List of governors-general of New Zealand

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Dame Patsy Reddy, the current Governor-General

The following is a list of the governors and governors-general of New Zealand.[1] As the personal representative of the New Zealand monarch, the governor-general performs many of the functions vested in the Crown, such as summoning and dissolving parliament, granting or withholding the Royal Assent, making state visits and receiving ambassadors. These functions are performed on the advice of the head of government, the prime minister.

Since the office was established in 1841, 37 individuals have served as governor, governor-in-chief (1848–1853), or governor-general (since 1917). The list does not include lieutenant-governors of the provinces of New Ulster and New Munster that existed between 1848 and 1853.[a]

List[edit]

No. Name Portrait Term of office Length of term Monarch Premier/Prime Minister
As lieutenant-governor
1 William Hobson WilliamHobsonGovNZ.jpg 30 January 1840 3 May 1841 1 year, 93 days Victoria None[b]
As governor
1 William Hobson WilliamHobsonGovNZ.jpg 3 May 1841 10 September 1842 1 year, 130 days Victoria None[b]
2 Robert FitzRoy Robert Fitzroy.jpg 26 December 1843 17 November 1845 1 year, 326 days
3 Sir George Grey GeorgeEdwardGrey02.jpg 18 November 1845 31 December 1853[c] 8 years, 43 days
4 Thomas Gore Browne Thomas Gore Browne.jpg 6 September 1855 2 October 1861 6 years, 26 days
Henry Sewell
William Fox
Edward Stafford
William Fox
(3) Sir George Grey GeorgeEdwardGrey02.jpg 4 December 1861 5 February 1868 6 years, 63 days
Alfred Domett
Frederick Whitaker
Frederick Weld
Edward Stafford
5 Sir George Ferguson Bowen George Bowen b.jpg 5 February 1868 19 March 1873 5 years, 42 days
William Fox
Edward Stafford
George Waterhouse
William Fox
6 Sir James Fergusson Sir James Fergusson, 1891.jpg 14 June 1873 3 December 1874 1 year, 172 days Julius Vogel
7 George Phipps, Marquess of Normanby GeorgePhipps2ndMarquessOfNormanby.jpg 9 January 1875 21 February 1879 4 years, 43 days
Daniel Pollen
Julius Vogel
Harry Atkinson
George Grey
8 Sir Hercules Robinson LordRosmead.jpg 17 April 1879 8 September 1880 1 year, 144 days
John Hall
9 Sir Arthur Hamilton-Gordon Sir Arthur Hamilton Gordon.jpg 29 November 1880 23 June 1882 1 year, 206 days
Frederick Whitaker
10 Sir William Jervois William Jervois.jpg 20 January 1883 22 March 1889 6 years, 61 days
Harry Atkinson
Robert Stout
Harry Atkinson
Robert Stout
Harry Atkinson
11 William Onslow, Earl of Onslow 4thEarlOfOnslow.jpg 2 May 1889 24 February 1892 2 years, 298 days
John Ballance
12 David Boyle, Earl of Glasgow 7thEarlOfGlasgow.jpg 7 June 1892 6 February 1897 4 years, 244 days
13 Uchter Knox, Earl of Ranfurly 5thEarlOfRanfurly.jpg 10 August 1897 19 June 1904 6 years, 314 days Richard Seddon
Edward VII
14 William Plunket, Lord Plunket 5thLordPlunket.jpg 20 June 1904 8 June 1910 5 years, 353 days
William Hall-Jones
Joseph Ward
15 John Dickson-Poynder, Lord Islington Lord Islington.JPG 22 June 1910 2 December 1912 2 years, 163 days George V
Thomas Mackenzie
16 Arthur Foljambe, Earl of Liverpool 2ndEarlOfLiverpool.jpg 19 December 1912 27 June 1917 4 years, 190 days William Massey
As governor-general
1 Arthur Foljambe, Earl of Liverpool 2ndEarlOfLiverpool.jpg 28 June 1917 7 July 1920 3 years, 9 days George V William Massey
2 John Jellicoe, Viscount Jellicoe John Jellicoe, Admiral of the Fleet.jpg 27 September 1920 26 November 1924 4 years, 60 days
3 Sir Charles Fergusson Sir Charles Fergusson, ca 1926.jpg 13 December 1924 8 February 1930 5 years, 57 days
Francis Bell
Gordon Coates
Joseph Ward
4 Charles Bathurst, Lord Bledisloe Charles Bathurst.jpg 19 March 1930 15 March 1935 4 years, 361 days
George Forbes
5 George Monckton-Arundell, Viscount Galway George Monckton-Arundell.jpg 12 April 1935 3 February 1941 5 years, 297 days
Michael Joseph Savage
Edward VIII
6 Sir Cyril Newall Air Chief Marshal Sir Cyril Newall (close-up).jpg 22 February 1941 19 April 1946 5 years, 56 days George VI Peter Fraser
7 Bernard Freyberg, Lord Freyberg General Freyberg.jpg 17 June 1946 15 August 1952 6 years, 59 days
8 Sir Willoughby Norrie Willoughby Norrie 1953 (cropped).jpg 2 December 1952 25 July 1957 4 years, 235 days Elizabeth II Sidney Holland
9 Charles Lyttelton, Viscount Cobham Charles Lyttelton, 10th Viscount Cobham.jpg 5 September 1957 13 September 1962 5 years, 8 days
Keith Holyoake
Walter Nash
10 Sir Bernard Fergusson Sir Bernard Fergusson - Governor General, 1963 (21764934845).jpg 9 November 1962 20 October 1967 4 years, 345 days Keith Holyoake
11 Sir Arthur Porritt[d] Arthur Porritt governor-general.jpg 1 December 1967 6 September 1972 4 years, 280 days
Jack Marshall
12 Sir Denis Blundell Sir Denis Blundell.jpg 27 September 1972 5 October 1977 5 years, 8 days
Norman Kirk
Bill Rowling
13 Sir Keith Holyoake Sir Keith Holyoake circa 1980.jpg 26 October 1977 23 October 1980 2 years, 363 days Robert Muldoon
14 Sir David Beattie Sir David Beattie.jpg 6 November 1980 10 November 1985 5 years, 4 days
David Lange
15 Sir Paul Reeves Paul Reeves (cropped).jpg 20 November 1985 20 November 1990 4 years, 363 days
Geoffrey Palmer
Mike Moore
16 Dame Catherine Tizard Governor-General Catherine Tizard.jpg 12 December 1990 3 March 1996 5 years, 104 days Jim Bolger
17 Sir Michael Hardie Boys Sir Michael Hardie Boys.jpg 21 March 1996 21 March 2001 5 years, 0 days
Jenny Shipley
18 Dame Silvia Cartwright Governor-General Silvia Cartwright.jpg 4 April 2001 4 August 2006 5 years, 122 days Helen Clark
19 Sir Anand Satyanand Anand Satyanand official photo (cropped).jpg 23 August 2006 23 August 2011 5 years, 0 days
20 Sir Jerry Mateparae Jerry Mateparae official photo (cropped).jpg 31 August 2011 31 August 2016 5 years, 0 days John Key
21 Dame Patsy Reddy Patsy Reddy official portrait (cropped).jpg 28 September 2016 Incumbent 3 years, 12 days
Bill English
Jacinda Ardern

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ For their respective lieutenant-governors, see New Ulster Province and New Munster Province.
  2. ^ a b New Zealand attained responsible government following the New Zealand Constitution Act 1852
  3. ^ Between 1 January 1848 and 7 March 1853, the vice-regal representative held the office of governor-in-chief
  4. ^ Sir Arthur Porritt was the first New Zealand-born governor general, although he had been living in Britain for 31 years at the time of his appointment.[2] All governors-general since Sir Denis Blundell have been New Zealand residents and,[3] with the exception of Sir David Beattie, New Zealand-born, and appointed by the Sovereign on the advice of the Prime Minister.

References[edit]

Sources[edit]

  • Beaglehole, Diana (30 October 2012). "Porritt, Arthur Espie". Dictionary of New Zealand Biography. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  • "Governor-General of New Zealand: Former Governors-General". gov-gen.govt.nz. Archived from the original on 22 February 2013. Retrieved 22 April 2013.
  • James, Colin (22 August 2006). "The huge challenge ahead of the Maori Queen's successor". New Zealand Herald. Archived from the original on 6 February 2012.
  • McLean, Gavin (October 2006). "The Governors, New Zealand Governors and Governors-General". Otago University Press. ISBN 978-1-877372-25-4.
  • "Republic 'inevitable'–Clark". The Evening Post. 4 March 2002.
  • "Patriated – the Governor-General". Ministry for Culture and Heritage. 20 December 2012. Retrieved 22 April 2013.

External links[edit]