List of missing landmarks in Spain

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This list of missing landmarks in Spain includes remarkable buildings, castles, royal palaces, medieval towers, city gates and other noteworthy structures that no longer exist in Spain, or have been partially destroyed. It does not include walls of cities. City gates are included.

There are hundreds of ruins of destroyed landmarks all over Spain, although there are many famous structures standing. Many of these destroyed monuments could be important examples of cultures passed, of that cities today.

The follow is an incomplete list.

List (by city and then alphabetical order)[edit]

Buildings[edit]

Image Name Location Architectural style/era Date of construction Date / period
of demolition / refurbishment
Status
Jean Laurent (ca. 1870) vista general del Palacio Arzobispal de Alcalá de Henares.jpg Archbishop's Palace of Alcalá de Henares Alcalá de Henares, Community of Madrid Mudéjar, Herrerian 1209 1939, during the Spanish Civil War Partially survives
Puente Colgado de Aranjuez 1834 Pharamond Blanchard.jpg Puente Colgado Aranjuez, Community of Madrid Classicist 1820s during the Francoist period Demolished
Old Spa Gran Hotel La Toja in 1907.jpg Balneario da Toxa Island of A Toxa, Galicia Galician Regionalist of the time 1907 1945, during the Francoist period Almost complete refurbishment
Audiolensavingudadelallum.jpg Avinguda de la Llum Barcelona, Catalonia Modern 1940 1992, during the modern government and autonomies Partially survives
Casa Trinxet 1.jpg Casa Trinxet Barcelona, Catalonia Modernisme 1904 1968, during the Francoist period Demolished
Hotel Internacional.jpg Hotel Internacional Barcelona, Catalonia Modernisme 1888 1889, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Pla Palau 1870.jpg Palace of the Viceroy Barcelona, Catalonia Baroque, Neoclassical, Gothic-Revival 1668 1875, by a fire during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Torre de Sant Joan, Barcelona (demolished).jpg Tower of Saint John Barcelona, Catalonia 1249, rebuilt in 1751 1868, during the general Prim dictatorship[1] Demolished
Atv2885.jpg Tibidabo International Casino Barcelona, Catalonia Modernisme 1909 1912, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Former Banco de Vizcaya Building Bilbao, Basque Country Eclectic ? 1968, during the Francoist period Demolished
Castle of burgos old.jpg Castle of Burgos Burgos, Castile and León Visigothic, Moorish, Christian ? 1813, during the Napoleonic French invasion Ruins survives
Iglesia de San Pedro Mártir (Calatayud).jpg Church of San Pedro Mártir Calatayud, Aragon Mudéjar 1368 1856, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Arcaded gallery of the chapel of Lara of the Church of Santa María del Temple, Ceinos de Campos.jpg Templar church of Saint Mary Ceinos de Campos, Castile and León Romanesque 12th century late-19th century, during the Spanish confiscation period Some elements survives and some adorn the town's houses
Alcázar of the Caliphs Córdoba, Andalusia Moorish ?, 8th century 14th century, after the Castilian taking of the city Part of its structure survives
Old facade of Cathedral of Cuenca.jpg Cuenca Cathedral façade and tower Cuenca, Castile-La Mancha Romanesque, Anglo and French Norman Gothic 1257 1902, collapsed The main facade was reconstructed in gothic revival style by Vicente Lampérez, but remains unfinished
Arc of the Ears by David Roberts colorful.jpg Gate of the Ears Granada, Andalusia Moorish 12th century 1884, during the Spanish confiscation period and the ensanches/eixamples A smaller arc from the accumulated original remains of the Gate of the Ears it survives
Palacio Buen Retiro Leonardo.jpg Buen Retiro Palace Madrid, Community of Madrid Herrerian 1640 1808, during the Napoleonic French invasion Partially survives
Buen Retiro Porcelain Factory Madrid, Community of Madrid 1760 1812, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Many porcelains manufactured by the factory survives
Casa del Tesoro.jpg Casa del Tesoro Madrid, Community of Madrid Christian 16th century 19th century, during the Napoleonic French invasion Demolished
Parroquia Salvador Teixeira.jpg Church of San Salvador Madrid, Community of Madrid Romanesque, Herrerian 12th century 1868, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Santacruz madrid.jpg Church of Santa Cruz Madrid, Community of Madrid Romanesque 13th century 1868, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Luis Paret y Alcázar - La Puerta del Sol en Madrid.jpg Churches of the Buen Suceso Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1611, 1868 1854, 1975, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period and during the Francoist period Demolished
Convento del Carmen Calzado, Plano de Madrid de Texeira partearriba003 (cropped).jpg Convent of the Calced Carmel Madrid, Community of Madrid Christian 1575 late-19th century, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period Its parish church survives
Antiguo Convento de Copacabana. Agustinos Recoletos. Madrid.jpg Convent of Copacabana Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1620 1837, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Convent of the Nativity and Saint Joseph Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1700 1836, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Convento de san felipe madrid.jpg Convent of San Felipe el Real Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1547 1838, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
CONVENTO DE SAN NORBERTO.jpg Convent of San Norberto Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1611 1811, during the Napoleonic French invasion Demolished
Iglesia de Santo Tomás desde la plaza de Santa Cruz, Madrid (J. Laurent).jpg Convent of Santo Tomás Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1656 1872, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Puerta de atocha1.jpg Gate of Atocha Madrid, Community of Madrid Neoclassical 1769 1850, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Humanejos madrid.jpg Gothic-Mudéjar church of Humanejos Madrid, Community of Madrid Gothic, Mudéjar 14th century 19th century, 1980, during the Spanish confiscation period and the modern government and autonomies Demolished
Frontón Fiesta Alegre.png Fiesta Alegre fronton Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque Revival 1892 1965, during the Francoist period Demolished
Hotel-florida 1920.jpg Hotel Florida Madrid, Community of Madrid Ecleptic 1924 1964, during the Francoist period Demolished
Noviciado de la Compañía de Jesús of Madrid 1860 - 64.jpg Noviciado de la Compañía de Jesús Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1606 1836, during the Spanish confiscation period Partially survives
Palacio de los Alcañices1.jpg Palace of the Marquis of Alcañices Madrid, Community of Madrid Herrerian 17th century 1883, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Palacio de Indo.jpg Palace of Indo Madrid, Community of Madrid Neo-Renaissance 1866 1904, during the Spanish confiscation period Gardens partially survives
Bedchamber of the Duchess of former Palacio de La Moncloa.jpg Palace of La Moncloa before the Spanish Civil War Madrid, Community of Madrid Neoclassical 1781 1940s, during the Spanish Civil War and during the Francoist period Demolished
Palacio-de-Xifré-5.jpg Palace of Xifré Madrid, Community of Madrid Moorish Revival 1862 1950, during the Francoist period Elements survives
Palace of the Duke of Arión Madrid, Community of Madrid Neo-Renaissance 19th century 1960s, during the Francoist period Demolished
Palacio del duque de úceda (plaza de colón).jpg Palace of the Duke of Úceda in Plaza de Colón Madrid, Community of Madrid Neo-Baroque 1864 1964, during the Francoist period Demolished
Second Palace of the Marquis of Casa Riera.jpg Palaces of the Marquis of Casa Riera Madrid, Community of Madrid Neo-Renaissance early-19th century, 1894 1893, 1916, both during the Spanish confiscation period Part of the gardens survives
Interior palacio del marques de portugalete.jpg Palace of the Marquis of Portugalete Madrid, Community of Madrid Neo-Renaissance 1860s 1945, during the Francoist period Demolished
Alcazar de Madrid siglo XVII.jpg Royal Alcázar of Madrid Madrid, Community of Madrid Moorish, Herrerian 9th century Christmas Eve 1734, a fire started in the chamber of the French artist Jean Ranc, during the kingdom of the first Bourbon Part of the painting collection of its interior survives
Antigua Real Armería de Madrid.jpg Former Royal Armoury of Madrid Madrid, Community of Madrid Christian 1565 1884, during the Spanish confiscation period Much of its armoury collection survives
Torre de la Parada Felix Castelo.jpg Tower of la Parada Madrid, Community of Madrid Herrerian 1549 1714, by a fire caused by Austrian troops during the War of the Spanish Succession Ruins survives
Casa Consistoriales, s XIX (M . De Mesa y F. Pérez).jpg Casas Consistoriales on Plaza de la Constitución Málaga, Andalusia Renaissance ? late-19th century, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Palacio del Huerto de las Bombas.jpg Palace of the Orchards of the Bombs Murcia, Region of Murcia Baroque late 17th century 1960s, during the Francoist period Complete portal survives
Antiguo Edificio Castromil. (derruido a finales de los 70).jpg Edificio Castromil Santiago de Compostela, Galicia Galician Regionalist of the time 1926 1975, during the Francoist period Demolished
Castle Alcázar de Segorbe.jpg Castle Alcázar of Segorbe Segorbe, Valencian Community Moorish, Christian ? 1714, during the kingdom of the first Bourbon Ruins survives
Aqueduct Caños de Carmona Seville.jpg Roman aqueduct Caños de Carmona From Carmona to Seville, Andalusia Roman, Moorish 1st century BC 1912, during the Spanish confiscation period Three sections in Seville survives
Castle of San Jorge and Torre del Oro 1770.jpg Castle of San Jorge Seville, Andalusia Visigothic, Moorish, Christian ¿? 19th century, during the Spanish confiscation period Ruins of all sections survives
Gran Cafe Paris 08 color sevilla.JPG Gran Café de París Seville, Andalusia Modernisme 1906 1950s, during the Francoist period Demolished
Murga2.jpg Institute of Hygiene of the Doctor Murga Seville, Andalusia Neoclassical 1907 1958, during the Francoist period Demolished
Fachada Palacio de Sánchez-Dalp.jpg Palace of Sánchez Dalp Seville, Andalusia Andalusian Regionalist of the time early 20th century 1960s, during the Francoist period Demolished
Palacio del MArqués de Palomares 1.jpg Palace of the Marquis of Palomares Seville, Andalusia Andalusian Regionalist of the time mid-19th century 1965, during the Francoist period Demolished
Joaquín Domínguez Bécquer The Seville Fair.jpg Gate of San Fernando Seville, Andalusia Visigothic, Moorish, Christian 1760 1868, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Puerta de Triana triunphal.jpg Gates of Triana Seville, Andalusia Moorish, Christian 1588 1868, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period Ruins in different locations survives
PuertarealJoseph de Vigier (1821-1894)(Calotipo) 1850.jpg Gate Real Seville, Andalusia Possibly Roman, Moorish, Christian ? 1862, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period Remains survives
One of the three triumphal archs in seville for the arrival of Queen Isabel II, 2.jpg Triumphal arches for the arrival of Isabel II to Seville Seville, Andalusia Neo-Renaissance 1862 During the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Patriarch's Castle Tarragona, Catalonia Christian 13th century 1813, during the Napoleonic French invasion Demolished
Puente de la Exposicion Regional Valenciana.jpg Bridge of the Exposición Regional Valenciana 1909 Valencia, Valencian Community Modernisme, Art Deco 1909 1957, in a flood during the Francoist period Demolished
Façana de la Casa de la Ciutat de València abans de ser enderrocada.jpg Casa de la Ciutat Valencia, Valencian Community Valencian Gothic 1302 1860, during the Spanish confiscation period Many sections survives scattered
Palaciodelreal.jpg Del Real Royal Palace Valencia, Valencian Community Moorish, Valencian Gothic 11th century 1810, during the Napoleonic French invasion Remains survives
Modernisme square of the City Hall of Valencia Valencia, Valencian Community Modernisme 1931 1950s, during the Francoist period Demolished
Palacio de Ripalda fachada.jpg Palace of the Countess of Ripalda Valencia, Valencian Community Eclectic 1891 1967, during the Francoist period Demolished
Portal Nou city gate and Pont de Sant Josep bridge, Valencia.jpg Gate Nou Valencia, Valencian Community Christian 1474 1865, during the ensanches/eixamples in the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Fundación Joaquín Díaz - Arco de Santiago - Valladolid.jpg Gate del Campo Valladolid, Castile and León Baroque, Neoclassical early-14th century 1864, during the Spanish confiscation period A Michael Archangel's sculpture placed on it survives
Palacio de la Ribera 3.jpg Palace of la Ribera Valladolid, Castile and León Herrerian 1605 1761, during the Early Bourbons period Ruins and elements survives
Església San Benito el Real.png Upper bodies of the Benedictine church of San Benito el Real Valladolid, Castile and León Gothic, Renaissance 1515 19th century, during the Spanish confiscation period This church survives but its upper two bodies were lopped
Convento-san-francisco.jpg Convent of Saint Francis Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque Country Gothic 1214 1930, during the Spanish confiscation period Remains and elements survives
Portals of Vitoria-Gasteiz .jpg Portals of Vitoria-Gasteiz Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque Country Christian ? 1856, during the Spanish confiscation period and the ensanches/eixamples Demolished
Plaza de la Virgen Blanca Vitoria in 1833 with two towers by David Roberts.jpg Second tower of the Plaza de la Virgen Blanca Vitoria-Gasteiz, Basque Country Christian ? Second half of 19th century, during the Spanish confiscation period Its clock was placed in the higher other tower of the plaza
Church of the Convent of San José.jpg Convent of Saint Joseph of Discalced Carmel Zaragoza, Aragon Christian 1594 1970s, during the modern government and autonomies Remains survives
Monasterio de Santa Engracia (Lejeune).jpg Abbey of Santa Engracia Zaragoza, Aragon Visigothic, Gothic, Renaissance 392 AC 1808, during the Napoleonic French invasion Remains survives
Vista de la calle Coso.jpg Convent of Saint Francis Zaragoza, Aragon Mudéjar 1357 1809, 19th century, during the Napoleonic French invasion and Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Leaning tower zaragoza.jpg Leaning Tower of Zaragoza Zaragoza, Aragon Mudéjar 1504 1892, during the Spanish confiscation period Elements survives
Puerta de Toledo Zaragoza s. XVIII.jpg Gate of Toledo (Zaragoza) Zaragoza, Aragon Roman, Christian ? 1842, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished

Forts and batteries[edit]

Image Name Location Architectural style/era Date of construction Date / period
of demolition / refurbishment
Status
Batería de San Antonio de algeciras.jpg Battery of San Antonio Algeciras, Andalusia 1743 19th century, early 20th century, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished
Fort of El Rodeo Algeciras, Andalusia 1730s 1811, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period ?
Fuerte punta carnero.jpg Fort of Punta Carnero Between Algeciras and Tarifa, Andalusia 1730 1810, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Ruins survives
Sangarcia.jpg Fort of San García Algeciras, Andalusia 1730s 1811, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Large ruins survives
Fort of Santiago Algeciras, Andalusia 1716 2001, during the modern government and autonomies Ruins survives
Fuerte de El Tolmo.jpg Fort of El Tolmo La Línea de la Concepción, Andalusia 1741 1811, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Large ruins survives
Baterialatunara.jpg Battery of la Atunara La Línea de la Concepción, Andalusia 1735 1811, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Demolished
Lines of contravallation of Gibraltar.png Lines and Forts of Contravallation of Gibraltar Northern part of the isthmus linking Spain with Gibraltar, Andalusia 1730 1810, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Ruins survives
Punta mala.jpg Fort of Punta Mala San Roque, Andalusia 1735 1811, by the English during the Napoleonic invasion period Demolished

Fountains and memorials[edit]

Image Name Location Architectural style/era Date of construction Date of demolition / refurbishment Status
Fuente de la abundancia cebada.jpg Fountain of the Abundance Madrid, Community of Madrid Herrerian, Baroque 1617 19th century, during the Spanish confiscation period Many architectural elements were integrated into an existing fountain, other sections survived
Fountain de La Mariblanca (Puerta del Sol) in 1841.jpg Fountain of La Mariblanca (Puerta del Sol) Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1727 1838, during the Spanish confiscation period An element survived
Fountain of the Harpies.jpg Fountain of the Harpies Madrid, Community of Madrid Baroque 1625 1720s, during the kingdom of the first Bourbon An element survived
Former Monument to victims of the attack of May 31, 1906 against Alfonso XIII.jpg Former Monument to victims of the attack against Alfonso XIII Madrid, Community of Madrid Neo-Renaissance 1908 1930s, during the Second Spanish Republic Elements survived
Light fountain of the Exposicion Regional Valenciana.jpg Light fountain of the Valencian Regional Exhibition Valencia, Valencian Community Art Nouveau 1909 1910s, during the Spanish confiscation period Demolished

See also[edit]

References[edit]