List of tunnels in Ireland

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Most of Ireland's tunnels date from the 19th century in the building of the railways, typically excavated through rock by blasting and then hand excavation.

The more modern tunnels include the longer road tunnels and utility tunnels, constructed from approximately 1940 to date, using a variety of tunnelling methods.

Historically, a number of country estates had tunnels, both to provide privacy (and means of escape) and to keep the views from the house clear of servants and labourers. Stone and brick built sewers are often mistaken for "tunnels", in particular in central Dublin.

There are a number of pseudo tunnels. For example, at Dunkettle in Cork, to construct the interchange at the north end of the Jack Lynch Tunnel, a section of railway approximately 100 m long was covered so that the N25 (now part of the M8) could cross the railway at a shallow angle - a "cover only" tunnel. Where the North Dublin Link Railway (Great Southern & Western Railway) passes under the Royal Canal and the Liffey Line (Midland and Great Western Railway), the railway is in essence in two cut-and-cover tunnels.

Railway[edit]

Operational[edit]

  • Bray Head Tunnel No. 1 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 274 metres)
  • Bray Head Tunnel No. 2 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 131 metres)
  • Bray Head Tunnel No. 3 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 192 metres)
  • Bray Head Tunnel No. 4 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 991 metres)
  • Castlerock (Coleraine to Derry - 610 metres)
  • Cork (Heuston Station, Dublin to Cork Kent Station - 1239 metres)
  • Cross Gunns (Liffey Junction to North Wall (MGWR) - 162 metres)
  • Downhill (Coleraine to Derry - 275 metres)
  • Enniscorthy (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 370 metres)
  • Ferrycarrig (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 271 metres)
  • Killurin (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 82 metres)
  • Lisburn Road, Belfast (Belfast Central Junction to Belfast Central - 98 metres)
  • Phoenix Park (Islandbridge Junction to Glasnevin Junction - 692 metres)
  • Rathdrum No. 1 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 174 metres)
  • Rathdrum No. 2 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 23 metres)
  • Rathdrum No. 3 (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 46 metres)
  • Snow Hill (Waterford to Rosslare Strand - 198 metres)
  • Sorrento Tunnel, Dalkey (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - 146 metres)
  • Whitehead (Belfast Central to Larne Harbour - 145 metres(Down line only))

Proposed[edit]

Closed[edit]

  • Barnagh (Ballingrane Junction to Tralee - 91 metres)
  • Brabazon Tunnel (Connolly Station, Dublin to Rosslare Europort - ?? metres, bypassed by Bray Head No. 1)
  • Drung Hill No. 1 (Farranfore to Valentia Harbour - 110 metres)
  • Drung Hill No. 2 (Farranfore to Valentia Harbour - 83 metres)
  • Dungannon (Portadown to Dungannon - 744 metres)
  • Durrow (Waterford to Dungarvan - 397 meters)
  • Cork, Albert Quay. (Cork to Bandon -?? meters))Demolished. aka High street tunnel.
  • Corrib Tunnel, Aghoose - Glenagad Co. Mayo. Built for the housing of the offshore Corrib gas pipeline and associated services, backfilled upon completion, ran a locomotive on narrow gauge track, (4,900 meters)
  • Gogginshill (Ballinhassig) (Cork to Bandon - 828 metres)
  • James Street, Dublin (Guinness internal railway)
  • Kilpatrick (Innishannon) (Cork to Bandon - 122 meters)
  • Lisummon (Newry to Armagh - 1,608 meters)
  • Loughgilly (Newry to Armagh - 334 meters)
  • Mount Elliot (Macmine Junction to New Ross - 684 metres)
  • Newport No. 1 (Westport to Achill - 81 metres)
  • Newport No. 2 (Westport to Achill - 122 metres)
  • Prospect Hill, Galway (Galway to Clifden - 81 metres)
  • Queen's Bridge (Belfast East Bridge Street Junction to Dufferin Dock Junction - 120metres)

Other[edit]

  • Hodgson's Tunnel, Avoca, County Wicklow (Mineral tramway)
  • Keady (Never used, built for Ulster & Connaught Light Railway)

Road[edit]

Name Location Notes
Jack Lynch Tunnel Cork
Dublin Port Tunnel Dublin
Limerick Tunnel Limerick (N18)
Moll's Gap Tunnel Kerry (N71)
Turners Rock Tunnels Cork - Kerry border (Glengarriff - Kenmare, N71) Four tunnels (One main, two twin short tunnels and a short fourth tunnel)
Carrignamuck Tunnel Cork - Kerry border (Bantry - Kilgarvan)
Drummartin Tunnel Eastern Bypass Dublin Proposed

Canal[edit]

  • Monaghan

Drainage[edit]

Several large diameter drainage tunnels exist:

Dublin:

  • Dun Laoghaire - Poolbeg
  • Drimnagh - Poolbeg, along the Grand Canal
  • Sutton - Poolbeg

Kilkenny:

  • Kilkenny Main Drainage Tunnel

Utilities[edit]

Other[edit]

  • Ballymore Lower, Donegal (access tunnel to house) - On N56 near Dunfanaghy
  • James Street, Dublin (pedestrian tunnel connecting Guinness plant on either side of street)
  • Lough Key Forest Park (tunnel previously part of landed estate)
  • Esso N4 at Mullingar (Formerly Hamills), tunnel links two service stations either side of the dual carriageway
  • Crumlin Road, Belfast (Victorian era foot tunnel between Crumlin Road Gaol & the Crumlin Road Courthouse, formerly used by prisoners and staff)

External links[edit]