novo Brdo Fortress Novo Brdo 1285 ongoing Restoration
Ostrvica bedem 3.jpg Ostrvica Rudnik 1323 Ruins
View of Petravaradin in evening.jpg Petrovaradin Fortress Novi Sad 1247 Restored
Pirotski Grad (by Pudelek).JPG Pirot Fortress Pirot 14th century restored
Tabla u Prilepcu.jpg Prilepac Novo Brdo 14th century Completely razed
Prizrenac Novo Brdo 14th century
Jug Bogdan Tower1.jpg Prokuplje Fortress Prokuplje 14th century Ruins
Ram tvrdjava1.jpg Ram Fortress Veliko Gradište 12th century Restored
Manastir Ravanica sa zidinama.JPG Ravanica Near Ćuprija 14th century partial ruins
Smederevo small town panorama 2.jpg Smederevo Fortress Smederevo 1428 Restored
Sokod sumrak.jpg Soko Grad Ljubovija 1476 Ruins
Soko Grad.jpg Soko Grad Sokobanja 6th century Ruins
Stalać Fortress.jpg Stalać Fortress Stalać 1377 Ruins
Uzice-fortress-by-pedja-supurovic-09.jpg Stari Grad Užice 12th century Ruins
Stari Ras.jpg Stari Ras Novi Pazar 8th century Preserved Ruins (UNESCO World Heritage Site)
Шабачка тврђава 2.jpg Šabac Fortress Šabac 1471 Partial ruin
Trojanov Grad.JPG Trojanov Grad Cer (mountain) Ruins
One of the walls at the Vidin Grad.JPG Vidin Grad Lešnica Ruins (Gensis (vicus))
Реконструкција Вршачког замка 5.jpg Vršac Castle Vršac 1439 AD Under restoration
Kulla e Vjetër, Vushtrri - 5.jpg Vojinovića Tower Vučitrn 14th century
Symbool fort.svg Zatrič Zatrić Ruins
Zemunska tvrdjava kula3.jpg Zemun Fortress Zemun Ruins
Zelen grad.jpg Zelen-grad Vučje, Leskovac 15th century Ruins
Zvečan Fortress overview.jpg Zvečan Fortress Kosovska Mitrovica 1093 Ruins
Zrnov1.jpg Žrnov Belgrade Demolished in 1934


Further reading[edit]

  • Deroko, Aleksandar (1950). Srednjevekovni gradovi u Srbiji. Prosveta.
  • Deroko, Aleksandar (1964). Srednjovekovni gradovi na Dunavu. Turistička štampa.
  • Janićijević, Jovan (1998). The cultural treasury of Serbia. IDEA.
  • Mišić, Siniša (2010). Лексикон градова и тргова средњовековних српских земаља: према писаним изворима. Завод за уџбенике. ISBN 978-86-17-16604-3.
  • Zdravković, Ivan M. (1970). Srednjovekovni gradovi u Srbiji. Turistička štampa.
  • Zdravković, Ivan M. (1970). Srednjovekovni gradovi i dvorci na Kosovu u Srbiji. Turistička štampa.

See also[edit]