Młynary

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Młynary
The Gothic Saint Peter's church
The Gothic Saint Peter's church
Coat of arms of Młynary
Coat of arms
Młynary is located in Poland
Młynary
Młynary
Coordinates: 54°11′14″N 19°43′45″E / 54.18722°N 19.72917°E / 54.18722; 19.72917
Country Poland
VoivodeshipWarmian-Masurian
CountyElbląg
GminaMłynary
Established14th century
Area
 • Total2.76 km2 (1.07 sq mi)
Elevation
53 m (174 ft)
Population
 (2018)
 • Total1,782[1]
Postal code
14-420
Websitewww.mlynary.pl

Młynary [mwɨˈnarɨ] (German: Mühlhausen in Ostpreußen) is a town in Elbląg County, Warmian-Masurian Voivodeship, Poland, with 1,782 inhabitants (2018). This makes it the smallest of the 49 towns in the voivodeship.

History[edit]

The town was founded in the 14th century. A document from 1338 specifies the rules of judicial settlement of potential disputes between people of the town's three main ethnic groups: Poles, Old Prussians and Germans.[2]

In 1454 the town sided with the Prussian Confederation, at the request of which King Casimir IV Jagiellon signed the act of incorporation of the region to the Kingdom of Poland, an event that sparked the Thirteen Years’ War (1454–1466). In 1455 the town was briefly captured by the Teutonic Knights and the town's mayor was drowned by them in retaliation. After the peace treaty signed in Toruń in 1466, the town remained under Polish suzerainty as a fief.

In 1628 the town was captured and occupied by the Swedes.[3] In 1773, a year after the First Partition of Poland, the 52nd Fusilier Regiment of Prussia was located in the town. During the Napoleonic Wars, in 1807 French troops entered the town and stayed over a year.[3]

Between 1871 and 1945 the area was part of Germany (province of East Prussia). After World War II the region was placed under Polish administration by the Potsdam Agreement under territorial changes demanded by the Soviet Union. Most Germans fled or were expelled and replaced with Poles expelled from the Polish areas annexed by the Soviet Union or forced to settle in the area through Operation Vistula in 1947.

Historic Polish names of the town, other than Młynary, were also Młyny and Miluza.[2]

People[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Młynary, Polska w Liczbach, GUS". Retrieved June 8, 2019.
  2. ^ a b Słownik geograficzny Królestwa Polskiego i innych krajów słowiańskich, Tom VI, Warsaw, 1885, p. 539 (in Polish)
  3. ^ a b "Historia, Miasto i Gmina Młynary". Retrieved June 8, 2019.

Coordinates: 54°11′18″N 19°43′30″E / 54.18833°N 19.72500°E / 54.18833; 19.72500