List of supernova candidates

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This is a list of supernova candidates, or stars that astronomers have suggested are supernova progenitors. Type II supernova progenitors include stars with at least 10 solar masses that are in the final stages of their evolution. Prominent examples of stars in this mass range include Antares, Spica,[1] Gamma Velorum,[2] Mu Cephei, and members of the Quintuplet Cluster.[3] Type Ia supernova progenitors are white dwarf stars that are close to the Chandrasekhar limit of about 1.44 solar masses and are accreting matter from a binary companion star. The list includes massive Wolf–Rayet stars, which may become Type Ib/Ic supernovae.

Supernova progenitor candidates
Identifier Epoch J2000 Constellation Distance
(light years)
Spectral
class
Possible supernova

type

Notes
R. A. Dec.
IK Pegasi  21h 26m 26.7s +19° 22′ 32″ Pegasus 154.4±1.0[4] A8m:/DA Ia [5][6][7]
Spica  13h 25m 11.6s −11° 09′ 40.8″ Virgo 250+14
−13
[8]
B1 [7]
Alpha Lupi  14h 41m 55.8s –47° 23′ 17″ Lupus 465+12
−11
[8]
B1.5 II [9][7]
Antares  16h 29m 24.5s –26° 25′ 55″ Scorpius 554+113
−80
[8]
M1.5Iab-b IIP [10][7]
Betelgeuse  05h 55m 10.3s +07° 24′ 25″ Orion 720+160
−110
[11]
M2Iab IIP [1][12][7]
Pi Puppis  07h 17m 08.6s –37° 05′ 51″ Puppis 807+72
−61
[8]
K3 Ib II?
Rigel  05h 14m 32.3s –08° 12′ 06″ Orion 1118+30
−28
[4]
B8Ia IIn(pec?) [13][7]
Gamma2 Velorum  08h 09m 32.0s −47° 20′ 12″ Vela 1120+130
−100
[8]
WC8 Ib/Ic [14]
Deneb  20h 41m 25.9s +45° 16′ 49″ Cygnus 1410+230
−170
[8]
A2la IIL
119 Tauri  05h 32m 12.8s +18° 35′ 40″ Taurus 1790+300
−220
[8]
M2Iab-Ib IIb
T Coronae Borealis  15h 59m 30.2s +25° 55′ 13″ Corona Borealis 2690+110
−100
[4]
M3III/D Ia [15]
KPD 1930+2752  19h 32m 14.9s +27° 58′ 35″ Cygnus 2860+130
−120
[4]
sdB/D Ia [nb 1][16][17]
Rho Cassiopeiae  23h 54m 23.0s +57° 29′ 58″ Cassiopeia 3440+930
−610
[4]
G2Ia0e IIL [18]
VY Canis Majoris  07h 22m 58.3s −25° 46′ 03″ Canis Major 3930+420
−350
[19]
M5eIa II [12][20]
IRAS 17163-3907  17h 19m 49.3s −39° 10′ 37.9″ Scorpius 3930+990
−660
[4]
late B/early A II [21]
Wray 17-96  17h 41m 35.4s –30° 06′ 39″ Scorpius 3940+1110
−710
[4]
B3
HD 168625  18h 21m 19.5s −16° 22′ 26″ Sagittarius 5250+600
−490
[4]
B6Ia II [22]
NML Cygni  20h 46m 25.6s +40° 06′ 59.4″ Cygnus 5250+420
−360
[23]
M6I II [24]
IRC +10420  19h 26m 48.1s +11° 21′ 17″ Aquila 5600+2200
−1200
[4]
F8Ia+ IIb [25][26]
WR 142  20h 21m 44.3s +37° 22′ 31″ Cygnus 5670+290
−270
[4]
WO2 Ib/Ic
Mu Cephei  21h 43m 30.5s +58° 46′ 48″ Cepheus 5900+3400
−1600
[8]
M2Ia IIn/IIb [27]
WR 136  20h 12m 06.5s +38° 21′ 18″ Cygnus 6700+500
−430
[4]
WN6(h)-s Ic
RS Ophiuchi  17h 50m 13.2s –06° 42′ 28″ Ophiuchus 7380+1000
−790
[4]
M2III/D Ia [28][29]
Eta Carinae  10h 45m 03.6s −59° 41′ 04″ Carina 8630+69
−68
[4]
LBV/O Ib [30][31]
WR 93b  17h 32m 03.3s −35° 04′ 32″ Scorpius 8700+1900
−1300
[4]
WO3 Ib/Ic
WR 102  17h 45m 47.5s −26° 10′ 27″ Sagittarius 9410+840
−710
[4]
WO2 Ib/Ic
P Cygni  20h 17m 47.2s +38° 01′ 59″ Cygnus 10200+10200
−3400
[8]
B1Ia+ IIp
HD 179821  19h 13m 58.6s +00° 07′ 32″ Aquila 10500+2100
−1500
[4]
G5Ia IIL [32][33]
T Pyxidis  09h 04m 41.5s −32° 22′ 48″ Pyxis 10700+1700
−1300
[4]
Ia [34][35]
WR 104  18h 02m 04.1s –23° 37′ 41″ Sagittarius 13400+9200
−3900
[4]
WC9d/OB Ib/Ic with Grb? [36][37]
V445 Puppis  07h 37m 56.9s –25° 56′ 59″ Puppis 16000+5200
−4600
[38]
Ia [39]
WR 30a  10h 51m 38.9s −60° 56′ 35.2″ Carina 38900+18500
−9500
[4]
U Scorpii  16h 22m 30.7s –17° 52′ 42″ Scorpius 39000[citation needed] WO4/O5((f)) Ia [40]
Sher 25  11h 15m 07.8s −61° 15′ 17″ Carina 43500+5200
−4200
[4]
B1.5Iab [41]
LMC195-1  05h 18m 10.3s −69° 13′ 03″ Dorado 160000[4] WO2 Ib/Ic
SMC AB8  01h 31m 04.1s −73° 25′ 04″ Hydrus 200000[4] WO4/O4 Ib/Ic

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The Kitt Peak Downes star.

References[edit]

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