Lleida (Parliament of Catalonia constituency)

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Lleida
Parliament of Catalonia
Electoral Constituency
CatalanParliamentDistricts(Lleida).png
Location of Lleida within Catalonia
ProvinceLleida
Autonomous communityCatalonia
Population436,029 (2016)
Electorate313,207 (2016)
Major settlementsLleida
Current constituency
Created1980
Seats15

Lleida (Spanish: Lérida) is one of the four constituencies (Spanish: circunscripciones) represented in the Parliament of Catalonia, the regional legislature of the Autonomous Community of Catalonia. The constituency currently elects 15 deputies. Its boundaries correspond to those of the Spanish province of Lleida. The electoral system uses the D'Hondt method and a closed-list proportional representation, with a minimum threshold of 3 percent.

Electoral system[edit]

The constituency was created as per the Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979 and was first contested in the 1980 regional election. The Statute requires for an electoral law to be passed by a two-thirds supermajority in the Parliament of Catalonia, but transitory provisions provide for the four provinces in CataloniaBarcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona—to be established as multi-member districts in the Parliament. Each constituency is allocated a fixed number of seats: 85 for Barcelona, 17 for Girona, 15 for Lleida and 18 for Tarragona.[1][2]

Voting is on the basis of universal suffrage, which comprises all nationals over eighteen, registered in Catalonia and in full enjoyment of their political rights. Amendments to the electoral law in 2011 required for Catalans abroad to apply for voting before being permitted to vote, a system known as "begged" or expat vote (Spanish: Voto rogado).[3] Seats are elected using the D'Hondt method and a closed list proportional representation, with a threshold of 3 percent of valid votes—which includes blank ballots—being applied in each constituency. Parties not reaching the threshold are not taken into consideration for seat distribution.[1][2] Additionally, the use of the D'Hondt method may result in an effective threshold over three percent, depending on the district magnitude.[4]

The electoral law provides that parties, federations, coalitions and groupings of electors are allowed to present lists of candidates. However, groupings of electors are required to secure the signature of at least 1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election—0.1 percent and, at least, the signature of 500 electors, until 1985—. Also since 2011, parties, federations or coalitions who have not obtained a mandate in the Parliament at the preceding election are required to secure the signature of at least 0.1 percent of the electors registered in the constituency for which they are seeking election. Electors are barred from signing for more than one list of candidates. Concurrently, parties and federations intending to enter in coalition to take part jointly at an election are required to inform the relevant Electoral Commission within ten days of the election being called—fifteen before 1985.[5][6][7]

Deputies[edit]

Deputies for Lleida 1980–
Parliament Election Distribution
1st 1980
1 2 3 5 4
2nd 1984
1 3 10 1
3rd 1988
1 4 9 1
4th 1992
1 4 9 1
5th 1995
2 3 8 2
6th 1999
1 5 8 1
7th 2003
3 4 7 1
8th 2006
1 3 3 7 1
9th 2010
1 3 9 2
10th 2012
1 3 1 8 2
11th 2015
1 10 1 2 1
12th 2017
5 1 6 3

Elections[edit]

2017 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 21 December 2017 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Together for Catalonia (JuntsxCat)1 78,303 32.48 n/a 6 ±0
Republican Left–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí)1 64,417 26.72 n/a 5 +2
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (Cs) 40,908 16.97 +5.39 3 +1
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 21,795 9.04 +0.61 1 ±0
Popular Unity Candidacy (CUP) 12,140 5.04 –3.11 0 –1
People's Party (PP) 10,902 4.52 –2.77 0 –1
Catalonia in Common–We Can (CatComú–Podem)2 9,415 3.91 –0.39 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,186 0.49 +0.03 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 336 0.14 New 0 ±0
Zero CutsGreen Group (Recortes Cero–GV) 312 0.13 –0.04 0 ±0
Republican Dialogue (Diàleg) 0 0.00 New 0 ±0
Together for Yes independents (JxSí)1 n/a n/a n/a 0 –1
Blank ballots 1,341 0.56 –0.19
Total 241,055 15 ±0
Valid votes 241,055 99.59 +0.10
Invalid votes 1,002 0.41 –0.10
Votes cast / turnout 242,057 77.11 +3.48
Abstentions 71,861 22.89 –3.48
Registered voters 313,918
Sources[8]

2015 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 27 September 2015 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Together for Yes (JxSí)1 126,922 55.22 –5.24 10 –1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 26,612 11.58 +8.25 2 +2
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 19,364 8.43 –2.01 1 ±0
Popular Unity Candidacy (CUP) 18,736 8.15 +5.10 1 +1
People's Party (PP) 16,761 7.29 –4.00 1 –1
Catalonia Yes We Can (CatSíqueesPot)2 9,879 4.30 –1.09 0 –1
Democratic Union of Catalonia (unio.cat) 8,178 3.56 New 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 1,046 0.46 +0.10 0 ±0
Zero CutsThe Greens (Recortes Cero–EV) 391 0.17 New 0 ±0
Let's Win Catalonia (Ganemos) 221 0.10 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,723 0.75 –1.26
Total 229,833 15 ±0
Valid votes 229,833 99.49 +0.61
Invalid votes 1,171 0.51 –0.61
Votes cast / turnout 231,004 73.63 +6.85
Abstentions 82,739 26.37 –6.85
Registered voters 313,743
Sources[9][10][11]

2012 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 25 November 2012 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 89,035 43.05 –3.88 8 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia–Catalonia Yes (ERC–CatSí) 36,011 17.41 +8.26 3 +2
People's Party (PP) 23,338 11.29 +1.07 2 ±0
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 21,598 10.44 –4.36 1 –2
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 11,145 5.39 +1.39 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 6,881 3.33 +1.84 0 ±0
Popular Unity Candidacy–Left Alternative (CUP) 6,302 3.05 New 0 ±0
Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) 3,038 1.47 –1.63 0 ±0
Blank Seats (EB) 1,417 0.69 +0.11 0 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 1,224 0.59 –1.19 0 ±0
Animalist Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 752 0.36 +0.09 0 ±0
Pirates of Catalonia (Pirata.cat) 642 0.31 +0.12 0 ±0
Hartos.org (Hartos.org) 476 0.23 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 393 0.19 +0.14 0 ±0
Republican Left (IR) 301 0.15 New 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 90 0.04 +0.02 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,153 2.01 –1.53
Total 206,796 15 ±0
Valid votes 206,796 98.88 –0.23
Invalid votes 2,347 1.12 +0.23
Votes cast / turnout 209,143 66.78 +6.91
Abstentions 104,031 33.22 –6.91
Registered voters 313,174
Sources[12][13][11]

2010 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 28 November 2010 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 87,052 46.93 +6.94 9 +2
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 27,461 14.80 –7.19 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 18,960 10.22 +1.11 2 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 16,966 9.15 –8.57 1 –2
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 7,423 4.00 –2.59 0 –1
Catalan Solidarity for Independence (SI) 5,758 3.10 New 0 ±0
Independence Rally (RI.cat) 4,205 2.27 New 0 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 3,295 1.78 New 0 ±0
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 2,757 1.49 +0.52 0 ±0
Blank SeatsCitizens for Blank Votes (EB–CenB)1 1,071 0.58 +0.39 0 ±0
The Greens–European Green Group (EV–GVE) 648 0.35 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 494 0.27 –0.03 0 ±0
From Below (Des de Baix) 490 0.26 New 0 ±0
Pirates of Catalonia (Pirata.cat) 353 0.19 New 0 ±0
Party for Catalonia (PxCAT) 314 0.17 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 251 0.14 +0.01 0 ±0
Reus Independent Coordinator (CORI) 249 0.13 New 0 ±0
Pensioners in Action Party (PDLPEA) 216 0.12 New 0 ±0
Catalan Sovereigntist Bloc (Bloc SC) 187 0.10 New 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFiV) 125 0.07 –0.04 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 122 0.07 +0.06 0 ±0
Aragonese Party (PAR) 98 0.05 New 0 ±0
Union, Progress and Democracy (UPyD) 94 0.05 New 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 89 0.05 New 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 57 0.03 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 52 0.03 –0.06 0 ±0
Progress and Justice Party (PJP) 49 0.03 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 47 0.03 ±0.00 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 46 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 6,565 3.51 +1.24
Total 185,494 15 ±0
Valid votes 185,494 99.11 –0.13
Invalid votes 1,665 0.89 +0.13
Votes cast / turnout 187,159 59.87 +0.87
Abstentions 125,446 40.13 –0.87
Registered voters 312,605
Sources[14][15][11]

2006 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 1 November 2006 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 72,916 39.99 –1.45 7 ±0
Socialists' Party of CataloniaCitizens for Change (PSC–CpC) 40,097 21.99 –0.46 3 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 32,304 17.72 –2.20 3 ±0
People's Party (PP) 16,605 9.11 –0.56 1 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–United and Alternative Left (ICV–EUiA) 12,018 6.59 +2.24 1 +1
Citizens–Party of the Citizenry (C's) 1,761 0.97 New 0 ±0
Anti-Bullfighting Party Against Mistreatment of Animals (PACMA) 550 0.30 New 0 ±0
Unsubmissive Seats–Alternative of Discontented Democrats (Ei–ADD) 344 0.19 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 290 0.16 ±0.00 0 ±0
For a Fairer World (PUM+J) 240 0.13 New 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 238 0.13 +0.04 0 ±0
Republican Left–Left Republican Party (IR–PRE) 222 0.12 –0.15 0 ±0
Family and Life Party (PFiV) 200 0.11 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party of Catalonia (PHC) 168 0.09 +0.02 0 ±0
Forward Catalonia Platform (AESDN) 148 0.08 New 0 ±0
Republican Social Movement (MSR) 56 0.03 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 4,166 2.28 +1.30
Total 182,323 15 ±0
Valid votes 182,323 99.34 –0.22
Invalid votes 1,203 0.66 +0.22
Votes cast / turnout 183,526 59.00 –6.47
Abstentions 127,511 41.00 +6.47
Registered voters 311,037
Sources[16][17][11]

2003 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 16 November 2003 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 84,410 41.44 –6.66 7 –1
Socialists' Party of CataloniaCitizens for Change (PSC–CpC) 45,723 22.45 –7.06 4 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 40,574 19.92 +8.31 3 +2
People's Party (PP) 19,690 9.67 +1.70 1 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia Greens–Alternative Left (ICV–EA)1 8,863 4.35 +3.86 0 ±0
Platform for Catalonia (PxC) 650 0.32 New 0 ±0
Republican Left–Left Republican Party (IR–PRE) 544 0.27 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 333 0.16 New 0 ±0
Catalan State (EC) 251 0.12 +0.02 0 ±0
Communist Party of the Catalan People (PCPC) 177 0.09 New 0 ±0
Another Democracy is Possible (UADeP) 175 0.09 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party of Catalonia (PHC) 143 0.07 +0.01 0 ±0
Caló Nationalist Party (PNCA) 79 0.04 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Struggle (LI (LIT–CI)) 58 0.03 +0.01 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,998 0.98 –0.06
Total 203,668 15 ±0
Valid votes 203,668 99.56 –0.07
Invalid votes 891 0.44 +0.07
Votes cast / turnout 204,559 65.47 +4.66
Abstentions 107,879 34.53 –4.66
Registered voters 312,438
Sources[18][19][11]

1999 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 17 October 1999 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 91,199 48.10 –1.62 8 ±0
Socialists' PartyCitizens for ChangeInitiative–Greens (PSC–CpC–IC–V)1 55,963 29.51 +5.87 5 +2
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 22,011 11.61 –1.21 1 –1
People's Party (PP) 15,121 7.97 –4.24 1 –1
The Greens–Ecologist Confederation of Catalonia (EV–CEC) 1,232 0.65 New 0 ±0
United and Alternative Left (EUiA) 927 0.49 New 0 ±0
The Greens–Green Alternative (EV–AV) 661 0.35 New 0 ±0
Bounced Public Workers (TPR) 198 0.10 New 0 ±0
Catalan State (EC) 187 0.10 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party of Catalonia (PHC) 108 0.06 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Struggle (LI (LIT–CI)) 43 0.02 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,964 1.04 ±0.00
Total 189,614 15 ±0
Valid votes 189,614 99.63 –0.03
Invalid votes 695 0.37 +0.03
Votes cast / turnout 190,309 60.81 –5.78
Abstentions 122,652 39.19 +5.78
Registered voters 312,961
Sources[20][21][11]

1995 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 19 November 1995 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 98,995 49.72 –3.88 8 –1
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 38,796 19.48 –2.35 3 –1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 25,533 12.82 +3.03 2 +1
People's Party (PP) 24,319 12.21 +5.34 2 +1
Initiative for CataloniaThe Greens (IC–EV)1 8,282 4.16 –0.13 0 ±0
Ecologist Alternative of Catalonia (AEC) 798 0.40 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Workers' Party (POR) 196 0.10 +0.02 0 ±0
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 137 0.07 New 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,066 1.04 –0.24
Total 199,122 15 ±0
Valid votes 199,122 99.66 +0.21
Invalid votes 671 0.34 –0.21
Votes cast / turnout 199,793 66.59 +6.47
Abstentions 100,230 33.41 –6.47
Registered voters 300,023
Sources[22][23][11]

1992 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 15 March 1992 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lleida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 92,210 53.60 –0.21 9 ±0
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 37,551 21.83 –1.22 4 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 16,839 9.79 +3.89 1 ±0
People's Party (PP)1 11,824 6.87 +0.69 1 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia (IC) 4,946 2.87 –0.71 0 ±0
Green Alternative–Ecologist Movement of Catalonia (AV–MEC) 1,831 1.06 +0.32 0 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 1,247 0.72 –3.57 0 ±0
Ruiz-Mateos Group (ARM) 934 0.54 New 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC) 611 0.36 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 600 0.35 +0.09 0 ±0
Lleida Republican Youth (JRLL) 431 0.25 New 0 ±0
Free Catalonia (CLL) 390 0.23 New 0 ±0
Humanist Party (PH) 144 0.08 –0.07 0 ±0
Revolutionary Workers' Party of Spain (PORE) 141 0.08 –0.05 0 ±0
Independent Socialists (SI)2 135 0.08 +0.04 0 ±0
Blank ballots 2,203 1.28 +0.52
Total 172,037 15 ±0
Valid votes 172,037 99.45 –0.01
Invalid votes 954 0.55 +0.01
Votes cast / turnout 172,991 60.12 –1.09
Abstentions 114,737 39.88 +1.09
Registered voters 287,728
Sources[24][25][11]

1988 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 29 May 1988 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lérida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 91,381 53.81 –3.91 9 –1
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE)1 39,144 23.05 +2.68 4 +1
People's Alliance (AP)2 10,487 6.18 –2.66 1 ±0
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 10,014 5.90 +0.19 1 ±0
Democratic and Social Centre (CDS) 7,285 4.29 New 0 ±0
Initiative for Catalonia (IC)3 6,080 3.58 –2.04 0 ±0
Green Alternative–Ecologist Movement of Catalonia (AV–MEC) 1,265 0.74 New 0 ±0
The Ecologist Greens (EVE) 645 0.38 New 0 ±0
The Greens (EV) 510 0.30 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 445 0.26 +0.08 0 ±0
Humanist Party of Catalonia (PHC) 250 0.15 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Workers' Party of Spain (PORE) 225 0.13 +0.03 0 ±0
Communist Unification of Spain (UCE) 153 0.09 New 0 ±0
Spanish Juntas (JJEE) 151 0.09 New 0 ±0
Communist Workers' League (LOC) 127 0.07 New 0 ±0
Republican Popular Unity (UPR)4 118 0.07 New 0 ±0
Andalusian Party of Catalonia (PAC) 106 0.06 New 0 ±0
Centrist Unity–Democratic Spanish Party (PED) 73 0.04 New 0 ±0
Alliance for the Republic (AxR)5 68 0.04 –0.10 0 ±0
Blank ballots 1,294 0.76 +0.17
Total 169,821 15 ±0
Valid votes 169,821 99.46 –0.09
Invalid votes 918 0.54 +0.09
Votes cast / turnout 170,739 61.21 –3.39
Abstentions 108,211 38.79 +3.39
Registered voters 278,950
Sources[26][27][11]

1984 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 29 April 1984 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lérida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 102,839 57.72 +29.48 10 +5
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 35,506 19.93 +0.66 3 ±0
People's Coalition (APPDPUL) 15,751 8.84 New 1 +1
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 10,171 5.71 –6.52 1 –1
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC) 4,964 2.79 –7.82 0 –1
Agreement of the Catalan Left (EEC)1 2,913 1.63 –0.17 0 ±0
Party of the Communists of Catalonia (PCC)2 2,145 1.20 +0.80 0 ±0
Party of Lleida (PLL) 856 0.48 New 0 ±0
Unity of Aran–Aranese Nationalist Party (UA–PNA) 787 0.44 New 0 ±0
Social Democratic Party of Catalonia (PSDC) 328 0.18 New 0 ±0
Workers' Socialist Party (PST) 312 0.18 New 0 ±0
Internationalist Socialist Workers' Party (POSI) 242 0.14 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Workers' Party of Spain (PORE) 173 0.10 New 0 ±0
Revolutionary Communist League (LCR) 136 0.08 New 0 ±0
Communist Movement of Catalonia (MCC)3 0 0.00 –0.67 0 ±0
Centrists of Catalonia (CC–UCD) n/a n/a –23.39 0 –4
Blank ballots 1,060 0.59 +0.02
Total 178,183 15 ±0
Valid votes 178,183 99.55 ±0.00
Invalid votes 799 0.45 ±0.00
Votes cast / turnout 178,982 64.60 +5.24
Abstentions 98,101 35.40 –5.24
Registered voters 277,083
Sources[28][11]

1980 regional election[edit]

Summary of the 20 March 1980 Parliament of Catalonia election results in Lérida
Parties and coalitions Popular vote Seats
Votes % ±pp Total +/−
Convergence and Union (CiU) 45,162 28.24 n/a 5 n/a
Centrists of Catalonia (CC–UCD) 37,405 23.39 n/a 4 n/a
Socialists' Party of Catalonia (PSC–PSOE) 30,812 19.27 n/a 3 n/a
Republican Left of Catalonia (ERC) 19,565 12.23 n/a 2 n/a
Unified Socialist Party of Catalonia (PSUC) 16,968 10.61 n/a 1 n/a
Left Nationalists (NE) 2,880 1.80 n/a 0 n/a
New Force (FN) 2,075 1.30 n/a 0 n/a
Unity for Socialism (CUPS) 1,070 0.67 n/a 0 n/a
Socialist Party of Andalusia–Andalusian Party (PSA–PA) 1,062 0.66 n/a 0 n/a
Left Bloc for National Liberation (BEAN) 765 0.48 n/a 0 n/a
Communist Unity (UC) 636 0.40 n/a 0 n/a
Spanish Phalanx of the CNSO (FE–JONS) 608 0.38 n/a 0 n/a
Blank ballots 914 0.57 n/a
Total 159,922 15 n/a
Valid votes 159,922 99.55 n/a
Invalid votes 722 0.45 n/a
Votes cast / turnout 160,644 59.36 n/a
Abstentions 110,003 40.64 n/a
Registered voters 270,647
Sources[29][11]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 1979". Organic Law No. 4 of 18 December 1979. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  2. ^ a b "Statute of Autonomy of Catalonia of 2006". Organic Law No. 6 of 19 July 2006. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 14 March 2017.
  3. ^ Reig Pellicer, Naiara (16 December 2015). "Spanish elections: Begging for the right to vote". cafebabel.co.uk. Retrieved 17 July 2017.
  4. ^ Gallagher, Michael (30 July 2012). "Effective threshold in electoral systems". Trinity College, Dublin. Retrieved 22 July 2017.
  5. ^ "Electoral Rules Decree of 1977". Royal Decree-Law No. 20 of 18 March 1977. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 27 December 2016.
  6. ^ "General Electoral System Organic Law of 1985". Organic Law No. 5 of 19 June 1985. Official State Gazette (in Spanish). Retrieved 28 December 2016.
  7. ^ "Representation of the people Institutional Act". juntaelectoralcentral.es. Central Electoral Commission. Retrieved 16 June 2017.
  8. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 21 December 2017" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 12 January 2018. Retrieved 14 January 2018.
  9. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 2015. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
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  11. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Parliament of Catalonia elections since 1980". historiaelectoral.com (in Spanish). Electoral History. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  12. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 2012. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
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  14. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 2010. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  15. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 28 November 2010" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 14 January 2011. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  16. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 2006. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
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  20. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1999. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  21. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 17 October 1999. Barcelona, Girona, Lleida and Tarragona" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 3 November 1999. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  22. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1995. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  23. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 19 November 1995. Girona and Lleida" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 2 December 1995. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  24. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1992. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  25. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 15 March 1992. Barcelona and Lleida" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 3 April 1992. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  26. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1988. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  27. ^ "Parliament of Catalonia election results, 29 May 1988. Lleida" (PDF). juntaelectoralcentral.es (in Spanish). Central Electoral Commission. 4 July 1988. Retrieved 25 September 2017.
  28. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1984. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.
  29. ^ "Election Results. Parliament of Catalonia Election 1980. Lleida". gencat.cat (in Catalan). Generalitat of Catalonia. Retrieved 24 September 2017.

Coordinates: 42°00′N 1°10′W / 42.000°N 1.167°W / 42.000; -1.167