List of political parties in Indonesia

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National emblem of Indonesia Garuda Pancasila.svg
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Since 1999, Indonesia has had a multi-party system. In the four legislative elections since the fall of the New Order regime, no political party has won an overall majority of seats, resulting in coalition governments.

All political parties must have Pancasila as one of their ideologies, a remnant of its sacred status as single ideology, especially during the New Order.[citation needed]

The parties represented in the national legislature[edit]

Parliamentary parties[edit]

Party Leader Status
  Democratic Party (Indonesia) (Demokrat)
Partai Demokrat
Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono Opposition
  Party of the Functional Groups (Golkar)
Partai Golongan Karya
Airlangga Hartanto Governing Coalition
  Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (PDI-P)
Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan
Megawati Sukarnoputri Governing Coalition
  National Awakening Party (PKB)
Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa
Muhaimin Iskandar Governing Coalition
  United Development Party (PPP)
Partai Persatuan Pembangunan
Suharso Monoarfa Governing Coalition
  National Mandate Party (PAN)
Partai Amanat Nasional
Zulkifli Hasan Opposition
  People's Conscience Party (Hanura)
Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat
Oesman Sapta Odang Governing Coalition
  National Democratic Party (Nasdem)
Partai Nasional Demokrat
Surya Paloh Governing Coalition
  Prosperous Justice Party (PKS)
Partai Keadilan Sejahtera
M. Sohibul Iman Opposition
  Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra)
Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya
Prabowo Subianto Opposition

Composition[edit]

Parliamentary group
(breakdown by coalition)
Seats (2014-2019)
  Koalisi Indonesia Adil dan Makmur (Coalition of Fair and Prosperous Indonesia) 222
Great Indonesia Movement Party (Gerindra) 73
Democratic Party (Demokrat) 61
National Mandate Party (PAN) 48
Prosperous Justice Party (PKS) 40
  Koalisi Indonesia Kerja (Working Indonesia Coalition) 338
Indonesian Democratic Party of Struggle (PDI-P) 109
Party of the Functional Groups (Golkar) 91
National Awakening Party (PKB) 47
United Development Party (PPP) 39
National Democratic Party (NasDem) 36
People's Conscience Party (Hanura) 16
Total 560


List of political parties since the 1955 elections[edit]

Party[1][2][3][4][5][6] Established Elections contested Represented in the legislature Note
Indonesian Islamic Union Party (Partai Serikat Islam Indonesia) 1923/1947 1955, 1971 X mark.svg
Nahdatul Ulama (Ulema Awakening) 1926[7] 1955, 1971 X mark.svg Still active as Islamic organisation[8]
Indonesian National Party (Partai Nasional Indonesia) 1927[9] 1955, 1971 X mark.svg
Indonesian Communist Party (Partai Komunis Indonesia) 1929[10] 1955 X mark.svg Banned in 1966[11]
Islamic Educators Association (Perti) (Perhimpunan Tarbiyah Islamiyah) 1930[12] 1955, 1971 X mark.svg Still active as Islamic organisation
Masjumi 1943[13] 1955 X mark.svg Banned in 1960
Indonesian Christian Party (Parkindo) (Partai Kristen Indonesia) 1945[14] 1955, 1971 X mark.svg
Catholic Party (Partai Katolik) 1945 1955, 1971 X mark.svg
Socialist Party of Indonesia (PSI) (Partai Sosialis Indonesia) 1945[14] 1955 X mark.svg
Indonesian Marhaen People's Union (Permai) (Persatuan Rakyat Marhaen Indonesia) 1945[14] 1955 X mark.svg
Great People's Consultative Party (Partai Musyawarah Rakyat Banyak) 1948/1998[15] 1955, 1971, 1999 X mark.svg
Labour Party (Partai Buruh) 1949 1955 X mark.svg
National People's Party (PRN) (Partai Rakyat Nasional) 1950 1955 X mark.svg
Indonesia People's Party (PRI) (Partai Rakyat Indonesia) 1950[16] 1955 X mark.svg
League of Supporters of Indonesian Independence (IPKI) (Ikatan Pendukung Kemerdekaan Indonesia) 1954[17]/1998[18] 1955, 1971, 1999 X mark.svg
Movement to Defend the Pancasila (GPPS) (Gerakan Pembela Pancasila) 1955 1955 X mark.svg
Police Employee's Association of the Republic of Indonesia (PPPRI) (Persatuan Pegawai Polisi Republik Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg
Consultative Council on Indonesian Citizenship (Baperki) (Badan Permusyawaratan Kewarganegaraan Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg
Great Indonesia Party - Wongsonegoro (Partai Indonesia Raya - Wongsonegoro) 1955 X mark.svg
Indonesian Movement (Gerakan Indonesia) 1955 X mark.svg
Dayak Unity Party (Partai Persatuan Dayak) 1955 X mark.svg
Great Indonesia Party - Hazairin (Partai Indonesia Raya - Hazairin ) 1955 X mark.svg
Islamic Tharikah Unity Party (PPTI) (Partai Persatuan Tharikat Islamiyah) 1955 X mark.svg
Islamic Victory Force (AKUI) (Angkatan Kemenangan Umat Islam) 1955 X mark.svg
Village People's Party (PRD) (Partai Rakyat Desa) 1955 X mark.svg
Party of the People of Free Indonesia (PRIM) (Partai Rakyat Indonesia Merdeka) 1955 X mark.svg
Acoma Party (Partai ACOMA / Angkatan Communis Muda) 1955 X mark.svg
R. Soejono Prawirosoedarso & Associates 1955 X mark.svg
Party of the Functional Groups (Partai Golongan Karya) - Golkar 1964[19] 1971, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Muslim Party of Indonesia (Partai Muslimin Indonesia - Parmusi) 1967[20] 1971 X mark.svg Still active as Islamic organisation
United Development Party (Partai Persatuan Pembangunan (PPP)) 1973[21] 1977, 1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Indonesian Democratic Party (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (PDI)) 1973[22] 1977,1982, 1987, 1992, 1997, 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Party – Struggle (Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan, PDI–P) 1996[22] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg Split from Indonesian Democratic Party - Partai Demokrasi Indonesia (PDI)
National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Bangsa, PKB) 1998[23] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
National Mandate Party (Partai Amanat Nasional, PAN) 1998[24] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Crescent Star Party (Partai Bulan Bintang, PBB) 1998[25] 1999, 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 X mark.svg
Justice Party (Partai Keadilan, PK) 1998[26] 1999 X mark.svg became Prosperous Justice Party (PKS)[27]
Justice and Unity Party (Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan, PKP) 1998[28] 1999 X mark.svg
Nahdlatul Ummat Party (Partai Nahdlatul Ummat, PNU) 1998[29] 1999 X mark.svg
United Party (Partai Persatuan) 1999[30] 1999 X mark.svg
Love the Nation Democratic Party (Partai Demokrasi Kasih Bangsa, PDKB) 1998[31] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Masyumi Islamic Political Party (Partai Politik Islam Indonesia Masyumi, Masyumi) 1998[32] 1999 X mark.svg
People's Sovereignty Party (Partai Daulat Rakyat, PDR) 1999[33] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party - Supeni (Partai Nasional Indonesia, PNI) 1995[34] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Islamic Union Party (Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia, PSII) 1998[35] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Christian Party (Partai Kristen Nasional Indonesia, Krisna) 1998[36] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party – Marhaenist Front (Partai Nasional Indonesia – Front Marhaenis, PNI–Front Marhaenis) 1999[37] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Unity in Diversity Party (Partai Bhinneka Tunggal Ika Indonesia, PBI) 1998[38] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party – Marhaen Masses (Partai Nasional Indonesia – Massa Marhaen, PNI–Massa Marhaen) 1998[39] 1999 X mark.svg
Community Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Umat, PKU) 1998[40] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Muslim Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Muslim Indonesia, KAMI) 1998[41] 1999 X mark.svg
Islamic Community Party (Partai Ummat Islam, PUI) 1998[42] 1999 X mark.svg
Democratic Catholic Party (Partai Katolik Demokrat, PKD) 1998[43] 1999 X mark.svg
Aceh Orphans' Foundation Party (Partai Abul Yatama, PAY) 1999[44] 1999 X mark.svg
Republican Party (Partai Republik) 1998[45] 1999 X mark.svg
Familial Consultative Party of Mutual Assistance (Partai Musyawarah Kekeluargaan Gotong Royong, MKGR) 1998[46] 1999 X mark.svg
New Indonesia Party (Partai Indonesia Baru, PIB) 1999[47] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Uni Nasional Indonesia, SUNI) 1998[48] 1999 X mark.svg
Love and Peace Party (Partai Cinta Damai, PCD) 1998[49] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Islamic Union Party – 1905 (Partai Syarikat Islam Indonesia – 1905, PSII–1905) 1998[50] 1999 X mark.svg
New Masyumi Party (Partai Masyumi Baru, PMB) 1995[51] 1999 X mark.svg
National Party of the Indonesian Nation (Partai Nasional Bangsa Indonesia, PNBI) 1998[52] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Union Party (Partai Uni Demokrasi Indonesia, PUDI) 1996[53] 1999 X mark.svg
National Labor Party (Partai Buruh Nasional, PBN) 1998[54] 1999 X mark.svg
National Freedom Party (Partai Kebangsaan Merdeka, PKM) 1998[55] 1999 X mark.svg
Democratic National Party (Partai Nasional Demokrat, PND) 1998[56] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Alliance Party (Partai Aliansi Demokrat Indonesia, PADI) 1998[57] 1999 X mark.svg
Democratic People's Party (Partai Rakyat Demokratik, PRD) 1996[58] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Workers' Party (Partai Pekerja Indonesia, PPI) 1998[59] 1999 X mark.svg
Democratic Islamic Party (Partai Islam Demokrat, PID) 1998[60] 1999 X mark.svg
All-Indonesia Workers' Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia, PSPSI) 1998[61] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian People's Party (Partai Rakyat Indonesia, Pari) 1998[62] 1999 X mark.svg
Indonesian Muslim Community Party (Partai Umat Muslimin Indonesia, PUMI) 1998[63] 1999 X mark.svg
Workers' Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Pekerja, PSP) 1999[64] 1999 X mark.svg
People's Choice Party (Partai Pilihan Rakyat, Pilar) 1998[65] 1999 X mark.svg
Democratic Party (Partai Demokrat, PD) 2001[66] 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Prosperous Justice Party (Partai Keadilan Sejahtera, PKS) 2002[67] 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Reform Star Party (Partai Bintang Reformasi, PBR) 2002[68] 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Prosperous Peace Party (Partai Damai Sejahtera, PDS) 2001[69] 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Concern for the Nation Functional Party (Partai Karya Peduli Bangsa, PKPB) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Justice and Unity Party (Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan Indonesia, PKPI) 2004, 2009, 2014, 2019 X mark.svg
United Democratic Nationhood Party (Partai Persatuan Demokrasi Kebangsaan, PPDK) 2004 X mark.svg
Freedom Bull National Party (Partai Nasional Banteng Kemerdekaan, PNBK) 2004 X mark.svg
Pancasila Patriots' Party (Partai Patriot Pancasila) 2004 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party Marhaenism (Partai Nasional Indonesia Marhaenisme, PNI Marhaenisme) 2004 X mark.svg
Indonesian Nahdlatul Community Party (Partai Persatuan Nahdlatul Ummah Indonesia, PPNUI) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Pioneers' Party (Partai Pelopor, PP) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Vanguard Party (Partai Penegak Demokrasi Indonesia, PPDI) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Freedom Party (Partai Merdeka) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Unity Party (Partai Sarikat Indonesia, PSI) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
New Indonesia Alliance Party (Partai Perhimpunan Indonesia Baru, PPIB) 2004 X mark.svg
Regional Unity Party (Partai Persatuan Daerah, PPD) 2004, 2009 X mark.svg
Social Democrat Labor Party (Partai Buruh Sosial Demokrat, PBSD) 2004 X mark.svg
Great Indonesia Movement Party (Partai Gerakan Indonesia Raya, Gerindra) 2008[70] 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
People's Conscience Party (Partai Hati Nurani Rakyat, Hanura) 2006[71] 2009, 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Ulema National Awakening Party (Partai Kebangkitan Nasional Ulama, PKNU) 2009 X mark.svg
National People's Concern Party (Partai Peduli Rakyat Nasional, PPRN) 2009 X mark.svg
Democratic Renewal Party (Partai Demokrasi Pembaruan, PDP) 2009 X mark.svg
National Front Party (Partai Barisan Nasional, Barnas) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Workers and Employers Party (Partai Pengusaha dan Pekerja Indonesia, PPPI) 2009 X mark.svg
Democratic Nationhood Party (Partai Demokrasi Kebangsaan, PDK) 2009 X mark.svg
Archipelago Republic Party (Partai Republik Nusantara, PRN) 2009 X mark.svg
Patriot Party (Partai Patriot) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Populist Fortress Party (Partai Nasional Benteng Kerakyatan Indonesia, PNBKI) 2009 X mark.svg
Sovereignty Party (Partai Kedaulatan) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Youth Party (Partai Pemuda Indonesia, PPI) 2009 X mark.svg
National Sun Party (Partai Matahari Bangsa, PMB) 2009 X mark.svg
Functional Party of Struggle (Partai Karya Perjuangan, PKP) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian Democratic Party of Devotion (Partai Kasih Demokrasi Indonesia, PKDI) 2009 X mark.svg
Prosperous Indonesia Party (Partai Indonesia Sejahtera, PIS) 2009 X mark.svg
Indonesian National Party Marhaenism (Partai Nasional Indonesia Marhaenisme, PNI Marhaenisme) 2009 X mark.svg
Labor Party (Partai Buruh) 2009 X mark.svg
New Indonesia Party of Struggle (Partai Perjuangan Indonesia Baru, PPIB) 2009 X mark.svg
Nasdem Party (Partai Nasdem, Nasdem) 2011[72] 2014, 2019 Symbol confirmed.svg
Garuda Party (Partai Garuda) 2015[73] 2019
Working Party (Partai Berkarya 2016[74] 2019
Indonesian Unity Party (Partai Persatuan Indonesia, Perindo) 2015[75] 2019
Indonesian Solidarity Party (Partai Solidaritas Indonesia, PSI) 2015[76] 2019

Pre-independence organisations[edit]

References[edit]

  • Feith, Herbert (2007) The Decline of Constitutional Democracy in Indonesia Equinox Publishing (Asia) Pte Ltd, ISBN 979-3780-45-2
  • Ricklefs, M.C. (1991). A history of modern Indonesia since c.1200. Stanford: Stanford University Press. ISBN 978-0-8047-4480-5

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Pemilu 1955". 30 September 2007. Archived from the original on 30 September 2007.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  2. ^ "Pemilu 1971". 20 June 2003. Archived from the original on 20 June 2003.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  3. ^ "Pemilu 1999". 20 June 2003. Archived from the original on 20 June 2003.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  4. ^ "Komisi Pemilihan Umum.go.id". 6 April 2005. Archived from the original on 6 April 2005.CS1 maint: BOT: original-url status unknown (link)
  5. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Inilah Hasil Akhir Perolehan Suara Nasional Pemilu - Kompas.com".
  6. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "Disahkan KPU, Ini Perolehan Suara Pemilu Legislatif 2014 - Kompas.com".
  7. ^ "Nahdlatul Ulama Didirikan untuk Membendung Puritanisme Agama". 31 January 2018.
  8. ^ Online, NU. "NU Online - Suara Nahdlatul Ulama".
  9. ^ "Sejarah Berdirinya Partai Nasional Indonesia".
  10. ^ Partai Komunis Indonesia (PKI) dibentuk pada tanggal 23 Mei 1929. Jadi, tanggal 23 Mei tahun 1955 ini adalah ulang tahun PKI yang ke-35. https://www.marxists.org/indonesia/indones/1955-AiditLahirnyaPKI.htm
  11. ^ Media, Kompas Cyber. "12 Maret 1966, Soeharto Bubarkan PKI - Kompas.com".
  12. ^ "Tarbiyah Perti Menyelesaikan Munas dan Muktamar Islah".
  13. ^ Ricklefs (1991) p194
  14. ^ a b c Seri IPS Sejarah 3 SMP Kelas IX, Drs. Prawoto, MPd. https://books.google.co.id/books?id=4kS1BjsJsBQC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=false page 54
  15. ^ "KOMPAS-31: Partai Musyawarah Rakyat Banyak (Murba)".
  16. ^ "Kisah Partai Pohon Kelapa".
  17. ^ Feith (2007) p405
  18. ^ "KOMPAS-27: PARTAI IKATAN PENDUKUNG KEMERDEKAAN INDONESIA (IPKI)".
  19. ^ "SEJARAH PARTAI GOLKAR".
  20. ^ "Sejarah Persaudaraan Muslimin Indonesia (PARMUSI)".
  21. ^ "PPP - Partai Persatuan Pembangunan".
  22. ^ a b Ujianto, Catur. "Profil Partai Demokrasi Indonesia Perjuangan (PDIP) - Pemilu Presiden 2014 ANTARA News".
  23. ^ "Sejarah Pendirian - DPP PKB".
  24. ^ "KOMPAS-15: Partai Amanat Nasional (PAN)".
  25. ^ "KOMPAS-22: PARTAI BULAN BINTANG (PBB)".
  26. ^ "KOMPAS-24: PARTAI KEADILAN".
  27. ^ Justice Party to merge with Prosperous Justice Party. Antara, April 16, 2003.
  28. ^ "KOMPAS-41: Partai Keadilan dan Persatuan (PKP)".
  29. ^ "KOMPAS-25: PARTAI NAHDLATUL UMMAT (Partai NU)".
  30. ^ "KOMPAS-34: Partai Persatuan (PP)".
  31. ^ "KOMPAS-14: PARTAI DEMOKRASI KASIH BANGSA (PDKB)".
  32. ^ "KOMPAS-21: PARTAI POLITIK ISLAM INDONESIA MASYUMI".
  33. ^ "KOMPAS-39: Partai Daulat Rakyat".
  34. ^ "KOMPAS - 3 - Partai Nasional Indonesia (PNI-SUPENI)".
  35. ^ "KOMPAS-10: PARTAI SYARIKAT ISLAM INDONESIA (PSII)".
  36. ^ "KOMPAS-2-PARTAI KRISTEN NASIONAL INDONESIA (Krisna)".
  37. ^ "KOMPAS-26:PARTAI NASIONAL INDONESIA - FRONT MARHAENIS (PNI - FRONT MARHAENIS)".
  38. ^ "KOMPAS-44: Partai Bhinneka Tunggal Ika Indonesia (PBI)".
  39. ^ "KOMPAS-29: Partai Nasional Indonesia - Massa Marhaen (PNI-MASSA MARHAEN)".
  40. ^ "KOMPAS - 7 - PARTAI KEBANGKITAN UMMAT (PKU)".
  41. ^ "KOMPAS -5: Partai Kebangkitan Muslim Indonesia (Kami)".
  42. ^ "KOMPAS - 6 - PARTAI UMMAT ISLAM (PUI)".
  43. ^ "KOMPAS-18: PARTAI KATOLIK DEMOKRAT (PKD)".
  44. ^ "KOMPAS-12: PARTAI ABUL YATAMA (PAY)".
  45. ^ "KOMPAS-28: PARTAI REPUBLIK".
  46. ^ "KOMPAS-38:Partai Musyawarah Kekeluaargaan Gotong Royong (Partai MKGR)".
  47. ^ "KOMPAS - 1 - Partai Indonesia Baru (PIB)".
  48. ^ "KOMPAS-45: Partai Solidaritas Uni Nasional Indonesia (SUNI)".
  49. ^ "KOMPAS-40: Partai Cinta Damai".
  50. ^ "KOMPAS-17: PARTAI SYARIKAT ISLAM INDONESIA 1905 (PSII 1905)".
  51. ^ Henry, Patricia. "Kompas-8: Partai Masyumi Baru".
  52. ^ "KOMPAS-43: Partai Nasional Bangsa Indonesia (PNRI)".
  53. ^ "KOMPAS-36:Partai Uni Demokrasi Indonesia (PUDI)".
  54. ^ "KOMPAS-37: Partai Buruh Nasional (PBN)".
  55. ^ "KOMPAS-13: PARTAI KEBANGSAAN MERDEKA (PKM)".
  56. ^ "KOMPAS-46: Partai Nasional Demokrat (PND)".
  57. ^ "KOMPAS - 4- PARTAI ALIANSI DEMOKRAT INDONESIA (PADI)".
  58. ^ http://www.prd.or.id/sekilas-tentang-prd/
  59. ^ "KOMPAS-48: Partai Pekerja Indonesia".
  60. ^ "KOMPAS-29: Partai Islam Demokrat (PID)".
  61. ^ "KOMPAS-23/Deplu 42: Partai Solidaritas Pekerja Seluruh Indonesia (PSPSI)".
  62. ^ "KOMPAS-20: PARTAI RAKYAT INDONESIA (Pari)".
  63. ^ "KOMPAS-47: Partai Ummat Muslimin Indonesia (PUMI)".
  64. ^ "KOMPAS-42/Deplu 23: Partai Solidaritas Pekerja (PSP)".
  65. ^ "KOMPAS-19: PARTAI PILIHAN RAKYAT (Pilar)".
  66. ^ "Sejarah – Situs Resmi Partai Demokrat – Peduli & Beri Solusi".
  67. ^ "Ini Awal Mula Kelahiran PKS". 9 February 2013.
  68. ^ "Partai Bintang Reformasi (29)". 26 December 2008.
  69. ^ "Partai Damai Sejahtera (25)". 26 December 2008.
  70. ^ "Profil Partai Gerindra". 8 January 2013.
  71. ^ "Hanura dan Kepercayaan Diri Hadapi Pemilu 2019". 23 February 2018.
  72. ^ "Profil Partai NasDem". 17 January 2013.
  73. ^ "Sekilas Tentang Partai Garuda, yang Siap Tidur Bersama Rakyat". 18 February 2018.
  74. ^ "Partai Berkarya Besutan Tommy Soeharto, Pendatang Baru di Pemilu 2019". 21 February 2018.
  75. ^ "Sejarah Partai Perindo dan Penantiannya di Pemilu 2019". 22 February 2018.
  76. ^ "PSI, Grace Natalie, dan Citra Partai Anak Muda". 22 February 2018.