List of torpedoes by name

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The list of torpedoes by name includes all torpedoes operated in the past or present.

Name Country In service date Platform / target Dimensions Warhead Propulsion Performance
Whitehead Mk. IX 14 inch aerial torpedo  UK 1913 Aircraft Diameter:360 mm (14 in)
18 in. Mk. V  UK 1899- Destroyer / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.7 in)
Weight:614 kg (1,353 lb)
134 kg (295 lb) Compressed air
18 in. Mk. VI  UK 1904 Destroyers / Surface Diameter:450 mm (18 in) Compressed air Low:52.8 km/h (28.5 kn) for 3.7 km (4,000 yd)
High:76 km/h (41 kn) for 0.91 km (1,000 yd)
18 in. Mk. VII & VII*  UK Destroyers, flying boats & torpedo boats / Surface Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 150 kg (330 lb) TNT Wet heater Mk.VII Low:56 km/h (30 kn; 35 mph) for 5,500–6,400 m (6,000–7,000 yd)
High:76 km/h (41 kn; 47 mph) for 2,700 m (3,000 yd)

Mk.VII* Low:54 km/h (29 kn; 34 mph) for 6,400 m (7,000 yd)
High:65 km/h (35 kn; 40 mph) for 4,600 m (5,000 yd)

18 in. Mk. VII  India 1965 Frigate, boats, flying boats Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 145 kg (320 lb) TNT Wet heater 65 km/h (35 kn) for 4.6 km (5,000 yd)
18 in. Mk. VIII  UK 1913 Submarines & aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 150 kg (320 lb) TNT Wet heater 65 km/h (35 kn) for 2.3 km (2,500 yd)
18 in. Mk. XI  UK 1934 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 211 kg (465 lb) TNT Burner cycle 65 km/h (35 kn) for 2.3 km (2,500 yd)
18 in. Mk. XII  UK 1937-1945 Aircraft / surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,000 mm (195 in)
Weight:702 kg (1,548 lb)
176 kg (388 lb) TNT Burner cycle 140 hp (100 kW) Low:69 km/h (37 kn; 43 mph) for 3,200 m (3,500 yd)
High:74 km/h (40 kn; 46 mph) for 1,400 m (1,500 yd)
18 in. Mk. XIV  UK 1938 Aircraft Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 170 kg (370 lb) TNT Whitehead wet heater (methyl fuel) 83 km/h (45 kn) for 1.5 km (1,600 yd) or 76 km/h (41 kn) for 2.7 km (3,000 yd)
18 inch Mk. XV  UK 1943 Aircraft & MTBs Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Length:5.26 m (17 ft 3 in)
247 kg (545 lb) Torpex Burner cycle 74 km/h (40 kn) for 2.3 km (2,500 yd) or 61 km/h (33 kn) for 3.2 km (3,500 yd) (MTBs only)
18 in. Mk. XVII  UK 1944 Aircraft-launched Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 272 kg (600 lb) Torpex Burner cycle 74 km/h (40 kn) for 2.3 km (2,500 yd)
18 in. Mk. 30  UK 1954-1970 Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
21 in. Mk. I  UK Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
21 in. Mk. II  UK 1914 Battleships & battlecruisers Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 235 kg (518 lb) TNT Wet heater 83 km/h (45 kn) for 4.1 km (4,500 yd) or 57 km/h (31 kn) for 9.8 km (10,700 yd)
21 in. Mk. IV  UK 1912 Destroyers, other surface ships Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.9 m (22 ft 8 in)
235 kg (518 lb) TNT Wet heater 65 km/h (35 kn) for 7.3 km (8,000 yd) or 46 km/h (25 kn) for 12.4 km (13,600 yd)
21 in. Mk. V  UK 1917 Destroyers & cruisers Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:7.1 m (23 ft 4 in)
Wet heater 74 km/h (40 kn) for 4.6 km (5,000 yd) or 46 km/h (25 kn) for 12.4 km (13,600 yd)
21 in. Mk. VII  UK 1925 Cruisers Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:7.8 m (25 ft 7 in)
336 kg (741 lb) TNT Oxygen enriched air 65 km/h (35 kn) for 5.2 km (5,700 yd)
21 in. Mk. VIII  UK 1925[1] Submarines & torpedo boats Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)
365 kg (805 lb) Torpex Burner cycle 76 km/h (41 kn) for 10 km (11,000 yd) or 65 km/h (35 kn) for 13.7 km (15,000 yd)
21 in. Mk. X  UK 1939 Submarines, torpedo boats, & destroyers Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
300 kg (660 lb) TNT Wet heater 87 km/h (47 kn) for 3 km (3,300 yd) or 54 km/h (29 kn) for 12 km (13,000 yd)
21 in. Mk. XI  UK 1942 Destroyers Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.8 m (22 ft 4 in)
322 kg (710 lb) TNT Electric battery 52 km/h (28 kn) for 5 km (5,500 yd)
21 in. Mk. 12  UK 1952 Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 340 kg (750 lb) Torpex Hydrogen peroxide 52 km/h (28 kn) for 5 km (5,500 yd)
21 in. Mk. 20 Bidder  UK 1955(?) Submarines & surface ships Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 89 kg (196 lb) 37 km/h (20 kn) for 11 km (12,000 yd)
21 in. Mk. 23 Grog  UK 1971(?) Submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
89 kg (196 lb) Electric battery 33 km/h (18 kn)
24.5 in. Mk. I  UK 1923 Used by Nelson-class battleships only Diameter:622 mm (24.5 in)
Length:8.103 m (26 ft 7.0 in)
743 kg (1,638 lb) TNT Oxygen enriched air 65 km/h (35 kn) for 13.7 km (15,000 yd) or 56 km/h (30 kn) for 18.3 km (20,000 yd)
45 cm Fiume torpedo (Whitehead)  US 1894 Surface / Surface Length:3,600 mm (140 in)
Weight:383 kg (845 lb)
Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
54 kg (119 lb) wet gun-cotton Compressed air 49.1 km/h (26.5 kn) for 0.73 km (800 yd)
6-shi  Japan Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,800 mm (269 in)
Weight:1,432 kg (3,157 lb)
200 kg (441 lb) Wet heater Low:48 km/h (26 kn) for 14,000 m (15,000 yd)
Medium:59 km/h (32 kn) for 9,100 m (10,000 yd)
High:67 km/h (36 kn) for 6,400 m (7,000 yd)
8-shi  Japan Surface / Surface Diameter:610 mm (24 in)
Length:8,400 mm (331 in)
Weight:2,362 kg (5,207 lb)
200 kg (441 lb) Wet heater Low:48 km/h (26 kn) for 14,000 m (15,000 yd)
Medium:59 km/h (32 kn) for 9,100 m (10,000 yd)
High:67 km/h (36 kn) for 6,400 m (7,000 yd)
A-184  Italy Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
A244-S  Italy Diameter:324 mm (12.8 in)
Length:2.8 m (9 ft 2 in)
Speed: 56 km/h (30 kn) cruise / 72 km/h (39 kn) maximum
Depth : 600 m (2,000 ft)
Range: 6 km (3.7 mi) Mod. 1, 13.5 km (8.4 mi) Mod. 3
Advanced Light Weight Torpedo (NSTL)  India
APR-1  Soviet Union 1960 Aircraft/Submarine Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 80 kg Solid-fuel rocket range:800 m, depth:420 m
APR-2  Soviet Union 1980 Aircraft/Submarine Diameter:350 mm (14 in) 100 kg Solid-fuel rocket speed:62 kn, range:1600/2000 m, depth:600 m
APR-3E  Soviet Union 1990 Aircraft/Submarine Diameter:350 mm (14 in) 74 kg Solid-fuel pump-jet propulser speed:103 km/h, range:1500/2000 m, depth:800 m
APSET-95  Soviet Union 1995 Aircraft/Submarine Diameter:400 mm (16 in) 60 kg speed:50 kn, range:30000 m
Baek Sang Eo  ROK 2003 Submarine Diameter:480 mm (19 in) 65 km/h (35 kn) for 30 km (33,000 yd)
Barracuda  Germany 2007 Submarine Supercavitating torpedo Up to 800 km/h (430 kn; 500 mph)
Black Shark(WASS)  Italy 2004 Submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in) high explosive STANAG 4439 and MURAT-2 compliant contra-rotating direct-drive brushless motor 93 km/h (50 kn) for 50 km (55,000 yd)
Brennan torpedo  UK 1877 Land-based Diameter:324 mm (12.8 in) Wire drum Range: Up to 1,800 m (2,000 yd)
Speed: Up to 50 km/h (27 kn)
 Germany 1943 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:378 mm (14.9 in)
Length:2.94 m (9 ft 8 in)
Weight:435 kg (959 lb)
200 kg (440 lb) Unpowered
C/03  Germany 1903 Surface ships Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Length:5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
176 kg (388 lb) TNT Brotherhood or wet heater 57 km/h (31 kn) for 1.9 km (2,100 yd)
C/06  Germany 1906 Submarines Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Length:5.7 m (18 ft 8 in)
123 kg (271 lb) TNT Brotherhood or wet heater 63.9 km/h (34.5 kn) for 1.5 km (1,600 yd) or 50 km/h (27 kn) for 5 km (5,500 yd)
C/07  Germany 1907 Land-based Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Length:5.7 m (18 ft 8 in)
110 kg (240 lb) TNT Brotherhood or wet heater 67 km/h (36 kn) for 1.5 km (1,600 yd)
C35/91  Germany 1890 Torpedo boats & submarines Diameter:350 mm (14 in)
Length:4.8 m (15 ft 9 in)
41 kg (90 lb) TNT Brotherhood 54 km/h (29 kn) for 400 m (440 yd)
C43  China
C45/91  Germany 1890 Cruisers & battleships Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Length:5.1 m (16 ft 9 in)
88 kg (194 lb) TNT Brotherhood 59 km/h (32 kn) for 500 m (550 yd)
CAPTOR mine  US 1979 Encapsulated torpedo ASW mine Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:3.68 m (12 ft 1 in)
44 kg (97 lb) PBXN-103 Reciprocating external combustion, Otto fuel II 52 km/h (28 kn) for 7.3 km (8,000 yd)
Chung Sang Eo  ROK 2005 Surface Ships & Airplane Diameter:320 mm (13 in) 83 km/h (45 kn) for 19 km (21,000 yd)
DM1 Seeschlange  Germany 1971 Submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:4.2 m (13 ft 9 in)
100 kg (220 lb) Silver-zinc battery 61 km/h (33 kn) for 6 km (6,600 yd)
DM2A1 Seal  Germany 1969 Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 250 kg (550 lb)
DM2A3  Germany 1987 Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 260 kg (570 lb)
DM2A4 Seehecht  Germany 2006 Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)
260 kg (570 lb) PBX 93 km/h (50 kn) for 50 km (55,000 yd)
DST92  Soviet Union Submarine / Surface Diameter:650 mm (25.6 in)
Length:36 ft 1 in (11 m)
Weight:4,750 kg (10,470 lb)
557 kg (1,228 lb) HTP / Kerosene turbine Depth:20 m (66 ft)
DT  Soviet Union Submarine / Surface & Submarine Diameter:650 mm (25.6 in)
Length:36 ft 1 in (11 m)
Weight:4,500 kg (9,900 lb)
450 kg (990 lb) HTP / Kerosene turbine
ET32  China Aircraft / Submarine & Surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.6 m (21 ft 8 in)
Weight:1,340 kg (2,950 lb)
190 kg (420 lb) High explosive Electrical (silver zinc battery) 65 km/h (35 kn; 40 mph) for 18 km (20,000 yd)
Depth:350 m (1,150 ft)
ET34  China Aircraft / Submarine & Surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in) Electrical (silver zinc battery) Short range:78 km/h (42 kn; 48 mph) for 18 km (20,000 yd)
Long range:74 km/h (40 kn; 46 mph) for 20 km (22,000 yd)
Variable speed :25 km (27,000 yd)
Depth:300 m (980 ft)
ET36  China Aircraft / Submarine & Surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in) Electrical (silver zinc battery) Short range:67 km/h (36 kn; 42 mph) for 10 km (11,000 yd)
Long range:46 km/h (25 kn; 29 mph) for 25 km (27,000 yd)
Variable speed :18–20 km (20,000–22,000 yd)
Depth:300 m (980 ft)
ET52  China Aircraft / Submarine & Surface Diameter:324 mm (13 in)
ET-46  Soviet Union 1946 Aircraft/Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21.0 in) 450 kg speed:31 kn, range:6000 m
F5  Germany 1935 Aircraft Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Length:5.2 m (17 ft 1 in)
250 kg (550 lb) Hexanite Decalin wet heater 74 km/h (40 kn) for 2 km (2,200 yd)
F17  France Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 250 kg 74 km/h (40 kn) for 20 km (22,000 yd)
F21  France Diameter:534 mm (21 in) Speed > 93 km/h (50 kn)
G6  Germany 1908 Surface ships & submarines Diameter:500 mm (20 in)
Length:6 m (19 ft 8 in)
164 kg (362 lb) TNT/Hexanite Decalin or kerosene wet heater 65 km/h (35 kn) for 3.5 km (3,800 yd)
G7  Germany 1910 Major surface ships Diameter:500 mm (20 in)
Length:7 m (23 ft 0 in)
195 kg (430 lb) Hexanite Decalin wet heater 69 km/h (37 kn) for 4 km (4,400 yd)
G7a  Germany 1930 Surface ships & submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:7.2 m (23 ft 7 in)
320 kg (710 lb) Hexanite Decalin wet heater 81 km/h (44 kn) for 5 km (5,500 yd)
G7e (G7e/T2, G7e/T3, and G7e/T4 Falke)  Germany 1930 Surface ships & submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:7.16 m (23 ft 6 in)
280 kg (620 lb) Schießwolle 36 Electric 75 kW (100 hp) T3 - 56 km/h (30 kn) for 5 km (5,500 yd)
G7es (Zaunkönig T-5 / GNAT)  Germany 1943-1945 Surface ships & submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 280 kg (620 lb) Schießwolle 36 Electric 44 km/h (24 kn) for 5.7 km (6,200 yd)
H8  Germany 1912 Surface ships Diameter:600 mm (24 in)
Length:8 m (26 ft 3 in)
210 kg (460 lb) Hexanite Brotherhood wet heater 67 km/h (36 kn) for 6 km (6,600 yd)
Hong Sang Eo vertically launched K-ASROC  ROK 2009 Surface Ships Diameter:380 mm (15 in) 83 km/h (45 kn) for 17 km (19,000 yd)
Hoot (missile) (super-cavitating torpedo)  Iran 2006 Submarine / Surface & Submarine Supercavitation torpedo Up to 370 km/h (200 kn)
Howell torpedo  US 1889 - 1898 Diameter:360 mm (14 in)
Length:3.3 m (10 ft 10 in)
96 kg (212 lb) Flywheel 46 km/h (25 kn) for 370 m (400 yd)
Kaiten Type 1 manned torpedo  Japan 1944 Submarine-launched suicide weapon / Surface Diameter:1,000 mm (39 in)
Length:14.75 m (48 ft 5 in)
Weight:8,255 kg (18,199 lb)
1,550 kg (3,420 lb) Type 93 torpedo engine. Wet heater, Reciprocating, 2 cylinder 440 kW (590 hp), Kerosene and oxygen Low:56 km/h (30 kn) for 23 km (25,000 yd)
Medium:37 km/h (20 kn) for 43 km (47,000 yd)
High:19 km/h (10 kn) for 78 km (85,000 yd)
Maximum depth: 80 m (260 ft)
Kolibri  Soviet Union 1978 Aircraft/Submarine Diameter:330 mm (13 in) 44 kg 45 kn
LCAW (WASS)  Italy
Mark 1 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1904-1922 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:680 kg (1,500 lb)
91 kg (200 lb) wet guncotton Single vertical turbine wheel 50 km/h (27 kn) for 3.7 km (4,000 yd)
Mark 2 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1905-1922 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:680 kg (1,500 lb)
91 kg (200 lb) wet guncotton Turbine (contra-rotating) 48 km/h (26 kn) for 3.2 km (3,500 yd)
Mark 3 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1906-1922 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:680 kg (1,500 lb)
91 kg (200 lb) wet guncotton Turbine (contra-rotating) 48 km/h (26 kn) for 3.7 km (4,000 yd)
Mark 4 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1908-1922 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:680 kg (1,500 lb)
Vertical Turbine
Mark 6 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1911-1922 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,200 mm (204 in)
Weight:820 kg (1,800 lb)
Turbine 65 km/h (35 kn) for 1,800 m (2,000 yd)
Mark 7 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1912-1945 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,200 mm (204 in)
Weight:763 kg (1,682 lb)
Warhead Mk.7 Mod 5 148 kg (326 lb) TNT Turbine 65 km/h (35 kn) for 3,200 m (3,500 yd) or 5,500 m (6,000 yd)
Mark 7 Short Torpedo (Type D)  US Submarine launched Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:3,700 mm (144 in)
Weight:470 kg (1,036 lb)
68 kg (150 lb) HBX Seawater battery Speed:65 km/h (35 kn) for 1,800 m (2,000 yd)
Mark 8 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1911-1945 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,510 mm (256.3 in)
Weight:1,200 kg (2,600 lb)
Warhead Mk.8 Mod 4 211 kg (466 lb) TNT Turbine 67 km/h (36 kn) for 15,000 m (16,000 yd)
Mark 9 (Bliss-Leavitt)  US 1915-1945 Submarine / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:914 kg (2,015 lb)
Warhead Mk.9 95 kg (210 lb) TNT Turbine 50 km/h (27 kn) for 6,400 m (7,000 yd)
Mark 10  US 1915-1945 Surface / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:5,000 mm (195 in)
Weight:1,005 kg (2,215 lb)
Warhead Mk.10 Mod.3 225 kg (497 lb) TNT Steam turbine 67 km/h (36 kn) for 3,200 m (3,500 yd)
Mark 11  US 1926-1945 Surface / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,900 mm (271 in)
Weight:1,593 kg (3,511 lb)
Warhead Mk.11 230 kg (500 lb) TNT Turbine Low:50 km/h (27 kn) for 14,000 m (15,000 yd)
Medium:63 km/h (34 kn) for 9,100 m (10,000 yd)
High:85 km/h (46 kn) for 5,500 m (6,000 yd)
Mark 12  US 1928-1945 Surface / Surface ship Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,900 mm (271 in)
Weight:1,590 kg (3,505 lb)
Warhead Mk.11 230 kg (500 lb) TNT Turbine Low:50.9 km/h (27.5 kn) for 14,000 m (15,000 yd)
Medium:65.7 km/h (35.5 kn) for 9,100 m (10,000 yd)
High:81 km/h (44 kn) for 6,400 m (7,000 yd)
Mark 13  US 1936-1950 GT-1 (missile) & Aircraft / Surface Diameter:570 mm (22.5 in)
Length:4,100 mm (161 in)
Weight:1,005 kg (2,216 lb)
Warhead Mk.13 270 kg (600 lb) Torpex Mechanical 62.0 km/h (33.5 kn) for 5,800 m (6,300 yd)
Mark 14  US 1938 Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,456 kg (3,209 lb)
Warhead Mk.16 Mod.6 292 kg (643 lb) HBX Electric Low:57.6 km/h (31.1 kn) for 8,200 m (9,000 yd)
High:85.7 km/h (46.3 kn) for 4,100 m (4,500 yd)
Mark 15  US 1938-1956 Surface / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:7,300 mm (288 in)
Weight:1,742 kg (3,841 lb)
Warhead Mk.7 Mod.3 374 kg (825 lb) HBX Turbine Low:49.1 km/h (26.5 kn) for 14,000 m (15,000 yd)
Medium:62.0 km/h (33.5 kn) for 9,100 m (10,000 yd)
High:83 km/h (45 kn) for 5,500 m (6,000 yd)
Mark 16  US 1943-1975 Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,800 kg (4,000 lb)
Warhead Mk.16 Mod.7 338 kg (746 lb) HBX Turbine 85.6 km/h (46.2 kn) for 10,000 m (11,000 yd)
Mark 17  US 1944-1950 Destroyer / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:7,300 mm (288 in)
Weight:2,100 kg (4,600 lb)
Warhead Mk.17 Mod.3 398.9 kg (879.5 lb) HBX Turbine 85 km/h (46 kn) for 16,000 m (18,000 yd)
Mark 18  US 1943-1950 Destroyer / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (245 in)
Weight:1,431 kg (3,154 lb)
Warhead Mk.18 Mod.3 261 kg (575 lb) HBX Turbine 54 km/h (29 kn) for 3,700 m (4,000 yd)
Mark 19  US Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,470 kg (3,240 lb)
Warhead Mk.20 360 kg (800 lb) Torpex Electric, secondary battery 54 km/h (29 kn) for 3,700 m (4,000 yd)
Mark 20  US Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,400 kg (3,100 lb)
Mk.20 230 kg (500 lb) TNT Electric motor 61 km/h (33 kn) for 3.2 km (3,500 yd)
Mark 21 Mod.0  US Aircraft / Surface Diameter:570 mm (22.5 in)
Length:4,100 mm (161 in)
Weight:1,000 kg (2,300 lb)
approx. 180 kg (400 lb) TNT Electric motor 46 km/h (25 kn)
Mark 21 Mod.2  US Faichild Petrel / Surface Diameter:570 mm (22.5 in)
Length:4,100 mm (161 in)
Weight:970 kg (2,130 lb)
Mk.21 160 kg (350 lb) HBX-3 Steam turbine 62.0 km/h (33.5 kn) for 5.5 km (6,000 yd)
Mark 22  US Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,390 kg (3,060 lb)
230 kg (500 lb) HBX Electric 54 km/h (29 kn) for 3.7 km (4,000 yd)
Mark 23  US 1943-1946 Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,478 kg (3,259 lb)
Mk.16 Mod.6 292 kg (643 lb) HBX Turbine 85.7 km/h (46.3 kn) for 4.1 km (4,500 yd)
Mark 24 mine  US 1942 – 1948 air-dropped anti-submarine Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:2,100 mm (84 in)
Weight:310 kg (680 lb)
Mine Mk. 24 42 kg (92 lb) HBX-1 22 km/h (12 kn) search for 10 minutes at3.7 km (4,000 yd)
Mark 24 Mod 0 Tigerfish  UK 1980 Submarines - anti-submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
340 kg (750 lb) Torpex Silver-zinc batteries 65 km/h (35 kn) for 21 km (23,000 yd)
44 km/h (24 kn)
Depth : 350 m (1,150 ft)
Mark 24 Mod 1 Tigerfish  UK 1979 Anti-submarine & anti-surface vessel Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
340 kg (750 lb) Torpex Silver-zinc batteries 65 km/h (35 kn) for 21 km (23,000 yd)
44 km/h (24 kn)
Depth : 442 m (1,450 ft)
Mark 24(N) Tigerfish  UK Anti-submarine & anti-surface vessel Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
Nuclear, 10 kt Silver-zinc batteries 65 km/h (35 kn) for 21 km (23,000 yd)
44 km/h (24 kn)
Depth : 442 m (1,450 ft)
Mark 24 Mod 2 Tigerfish  UK 1984 Submarines - anti-submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:6.5 m (21 ft 4 in)
340 kg (750 lb) Torpex Silver-zinc batteries 65 km/h (35 kn) for 21 km (23,000 yd)
44 km/h (24 kn)
Depth : 442 m (1,450 ft)
Mark 25  US Aircraft / Surface Diameter:570 mm (22.5 in)
Length:4,100 mm (161 in)
Weight:1,046 kg (2,306 lb)
Mk.25 329 kg (725 lb) HBX Alcohol turbine 74 km/h (40 kn) for 2.3 km (2,500 yd)
Mark 26  US Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,500 kg (3,200 lb)
Mk.26 410–450 kg (900–1,000 lb) HBX Electric, seawater battery 74 km/h (40 kn) for 5.5 km (6,000 yd)
Mark 27 Mod.0  US 1943-1946 Submarine / Escort ship Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:2,300 mm (90 in)
Weight:330 kg (720 lb)
Mk.27 Mod.0 Electric, secondary battery 22 km/h (12 kn) search for 12 minutes at 4.6 km (5,000 yd)
Mark 27 Mod 4  US 1943-1960 Submarine / Escort ship Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:3,194 mm (125.75 in)
Weight:330 kg (720 lb)
Mk.27 Mod.2 58 kg (128 lb) HBX Electric 29.4 km/h (15.9 kn) search for 12 minutes at 5.7 km (6,200 yd)
Mark 28  US 1944-1960 Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,300 kg (2,800 lb)
Mk.28 Mod.2 265 kg (585 lb) HBX Electric 36.3 km/h (19.6 kn) for 6 minutes at 3.7 km (4,000 yd)
Mark 29  US Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,500 kg (3,200 lb)
Mk.28 Mod.2 250 kg (550 lb) HBX Electric Low:39 km/h (21 kn) for 11,000 m (12,000 yd)
High:52 km/h (28 kn) for 3,700 m (4,000 yd)
Mark 30 torpedo mine  US Aircraft / Submarine Diameter:250 mm (10 in)
Length:2,400 mm (96 in)
Weight:120 kg (265 lb)
Mk.30 23 kg (50 lb) Electric 22 km/h (12 kn) for 2.7 km (3,000 yd)
Mark 31  US Destroyer / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,300 kg (2,800 lb)
Mk.31 230 kg (500 lb) HBX Electric 54 km/h (29 kn) for 3.7 km (4,000 yd)
Mark 32  US 1950-1955 Surface / Submarine Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:2,100 mm (83 in)
Weight:320 kg (700 lb)
Mk.32 Mod.1 49 kg (107 lb) HBX Electric 22 km/h (12 kn) search for 24 minutes at 8.8 km (9,600 yd)
Mark 33 Mod.0  US Submarine / Submarine & surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:2,100 mm (83 in)
Weight:814 kg (1,795 lb)
250 kg (550 lb) HBX Electric Low:23.2 km/h (12.5 kn) for 17,000 m (19,000 yd)
High:34.3 km/h (18.5 kn) for 4,600 m (5,000 yd)
Mark 34 Mod.1[2] (Mine Mk 44)  US 1948-1958 Aircraft / Submarine & Surface Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:3,200 mm (125 in)
Weight:520 kg (1,150 lb)
Mk.34 Mod.1 53 kg (116 lb) HBX Electric

Search:20 km/h (11 kn) search for 30 minutes at 11 km (12,000 yd)
Attack:31 km/h (17 kn) search for 6–8 minutes at 3.3 km (3,600 yd)

Mark 35  US 1949-1960 Surface / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:2,100 mm (83 in)
Weight:800 kg (1,770 lb)
Mk.35 Mod.2 or 3 120 kg (270 lb) HBX Electric, primary seawater battery 50 km/h (27 kn) for 14 km (15,000 yd)
Mark 36 Mod.0  US 1949-1960 Surface / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:6,200 mm (246 in)
Weight:1,800 kg (4,000 lb)
Mk.36 360 kg (800 lb) HBX-1 Electric 87 km/h (47 kn) for 6.4 km (7,000 yd)
Mark 37 (Mod.0 & Mod.3)  US 1956 to present Submarine / Submarine Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:3,400 mm (135 in)
Weight:650 kg (1,430 lb)
Mk.37 Mod.0 150 kg (330 lb) HBX-3 Electric classified
Mark 37 (Mod.1 & Mod.2)  US 1960 to present Submarine / Submarine Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:4,100 mm (161 in)
Weight:770 kg (1,690 lb)
Mk.37 Mod.0 150 kg (330 lb) HBX-3 Electric classified
Mark 39  US 1946-1956 Submarine / Submarine Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:3,400 mm (133 in)
Weight:578 kg (1,275 lb)
Mk.39 Mod.0 59 kg (130 lb) HBX Electric 28.7 km/h (15.5 kn) for 26 mins at 12 km (13,000 yd)
Mark 41 Mod.0  US Aircraft / Submarine Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:3,000 mm (120 in)
Weight:602 kg (1,327 lb)
Mk.41 68 kg (150 lb) HBX Electric, seawater battery 46 km/h (25 kn) for 7.3 km (8,000 yd)
Mark 43 Mod.0  US 1951-1957 Aircraft / Submarine Diameter:324 mm (12.75 in)
Length:2,242 mm (88.25 in)
Weight:168.0 kg (370.4 lb)
Mk.43 Mod.0 27 kg (60 lb) HBX Electric 37 km/h (20 kn) for 3.9 km (4,300 yd)
Mark 43 Mod.1  US 1951-1957 Aircraft / Submarine Diameter:250 mm (10 in)
Length:2,320 mm (91.5 in)
Weight:120 kg (260 lb)
Mk.43 Mod.1 24 kg (54 lb) HBX Electric 28 km/h (15 kn) for 9 minutes at 4.1 km (4,500 yd)
Mark 43 Mod.3  US 1951-1957 Aircraft / Submarine Diameter:250 mm (10 in)
Length:2,320 mm (91.5 in)
Weight:120 kg (260 lb)
Mk.100 24 kg (54 lb) HBX Electric 39 km/h (21 kn) for 6 minutes at 4.1 km (4,500 yd)
Mark 44 Mod.0  US 1957-1967 Aircraft & Destroyers / Submarine Diameter:324 mm (12.75 in)
Length:2,500 mm (100 in)
Weight:193 kg (425 lb)
Mk.101 34 kg (75 lb) HBX-3 Electric, seawater battery
Mark 44 Mod.1  US 1957-1967 Aircraft & Destroyers / Submarine Diameter:324 mm (12.75 in)
Length:2,570 mm (101.3 in)
Weight:196 kg (433 lb)
Mk.101 Mod.0 33 kg (73 lb) HBX-3 Electric, seawater battery
Mark 45 Mod.0  US 1958-1976 Submarine / Submarine & Surface Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:5,700 mm (225 in)
Weight:1,060 kg (2,330 lb)
W34 Nuclear warhead Electric
Mark 45 Mod.1 Freedom torpedo  US 1958-1976 Submarine / Submarine & Surface Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Length:5,800 mm (227 in)
Weight:1,004 kg (2,213 lb)
Mark 102 conventional warhead Electric
Mark 46 Mod.0  US 1963 to present Aircraft & Destroyers / Submarine Diameter:324 mm (12.75 in)
Length:2,600 mm (102 in)
Weight:258 kg (568 lb)
Mk.103 Mod.0 Solid propellent piston engine
Mark 46 Mod.1  US 1963 to present Aircraft & Destroyers / Submarine Diameter:324 mm (12.75 in)
Length:2,600 mm (102 in)
Weight:230 kg (508 lb)
Mk.103 Mod.0 Otto fuel piston engine
Mark 48  US 1972 Anti-submarine Anti-surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 650 lbs Piston engine, pump jet
Mark 48 Mod.1  US 1971 to present Submarine / Submarine & Surface Diameter:324 mm (12.75 in)
Length:2,600 mm (102 in)
Weight:230 kg (508 lb)
Mk.107 Otto fuel piston engine
Mark 50  US Diameter:324 mm (12.8 in)
Mark 54 LHT (Lightweight Hybrid Torpedo)  US
MGT-1  Soviet Union 1961 Submarine/Surface Diameter:400 mm (16 in) 80 kg speed:28 kn, range:6000 m
MU90 Impact  France  Italy 1993 Anti-submarine Diameter:323.7 mm (12.74 in)
Length:2.85 m (9 ft 4 in)
32.7 kg (72 lb) Shaped charge warhead Electric pump-jet 93 km/h (50 kn) for 10 km (11,000 yd), maximum depth 1,000 m (3,300 ft)
RAT-52  Soviet Union 1952 Aircraft Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 240 kg Solid-fuel rocket speed:58/68 kn (after:300/400 kn), range:520 m (after:10000 m)
SET-72  Soviet Union 1972 Aircraft Diameter:400 mm (16 in) 60–100 kg speed:+40 kn, range:8000 m
Spearfish  UK 1994 Submarines Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:7 m (23 ft 0 in)
300 kg (660 lb) Torpex Sundstrand gas-turbine with pump-jet. HAP-Otto Fuel 110 km/h (60 kn) for 21 km (23,000 yd)
SST-3 Seal  Germany 1972 Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
SST-4 Seal  Germany 1980 Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Sting Ray  UK 1994 Diameter:325 mm (12.8 in)
Length:2.6 m (8 ft 6 in)
45 kg (99 lb) Torpex Shaped charge Magnesium/silver chloride seawater battery 83 km/h (45 kn) for 8 km (8,700 yd)
SUT  Germany 1967 Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
TAN-12  Soviet Union 1932 Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
TAV-15  Soviet Union 1932 Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
TEST-71 torpedo  Soviet Union
Takshak (heavy weight torpedo)[3]  India Thermal propulsion
Torped 47  Sweden 2022
Torped 61  Sweden 1965 Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Torped 613  Sweden 1983 - Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 300 kg (660 lb)
Torped 62 (Torped 2000)  Sweden 2000 Diameter:533 mm (21 in) speed=40 knots, Range 40 km
Torped 45 [4]  Sweden 1995 - Diameter:400 mm (16 in)
Length:2,850 mm (112.2 in)
Weight:320.0 kg (705.5 lb)
Shyena  India 2012 submarines/surface ships Diameter:324 mm (13 in)
Length:2,750 mm (108 in)
Weight:220 kg (490 lb)
Electric speed=33 knots, Range 7 km
ASROC  Japan 2007 Diameter:324 mm (13 in)
Type 12  Japan Diameter:324 mm (13 in)
Type 45  Soviet Union 1936 Diameter:450 mm (18 in)
Type 53  Soviet Union 1927 Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Type 53-58  Soviet Union 1968 Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 10 kt nuclear warhead
Type 65-73  Soviet Union 1973 Submarine / Surface & Submarine Diameter:650 mm (25.6 in)
Length:30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
20 kt nuclear warhead HTP / Kerosene turbine Low:56 km/h (30 kn; 35 mph) for 100 km (62 mi)
High:93 km/h (50 kn) for 50 km (31 mi)
Type 65-76 Kit  Soviet Union 1976 Submarine / Surface & Submarine Diameter:650 mm (25.6 in)
Length:30 ft 0 in (9.14 m)
450–557 kg (992–1,228 lb) HTP / Kerosene turbine Low:56 km/h (30 kn; 35 mph) for 100 km (62 mi)
High:93 km/h (50 kn) for 50 km (31 mi)
Type 72  Japan 1972 Diameter:533 mm (21.0 in)
Type 73  Japan 1973 Diameter:324 mm (12.8 in)
Type 80 torpedo (G-RX1)  Japan 1980 Diameter:480 mm (19 in)
Type 89 torpedo (G-RX2)  Japan 2006–present Submarine / Surface & Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21.0 in)
Length:5,600 mm (221 in)
Weight:980 kg (2,161 lb)
267 kg (589 lb) Electric Low:74 km/h (40 kn) for 27 km (17 mi)
Medium:102 km/h (55 kn) for 39 km (24 mi)
High:130 km/h (70 kn)
Depth:900 m (3,000 ft)
Type 91 Model 1  Japan 1932-1943 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,300 mm (208 in)
Weight:784 kg (1,728 lb)
150 kg (331 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 2,000 m (2,200 yd)
Release speed: 480 km/h (260 kn)
Type 91 Model 2  Japan 1941-1945 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,500 mm (216 in)
Weight:835 kg (1,841 lb)
205 kg (452 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 2,000 m (2,200 yd)
Release speed: 480 km/h (260 kn)
Type 91 Model 3  Japan 1942-1945 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,300 mm (208 in)
Weight:849 kg (1,872 lb)
240 kg (529 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 2,000 m (2,200 yd)
Release speed: 480 km/h (260 kn)
Type 91 Model 3 Improved  Japan 1943-1945 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,300 mm (208 in)
Weight:857 kg (1,889 lb)
240 kg (529 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 2,000 m (2,200 yd)
Release speed: 560 km/h (300 kn)
Type 91 Model 3 Strong  Japan 1944-1945 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,300 mm (208 in)
Weight:849 kg (1,872 lb)
240 kg (529 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 1,500 m (1,600 yd)
Release speed: 650 km/h (350 kn)
Type 91 Model 4 Strong  Japan 1944-1945 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,300 mm (208 in)
Weight:920 kg (2,030 lb)
308 kg (679 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 1,500 m (1,600 yd)
Release speed: 650 km/h (350 kn)
Type 91 Model 7 Strong  Japan 1944-1945 Aircraft / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,700 mm (225 in)
Weight:1,052 kg (2,319 lb)
420 kg (926 lb) 76 km/h (41 kn) for 1,500 m (1,600 yd)
Release speed: 650 km/h (350 kn)
Type 92  Japan 1932-1945 Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:7,100 mm (281 in)
Weight:1,720 kg (3,792 lb)
300 kg (661 lb) Electric 56 km/h (30 kn) for 6,400 m (7,000 yd)
Type 93 The long Lance  Japan 1932-1945 Surface / Surface Diameter:610 mm (24 in)
Length:9,000 mm (354 in)
Weight:2,700 kg (5,952 lb)
490 kg (1,080 lb) Kerosene-Oxygen Wet Heater Low:67 km/h (36 kn) for 40,000 m (44,000 yd)
Medium:74 km/h (40 kn) for 32,000 m (35,000 yd)
High:89 km/h (48 kn) for 20,000 m (22,000 yd)
Type 95  Japan 1935-1945 Submarine / Surface Diameter:530 mm (21 in)
Length:7,100 mm (281 in)
Weight:1,665 kg (3,671 lb)
405 kg (893 lb) Kerosene-Oxygen Wet Heater Low:83 km/h (45 kn) for 12,000 m (13,000 yd)
High:91 km/h (49 kn) for 9,000 m (9,800 yd)
Type 97 & Type 97 Special  Japan 1937 Midget Submarine / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:5,600 mm (221 in)
Weight:980 kg (2,161 lb)
350 kg (772 lb) Kerosene-Oxygen Wet Heater 81 km/h (44 kn) for 5,472 m (5,984 yd)
Type 97 lightweight  Japan 1997 Diameter:324 mm (12.8 in)
UMGT-1  Soviet Union 1981 85RU Rastrub/RPK-6 Vodopad Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 60 kg speed:41 kn, range:8000 m, depth:500 m
USET-80  Soviet Union 1980 Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 200/300 kg speed:40/50 kn, range:20000 m, depth:400 m
UGST  Soviet Union 1990 Submarine/Submarine & Surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 200 kg speed:50 kn, range:40000 m, depth:500 m
VA-111 Shkval  Soviet Union 1977 Submarine/Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
210 kg (460 lb) or 150 kt nuclear warhead Supercavitating torpedo, high-test peroxide/kerosene rocket 370 km/h (200 kn) for 7,000 m (7,700 yd)
Shkval 2  Russia 1998 Submarine/Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Length:8.2 m (26 ft 11 in)
210 kg (460 lb) or 150 kt nuclear warhead Supercavitating torpedo, high-test peroxide/kerosene rocket 370 km/h (200 kn) for 15,000 m (16,000 yd)
Varunastra (heavyweight torpedo)  India 2016 Submarine Length:7 m (23 ft 0 in)
Weight:845 kg (1,863 lb)
250 kg (550 lb) Electric speed=40 knots
VTT-1 Strizh  Soviet Union 1976 Helicopter/Submarine Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 70 kg speed:28 kn, range:5000 m, depth:200 m
Whitehead torpedo Mk.1 (short)  US 1894-1913 Surface ship Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:3,600 mm (140 in)
Weight:383 kg (845 lb)
54 kg (118 lb) wet guncotton Air-flask Brotherhood pattern engine 49.1 km/h (26.5 kn) for 730 m (800 yd)
Whitehead torpedo Mk.1 (long)  US 1894-1922 Surface ship Diameter:450 mm (17.7 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:530 kg (1,160 lb)
100 kg (220 lb) wet guncotton Air-flask Brotherhood pattern engine 50.9 km/h (27.5 kn) for 730 m (800 yd)
Whitehead torpedo Mk.2 (short)  US 1896-1913 Surface / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.72 in)
Length:3,600 mm (140 in)
Weight:383 kg (845 lb)
54 kg (118 lb) wet guncotton Air-flask Brotherhood pattern engine 50 km/h (27 kn) for 730 m (800 yd)
Whitehead torpedo Mk.2 (long)  US 189?-1922 Surface / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.7 in)
Length:5,000 mm (197 in)
Weight:559 kg (1,232 lb)
60 kg (132 lb) wet guncotton Air-flask Brotherhood pattern engine 52.8 km/h (28.5 kn) for 1,400 m (1,500 yd)
Whitehead torpedo Mk.3  US 1898-1922 Surface / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.7 in)
Length:3,600 mm (140 in)
Weight:383 kg (845 lb)
54 kg (118 lb) wet guncotton Air-flask Brotherhood pattern engine 49.1 km/h (26.5 kn) for 730 m (800 yd)
Whitehead torpedo Mk.5  US 1910-1922 Surface / Surface Diameter:450 mm (17.7 in)
Length:5,200 mm (204 in)
Weight:659 kg (1,452 lb)
91 kg (200 lb) wet guncotton Heated Air-flask Brotherhood pattern engine Low:50 km/h (27 kn) for 3,700 m (4,000 yd)
Medium:67 km/h (36 kn) for 1,800 m (2,000 yd)
High:74 km/h (40 kn) for 910 m (1,000 yd)
Yu-1  China 1971 Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 400 kg range: 3500 m to 50 kn, 9000 m to 39 kn
Yu-2  China 1970? Aircraft Diameter:450 mm (18 in) 200 kg solid-fuel rocket range: 5000 m in air, 1000 m in water, speed:40/70 kn
Yu-3  China 1984 Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 190 kg speed:35 kn, range:13000 m, depth:+350 m
Yu-4  China 1982 Surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 309 kg Silver-zinc battery range:6000 m at 30 kn, 15000 m at 40 kn (upgraded)
Yu-5  China 1989 Submarine Diameter:533 mm (21 in) 400 kg otto fuel II speed: 50 kn, range:30000 m, depth:400 m
Yu-6  China 1995 Submarine/Submarine & Surface Diameter:533 mm (21 in) otto fuel II speed:+65 kn, range:+45000 m
Yu-7  China 1989 Helicopter/Submarine Diameter:324 mm (13 in) 46 kg otto fuel II speed:47 kn, range:7300 m, depth:400 m
Yu-8  China Diameter:533 mm (21 in) silver-zinc battery
Yu-9  China Diameter:324 mm (13 in)
Yu-10  China Diameter:533 mm (21 in)
Yu-11  China Diameter:324 mm (13 in)
Z13  France Anti-surface ship Diameter:550 mm (22 in) Electric, two propellers 56 km/h (30 kn) for 10 km (11,000 yd)

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Still in use in 1982 - used against the ARA General Belgrano
  2. ^ Kurak, September 1966, p.145
  3. ^ NSTL achievements Archived 2007-12-18 at the Wayback Machine
  4. ^ "Torpedo 45 The ASW torpedo for shallow waters". SAAB Group. Archived from the original on 2014-10-25. Retrieved 2014-10-25.

References[edit]

  • Boyne, Walter J. Clash of Titans. (1995) Simon and Schuster, NY, NY. ISBN 0-684-80196-5.
  • Morison, Samuel Eliot. History of United States Naval Operations in World War Two. 1984 edition, Volume 3. Little, Brown, and Company.
  • Kurak, Steve (September 1966). "The U. S. Navy's Torpedo Inventory". United States Naval Institute Proceedings.
  • "Torpedo History" Geoff Kirby (1972)