List of lakes of Taiwan

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Sun Moon Lake, the largest lake in Taiwan

Taiwan's largest natural lake is Sun Moon Lake. Its largest artificial body of water is in the Zengwen Dam. The majority of Taiwan's lakes have multiple functions such as irrigation, electricity generation, water supply and tourist attractions. The volume area of natural lakes tend not to be big.[1]

Terminologies[edit]

In Chinese language terminology, smaller bodies of water (ponds) are designated the terms 「池」 ("-chi"), 「塘」("-tang") or 「潭」("-tan"); larger bodies of water are designated as 「湖」("-hu", lake) and 「沼」("-zhao", marsh); while bodies of water with multiple functions such as irrigation, electricity generation, flood control, etc are called 「水庫」 ("-shuiku", lit. water storage).[2]

Lists[edit]

Natural lakes[edit]

Region Lake Altitude
(Meter)
Source Type Area
(Hectare)
Capacity
(m3)
Usage Notes
Keelung Lover's Lake 150 Stream Sightseeing 2 Recreation
Taipei Menghuan Lake 870 Rainwater Wetland, dammed lake 0.3 Conservation [3]
New Taipei Songluo Lake 1320 Rainwater Alpine lakes 5.3 Conservation
New Taipei Huangzui Pond 830 Rainwater Crater lake 0.5 Conservation
Yilan County Longtan Lake 20 Rainwater, spring Tourist attraction 17 Cultivation, recreation, tourist attraction
Yilan County Shuanglian Pond 470 Creek Tourist attraction 9.2 Cultivation, recreation
Yilan County Dahu Lake 20 Rainwater, spring Tourist attraction 6.8 Cultivation, recreation
Yilan County Meihua Lake 50 Huotankeng River Tourist attraction 18.2 Recreation
Yilan County Mingchi Pond 1140 Rainwater Alpine lake 0.3 Recreation
Yilan County Cueifong Lake 1850 Rainwater Alpine lake 8~25
Taoyuan Longtan Lake 230 Stream Tourist attraction 18 Irrigation, recreation
Taoyuan Angtian Lake 386 Rainwater Inland lake 0.4
Hsinchu County Yuanyang Lake 1670 Rainwater Alpine lake 3.6
Miaoli County Dexing Pond 400 Spring, rainwater Tourist attraction 10 Irrigation, recreation
Miaoli County Longsheng Lake Spring Tourist attraction Irrigation, recreation
Miaoli County Cuichi Pond 3520 Rainwater Alpine lake 0.004
Taichung Taiwantan 160 Spring Tourist attraction Recreation
Nantou County Malinku 730 Rainwater, spring Tourist attraction 1.5 Recreation
Nantou County Qilintan 620 Rainwater, spring Tourist attraction 13 Irrigation, recreation
Nantou County Liyu Lake 550 Nangang River Tourist attraction 20 Irrigation, recreation
Nantou County Tianluanchi Pond 2900 Rainwater Alpine lake 0.03
Kaohsiung Dagui Lake 2150 Rainwater Alpine lake 11.87
Kaohsiung Nanheng Tianchi Pond 2290 Rainwater Alpine lake 0.4
Kaohsiung Wanshan Shenchi Pond 2150 Rainwater Alpine lake 1.4
Pingtung County Nanren Lake 319 Rainwater Wetland 124 Conservation
Hualien County Qicai Lake 2900 Rainwater Alpine lake 2.2
Hualien County Liyu Lake 140 Spring Tourist attraction 104 Recreation
Hualien County Hualienchi Pond 1100 Rainwater Alpine lake 1.5
Hualien County Baishi Pond 2770 Rainwater Alpine lake 0.6
Hualien County Wanli Pond 2790 Rainwater Alpine lake 2.8
Taitung County Dapo Pond 262 Wetland, tourist attraction 28 Conservation, irrigation, recreation
Taitung County Pipa Lake Beinan River Tourist attraction Recreation
Taitung County Xiaogui Lake 2040 Rainwater Alpine lake 5.13
Taitung County Chiaming Lake 3310 Rainwater Alpine lake 0.9
Taitung County Lanyu Tianchi Pond 340 Rainwater Crater lake 0.4 Water supply

Semi-artificial lakes[edit]

Region Lake Altitude
(Meter)
Source Type Area
(Hectare)
Capacity
(m3)
Usage Notes
Taipei Dapi Lake 10 Rainwater Tourist attraction 8.4 Flood control, recreation
Taipei Dahu Lake 10 Rainwater Tourist attraction 9.2 Flood control, recreation
Taoyuan Qianci Lake 250 Caoling River Tourist attraction 4.8 Recreation
Taoyuan Houci Lake 250 Caoling River Tourist attraction 4.6 Recreation
Hsinchu Green Grass Lake 40 Keya River Reservoir, tourist attraction 16.30 Irrigation, recreation
Nantou County Sun Moon Lake 748 Zhuoshui River, Wucheng River (Shuili River tributary) Reservoir, tourist attraction 840 145,730,000 Power generation, recreation [4]
Pingtung County Longluan Lake 18.5 Longluanshan River Reservoir, wetland 120~175 Conservation, irrigation

Artificial lakes[edit]

Region Lake Altitude
(Meter)
Source Type Area
(Hectare)
Capacity
(m3)
Usage Notes
New Taipei Feicui Reservoir 170 Beishi River Reservoir 1024 382,870,000 Public water supply, power generation [5]
New Taipei Qingtan Weir 22.2 Xindian River Reservoir 50 700,000 Public water supply [6]
Keelung Xishi Reservoir 70 Xishikeng River Reservoir 9 560,000 Water supply [7]
Keelung Xinshan Reservoir 80 Xinshan River Reservoir 56 10,090,000 Water supply [8]
New Taipei Golden Dragon Lake 10 Rainwater Lake 13.4 Flood control, irrigation
Yilan County Jiuqiong Lake 170 Lanyang River Regulation basin 2.3 Power generation reservoir
Yilan County Luodong Weir Luodong River
Taoyuan Shimen Reservoir 245 Dahan River Reservoir 800 Irrigation, power generation, water supply, flood control, landscaping
Hsinchu County Baoshan Reservoir 141.6 Chaishu River Reservoir 60.2 5,470,000 Water supply, irrigation [9]
Hsinchu County Baoshan Second Dam 151.73 Zhonggang River Reservoir 193 31,900,000 Water supply [10]
Hsinchu County Dapu Dam 69.6 Emei River Reservoir 137 Water supply, irrigation
Miaoli County Yongheshan Dam 85 Nanzhuang River Reservoir 165 28,670,000 Water supply, irrigation [11]
Miaoli County Mingde Dam 60 Laotianliao River Reservoir 162 12,850,000 Water supply, irrigation, recreation [12]
Miaoli County Liyutan Dam 300 Liyutan River Reservoir 432 119,080,000 Water supply, irrigation, power generation, recreation [13]
Taichung Deji Dam 1400 Dajia River Reservoir 454 199,830,000 Water supply, irrigation, flood control, tourist attraction [14]
Taichung Guguan Dam 930 Dajia River Reservoir 60 Power generation, Regulation basin
Taichung Shigang Dam 270 Dajia River Weir 64.5 3,380,000 Irrigation, water supply, tourist attraction [15]
Nantou County Wushe Dam 1000 Wushe River (Zhuoshui River tributary) Reservoir 350 53,790,000 Regulation basin, recreation, power generation [16]
Nantou County Toushe Dam 668 Dasheman River Reservoir 4.9 230,000 Irrigation [17]
Chiayi Lantan Lake 80 Bazhang River Reservoir 77 9,780,000 Water supply, recreation [18]
Chiayi County Renyitan Dam 100 Bazhang River Reservoir 232 27,100,000 Water supply, recreation [19]
Chiayi County / Tainan Zengwen Dam 200 Zengwen River Reservoir 1,714 491,590,000 Water supply, irrigation, power generation, tourist attraction, flood control [20][21]
Tainan Wushantou Dam 60 Zengwen River Reservoir 1,300 154,158,000 Water supply, irrigation, recreation [21][22]
Tainan Nanhua Dam 180 Houku River (Zengwen River tributary) Reservoir 537 115,900,000 Water supply, recreation [23]
Tainan Hutoupi 70 Yanshui River, Jialingkan River Reservoir 25 910,000 Water supply, irrigation, recreation [21]
Tainan Baihe Dam 190 Beihe River Reservoir 197 25,093,448 Water supply, irrigation, recreation [21][24]
Tainan Jianshanpi Dam 45.3 Jishui River Reservoir 76.17 8,100,000 Water supply, irrigation [21]
Tainan Jingmian Dam 143 Zengwen River, Cialiao River Reservoir 12.50 1,150,000 Water supply, irrigation [21]
Tainan Luliao Dam 72 Bazhang River, Touqian River Reservoir 55.29 3,783,287 Water supply, irrigation [21]
Kaohsiung Jinshi Lake 9 Love River Artificial lake 11 Flood control, recreation
Kaohsiung Lotus Pond 11 Artificial lake 42 Flood control, recreation
Kaohsiung Meinong Lake 50 Stream Artificial lake 27 Irrigation, recreation
Kaohsiung Chengqing Lake 20 Gaoping River Artificial lake 103 Water supply, irrigation, recreation
Kaohsiung Agongdian Dam 40 Agongdian River Reservoir 290 Water supply, irrigation, recreation
Kaohsiung Fengshan Dam 50 Donggang River Reservoir 75 Water supply
Pingtung County Mudan Dam 132 Rureng River, Mudan River Reservoir 142 27,930,000 Irrigation, water supply [25]
Taitung County Huoshui Lake Beinan River Artificial lake 11 Recreation
Taitung County Chouqin Dam (Green Island) 27.3 Rainwater Reservoir 1.23 Water supply
Penghu County Chenggong Dam 9 Gangdi River Reservoir 32 Water supply
Penghu County Xingren Dam 11 Rainwater Reservoir 15 Water supply
Penghu County Dongwei Dam 8 Rainwater Reservoir 8.1 Water supply
Kinmen County Cihu Lake
English Name
(and Chinese)
Images Location
Bitan Lake
(碧潭湖)
碧潭腳踏船20100314.JPG
Xindian District, New Taipei City
Changpi Lake
(長埤湖)
長埤湖02.jpg
Sanxing Township, Yilan County
Chengcing Lake
(澄清湖)
Toapi Lake.jpg
Niaosong District, Kaohsiung City
Chiaming Lake
(嘉明湖)
Jiaming lake.jpg
Haiduan Township, Taitung County
Cueifong Lake
(翠峰湖)
Cueifong Lake Lookout.jpg
Nan-ao Township, Yilan County
Dalun Lake
(大崙湖)
Dalun Lake.JPG
Neihu District, Taipei City
Dapo Pond
(大坡池)
A corner of Dapo Pond.jpg
Chishang Township, Taitung County
Gugang Lake
(古崗湖)
Lake Gugang and Gugang Tower, Kinmen, Taiwan.JPG
Jincheng Township, Kinmen County
Jinshi Lake
(金獅湖)
Jinshi Lake.JPG
Sanmin District, Kaohsiung City
Lantan Lake
(蘭潭水庫)
Lantan Reservoir F1000018.JPG
East District, Chiayi City
Liyu Lake
(鯉魚潭)
Taiwan 2009 HuaLien Carp Lake FRD 5321.jpg
Shoufeng Township, Hualien County
Longtan Lake
(龍潭大池)
LT pool 6.JPG
Longtan District, Taoyuan City
Meihua Lake
(梅花湖)
Looking down on Meihua Lake.jpg
Dongshan Township, Yilan County
Meinong Lake
(美濃湖)
2012 美濃中正湖 Meinong Zhongzheng Lake.jpg
Meinong District, Kaohsiung City
Milk Lake
(牛奶湖)
Milk Lake.jpg
Shilin District, Taipei City
Sun Moon Lake
(日月潭)
Sun Moon Lake.jpg
Yuchi Township, Nantou County

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Taiwan's lake ecosystem". Endemic Species Research Institute, Committee of Agriculture. 2012-03-17.
  2. ^ 陳鎮東, 王冰潔 (2012-03-17). "台灣的Lake與Reservoir". 科學月刊,0339期,1998年3月. Archived from the original on 2012-07-01.
  3. ^ 中山大學海洋地質所,陳鎮東教授, 王冰潔研究員,1997年
  4. ^ "Sun Moon Lake". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2005-02-04.
  5. ^ "Feitsui Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14.
  6. ^ "Qingtan Weir". Water Resources Agency. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  7. ^ "Xishi Reservoir". Water Resources Agency. Retrieved 2012-03-20.
  8. ^ "Xinshan Reservoir". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-09-08.
  9. ^ "Baoshan Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2015-06-05.
  10. ^ "Baoshan Second Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-09-15.
  11. ^ "Yongheshan Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2015-06-05.
  12. ^ "Mingde Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-03-28.
  13. ^ "Liyutan Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-06-22.
  14. ^ "Deji Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2013-04-10.
  15. ^ "Shigang Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  16. ^ "Wushe Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27.
  17. ^ "Toushe Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27.
  18. ^ "Lantan Lake". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27.
  19. ^ "Renyitan Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2012-11-27.
  20. ^ "Zengwen Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-08-20.
  21. ^ a b c d e f g "西拉雅境內Reservoir介紹". Siraya National Scenic Area Administration. 2012-03-17.
  22. ^ "Wushantou Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-09-14.
  23. ^ "Nanhua Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  24. ^ "Baihe Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2016-03-04.
  25. ^ "Mudan Dam". Water Resources Agency. 2012-03-17. Archived from the original on 2015-06-05.