List of monarchs of Mangareva
The island of Mangareva, in the Gambier Islands of Polynesia, was a monarchy until its annexation by France on 21 February 1881. Although there were other monarchs of the Gambier Islands like Taravai, the kings of Mangareva were considered of the highest ranking. The islands kings and chiefs were called ʻakariki from the togoʻiti class.
Lists of the monarchs of Mangareva
It will be seen (under the heading Tu) that these are gods.[clarification needed] In this respect it is like many Polynesian genealogies which commence with the gods, or, perhaps, deified ancestors.
- 1. Atu-motua
- 2. Atu-moana
- 3. Tangaroa-mea
- 4. Tangaroa-hurupapa
- 5. Tu-te-kekeu
- 6. Oroki
- 7. Vaiamo
- 8. Not given
- 9. Not given
- 10. Turu-kura
- 11. Turu-rei
- 12. Taivere and Taroi, sons of Ua, who came from Rarotonga with her brother Te Tupua, and married Nono of Mangareva. It is said that it was in their reign, Tupa [q.v] arrived bringing the coco-nut.
- 13. Not given
- 14. Taki-marama
- 15. Toronga
- 16. Popi, or Popi-te-moa
- 17. Angi-a-Popi
- 18. Tipoti, son of Angi-a-Popi and Te Puru-on u
- 19. Tahau-mangi
- 20. Pono-te-akariki, son of Makoha-iti and Raui-roro, nephew of Tahaumangi
- 21. Not given
- 22. Tama-keu. His son Etua-taorea, had a daughter, Toa-te-Etua-taorea, an unfortunate queen whose throat was pierced to introduce water she had demanded to quench her thirst. Her body, and that of her child, were eaten after her death.
- 23. Reitapu, of Rikitea, son of Tae-Tamakeu and Tuareu; his death at Raramei-tau (at Kirimiro), where he was assassinated, occasioning the loss of Taku.
- 24. Mahanga-vihinui, father of Ape-iti.
- 25. Ape-iti, of Rikitea, the conqueror of Taku. Under him the great migration that peopled Reao, Pukaruha, Takoto, Vahitahi, Hao, Fakahina, Fangatu, and partly Hikueru by supplying women, took place—these are Tuamotu Islands.
- 26. Meihara-tuharua
- 27. Pokau
- 28. Okeu
- 29. Makoro-tau-eriki—in whose time there was peace, no wars.
- 30. Mangi-tu-tavake, son of Makoro-tau-arike and his wife Makutea.
- 31. Te Ariki-tea, son of Mangi-tu-tavake; reigned only in name. His brother Te Ariki-pongo was preferred by the people.
- 32. Te Oa, son of Te Ariki-tea and Toatau.
- 33. Te Mateoa (or Mapu-rure). His wife was Purure. Died circa 1830 or 1832.
- 34. Te Ika-tohora. Died circa 1824.
- 35. Te Maputeoa, Gregorio I, r. 1830–1857. Died 20 June 1857.
- 35. Joseph Gregorio II, r. 1857–1868. Died 21 November 1868.
Because of King Joseph Gregorio II's minority, he ruled alongside his mother Queen Maria Eutokia Toaputeitou and uncle Elia Teoa. In 1868, Joseph Gregorio II died without issue and a regency was installed pending the birth a male heir to Agnès or Philomèle, the two surviving daughters of Maputeoa.
- Elia Teoa, regent c. 1857, after the death of Maputeoa with Maria Eutokia for his nephew Joseph Gregorio II.
- Maria Eutokia Toaputeitou, regent 1857–1868 with her son; then 1868–1869 alone. Retired to Rouru Convent and died 27 August 1869.
- Akakio Tematereikura, regent 1869. Died 24 August 1869.
- Arone Teikatoara, regent 1869–1873. Forced to resign after kissing a girl in the street and died 30 October 1881.
- Bernardo Putairi, regent 1873–1881. Died 1 January 1889.
- By 1881, when Henri Isidore Chessé visited the island, Bernardo Putairi had been named King after Philomèle's death.
|Immigrants and heroes|
|Te Oa (m)||Purure (f)|
|Matapoto (f)||Te Mateoa (m)|
|Terehi-kura (f)||Toa-teoa (f)||Teiti-a-purepure (m)||Toa-pakia (f)|
|Te Ma-terehikura (m)||Te Rouru (m)||Te Ahu-o-rogo (m)||Toa-terehikura (f)||Purure (f)||Matua (m)||Toa-Matui (f)|
|Te Ika-Tohara (m)||Puteoa (f)||Toa-Mateoa (f)||Toa-teoaiti (f)||Toa-maevahake (f)|
*Bernardo Putairi was unrelated to the royal line. He was the guardian and tutor of the two daughters of Maputeoa.
**Arone and Elia were considered brothers of Maputeoa, although it is not known if they were full-brothers or half-brothers.
- Gonschor 2008, pp. 56–59.
- Buck 1938, p. 151.
- Smith 1918, pp. 130–131.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 9.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 578.
- Deschanel 1888, pp. 59–60.
- Deschanel 1888, pp. 68.
- Williamson 2013, pp. 381–382.
- Cuzent 1872, pp. 117–118.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 318.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, pp. 610–611.
- Cuzent 1872, p. 144.
- Deschanel 1888, pp. 27–30.
- Deschanel 1888, pp. 59, 71.
- Rabou 1882, pp. 799–807.
- "Partie Officielle" (PDF). Journal Officiel des Etablissements Français de l'Océanie. 2 May 1889. Archived from the original (PDF) on 27 June 2015. Retrieved 27 June 2015.
- "The Sunny South Seas Gambier Archipelago. A Little-Known Group". Te Aroha News, Volume VII, Issue 379, 22 June 1889, Page 6.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. cxxxix.
- Buck 1938, pp. 19, 121; see also his First Field Note Book, genealogy given by Ioane Mamatai in 1934; MS Laval.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 366.
- Laval, Newbury & O'Reilly 1968, p. 343.
- Buck, Peter Henry (1938). Ethnology of Mangareva. Bernice P. Bishop Museum Bulletin. 157. Honolulu: Bernice P. Bishop Museum Press.
- Cuzent, Gilbert (1872). Voyage aux îles Gambier (Archipel de Mangarèva). Paris: V. Masson et Fils.
- Deschanel, Paul Eugene Louis (1888). Les intérêts français dans l'océan Pacifique. Paris: Berger-Levrault et cie.
- Gonschor, Lorenz Rudolf (August 2008). Law as a Tool of Oppression and Liberation: Institutional Histories and Perspectives on Political Independence in Hawaiʻi, Tahiti Nui/French Polynesia and Rapa Nui. Honolulu: University of Hawaii at Manoa. hdl:10125/20375.
- Laval, Honoré; Newbury, C. W.; O'Reilly, Patrick (1968). Mémoires pour servir à l'histoire de Mangareva: ère chrétienne, 1834-1871. Paris: Musée de l'Homme.
- Rabou, Albert (1882). La France En Océanie. La Nouvelle Revue Quatrieme Annee. Paris. pp. 799–807.
- Smith, S. Percy (1918). "Notes on the Mangareva, or Gambier group of islands, eastern Polynesia". Journal of the Polynesian Society. Wellington, NZ: Polynesian Society. 27: 115–131.
- Williamson, Robert W. (2013). The Social and Political Systems of Central Polynesia. 3. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. ISBN 978-1-107-62572-3.
- Cahoon, Ben (2000). "French Polynesia". WorldStatesman.org. Retrieved 2012-02-25.