List of mammals of Gibraltar

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This is a list of the mammal species recorded in Gibraltar. There are twenty-four mammal species in Gibraltar, of which one is critically endangered, one is endangered, three are vulnerable, and one is near threatened.[1]

The following tags are used to highlight each species' conservation status as assessed by the International Union for Conservation of Nature:

EX Extinct No reasonable doubt that the last individual has died.
EW Extinct in the wild Known only to survive in captivity or as a naturalized populations well outside its previous range.
CR Critically endangered The species is in imminent risk of extinction in the wild.
EN Endangered The species is facing an extremely high risk of extinction in the wild.
VU Vulnerable The species is facing a high risk of extinction in the wild.
NT Near threatened The species does not meet any of the criteria that would categorise it as risking extinction but it is likely to do so in the future.
LC Least concern There are no current identifiable risks to the species.
DD Data deficient There is inadequate information to make an assessment of the risks to this species.

Some species were assessed using an earlier set of criteria. Species assessed using this system have the following instead of near threatened and least concern categories:

LR/cd Lower risk/conservation dependent Species which were the focus of conservation programmes and may have moved into a higher risk category if that programme was discontinued.
LR/nt Lower risk/near threatened Species which are close to being classified as vulnerable but are not the subject of conservation programmes.
LR/lc Lower risk/least concern Species for which there are no identifiable risks.

Order: Insectivora (insectivores)[edit]

A greater white-toothed shrew

Order: Chiroptera (bats)[edit]

A greater mouse-eared bat
Female Barbary macaque feeding its young at the Mediterranean Steps, Gibraltar.

Order: Primates (monkeys and humans)[edit]

The red fox is currently being reintroduced to the Upper Rock Nature Reserve.

Order: Carnivora (carnivores)[edit]

Feral cats
A Mediterranean monk seal

Order: Cetacea (dolphins and whales)[edit]

A common dolphin surfing on a ship's bow wave.
Dolphins in the strait
Breaching orcas
A sperm whale jumping out of the water.
Whale watching vessel and fin whale off Tarifa

Order: Rodentia (rodents)[edit]

Order: Lagomorpha (rabbits and hares)[edit]

A European rabbit

Photo gallery[edit]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Mammals". Gibraltar Ornithological and Natural History Society. Archived from the original on 11 January 2018. Retrieved 11 January 2018.
  2. ^ C. Michael Hogan. 2008. Barbary Macaque: Macaca sylvanus,, ed. N. Strõmberg Archived 2012-04-19 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ The Red Fox was found in Gibraltar until the early 1980s. A reintroduction programme is currently underway.Archived 2008-07-24 at the Wayback Machine