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List of metro systems

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The Shanghai Metro is the longest metro system by route length.
The Beijing Subway is the metro system with the highest ridership.
The New York City Subway has the most stations.
The London Underground is the oldest metro system.

This list of metro systems includes electrified rapid transit train systems worldwide. In some parts of the world, metro systems are referred to as subways, U-Bahnen or undergrounds. As of December 2017, 178 cities[1] in 56 countries around the world host the approximately 180 metro systems that are listed here. The London Underground first opened as an "underground railway" in 1863 and its first electrified underground line opened in 1890,[2] making it the world's oldest metro system.[3] The metro system with the longest route length is the Shanghai Metro;[1][4] the busiest one is the Beijing Subway;[5][4] and the one with the most stations is the New York City Subway.[4]

Considerations

The International Association of Public Transport (L'Union Internationale des Transports Publics, or UITP) defines metro systems as urban passenger transport systems, "operated on their own right of way and segregated from general road and pedestrian traffic".[6][7] The terms Heavy rail (mainly in North America) and heavy urban rail are essentially synonymous with the term "metro".[8][9][10] Heavy rail systems are also specifically defined as an "electric railway".[8][9]

The dividing line between metro and other modes of public transport, such as light rail[8][9] and commuter rail,[8][9] is not always clear, and while UITP only makes distinctions between "metros" and "light rail",[6] the American Public Transportation Association (APTA) and Federal Transit Administration (FTA) distinguish all three modes.[8][9] A common way to distinguish metro from light rail is by their separation from other traffic. While light rail systems may share roads or have level crossings, a metro system runs, almost always, on a grade-separated exclusive right-of-way, with no access for pedestrians and other traffic. And in contrast to commuter rail or light rail, metro systems are primarily used for transport within a city, and have higher service frequencies and substantially higher passenger volume capacities. Furthermore, most metro systems do not share tracks with freight trains or inter-city rail services. It is however not relevant whether the system runs on steel wheels or rubber tyres, or if the power supply is from a third rail or overhead line.

The name of the system is not a criterion for inclusion or exclusion. Some cities use metro as a brand name for a transit line with no component of rapid transit whatsoever. Similarly, there are systems branded light rail that meet every criterion for being a rapid transit system. Some systems also incorporate light metro or light rail lines as part of the larger system under a common name. These are listed, but the light rail lines are not counted in the provided network data. Certain transit networks may match the service standards of metro systems, but reach far out of the city and are sometimes known as S-Bahn, suburban, regional or commuter rail. These are not included in this list. Neither are funicular systems, or people movers, such as amusement park, ski resort and airport transport systems.

This list counts metros separately when multiple metros in one city or metropolitan area have separate owners or operating companies. This list expressly does not aim at representing the size and scope of the total rapid transit network of a certain city or metropolitan area. The data of this list should not be used to infer the size of a city's, region's, or country's urban rail transit systems, or to establish a ranking.

Legend

The locations of all the world's metro systems
Countries shown in green have at least one operational metro system, while countries shown in yellow have at least one metro system under construction.
City
Primary city served by the metro system.
Country
Sovereign state in which the metro system is located.
Name
The most common English name of the metro system (and the connecting article for that system).
Year opened
The year the metro system was opened for commercial service at metro standards. In other words, parts of the system may be older, but as parts of a former light rail or commuter rail network, so the year that the system obtained metro standards (most notably electrification) is the one listed.
Year of last expansion
The last time the system length or number of stations in the metro system was expanded.
Stations
The number of stations in the metro network, with stations connected by transfer counted as one.
System length
The system length of a metro network is the sum of the lengths of all routes in the rail network in kilometers or miles. Each route is counted only once, regardless of how many lines pass over it, and regardless of whether it is single-track or multi-track, single carriageway or dual carriageway.
Ridership
The number of unique journeys on the metro system every year. There is a major discrepancy between the ridership figures: some metro systems count transferring between lines as multiple journeys, but others do not.

List

This list is sortable. Click on the Sort both.gif icon in the column header to change sort key and sort order.

City Country Name Year
opened
Year of last
expansion
Stations System length Annual ridership
(millions)
Algiers  Algeria Algiers Metro 2011[11] 2018[12] 19[12] 18.5 km (11.5 mi)[13] 30 (2017)[R 1]
Buenos Aires  Argentina Buenos Aires Underground 1913 2018[Nb 1][14] 87[14] 54.7 km (34.0 mi)[14] 317.7 (2017)[R 2]
Yerevan  Armenia Yerevan Metro 1981[15] 1996[16] 10[15] 13.4 km (8.3 mi)[15] 16.2 (2017)[R 3]
Vienna  Austria Vienna U-Bahn 1976[17][Nb 2] 2017[18] 98[19] 83.3 km (51.8 mi)[17] 453.6 (2017)[R 4]
Baku  Azerbaijan Baku Metro 1967[20] 2016[Nb 3] 25[20] 36.7 km (22.8 mi)[20] 228.8 (2017)[R 3]
Minsk  Belarus Minsk Metro 1984[21] 2014[21][Nb 4] 29[22] 37.3 km (23.2 mi)[22] 284.1 (2017)[R 3]
Brussels  Belgium Brussels Metro 1976[23] 2009[Nb 5] 59[23][Nb 6] 39.9 km (24.8 mi)[24] 151.6 (2017)[R 5]
Belo Horizonte  Brazil Belo Horizonte Metro 1986[25] 2002[25] 19[26] 28.1 km (17.5 mi)[27] 58.8 (2017)[R 6]
Brasília  Brazil Brasília Metro 2001[28] 2010[28] 24[29] 42.4 km (26.3 mi)[29] 36.6 (2017)[R 7]
Porto Alegre  Brazil Porto Alegre Metro 1985[30] 2014[30] 22[31] 43.8 km (27.2 mi)[31] 55.1 (2017)[R 8]
Recife  Brazil Recife Metro[Nb 7] 1985[32] 2009[32] 28[33] 39.5 km (24.5 mi)[33] 104.2 (2017)[R 9][R 6]
Rio de Janeiro  Brazil Rio de Janeiro Metro 1979[34] 2016[35] 41[34] 58 km (36 mi)[35] 244.7 (2017)[R 10]
Salvador  Brazil Salvador Metro 2014[36] 2018[37] 19[38] 32.5 km (20.2 mi)[37][39] 42 (2017)[R 11]
São Paulo  Brazil São Paulo Metro 1974[40] 2018[41] 82[41] 96 km (60 mi)[41] 1295.4 (2017)[R 12]
Sofia  Bulgaria Sofia Metro 1998[42] 2016[43] 34[43] 40 km (25 mi)[43] 89.7 (2016)[R 13]
Montreal  Canada Montreal Metro 1966 2007[Nb 8] 68[44] 71 km (44 mi)[44] 367.5 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Toronto  Canada Toronto subway[45] 1954[46] 2017[46] 75[47] 76.9 km (47.8 mi)[48][49] 304.1 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1][R Nb 2]
Vancouver  Canada SkyTrain 1985[50] 2016[51] 53[51] 79.6 km (49.5 mi)[51] 151.4 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Santiago  Chile Santiago Metro 1975[52] 2019[53] 119[54] 140 km (87 mi)[54] 685.1 (2017)[R 15]
Beijing  China Beijing Subway[55] 1971[Nb 9] 2018[55] 324[Nb 10] 628.0 km (390.2 mi)[55][Nb 11] 3850 (2018)[R 16]
Changchun  China Changchun Subway 2011 2018[56] 59[Nb 12] 68.8 km (42.8 mi)[Nb 13] n/a
Changsha  China Changsha Metro 2014[57] 2016[58] 43[58] 50.2 km (31.2 mi)[58] 233.4 (2017)[R 17]
Chengdu  China Chengdu Metro 2010 2018[59] 171 226 km (140 mi) 1158 (2018)[R 18]
Chongqing  China Chongqing Rail Transit 2005 2019[60] 173 310.3 km (192.8 mi)[60] 743.1 (2017)[R 19]
Dalian  China Dalian Metro[61] 2003 2018[62] 69 153.5 km (95.4 mi) 157.2 (2017)[R 17]
Dongguan  China Dongguan Rail Transit 2016[63] 15 37.8 km (23.5 mi) 38.7 (2017)[R 19]
Foshan  China Foshan Metro[Nb 14] 2010 2018 22 34.4 km (21.4 mi) n/a[R Nb 3]
Fuzhou  China Fuzhou Metro 2016[64] 2017[65] 21 24.89 km (15.47 mi) 49.3 (2017)[R 19]
Guangzhou  China Guangzhou Metro 1997 2018[66] 257[67] 476.3 km (296.0 mi)[68] 2800 (2017)[R 20]
Guiyang  China Guiyang Metro 2017[69] 2018[70] 25 34.3 km (21.3 mi) n/a
Hangzhou  China Hangzhou Metro[71] 2012 2018[72] 84 117.3 km (72.9 mi) 339.9 (2017)[R 19]
Harbin  China Harbin Metro 2013[73][74] 2017[75] 21[73][74] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[73][74] 113.3 (2017)[R 19]
Hefei  China Hefei Metro 2016[76] 2017[77] 47 52.4 km (32.6 mi) 42.7 (2017)[R 19]
Hong Kong  China MTR 1979[Nb 15] 2016[Nb 16] 93[78] 174.7 km (108.6 mi)[79] 1805.1 (2018)[R 21][R 22][R Nb 4]
Jinan  China Jinan Metro 2019[80] 11[80] 26.1 km (16.2 mi)[80] n/a
Kunming  China Kunming Rail Transit 2012 2017[81] 60 87.2 km (54.2 mi) 124.8 (2017)[R 19][R 23]
Nanchang  China Nanchang Metro 2015 2017[82] 40 44.3 km (27.5 mi) 109.8 (2017)[R 19]
Nanjing  China Nanjing Metro[83] 2005 2018[83][Nb 17] 159[84] 378 km (235 mi)[84] 977 (2017)[R 24]
Nanning  China Nanning Rail Transit[85] 2016[86] 2017[87] 43 53.1 km (33.0 mi)[87] 97.1 (2017)[R 19]
Ningbo  China Ningbo Rail Transit[88] 2014 2016[88] 51 74.5 km (46.3 mi) 112.3 (2017)[R 19]
Qingdao  China Qingdao Metro 2015[89] 2018[90] 80 169.4 km (105.3 mi) 65.7 (2017)[R 19]
Shanghai  China Shanghai Metro[Nb 18] 1993[91] 2018[92] 345[Nb 19] 676 km (420 mi)[93] 3710 (2018)[R 25]
Shenyang  China Shenyang Metro 2010 2018[95] 48 59.7 km (37.1 mi) 319.1 (2017)[R 17]
Shenzhen  China Shenzhen Metro 2004 2016[96] 199 286.2 km (177.8 mi) 1877.5 (2018)[R 26]
Shijiazhuang  China Shijiazhuang Metro 2017 26 30.30 km (18.83 mi) 40.4 (2017)[R 19]
Suzhou  China Suzhou Rail Transit 2012 2017[97] 97 118.9 km (73.9 mi) 324.9 (2018)[R 27]
Tianjin  China Tianjin Metro 1984 2019[98] 141[99] 222 km (138 mi)[100] 351.5 (2017)[R 17]
Ürümqi  China Ürümqi Metro 2018 12 16.56 km (10.29 mi) n/a
Wenzhou  China Wenzhou Metro 2019[101] 12 34.38 km (21.36 mi) n/a
Wuhan  China Wuhan Metro 2004 2019[102] 206 318.3 km (197.8 mi)[102] 926.8 (2017)[R 17]
Wuxi  China Wuxi Metro 2014[103] 2014[104] 45 56 km (34.8 mi)[103][104] 92.3 (2017)[R 19]
Xiamen  China Xiamen Metro 2017[105] 24[105] 30.3 km (18.8 mi)[105] n/a
Xi'an  China Xi'an Metro 2011 2018[106] 87 126.6 km (78.7 mi) 605.3 (2017)[R 19]
Zhengzhou  China Zhengzhou Metro 2013[107] 2017[108] 61 93.6 km (58.2 mi)[108] 252.3 (2017)[R 19]
Medellín  Colombia Medellín Metro 1995[109] 2012[Nb 20] 27[109] 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[109] 206.1 (2018)[R 28]
Prague  Czech Republic Prague Metro 1974[110] 2015[Nb 21] 58[111] 65.2 km (40.5 mi)[112] 435.6 (2017)[R 29]
Copenhagen  Denmark Copenhagen Metro 2002[113] 2007[113] 22[114] 20.4 km (12.7 mi)[114] 63.5 (2017)[R 30]
Santo Domingo  Dominican Republic Santo Domingo Metro 2009 2018[115] 34[115][116][117] 31.0 km (19.3 mi)[116][117] 76.5 (2017)[R 31]
Cairo  Egypt Cairo Metro[118] 1987 2014[Nb 22] 61 77.9 km (48.4 mi) 1314 (2015)[R 32][R Nb 5]
Helsinki  Finland Helsinki Metro 1982[119] 2017[Nb 23][120] 25[121] 35 km (22 mi)[122] 67.5 (2017)[R 33]
Lille  France Lille Metro 1983[123] 2000[123] 60[124] 45 km (28 mi)[124] 107.5 (2016)[R 34]
Lyon  France Lyon Metro 1978[125] 2013[126] 40[127] 32.0 km (19.9 mi)[127] 198.2 (2016)[R 34]
Marseille  France Marseille Metro 1977 2010 28[128] 21.5 km (13.4 mi)[128] 75.9 (2016)[R 34]
Paris  France Paris Métro 1900[129] 2013[130] 302[131] 214 km (133 mi)[129] 1518.6 (2016)[R 34][R Nb 6]
Rennes  France Rennes Metro 2002 15 9.4 km (5.8 mi) 34.3 (2016)[R 34]
Toulouse  France Toulouse Metro 1993[132] 2007[132][Nb 24] 37[133] 28.2 km (17.5 mi)[132] 110.9 (2016)[R 34]
Tbilisi  Georgia Tbilisi Metro 1966[134] 2017[135] 23[136] 27.1 km (16.8 mi)[136] 113.8 (2017)[R 3]
Berlin  Germany Berlin U-Bahn 1902[137] 2009 173[137] 151.7 km (94.3 mi)[138] 563 (2017)[R 35]
Hamburg  Germany Hamburg U-Bahn 1912[139] 2018[140] 92[141] 106.1 km (65.9 mi)[141] 242.5 (2017)[R 36]
Munich  Germany Munich U-Bahn 1971[142] 2010[Nb 25] 96[142] 95 km (59 mi)[142] 410 (2017)[R 37]
Nuremberg  Germany Nuremberg U-Bahn 1972 2017[Nb 26][143] 48[144] 36 km (22 mi)[144] 128.85 (2015)[R 38]
Athens  Greece Athens Metro[Nb 27] 1904[147][Nb 28] 2013[148] 61[149] 84.7 km (52.6 mi)[145] 264.4 (2015)[R 39][R Nb 7]
Budapest  Hungary Budapest Metro 1896 2014[150] 48 38.2 km (23.7 mi)[150][151] 410.6 (2017)[R 40]
Ahmedabad  India Ahmedabad Metro 2019[152] - 6[152] 6.5 km (4.0 mi)[153] n/a
Bengaluru  India Namma Metro 2011[154] 2017[155] 40[156] 42.3 km (26.3 mi)[156] 109.2 (2018*)[R 41][R Nb 8]
Chennai  India Chennai Metro 2015[157] 2019[158] 32[159] 45 km (28 mi)[158] n/a
Delhi  India Delhi Metro 2002[160] 2019[161] 227[Nb 29] 343.4 km (213.4 mi)[162] 926.1 (2018*)[R 42]
Gurgaon  India Rapid Metro 2013[164] 2017[165] 11[165] 11.7 km (7.3 mi)[165] 2.3 (2014*)[R 43][R Nb 9]
Hyderabad  India Hyderabad Metro 2017[166] 2018[166] 40[166] 46.5 km (28.9 mi)[166] n/a
Jaipur  India Jaipur Metro 2015[167][168] 9[168] 9.6 km (6.0 mi)[168][169] 7.2 (2017*)[R 44]
Kochi  India Kochi Metro 2017[170] 2017[171] 16[172] 18.4 km (11.4 mi)[172] n/a
Kolkata  India Kolkata Metro 1984[173] 2013[173] 24[173] 27.2 km (16.9 mi)[173] 206.1 (2018*)[R 45]
Lucknow  India Lucknow Metro 2017[174] 2019[175] 21[174] 23 km (14 mi)[174] n/a
Mumbai  India Mumbai Metro 2014 12[176] 11.4 km (7.1 mi)[176] n/a
Nagpur  India Nagpur Metro 2019[177] 11[177] 13.5 km (8.4 mi) n/a
Noida  India Noida Metro 2019[178] 21 29.7 km (18.5 mi) n/a
Isfahan  Iran Isfahan Metro 2015[179] 2018[180][181] 20[180] 20.2 km (12.6 mi)[180] n/a
Mashhad  Iran Mashhad Urban Railway 2011[182] 2018[183] 32 34.1 km (21.2 mi) 39.3[citation needed]
Shiraz  Iran Shiraz Metro 2014[184] 2018[Nb 30] 16[184] 22.4 km (13.9 mi)[184] n/a
Tabriz  Iran Tabriz Metro 2015[185] 2017 10 7 km (4.3 mi) n/a
Tehran  Iran Tehran Metro[Nb 31] 1999[Nb 32] 2017[186] 116[187] 173 km (107 mi)[187] 717 (2015*)[R 46]
Brescia  Italy Brescia Metro 2013[188] 17[189] 13.7 km (8.5 mi)[189] 18.1 (2018)[R 47]
Catania  Italy Catania Metro 1999[190] 2017[191] 10[192] 8.8 km (5.5 mi) 5.8 (2018)[R 48]
Genoa  Italy Genoa Metro 1990[193] 2012[193] 8[193] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[193] 11 (2012)[R 49]
Milan  Italy Milan Metro[194] 1964[194] 2015[194] 106[Nb 33] 101 km (63 mi)[194] 569.5 (2017)[citation needed]
Naples  Italy Naples Metro[Nb 34] 1993 2013[Nb 35] 22[196] 20.5 km (12.7 mi)[196] 42.5 (2017)[R 50][R Nb 10]
Rome  Italy Rome Metro 1955 2018[197] 73[198] 60 km (37 mi)[199][200] 279 (2012)[R 51]
Turin  Italy Turin Metro 2006[201] 2011[201] 21[201] 13.2 km (8.2 mi)[201] 41.1 (2015)[R 52]
Fukuoka  Japan[Nb 36] Fukuoka City Subway 1981[202] 2005[202] 35[202] 29.8 km (18.5 mi)[202] 165.8 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Hiroshima  Japan[Nb 36] Astram Line 1994[203] 2015[204] 21 18.4 km (11.4 mi)[203] 23.7 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Kobe  Japan[Nb 36] Kobe Municipal Subway 1977[203] 2001 25 30.6 km (19.0 mi)[203] 112.9 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Kyoto  Japan[Nb 36] Kyoto Municipal Subway 1981[203] 2008 31[205] 31.2 km (19.4 mi)[203] 141.4 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Nagoya  Japan[Nb 36] Nagoya Municipal Subway 1957[203] 2011[206] 87[206] 93.3 km (58.0 mi)[206] 479.4 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Osaka  Japan[Nb 36] Osaka Metro 1933[207] 2006[207] 100[208] 129.9 km (80.7 mi)[207][209] 870.4 (2016*)[R 54][R Nb 11]
Sapporo  Japan[Nb 36] Sapporo Municipal Subway 1971[203] 1999 46[210] 48.0 km (29.8 mi)[203] 229.2 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Sendai  Japan[Nb 36] Sendai Subway 1987[211] 2015[212] 29[211] 28.7 km (17.8 mi)[211] 88.4 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Tokyo  Japan[Nb 36] Toei Subway 1960[213] 2002[213] 99[Nb 37] 109.0 km (67.7 mi)[213] 1004.5 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Tokyo Metro 1927[216] 2008 142[217] 195.1 km (121.2 mi)[218] 2709.1 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Tokyo Monorail 1964 2004 8 17.8 km (11.1 mi) 105.4 (2017*)[219]
Rinkai Line 1996[203] 2002 8 12.2 km (7.6 mi)[203] 90.7 (2016*)[R 55][R Nb 11]
Yokohama  Japan[Nb 36] Yokohama Municipal Subway 1972[220] 2008[220] 40[220] 53.4 km (33.2 mi)[220] 239.1 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Minatomirai Line 2004[203] 2008 6 4.1 km (2.5 mi)[203] 76.4 (2017*)[R 53][R Nb 11]
Almaty  Kazakhstan Almaty Metro 2011[221] 2015[221] 9 11.3 km (7.0 mi)[221] 13.8 (2017)[R 3]
Pyongyang  North Korea Pyongyang Metro 1973 1987[Nb 38] 17 22 km (14 mi) 36 (2009)[R 56]
Busan  South Korea Busan Metro 1985 2017[Nb 39] 135 139.9 km (86.9 mi) 358 (2017)[R 57][R Nb 12]
Daegu  South Korea Daegu Metro 1997 2015[Nb 40] 58[222] 81.2 km (50.5 mi)[222] 163 (2017)[R 57]
Daejeon  South Korea Daejeon Metro 2006 2007[Nb 41] 22 22.7 km (14.1 mi) 39 (2017)[R 57]
Gwangju  South Korea Gwangju Metro 2004 2008[Nb 42] 20 20.1 km (12.5 mi) 19 (2017)[R 57]
Incheon  South Korea Incheon Subway 1999 2016 55[223] 58.5 km (36.4 mi)[223] 109 (2017)[R 57]
Seoul  South Korea Seoul Subway (lines 1-9)[Nb 43][Nb 44] 1974[224] 2018[225] 315[226] 340.4 km (211.5 mi)[226][224] 2836.5 (2017)[R 58][R Nb 13][R Nb 14]
Korail metro lines[Nb 45][Nb 44] 1994[Nb 46] 2016[227] 81 133 km (83 mi)[228] 415.6 (2017)[R 59][R Nb 15]
Shinbundang Line[Nb 44] (NeoTrans) 2011 2016[229] 12 31.3 km (19.4 mi)[229] 95.7 (2017)[R 59][R Nb 16]
Kuala Lumpur  Malaysia Rapid KL[Nb 47] 1996 2017[230] 104 142.5 km (88.5 mi) 182 (2017)[R 60]
Mexico City  Mexico Mexico City Metro 1969[231] 2012[Nb 48] 163[Nb 49] 226.5 km (140.7 mi)[232] 1605 (2016)[R 61]
Monterrey  Mexico Monterrey Metro 1991[233] 2008[233] 31[234] 32 km (20 mi)[235] 177.6 (2017)[R 62]
Amsterdam  Netherlands Amsterdam Metro[Nb 50] 1977 2018[236] 39[237] 41.2 km (25.6 mi) 73.7 (2017)[R 63][R Nb 17]
Rotterdam  Netherlands Rotterdam Metro[Nb 51] 1968 2010 62 78.3 km (48.7 mi) 93 (2017)[R 64]
Oslo  Norway Oslo Metro[Nb 52] 1966[Nb 53] 2016[Nb 54] 101 85 km (53 mi)[238] 118 (2017)[R 65]
Panama City  Panama Panama Metro 2014[239] 2015[239] 14[240] 15.8 km (9.8 mi)[240][241] 81.5 (2017)[R 66]
Lima  Peru Lima Metro 2011 2014[242] 26 34.6 km (21.5 mi)[242] 107.5 (2017)[R 67]
Manila  Philippines Manila Light Rail Transit System 1984[243] 2010[243] 31[244] 33.4 km (20.8 mi)[243][245] 243.6 (2014)[R 68]
Manila Metro Rail Transit System 1999 2000 13 16.9 km (10.5 mi)[246] 158.8 (2011)[R 69][R Nb 14]
Warsaw  Poland Warsaw Metro 1995 2015[247] 27 29 km (18 mi)[R 70] 187.3 (2016)[R 70]
Lisbon  Portugal Lisbon Metro 1959[248] 2016[249] 56[249] 44.1 km (27.4 mi)[249] 161.5 (2017)[R 71]
Bucharest  Romania Bucharest Metro 1979[250] 2017[250][Nb 55] 47[251] 71.4 km (44.4 mi)[251] 179.1 (2016)[R 72]
Kazan  Russia Kazan Metro[252] 2005 2018[253] 11[254] 16.8 km (10.4 mi)[254] 27.2 (2017)[R 3]
Moscow  Russia Moscow Metro[255] 1935 2018 224[256] 383 km (238 mi)[256] 2442.4 (2017)[R 73]
Nizhny Novgorod  Russia Nizhny Novgorod Metro 1985 2018[257] 15[257] 21.6 km (13.4 mi)[citation needed] 27.6 (2017)[R 3]
Novosibirsk  Russia Novosibirsk Metro 1986 2010[258] 13[254] 15.9 km (9.9 mi)[254] 80.3 (2017)[R 3]
Saint Petersburg  Russia Saint Petersburg Metro 1955 2018[259] 69[260] 118.6 km (73.7 mi)[260] 726.5 (2017)[R 3]
Samara  Russia Samara Metro 1987[261] 2015[262] 10[254] 11.6 km (7.2 mi)[254] 14.1 (2017)[R 3]
Yekaterinburg  Russia Yekaterinburg Metro 1991 2012[263] 9[254] 12.7 km (7.9 mi)[254] 49.3 (2017)[R 3]
Mecca  Saudi Arabia Al Mashaaer Al Mugaddassah
Metro Southern Line
2010 9 18.1 km (11.2 mi) 4 (2011)[R 74][R Nb 18]
Singapore  Singapore Mass Rapid Transit 1987 2017[264] 119[265] 198.6 km (123.4 mi)[265] 1139.5 (2017)[R 75]
Barcelona  Spain Barcelona Metro[Nb 56] 1924 2019[266] 132[267] 120.7 km (75.0 mi)[267] 407.5 (2018)[R 76][R 77]
Bilbao  Spain Metro Bilbao[Nb 57] 1995[268] 2014[269] 41[270] 45.1 km (28.0 mi)[270] 89.9 (2018)[R 76]
Madrid  Spain Madrid Metro[Nb 58] 1919[271] 2015[272] 241[273] 288.5 km (179.3 mi)[273] 657.2 (2018)[R 76][R 78]
Stockholm  Sweden Stockholm Metro 1950 1994[Nb 59] 100[274] 108 km (67 mi)[274] 353 (2017)[R 79]
Lausanne   Switzerland Lausanne Metro[Nb 60] 2008 2008 14 5.9 km (3.7 mi) 30.1 (2017)[R 80][R Nb 19]
Kaohsiung  Taiwan Kaohsiung Rapid Transit 2008 2012 37[275] 42.7 km (26.5 mi)[275] 68.1 (2018)[R 81]
Taipei  Taiwan Taipei Metro 1996[276] 2015[277] 108[278][Nb 61] 131.1 km (81.5 mi)[278] 765.5 (2018)[R 82]
Taoyuan  Taiwan Taoyuan Metro 2017 22[279] 53.1 km (33.0 mi) 23.2 (2018)
Bangkok  Thailand BTS Skytrain 1999[280] 2018[280] 43[280] 51.3 km (31.9 mi)[280] 241.1 (2017)[R 83]
Metropolitan Rapid Transit 2004 2017[281] 34[282] 44 km (27 mi)[283] 107.8 (2017)[R 84][R Nb 20]
Adana  Turkey Adana Metro 2009 2010 13[284] 13.9 km (8.6 mi)[284] 14 (2011)[R 85]
Ankara  Turkey Ankara Metro 1997 2017[285][Nb 62] 56[286] 64.36 km (39.99 mi)[285][286] 131 (2017)[R 86]
Bursa  Turkey Bursaray 2002 2014[Nb 63] 38[287] 38.9 km (24.2 mi)[287] 91.3 (2010)[R 87]
Istanbul  Turkey Istanbul Metro[Nb 64] 1989[288] 2018[289][Nb 65] 89 115.3 km (71.6 mi)[288] 384.9 (2015)[R 88]
İzmir  Turkey İzmir Metro 2000 2014[290][Nb 66] 17[290] 20 km (12 mi)[290] 105 (2016)[R 89]
Dnipro  Ukraine Dnipro Metro 1995 6[291] 7.1 km (4.4 mi)[291] 7.5 (2017)[R 3]
Kharkiv  Ukraine Kharkiv Metro 1975 2016 30[291] 38.1 km (23.7 mi)[291] 212.9 (2017)[R 90]
Kiev  Ukraine Kiev Metro 1960 2013 52[291] 67.6 km (42.0 mi)[291] 496.1 (2018)[R 91]
Dubai  United Arab Emirates Dubai Metro 2009[292] 2014[Nb 67] 47[292] 74.6 km (46.4 mi)[292] 200.1 (2017)[R 92]
Glasgow  United Kingdom Glasgow Subway 1896[293] 15[293] 10.4 km (6.5 mi)[293] 11.4 (2016*)[R 93]
London  United Kingdom London Underground[294] 1890[2][Nb 68] 2008[2] 270[295] 402 km (250 mi)[295] 1378 (2016*)[R 94][R Nb 21]
Docklands Light Railway 1987[296] 2011[296] 45[296] 34 km (21 mi) 122.3 (2016*)[R 94]
Newcastle  United Kingdom Tyne and Wear Metro[Nb 52] 1980[297] 2008[298] 60[297] 77.5 km (48.2 mi)[299] 37.7 (2016*)[R 95]
Atlanta  United States MARTA 1979[300] 2000[300] 38[301] 76.6 km (47.6 mi)[301] 67.4 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Baltimore  United States Baltimore Metro Subway 1983 1995 14[302] 24.9 km (15.5 mi)[302] 10.8 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Boston  United States MBTA Subway[Nb 69] 1901[303][Nb 70] 2014[304] 51[305] 61 km (38 mi)[305] 167.2 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Chicago  United States Chicago "L" 1897[306][Nb 71] 2015[307][Nb 72] 145[308] 165.4 km (102.8 mi)[308][Nb 73] 230.2 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Cleveland  United States RTA Rapid Transit: Red Line 1955[309] 1968[309] 18[310] 31 km (19 mi)[310] 5.9 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Los Angeles  United States Metro Rail[Nb 74] 1993[311] 2000[311][Nb 75] 16[311][Nb 74] 28.0 km (17.4 mi)[311] 44.9 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1][R Nb 22]
Miami  United States Metrorail 1984[312] 2012 23[313] 40.1 km (24.9 mi)[313] 19.7 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
New York City  United States New York City Subway 1904[314][Nb 76] 2017[315] 424[Nb 77] 380.2 km (236.2 mi)[316] 1727.3 (2017)[R 96]
Staten Island Railway 1925[Nb 78] 2017[317] 21[314][318] 22.5 km (14.0 mi)[316] 8.8 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
PATH 1908[319] 1937[Nb 79] 13[320] 22.2 km (13.8 mi)[321] 93.0 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Philadelphia  United States SEPTA[322][Nb 80] 1907 1973 75[322] 59.1 km (36.7 mi)[323][324] 91.8 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
PATCO Speedline 1936[325][Nb 81] 1969 13[325] 22.9 km (14.2 mi)[325] 10.8 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
San Francisco  United States BART[Nb 82] 1972[326] 2017[327] 45[326][Nb 83] 174.8 km (108.6 mi)[326][Nb 84] 129.3 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
San Juan,
Puerto Rico
 United States Tren Urbano 2004 2005 16 17.2 km (10.7 mi) 4.8 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1][R Nb 23]
Washington, D.C.  United States Washington Metro 1976[328] 2014[329] 91[328] 188 km (117 mi)[328] 229.6 (2017)[R 14][R Nb 1]
Tashkent  Uzbekistan Tashkent Metro 1977 2001[Nb 85] 29[291] 36.2 km (22.5 mi)[291] 61.6 (2017)[R 3]
Caracas  Venezuela Caracas Metro,[Nb 86]
Los Teques Metro
1983[330] 2015[Nb 87] 49[331] 63.6 km (39.5 mi)[330] 358 (2017)[R 97][R 98]
Table notes

^* Indicates ridership figures based on the fiscal year rather than the calendar year.

Under construction

The following is a list of new worldwide metro systems that are currently actively under construction. Note that in some cases it is not clear if the system will be considered a full metro system once it begins operational service. (Only metro systems under construction are listed where there is no metro systems currently in operation in the same city)

Location Country Name Start of construction Planned opening
Sydney  Australia Sydney Metro[UC 1][UC 2] 2014[UC 2][UC 3] 2019[UC 2][UC 4][UC 5]
Dhaka  Bangladesh Dhaka Metro 2016[UC 6] 2021[UC 7]
Changzhou  China Changzhou Metro[UC 8] 2014[UC 8] 2019[UC 8]
Hohhot  China Hohhot Metro [zh][UC 9] 2015 2020[UC 9]
Jinhua  China Jinhua Metro [zh][UC 10] 2016[UC 10] 2020[UC 10]
Lanzhou  China Lanzhou Metro[UC 11] 2014[UC 11] June 2019[UC 12]
Luoyang  China Luoyang Metro[UC 13] 2016[UC 13] 2020[UC 13]
Nantong  China Nantong Metro 2017[UC 14] 2022
Shaoxing  China Shaoxing Metro 2017[UC 15] 2021
Taiyuan  China Taiyuan Metro[UC 16] 2013[UC 16] 2020[UC 16]
Xuzhou  China Xuzhou Metro[UC 17][UC 18] 2014[UC 17] 2019
Wuhu  China Wuhu Metro[UC 19] 2017 2020[UC 19]
Quito  Ecuador Quito Metro[UC 20] 2012[UC 20][UC 21] 2019[UC 22]
Thessaloniki  Greece Thessaloniki Metro 2006[UC 23] 2020[UC 24]
Agra  India Agra Metro 2019 2024
Bhopal  India Bhopal Metro 2018 2024
Indore  India Indore Metro 2018 2024
Kanpur  India Kanpur Metro 2019 2024
Navi Mumbai  India Navi Mumbai Metro[UC 25] 2011 2019[UC 25]
Patna  India Patna Metro 2019 2024
Pune  India Pune Metro 2017 2021[UC 26]
Jakarta  Indonesia Jakarta Mass Rapid Transit[UC 27][UC 28] 2013[UC 27][UC 28] March 2019[UC 29]
Ahvaz  Iran Ahvaz Metro 2004 2019?[UC 30]
Karaj  Iran Karaj Metro [fa] 2006[UC 31] 2019?
Kermanshah  Iran Kermanshah Metro [fa] 2011 2022[UC 32]
Qom  Iran Qom Metro[UC 33] 2009 2019[citation needed]
Abidjan  Ivory Coast Abidjan Metro 2017 2022/2023[citation needed]
Lagos  Nigeria Lagos Rail Mass Transit 2009 2022[UC 34]
Lahore  Pakistan Lahore Metro 2015[UC 35] March 2019[UC 36]
Doha  Qatar Doha Metro[UC 37] 2012[UC 37] 2019[UC 37]
Chelyabinsk  Russia Chelyabinsk Metro[UC 38] 1992 unknown (after 2025)[UC 39]
Riyadh  Saudi Arabia Riyadh Metro[UC 40] 2014[UC 40] 2019[UC 40]
New Taipei  Taiwan New Taipei Metro[UC 41] 2016 2023
Taichung  Taiwan Taichung Metro[UC 42][UC 43] 2009[UC 42] 2020[UC 44]
Honolulu  United States Honolulu Rail Transit 2012 2020
Hanoi  Vietnam Hanoi Metro[UC 45][UC 46] 2010[UC 45] 2019
Ho Chi Minh City  Vietnam Ho Chi Minh City Metro[UC 47][UC 46] 2010[UC 47] 2020[UC 47]

See also

Notes

System notes

  1. ^ Line H of the Buenos Aires Underground had its last expansions in May 2018
  2. ^ Vienna's Metropolitan Railway (Wiener Stadtbahn) first opened for service in 1898, operating steam locomotive trains on mostly elevated or underground ROWs. From 1976 onwards, part of it was integrated into the newly established Vienna U-Bahn system (lines U4 and U6), operating as a modern metro.
  3. ^ Line 3 opens on 19 April 2016
  4. ^ The Moskovskaya Line extended to Malinovka in 2014.
  5. ^ Line 2's loop was completed in 2009
  6. ^ Not including stations of premetro Lines T3, T4, and T7.
  7. ^ Includes METROREC's rapid transit lines only: Linha Centro (Center Line) and Linha Sul (South Line).
  8. ^ See Orange Line (Montreal Metro)
  9. ^ The Beijing Subway's first line began trial operations on 1 October 1969. It opened to revenue service under trial operations on 15 January 1971. Initially, only members of the public with credential letters from their work units could purchase tickets, but this restriction was removed on 27 December 1972. The subway line passed its final inspections and ended trial operations on 15 September 1981. During the trial operations period, annual ridership rose from 8.28 million in 1971 to 55.2 million in 1980. See the history section of the Beijing Subway for details and references.
  10. ^ The number is 324 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 385 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line. Both counts excludes the stations of the Xijiao LRT Line.[55]
  11. ^ Length excludes the Xijiao LRT Line
  12. ^ Excludes light rail Line 3.
  13. ^ Excludes light rail Line 3.
  14. ^ First line of Foshan Metro serves two cities – Foshan and Guangzhou
  15. ^ The first MTR route to offer metro service was the Modified Initial System in 1979, which consists of portions of the later Tsuen Wan Line and Kwun Tong Line. Though the eventual East Rail Line opened as a conventional railway in 1910, it did not offer metro service until at least in 1982 when it was electrified.
  16. ^ South Island Line (East)
  17. ^ Line S7
  18. ^ This figure excludes Maglev line and Jinshan Railway, both often included in Shanghai Metro maps but not considered part of the system.
  19. ^ As of December 2018, the number is 413 if the 57 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 345 if they're combined; shared tracks/platforms on Lines 3 and 4 are anyway counted as a single stations (nine in all between Hongqiao Road and Baoshan Road).[93][94]
  20. ^ Extension of Line A from Itagüí south to La Estrella.
  21. ^ Line A was extended in April 2015.
  22. ^ Line 3's first section opened in 2012 and was extended in 2014.
  23. ^ Opening of the Länsimetro extension on 18 November 2017.
  24. ^ Opening of Toulouse Metro Line B.
  25. ^ The U3 extension from Olympia-Einkaufszentrum (OEZ) to Moosach.
  26. ^ The U3 extension from Friedrich-Ebert-Platz to Nordwestring.
  27. ^ The Blue Line (Line 3) also has a 20.7 kilometres (12.9 mi) section (with 4 stations) to the airport that is owned by the Hellenic Railways Organisation and is mainly used by the suburban railway system.[145][146]
  28. ^ The Green Line (Line 1), operated until 2011 by Athens-Piraeus Electric Railways, was opened in 1869 as a steam train railway line. It was electrified in 1904, extended with underground sections through the city in 1948, and extended to its full length to Kifissia in 1957 using the right-of-way of a former metre gauge suburban line. Full metro operation since 1904 between Piraeus and Athens and 1957 to Kifissia. In 2011, it was integrated with Athens Metro under the company STASY S.A.[145]
  29. ^ As of March 2019, the number is 250 if the 23 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 227, including the six stations on the Delhi Airport Metro Express line, if they are combined; Ashok Park Main station, where the two diverging branches of Line 5 share tracks/platforms, is anyway counted as a single station.[162][163]
  30. ^ Kaveh station opens
  31. ^ The 41.5 km (25.8 mi) Line 5 of the Tehran Metro is a commuter rail line, and so is not included in the statistics here – only metro Lines 1–4 are.
  32. ^ Opening of metro-standards Line 2.
  33. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 113 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 106 if they are combined.[194][195]
  34. ^ Naples Metro is made up of Line 1 and Line 6 only. Line 2 is a commuter rail line.
  35. ^ Partial opening (line 1 only) of Municipio station in June
  36. ^ a b c d e f g h i j In general, the majority of urban rail service in Japanese metropolitan areas is provided by systems not included in this list. For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  37. ^ As of October 2018, the number is 106 if the 7 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it is 99 if they are combined; Higashi-nihombashi station and Bakuro-yokoyama station, where an out-of-system transfer between Asakusa Line and Shinjuku Line is possible, are anyway counted as two stations.[213][214][215]
  38. ^ Yŏnggwang and Puhŭng opened in 1987
  39. ^ Line 1
  40. ^ Daegu Metro Line 3 opened in 2015.
  41. ^ Second phase of line 1
  42. ^ Line 1 fully opened
  43. ^ The Seoul Subway (Lines 1-9) is actually operated by two different operators – Seoul Metro and Seoul Metro Line 9 Corporation (SLM9), plus the through-operation by Korail – but because all of these lines are owned by the City Government of Seoul, here in the table they're counted together as one system.
  44. ^ a b c Seoul's Metropolitan Subway system can also be viewed as a comprehensive metro network made up of multiple owned/operated metro systems. If viewed as such, the combined route length of Seoul's comprehensive metro-standards network would be 495.8 km (308.1 mi), and it would serve a grand total of 400 stations.
  45. ^ Includes the Bundang Line (52.9km, 36 stations), Korail portions of Seoul Subway Line 3 (Ilsan Line: 19.2km, 10 stations) and Seoul Subway Line 4 (Gwacheon Line and Ansan Line: 40.4km, 22 stations), and the Suin Line (Oido~Incheon) (20.5km, 13 stations).
  46. ^ Extension of both Gwacheon Line and Subway Line 4 to Namtaeryeong Station and start of the metro through-operation on April, 1.
  47. ^ Statistics presented include rapid transit lines only: Ampang Line, Sri Petaling Line, Kelana Jaya Line Sungai Buloh-Kajang Line and KL Monorail. KLIA Ekspres and KLIA Transit Line not included.
  48. ^ Line 12 opened 2012.
  49. ^ The number is 163 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one, or 195 if stations are counted multiple times for each line.[232]
  50. ^ Line 50, 52, 53 and 54 are rapid transit. The figures provided exclude the portion of the Amstelveen Line (Line 51) that operates as light rail.
  51. ^ Some sections of the Rotterdam Metro (portions of Lines A and B) have some level crossings (with priority) and so could therefore be considered "light rail" instead of "metro".
  52. ^ a b These systems have similarities to light rail systems, because of existence of road level crossings, but are listed since there are almost entirely separated from roads.
  53. ^ The first underground portion was opened in 1928, but that was a tram line. One surface line has origins from 1898. System opened as a full Metro in 1966.
  54. ^ Opening of the Løren station in 2016.
  55. ^ Line M4 extended to Lac Străulești in 2017.
  56. ^ TMB-operated lines L1-L5 and L9-L11 only. FGC-operated lines L6-L8 share track with other FGC commuter lines, and thus don't qualify as metro-standards lines.
  57. ^ CTB-owned and "Metro Bilbao S.A."-operated line 1 and Line 2 only.
  58. ^ Including TFM, MetroSur and other suburban lines, but not the three Metro Ligero de Madrid lines which are light rail.
  59. ^ Skarpnäck metro station opened in 1994
  60. ^ The Lausanne Metro has two lines: Line M1 is light rail, while Line M2 is rapid transit. The stats listed are for Line M2 only.
  61. ^ As of May 2018, the number is 117 if the 9 interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted multiple times, once for each line, while it's 108 if they're combined; transfer stations that provide cross-platform interchange are anyway counted as a single stations (four in all: Ximen, CKS Memorial Hall, Guting and Dongmen stations).
  62. ^ Opening of lines M2 and M3.
  63. ^ Extension to Gürsu.
  64. ^ Currently operational metro standards lines, M1–M5 and M6, only included. All other Istanbul lines or segments are either tram or commuter rail, or are under construction, and so are not included here.
  65. ^ Opening of Line M5 (Yamanevler ↔ Çekmeköy).
  66. ^ Extension to Fahrettin Altay.
  67. ^ Creek and Al Jadaf in Green Line opened in 2014.
  68. ^ London's Metropolitan Railway first opened for service in 1863, operating steam locomotive trains in cut and cover tunnels. It began operating as a modern metro when electric-propulsion trains began operating on the system's first deep-level tube line in 1890.
  69. ^ Includes MBTA's rapid transit lines only: Red Line, Orange Line and Blue Line.
  70. ^ The originally-elevated Orange Line opened in 1901, sharing the Tremont Street Subway that had opened in 1897 as an underground streetcar tunnel (for the light rail Green Line).
  71. ^ Dated from the opening of "The Loop", when the system became unified and electrified.
  72. ^ Cermak–McCormick Place station opens
  73. ^ This figure comes from the sum of the following figures from the accompanying reference (i.e. "Facts at a Glance". Chicago Transit Authority. December 2012. Retrieved 2013-07-21.): 35.8 miles of elevated route, 35.0 miles at grade level, 20.6 miles on embankments, and 11.4 miles of subway.
  74. ^ a b Rapid transit Red and Purple lines only. All other L.A. Metro Rail lines are light rail, and are not included here.
  75. ^ This was the date of the last extension to the Red Line in the rapid transit portion of Los Angeles' Metro Rail.
  76. ^ First regular elevated railway service, originally cable hauled, began in 1868. Elevateds converted to steam power in 1870, electrified by 1903. The first section of electrified subway opened in 1904.
  77. ^ The number is 424 if interchange stations (i.e. different sets of platforms) are counted as one station, or 472 if all stations on all lines are counted multiple times for each line.[314]
  78. ^ While the line opened as a railroad in 1860, it was not until 1925 that rapid transit equipment would be operated here.
  79. ^ The last completely new stations were the current Newark and Harrison stations, which respectively replaced the Park Place and Harrison stations on a different alignment in 1937. According to PATH, its newest station is World Trade Center, which was completed in 2015 but replaced a previous station on the same site.
  80. ^ Includes SEPTA's rapid transit lines only: Broad Street Line (Orange Line), Market–Frankford Line (Blue Line) and Norristown High Speed Line.
  81. ^ The opening of the Bridge Line, the precursor rapid transit line to PATCO's, which ran between 8th Street in Philadelphia and Broadway in Camden. The current PATCO Speedline, with service through to Lindenwold, opened in 1969.
  82. ^ BART's rapid transit lines only; the eBART line to Antioch and the Oakland International Airport (OAK) APM are excluded.
  83. ^ 45 rapid transit stations, plus three additional stations (two eBART and one AGT) within the system.
  84. ^ This figure excludes the eBART extension from Pittsburg/Bay Point to Antioch (9.2 miles) and the "BART to Oakland International Airport (OAK) elevated guideway" (3.2 miles).
  85. ^ The Yunusobod Line was opened in 2001
  86. ^ Statistics presented here for the Caracas Metro include the Los Teques Metro which functions as effectively a subsidiary and extension of the Caracas Metro.
  87. ^ Bello Monte station opens – Inauguración de la estación Bello Monte beneficiará a más de 30.000 personas diarias.

Ridership notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q All American Public Transportation Association (APTA) figures are derived from unlinked transit passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two passenger trips, transferring twice counts as three trips, etc.).
  2. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Heavy Rail (HR)" and "Intermediate Rail (IR)" figures for Toronto from the APTA Ridership report – in other words, this figure includes ridership on the Line 3 Scarborough (RT) line which APTA considers to be "Intermediate Rail (IR)".
  3. ^ Counted in with Guangzhou's ridership figures.
  4. ^ Note that:
    1. annual ridership is derived from the sum of each month's "Monthly Total" for each year;
    2. the ridership includes "MTR Lines", "Airport Express" and "Cross-boundary";
    3. "Intercity, Light Rail & Bus" are excluded from the counts.
  5. ^ Figure extrapolated from 3.6 million average daily boardings
  6. ^ Does not include ridership on the RER/Transilien (1411 million in 2016) and the Tramways (287 million).
  7. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the "Ηλεκτρικός (Γ1 line, formerly ran by IASA)" and "Μετρό (Γ2 and Γ3 lines, formerly ran by AMEL)" figures from the OAΣA's 2015 Activity Report.
  8. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership figures of line 1-purple and line 2-green from the BMRC's FY2018 Annual Report.
  9. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership monthly figures from the RMGL's FY2014 Annual Report.
  10. ^ 53.3 million including 4 Funicular lines
  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Compared to European or North American systems, Japanese rapid transit systems are generally neither thought of as metros nor as completely subterranean "subways" complicating whether only using the municipal subway statistic is accurate when comparing with other Metros around the world. As example Tokyo Metro and the Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of Transportation's Toei Subway constitute only 22% of the 14.6 billion metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Tokyo (MLIT Yearly Statistics). In addition, when one considers intracity lines of JR East and private railway companies, Greater Tokyo (130 lines) has higher daily ridership than any other metropolitan area in the world with 14.6 billion passengers annually. The Osaka Municipal Subway also has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Osaka, constituting only 17.6% of Greater Osaka's 4.745 billion rail passengers annually in 2010. Including the municipal subway systems in both Kobe and Kyoto, the result still only comprises 22% of all rail travel in the Greater Osaka area with 1065.8 million passengers yearly (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For Greater Nagoya, the Nagoya Municipal Subway has only a minority share of all metropolitan railway ridership in Greater Nagoya constituting only 38% of Greater Nagoya's 1.095 billion rail passengers annually in 2010 (MLIT Yearly Statistics). For a complete list of urban rail systems in Japan with ridership statistics, see List of urban rail systems in Japan.
  12. ^ This ridership figure includes the Busan-Gimhae Light Rail Transit ridership in the total.
  13. ^ This figure counts only gate-passers, so it only includes Seoul Metro and Seoul Subway Line 9 riders. Other lines that function as separate systems within the greater Seoul urban rail network are excluded.
  14. ^ a b Ridership is based on unlinked passenger trips (i.e. a transfer between two lines counts as two trips, transferring between three lines counts as three trips, etc.).
  15. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the five lines (Gwacheon/Ansan, Bundang, Ilsan and Suin) from the accompanying reference. Overall, Korail metro/commuter lines in Seoul Metropolitan Area (SMESRS) carry 1,166 million passengers annually (2017).
  16. ^ This ridership figure is the sum of the total annual trips (수송인원, boarding and transfer passengers) on the two sections (Phase 1 and Phase 2) of the line, from the accompanying reference.
  17. ^ This figure includes in full the ridership on Amstelveen Line (Line 51).
  18. ^ Note: Operated during Hajj only.
  19. ^ Ridership figure is for rapid transit Line M2 only; ridership on the light rail M1 line is excluded.
  20. ^ This ridership figure is obtained by the average per day ridership monthly figures from the BEM's 2017 Ridership Report.
  21. ^ Does not include ridership on the separate Docklands Light Railway (122 million), London Overground (189 million), Tramlink (29 million), or National Rail systems within Greater London.
  22. ^ L.A. Metro's heavy rail lines, the Red and Purple Lines, only.
  23. ^ Three-months service suspension (from 20 September to 19 December 2017) due to Hurricane Maria's effects

References

System references

  1. ^ a b "World Metro Figures 2018 – Statistic Brief" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). September 2018. p. 1. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
  2. ^ a b c "A brief history of the Underground – London Underground milestones". Transport for London. Retrieved 2014-06-06.
  3. ^ "The Metro: an opportunity for sustainable development in large cities" (pdf). Union Internationale des Transports Publics (UITP) (International Association of Public Transport). November 2003. Retrieved 2014-06-16.
  4. ^ a b c "What is the largest metro system in the world?". CityMetric. 5 September 2015. Retrieved 2015-10-11.
  5. ^ "Beijing subway trips top 10 million a day: official". www.ecns.cn. Retrieved 2017-03-10.
  6. ^ a b "Recommended basic reference for developing a minimum set of standards for voluntary use in the field of urban rail, according to mandate M/486" (PDF). UITP (L'Union internationale des transports publics/International Association of Public Transport). 2011. Archived from the original (PDF) on 22 February 2014. Retrieved 15 February 2014.
  7. ^ Schwandl, Robert (2007). "What is a metro?". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2008-01-14.
  8. ^ a b c d e "Fact Book Glossary – Mode of Service Definitions". American Public Transportation Association. 2013. Retrieved 2013-11-12.
  9. ^ a b c d e "National Transit Database Glossary". U.S. Department of Transportation Federal Transit Administration. 18 October 2013. Archived from the original on 13 November 2013. Retrieved 12 November 2013.
  10. ^ Balcombe, R., ed. (2004). "The demand for public transport: a practical guide" (pdf). Transport Research Laboratory. p. 6. Retrieved 2008-03-27.
  11. ^ "Algiers metro dual extensions enter service". RATP Dev. 2 May 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  12. ^ a b "Métro d'Alger: une grande part des études de réalisation des futures extensions livrées" [Algiers Metro: many of the feasibility studies of the future extensions delivered] (in French). Algérie Presse Service. 13 November 2018. Retrieved 2018-11-17.
  13. ^ "Alger metro extensions open". Metro Report International. DVV Media UK Ltd. 17 April 2018. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
  14. ^ a b c "Buenos Aires Line H extension opens". Metro Report. DVV Media International. Retrieved 2018-05-23.
  15. ^ a b c "Yerevan authorities negotiating new metro line projects with banks". ArmeniaNow.com. 27 March 2013. Retrieved 2013-08-04.
  16. ^ Charbakh, Schwandl, Robert. "Yerevan". UrbanRail.Net. Retrieved 2013-01-08.
  17. ^ a b "2017 Zahlen, Daten, Fakten – Unternehmen" [Company Profile – Figures, Data, Facts 2017] (pdf) (in German). Wiener Linien. Retrieved 2017-07-31.
  18. ^ Reidinger, Erwin (4 September 2017). "Vienna opens Line U1 extension". International Railway Journal. Retrieved 2017-11-05.
  19. ^ "40 Jahre U–Bahn: Eine Wiener Verkehrsrevolution" [40 years of UBahn: a Viennese transport revolution]. Die Presse (in German). "Die Presse" Verlags-Gesellschaft m.b.H. Co KG. 25 February 2018. slide 16. Retrieved 2018-09-17.
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