List of national parks of China

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National Parks of China[edit]

The proposal of establishing a national park system of China was released in 2013 at the 3rd Plenary Session of the 18th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China. In 2016, the Three-River-Source National Park was established as the first experimental unit of this park system. Fujian Wuyi Mountains National Park was established in the same year, and 8 more parks have been designated since then. Currently, the National Park System of China has 11 units. They are administrated by the National Forestry and Grassland Administration.

List of National Parks[edit]

Name Image Location Establishment Size (in km2) Description
Three-River-Source National Park Hoh Xil.jpg Qinghai March 9, 2016[1] 123,100 To protect source waters of three great rivers: Yangtze River, Lancang River and Yellow River[2][3].
Giant Panda National Park ¡Panda en peligro de extinción!.jpg Sichuan, Shaanxi and Gansu January 31, 2017[4] 27,000[3] To protect natural environmental corridors connecting different habitats of pandas[3].
Northeastern China Tiger and Leopard National Park P.t.altaica Head 3.jpg Jilin and Heilongjiang December 5, 2016[5] 14,600[3] To recover communities and populations of wild tigers and leopards in northeastern China[3].
Potatso National Park Bita Lake, Potatso (Pudacuo) National Park, Diqing - panoramio.jpg Yunnan October 26, 2016[6] 602.1[3] To protect local wetlands and grasslands[7].
Shennongjia National Park Shennongding.jpg Hubei May 14, 2016[8] 1,170[3] To proptect local ecological systems of sub-tropical forests and sphagnum palustre swamplands[3].
Zhejiang Qianjiangyuan National Park Kaihua Qianjiangyuan Guojia Senlin Gongyuan 2018.07.23 08-20-56.jpg Zhejiang July 15, 2016[9] 252[3] To protect endangered species near the source of Qiantang River[3].
Hunan South Mountain National Park 2007龙转头 - panoramio.jpg Hunan August 8, 2016[10] 635.94[3] To protect birds and other ecological landscapes[7].
Wuyi Mountains National Park Wuyi Mountains Sea of clouds 4.jpg Fujian March 14, 2016[11] 982.59[3] To protect the biodiversity of Wuyi Mountains[3].
Beijing Great Wall National Park Badaling China Great-Wall-of-China-01.jpg Beijing January 14, 2017[12] 59.91[3] To protect historical sites at Badaling Great Wall and Ming Tombs[3].
Qilian Mountains National Park Qilian mountain jyg.JPG Gansu and Qinghai June 26, 2017[13] 50,000[3] To protect the vulnerable environment in Qilian Mountains[7].
Hainan Tropical Rain Forest National Park Lingshui Hainan - panoramio (5).jpg Hainan January 23, 2019[14] 44,000[14] To protect rain forests on the island[14].

National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas[edit]

Before the formal establishment of National Park System of China in 2016, the National Scenic and Historic Interest Area system (Chinese: 国家级风景名胜区; pinyin: Guójiājí Fēngjǐng Míngshèngqū) was the exact equivalent of the term 'national park' (Chinese: 国家公园; pinyin: Guójiā Gōngyuán) applied to the rest of the world, as specified in the National Standard of the People's Republic of China GB50298-1999: Code for Scenic Area Planning, and in the Green Paper: Situation and Prospects of China's Scenic Areas published by the Ministry of Construction in 1994. National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas in China were officially approved and declared by the State Council. The Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development is in charge of the supervision and administration of national and provincial parks throughout the country. To date, China has 244 National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas. The ranges and boundaries of these national parks are often extended beyond what the official names might suggest. The National Scenic and Historic Interest Areas system still exists after the establishment of national parks in 2016.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

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  2. ^ 青海省人民政府. "三江源国家公园条例(试行)". 青海省人民政府门户网站 (in Chinese). 西宁. Archived from the original on 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
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  8. ^ 马超. "神农架国家公园体制试点正式实施". 神农架林区人民政府门户网站 (in Chinese). 神农架. Retrieved 2017-09-30.[permanent dead link]
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  11. ^ 武夷山林业局. "武夷山市列入国家公园体制试点". 武夷山市人民政府 (in Chinese). 武夷山. Archived from the original on 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
  12. ^ 人民网编辑. "北京长城国家公园体制试点区实施方案获得批复". 人民网北京 (in Chinese). 北京. Archived from the original on 2017-09-30. Retrieved 2017-09-30.
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  14. ^ a b c 国家公园管理局. "为海南永续发展筑牢绿色生态屏障——国家公园管理局负责人解读《海南热带雨林国家公园体制试点方案》". 中国上海门户网站 (in Chinese). 上海. Retrieved 2019-01-28.